1880 – 1889


  • 1880


11th  The touring Hop Bitters club, representing Rochester, NY, wins 2 games in New Orleans against local clubs. They beat the Washingtons, 26-0, in the morning, and R. E. Bees in the afternoon, 15–4.


5th  Worcester is voted into the NL.

12th  The Boston club cuts the price of season tickets from $14 to $12 after the Red Stockings failed to win their 3rd straight pennant last season.

20th  An article in the Washington Post states that the National Association amended their rules, allowing for the use of either a round or new four-sided bat. But the Brooklyn Eagle will note on April 14, 1880, that “(t)he Chicago papers claim that the four-sided bat is a failure. . . . ” It subsequently quotes a Buffalo paper: “The Chicagos have tested the flat bat and pronounced it worthless,” noting that “Gore, Dalrymple and Flint say, ‘It is an impossibility to keep the ball off the ground or to prevent it going up in the air with the new bat.'”

25th  Yale chooses not to join the American Collegiate Baseball Association because of professional players on other teams. J. Lee Richmond of Brown played professionally for Worcester.


19th  Boston signs P Jim Whitney, considered one of the best hurlers in California, at a salary of $150 per month The California Base Ball League opens the season. This league and the Pacific Base Ball League, both based in the San Francisco area, can offer enough to lure some big-name Eastern pro players.

29th  Bobby Mathews signs with the Athletics of San Francisco. The West Coast clubs will also sign Cal McVey and Jim Galvin, among others.

31st  Worcester offers Providence $1,000 for the right to negotiate with George Wright. Wright is among the 5 players reserved by the Grays under the new agreement, and that club has offered him a reduced salary, even though he led Providence to the pennant last season. Under the new reserve rule, Providence would keep Wright out of action all season.


4th “A very singular contest took place at New Orleans, La., on April 4, 1880, when five Northern professionals succeeded in defeating the colored professional nine of that city by a score of 17 to 3.” According to the account, reported 14 months later in the Chicago Tribune of July, 1881, Tim Keefe pitched, Charlie Bennett caught, John Sullivan played first base, and George Wood and George Creamer “were intrusted with the onerous task of filling the other six positions.” Keefe played for Albany and Troy in 1880, while the other players were teammates at Worcester.

14th  The new Cincinnati ballpark on Bank Street is opened with an exhibition game between the Reds and the Washington Nationals. The park seats 3,490 and will serve professional teams in three leagues: NL in 1880, AA in 1882–83, and UA in 1884.

21st  George Wright turns down Providence’s final contract offer. Since the club has turned down Worcester’s offer and will not allow any other club to negotiate with Wright, he will sit out the entire season (except for one game), the first player victimized by the reserve system.

28th  Boston C Lew Brown shows up drunk at an exhibition game and is suspended for the season.


1st  Opening Day in the NL. In Cincinnati, the Chicagos spoil the official opening of the new park by beating the Reds 4–3 with 2 runs in the bottom of the 9th. Two runs come on a homer by Mike Kelly and two on an error by SS Sam Wright. This is the first pro game ended in “sudden death,” as the old rules required that the full inning be played out even if the team batting last was already ahead.

2nd The Cleveland club gives up its appeal and pays its $50 license fee to the city, while still complaining about being treated “like a circus,” i.e. the transient business.

4th  Boston wins its home opener against Providence, 4–3, thanks largely to a 3-run homer by Curry Foley.

5th  Back at home, Providence turns the tables and beats Boston, 1–0, on a run that comes around from 1B when a throw by P Tommy bond hits the batter running to first base.

7th  George Gore of Chicago goes 6-for-6—all singles—with 5 runs scored as the White Stockings trounce Cincinnati 20–7. Gore will lead the NL in batting with a .360 average.

10th  Jim “Pud” Galvin wires the Buffalo club from San Francisco, accepting terms to play for the Bisons despite his contract to play in the California League.

13th In a 1-0 loss to Cincinnati,  Cleveland’s Al Hall suffers a season-ending broken leg in an OF collision with teammate Pete Hotaling. A 7th inning double is Cleveland’s only hit off Reds P Will White, who benefits from a 9th inning triple and score by batterymate John Clapp. A benefit will be played on May 17th that will net Al Hall about $400, but this will not offset his loss of salary.

17th  Worcester jumps on Boston’s Bond for 11 runs in the first innings and hangs on to win, 19-10. Jack Burdock is 5-for-5 for the Reds.

18th  Corcoran returns to the pitcher’s box for Chicago as the Whites rally to beat Cleveland, 10–6. The Cleveland second baseman Fred Dunlap is 5-for-5but becomes rattled by Chicago’s baserunning at a critical time and misses 2 double plays.

20th  Chicago captain Cap Anson begins using hurlers Larry Corcoran and Fred Goldsmith in alternating games, thereby establishing the first “pitching rotation” ever.

21st  In Albany’s Riverside Park, Lip Pike hits a ball over the wall and into the river. RF Lon Knight begins to go after the ball in a boat but gives up. Few parks have ground rules about giving the batter an automatic HR on a hit over the fence.

22nd  Jim Galvin makes his first appearance of the season for Buffalo, beating Cincinnati 2–1. Galvin had difficulty leaving California, where he was forced to walk 36 miles at one point to avoid local detectives who were trying to hold him to his California League contract.

24th  Troy City rookie Roger Connor hits his first ML home run, off Boston’s Tommy bond. He adds a triple and two singles as the Trojans beat the Red Caps, 8–1. When Connor retires in 1897 he will have 136 homers, a record that will stand until Ruth breaks it in 1921.

The last place Reds trim Buffalo, 17-4. Buffalo center fielder Bill Crowley has 4 assists in the game to set the ML record. He’ll do it again August 27 against Boston.

25th  At a special meeting in Niagara Falls, Providence tries unsuccessfully to get Troy expelled from the league for failing to stay over in Providence for a makeup game on May 17. The league awards a forfeit of the game to Providence.

26th   Sam Crane, disabled by a hand injury, is released as a player and captain of the Buffalo Bisons but remains in charge of the team under the new title of manager.

27th  Fred Goldsmith and Chicago shut out Buffalo on 2 hits. The 11–0 win extends the Whites’ streak to 13 games, a new NL record.

29th  With George Wright in its lineup, Boston upsets Chicago 11–10. Wright scores 2 runs and fields flawlessly, but will play no more games because of protests from Providence, which still has him “reserved.” The loss snaps Chicago’s win streak of 13, which they will top in a little more than a month (June 2–July 8).

31st  Providence captain Mike McGeary, who has played poorly, is given a “30-day vacation” by the club. The team has a disappointing 8-7 record as 20-year-old Monte Ward takes over as captain.


1st  Boston beats Chicago for the 2nd time in a row, winning 5–4. Burdock also shocks the crowd with a 2-run homer, his first homer in professional play since June 18, 1874.

2nd  Buffalo fines 1B Oscar Walker $50 for breaking his temperance pledge.

3rd  Lee Richmond of Worcester shuts out Cincinnati to make it 2 shutouts in a row, 13–0 and 4–0.

4th  Larry Corcoran of Chicago and John Ward of Providence battle to a 1–1 tie in 16 innings, called because of darkness. Sixteen innings would remain the longest game in big-league history until August 17, 1882, when Ward will win 1–0 over Detroit in 18 innings.

10th  Boston’s Charley Jones, last year’s HR king with 9, hits 2 homers in one inning, becoming the first big leaguer to accomplish this feat. Both HRs come off Buffalo’s Tom Poorman in the 8th inning of a 19–3 rout. Jones now has league-high 4 homers, one more than Fred Dunlap.

11th  Yale beats Worcester, 3–2, to raise the college team’s record against pros to 9-1 for the season. The Elis will lose 2 to Chicago and finish 10–3 versus pro clubs, including 2–2 vs. the NL.

12th  John Lee Richmond pitches the first perfect game in professional history, leading Worcester to a 1–0 victory over Cleveland. RF Lon Knight saves the no-hitter by throwing out Bill Phillips at 1B for a 9–3 putout.

14th  After 2 catchers are injured—Bill Holbert with a cut from a broken mask and Bill Harbidge with a split finger—Troy is forced to recruit amateur Mike Lawlor to finish the game. Not surprisingly, Chicago wins easily 16–2.

16th  After having played in an a.m. game and then attended his graduation ceremonies at Brown, Lee Richmond is whisked into a special train so that he can pitch in the afternoon game in Worcester. He loses a tight game to Chicago, 7–6, in 10 innings.

17th  John Montgomery Ward pitches a perfect game in Providence against Buffalo, winning 5–0. Losing P Pud Galvin makes the last out. This is the 2nd perfect game in the NL in 6 days. The 3rd will not be pitched until 1964, when Jim Bunning turns the trick.

19th  Cleveland’s Jack Glasscock goes 5-for-5 with 2 doubles to lead a 27-hit attack against Troy in an 18–6 rout.

23rd Boston edges Buffalo, 7–6, in 10 innings, scoring in the top of the inning when the Bisons turn a double play while allowing the run on 3B to cross the plate.

26th  Abner Dalrymple, George Gore, and Larry Corcoran, all normally lefthanded batters, cross over and bat right-handed against southpaw Lee Richmond and get one hit each as Chicago beats Worcester 4–0. The victory runs the Whites’ latest winning streak to 14 games, breaking the “old” record that they set last month.

29th  Cleveland beats Boston 6–5 with Sid Gardner pitching his first league game for the season. Jim McCormick had pitched complete games in all of Cleveland’s 31 previous NL games.

First-place Chicago beats Worcester, 9-5. Fred Goldsmith scores a run circling the bases on a dropped third strike as he takes advantage of catcher Doc Bushong, who is playing injured.


2nd Cap Anson paces his Chicagos to a 10–5 victory over Boston with a 5-for-5 day at the plate. He scores 4 times and drives home 2.

3rd Andy Leonard of Cincinnati makes 2 two-run errors to lose a game to Providence, 6–4. This will lead to Andy’s release, ending a career that dates back to the original Red Stockings of 1869.

4th  Three of the four holiday games are decided in extra innings. Buffalo beats Worcester, 1-0, in 10 innings after Richmond gets thrown out at home place twice in earlier innings. Cleveland scores 2 in the bottom of the 14th to edge Troy, 5–4. Chicago nips Providence in 11 innings, 3–2, before a crowd of nearly 9,000, the largest for any NL game this season.

6th  Troy’s Mickey Welch pitches a one-hitter to beat Cleveland, 8–1. The Trojans knock McCormick out of the box for his first incomplete game of the season.

8th  Chicago wins its 21st consecutive decision, beating Providence 5–4. This streak will be surpassed only once in ML history, by the New York Giants in 1916, and will be tied by the Cubs in 1935. Chicago had set the NL record of 13 straight wins earlier this year. The victory raises Chicago’s won-lost record to 35-3, far ahead of 2nd-place Providence’s 21-16 mark.

10th  Cleveland snaps Chicago’s long winning streak with a thrilling victory. The game is scoreless until the bottom of the 9th inning. Then Jack Glasscock walks, and Fred Dunlap hits a long drive to the deepest part of the park and circles the bases for an apparent HR. A lively debate ensues as to whether Dunlap gets a HR or whether the game ends the instant Glasscock touches the plate under the new sudden death rule.

11th  The Chicago Tribune publishes statistics for the White Stocking players, including runs batted in. RBI would be dropped after the end of the season.

12th  A home run by Dan Brouthers off Jim Galvin gives Rochester a 4–3 victory over Buffalo in an exhibition game.

13th  Corcoran pitches Chicago to a 3–0 victory over Cleveland. With Goldsmith on the sick list, the White Stockings’ pitching rotation is temporarily ended.

14th  Jim O’Rourke of Boston hits 2 homers, one off Red Corey and the other off Lee Richmond, but Boston still loses, 6–5, to Worcester. O’Rourke hit a homer yesterday in a losing effort.

16th  Jim Galvin wins over Monte Ward in the season’s longest pitching duel, 1–0, in 14 innings.

17th  Rookie Harry Stovey hits his first ML HR, connecting off Jim McCormick as Worcester beats Cleveland, 7–1. Stovey will lead the league in triples and homers (tied) and will repeat the feat in 1891, the only player to ever do so. Only seven other players will do it once. Stovey will be the first ML player to reach 100 career HRs.

19th  Roger Connor strokes 2 homers and 2 singles off Corcoran as Troy beats Chicago for the first time this season, 12–9.

21st Ward and Providence gain revenge against Galvin and Buffalo by winning, 6–3 in 15 innings.

23rd Monte Ward pitches a 5–0 one-hitter against Cincinnati. A leadoff single in the first inning by Blondie Purcell keeps Ward from getting his 2nd no-hitter of the season.

24th Art Irwin’s single, 2 doubles and triple enable Worcester to beat Chicago for the first time this season, winning today, 4–3.

25th Having guided the team to an 18–13 record in 8 weeks, Johnny Ward resigns from Providence. Mike Dorgan takes the reins.

26th Chicago is beaten by the Nationals of Washington, 2–1, in 12 innings in an exhibition game in Springfield, MA. The Nationals have relocated to Springfield temporarily because of the lack of good opposition coming through the nation’s capital.

27th Jim “Deacon” White finally joins the Cincinnati Reds. He had signed a contract in mid-May but had delayed his departure from home to care for his sick wife.

29th Rochester Hop Bitters manager Horace Phillips disappears with $400 of the club’s money. He would later claim that he borrowed the money from owner A.S. Soule.

30th Captain Bob Ferguson’s 5th hit of the day starts a 2-run rally in the bottom of the 9th to give Troy a 7–6 victory over Buffalo.

31st Chicago beats Providence, 4–1, to snap the Whites’ only 3-game losing streak of the year. They would only have two other losing streaks of 2 games each.


1st Rochester owner Soule offers a $100 reward for information concerning the whereabouts of manager Horace Phillips.

2nd George Derby and the Nationals shut out Buffalo, 7–0. The Nationals have a decisive lead in the three-team National Association race at this point.

5th  Providence nips Cleveland, 2–1 on 2 late runs and a Jack Farrell to Joe Start triple play.

6th  Tim Keefe, recently with the Albany (NA) club, makes his ML debut with Troy, fanning 7 and beating Cincinnati, 4–2 on a 4-hitter. He is 2-for-4 at the plate.

7th  George Bradley hurls his 2nd shutout in 2 days for Providence over Cleveland. This completes a 3-game sweep that puts the Grays ahead of Cleveland to stay in the race for 2nd place.

10th  Larry Corcoran’s one-hitter beats the Grays, 5–1, Bradley doubling over the RF wall in the 8th for the only Providence hit. Chicago’s Lake Front Park, Buffalo’s Riverside Park, and Cleveland’s Kennard Street Park all have ground rules call for only two bases on hits over certain portions of the outfield fences.

12th  After 21 consecutive victories at home, Chicago suffers its first defeat at Lake Front this season, losing to Providence 6–4. The White Stockings had not lost an NL game at home since August 25, 1879.

13th  Switching OF and pitching positions 5 times, Fred Corey and Lee Richmond combine to hurl Worcester to a 3–1 victory over Cleveland.

16th  Worcester becomes the only team all season to win 2 NL games in one day, beating Cleveland 3–1 in the morning and 8–2 in the afternoon.

19th  Pitching his 3rd game in 3 days, Larry Corcoran hurls a no-hitter versus Boston, winning 6–0 over Tommy Bond. He walks none, but 4 men reach on errors. Although the ball is described as “mushy and shapeless,” that doesn’t stop the White Stockings from making 11 hits, including 4 by George Gore.

20th  Jim Galvin pitches a no-hitter against Worcester and Buffalo wins 1–0 on a first inning run. Frank Cory takes the loss.

21st  George Gore goes 4-for-4 for the 2nd game in a row to cap an 11-for-18 series versus Boston. Chicago wins, 11–2, to complete a 4-game sweep.

24th The Boston game in Buffalo is stopped after 7 innings because the setting sun is right in the catchers’ eyes. With the Reds leading 11–2 the outcome of the game seems assured.

27th Boston beats Buffalo, 5-3. For the second time this season, Buffalo center fielder Bill Crowley throws out 4 runners in a game to set the ML mark. It will be tied a number of times. Crowley also recorded 4 assists on May 24th, the only outfielder to accomplish this twice. When catcher Sam Trott injures his knee in the 1st inning, Boston changes both pitcher and catcher, with Tommy Bond and Phil Powers coming in. The new battery limits Buffalo to one run.

28th  Cincinnati commits 9 errors in the 4th inning and 16 in the game as the Reds are trounced by Troy 13–2. 2B Charlie Smith makes 4 errors on his way to an NL record 89 errors by a 2B in one season.

31st  Left fielder Abner Dalrymple leads Chicago to a 2–1 victory over Troy by scoring both runs and throwing out two baserunners.


1st  Boston OF Charley Jones is suspended by the Boston club for demanding his $378 in back pay and then refusing to play when it is not forthcoming. In reaction to Jones’s actions, the club suspends, fines, and blacklists him without paying him anything.

2nd  The first night baseball is attempted in Nantasket Beach, MA (another source has it played on the Sea Foam House Lawn in Oceanside Park, MA), between teams from two Boston department stores, Jordan Marsh and R. H. White. The Boston Post reports the next day that “A clear, pure, bright light was produced, very strong and yet very pleasant to the sight” by the 12 carbon-arc electric lamps. The game attracts 300 fans and it ends in a 16–16 tie.

3rd  The Rochesters fail to appear for a game against the Nationals in Washington because of a dispute over game receipts. With the Albany club already disbanded, this means the end of the National Association after 4 seasons.

6th  Cincinnati P Will White suffers another hard-luck defeat, losing 1–0 on 2 first inning errors by SS Louis Say.

8th  The Polo Grounds in New York at 110th Street between 5th and 6th Avenues is leased by the new Metropolitan club being assembled by Jim Mutrie with the backing of John B. Day. The grounds, which have been used for polo matches, will be converted into the first commercial baseball park ever to be built on Manhattan Island.

13th  NL secretary Nick Young rules that the final score of the July 10th game in which Fred Dunlap hit the apparent HR in the bottom of the 9th inning should be 2–0, not 1–0, as some contend. Young rules that Dunlap’s hit should be a HR and it would be a “gross injustice” to deprive him of one.

14th  Abner Dalrymple becomes the first NL hitter to reach 100 hits for the season. He will finish with 136.

15th  Providence loses to Boston 5–4 as John O’Rourke of Boston keys the Reds’ victory with 4 doubles, becoming the first ML player to hit 4 two-baggers in one game. The younger brother of Jim O’Rourke will lead the NL in RBI and slugging averages.

Chicago, with a 59-13 record, clinches the NL pennant by beating Cincinnati, 5–2.

17th  Harry Stovey hits a leadoff home run, his second of the week, to start Worcester towards a 3–1 win over Troy.

18th  Aided by 3 Worcester errors, Troy scores 4 in the bottom of the 9th to win, 4–3.

20th  Before a home crowd of just 390, Paul Hines goes 5-for-5 to lead Providence to a 5–0 decision over Boston.

21st Harry Stovey hits a pair of home runs to take the league lead with 6. Harry adds a single and double as Worcester beats Troy’s Mickey Welch, 17–2.

23rdWorcester beats Boston 9–4 behind the pitching of Fred Corey. Corey also hits a homerun, but fails to touch 3B and is credited with a double instead. It would have been his only NL HR; he’ll hit 7 in the AA.

27th  The venerable Knickerbocker club of New York honors its president John Whyte Davis on the 30th anniversary of his joining the club by staging a ball game followed by a gala dinner.

28th  Cincinnati makes 11 errors including 6 missed fly balls, and loses to Cleveland, 7–3.

29th  The Polo Grounds is hastily opened with an 8-3 Mets victory over the NA champion Nationals. It is the first professional game in Manhattan. Hugh “One Arm” Daily tosses a 6-inning 4 hitter over Jack Lynch. Daily’s single in the 5th snaps a tie. The crowd of around 2,500 is the largest for a ball game in the New York area in several years. New York will sweep three games in three days over Washington.

30th  Chicago wins its final game, beating Buffalo 10–8, to finish the season with a 67-17 record, establishing an NL record for winning percentage (.798), although winning percentage will not be used officially in the league until 1884. Providence is 2nd, 15 games behind. The last-place Reds (21-59) finish with a 2-0 win over Cleveland before a home crowd of 183 fans.


4th  At a special NL meeting in Rochester, the league prohibits its members from renting their grounds for use on Sundays and from selling alcoholic beverages on the premises. These rules are aimed at the Cincinnati club, which has sold beer and rented out the park to amateur teams for Sundays.

5th  The NL makes a statement putting its aggregate losses for the season at $20,000. Blame is placed on high salaries, which run over $14,000 for some clubs.

6th  The Cincinnati club refuses to accede to the October 4th restrictions and is thrown out of the NL. The NL also votes to retain the year-old reserve system.

7th  The Metropolitans beat Worcester, 12–6, the Mets first victory over an NL team. The Mets will finish 5–10 versus NL opponents, but 12–1 against all other clubs.

10th  The Boston and Providence clubs release their players, thereby saving themselves 20 days’ worth of salary.

16th  The Mets beat Troy, 9–3, to split a six game “State Championship” series. John M. Ward pitches for the Mets, but he denies that he will play in New York next year, since he has a year left on his 2-year contract with Providence.

23rd The Mets and the Chicagos close their season with a 3–2 White Stocking win in New York.


4th  A Meeting is held in New York to discuss the possibilities for establishing a new league to rival the NL. Nothing concrete comes of the discussions.

11th  Boston signs P Jim Whitney, considered one of the best hurlers in California, at a salary of $150 per month.


8th  At the annual NL meeting, the league rejects the Nationals’ bid for admission, electing Detroit instead, although there is no established club there. The Michigan city is chosen for geographic reasons, since its 1880 population (116,340) is smaller than both Washington’s (147,293) and Cincinnati’s (255,139), the city being replaced.

9th  The NL reelects William Hulbert as president, and adopts several new rules, including:

  • Moving the pitcher’s box back 5 feet so that its front line is 50 feet from the back point of home plate.
  • Again reducing the number of called balls for a walk, from 8 to 7.
  • Eliminating substitutions (except in the case of illness or injury), the old rule having allowed subs in the first inning but not thereafter.
  • Prohibiting all pinch runners (this rule will be ignored many times).
  • Reinstituting the old rule that allowed the fielding team to put out a runner on a foul ball if they can return the ball to the pitcher in his box, and then to the runner’s original base before the runner can get back.
  • Adopting the first rule requiring that the batting order be announced before the start of the game. This first rule was a scorecard printer’s delight, since it called for the captain to announce the lineup the night before the game.

30th  The Providence club meets and announces its squad for 1881. The newcomers include Bobby Mathews, Jerry Denny, and Bill McClellan.

  • 1881


11th  The first of a series of Tuesday games on ice is played in Chicago using professional and amateur players. These games would be a regular winter feature.

23rd Jerry Denny is feted at a benefit in his hometown of San Francisco just before he leaves for the east to launch a pro career that will last into the 20th century.


7th Providence rounds out its roster by signing Charles Radbourn, who missed most of last season with a bad arm.

11th  Veteran Charles “Chick” Fulmer is signed to manage a Philadelphia Athletic team being organized by Charley Mason and Billy Sharsig.

22nd  George Wright signs a contract with Boston that he claims will only require him to play games in New England and Troy. He feels his business commitments will not allow him to accompany the Reds on their western road trips.

25th Jim O’Rourke signs with Buffalo. He boasts that the contract is for $2,000, but the Buffalo Courier puts the figure at $1,300.


8th  The NL meets and adopts an 84-game schedule. An enterprising newsman gets the various magnates to predict the winner in the coming pennant race; Chicago is the consensus choice with 5 votes.

The owners vote to stop giving refunds or rain checks for postponed games.

9th The NL announces a staff of 23 approved umpires, but one, John Young of Syracuse, refuses to serve.


2nd  The new Detroit club begins practice games by beating Princeton University, 7–2. Manager Frank Bancroft has lined up a full schedule of pre-season games, considered something of an innovation.

11th  The Eastern Association is organized to link independent clubs in a loose pennant race. The clubs include the Nationals, the Mets, Atlantics, Athletics, New Yorks, Quicksteps (of NY), and New Bostons.

22nd  Horace Phillips loses his litigation against Hop Bitter owner A. S. Soule stemming from last year’s disappearance with club funds and is ordered to repay $1,463.

27th Detroit P Bill Sweeney suffers a hemorrhage of the lungs and is out for the season.

28th  With P George Bradley already sidelined by pneumonia, Detroit is desperate for a change pitcher and signs Will White to a 30-day contract, hoping Bradley will be healthy in a month.

30th  The NL season opens with games in Worcester and Chicago. The most significant new rules are the increase in pitching distance, the reduction of balls for a walk to 7, and the elimination of the “fair ball” warning on 2 strikes.


3rd A day after losing their home opener, Detroit scores its first victory by beating the Bisons, 4–2. Joe Gerhardt stars at 2B, scoring 2 runs and handling 14 chances. He also participates in 4 DPs.

4th  Boston new P Jim Whitney shuts out Providence 4–0. The hardworking righthander will wind up leading the NL in both wins and losses (with a 31-33 record), a feat not repeated in the ML until Phil Niekro does it in 1979.

5th  Charley Radbourn makes his NL pitching debut leading Providence to a 4–2 victory over Boston.

6th Two errors by SS Dan Stearns, a local just picked up by the Wolverines, helps Buffalo to a 3–2 win. Winning pitcher Jim Galvin is of the opinion that the 5 feet added to the pitching distance is a great help to his curve ball.

7th Despite being outhit 2 to 7, Chicago beats Cleveland, 4-0.

10th Cap Anson is 4-for-4 against Tim Keefe as Chicago beats Troy, 10–5. Unlike Galvin, Keefe says the new distance has hurt his out-curve, although his in-curve is still good.

14th  Having won a judgment for his back salary in an Ohio court, Charley Jones has the local sheriff attach Boston’s share of the gate receipts in Cleveland.

17th Mike McGeary captains Cleveland for the last time, as internal dissension leads to his resignation and replacement by John Clapp.

18th  When Detroit base runner Sadie Houck collides with Bob Ferguson of Troy at 2B, Ferguson becomes indignant and slaps Houck in the face. The Detroit club prefers charges against Ferguson with the league office, but nothing will be done. Troy wins, 7-2. Houck was involved in an infield collision two years ago.

At Lakefront Park, Chicago breaks open a close game with visiting Worcester, with a little bit of help from the club owner’s dog (as noted by Ed Hartig & Jim McArdle). With a man on and leading 4-1 in the 7th, Chicago SS Tom Burns lines a Lee Richmond fast ball into left field, Outfielder Buttercup Dickerson chases after the ball as it rolls along the outfield wall stopping just a few feet from the dog, sleeping outside the clubhouse. A wary Buttercup shies away from picking up the ball and by the time he does, Burns has circled the bases. Worcester manager Mike Dorgan appeals for an interference call but umpire Foghorn Bradley retorts that the dog didn’t do anything and the home run stands. Chicago scores 6 in the inning to win, 10-3, over first-place Worcester.

19th  With the Troy franchise experiencing financial difficulties, various rumors have the club moving to New York, Cincinnati, or Pittsburgh.

20th  Chicago resorts to trickery to beat Boston 5–4. Mike Kelly scores the go-ahead run from 2B on a groundout by cutting 3B by some 30 feet. The Sox 3B later saves the game with a hidden ball trick in the 9th inning.

21st John Ward, apparently suffering from a sore arm, is pounded by the upstart Detroit Wolverines for 16 runs, while George Derby holds Providence to 3 hits for a one-sided victory.

25th With Jim White going 5-for-5, Buffalo beats Worcester, 7–1.

28th  James S. Woodruff is apprehended on charges that he tried to bribe Cleveland’s John Clapp to throw a game earlier in the season. By going to the police after the incident, Clapp has earned the nickname “Honest John.”

Will Hutchison pitches his first game for Yale, beating Harvard, 8–5. After starring at SS for 3 and a half seasons, he will pitch Yale to the college championship in his final year.


1st Having lost all three games he pitched this year, Tommy Bond is released by Boston. He had won 149 games for the Reds in 4 seasons.

7th Aided by 4 errors by SS Art Irwin and the one-sided decisions of ump W.W. Jeffers, Chicago wins easily in Worcester, 13–1.

9th  Buffalo wins a 13-inning thriller 1–0 in Boston to move into a tie for first place with Chicago, which loses to Worcester, 7–6. Dan Brouthers is the star, saving the game with a one-handed catch in LF and then tripling and scoring the only run.

13th Playing no favorites, Worcester SS Irwin makes errors that allow Buffalo to score 6 of its runs in a 10–9 victory.

15th Having originally been scheduled to play an exhibition in Albany, the Troy Trojans play off yesterday’s rainout versus Cleveland in the capitol city. This is one of 7 NL games that Troy will play in Albany in 3 seasons.

16th  Buttercup Dickerson goes 6-for-6 as Worcester beats Buffalo’s John Lynch, 15–4, and knocks the Bisons out of first place.

17th Boston thrills a Bunker Hill Day crowd of 6325 by upsetting Chicago, 6–3.

18th  The Washington Nationals disband, blaming lack of interest since the club failed to land a berth in the NL.

20th  A new Red Stocking team in Cincinnati takes the field for the first time. This club would be among the founders of the American Association next year and would eventually become the NL Reds.

21st Sluggers go back to back for the first time as Dan Brouthers and Hardy Richardson hit consecutive home runs in the 8th inning against Troy’s Mickey Welch. But the Trojans beat Buffalo, 8-7.

22nd  Two NL teams play the Mets in the same day, Detroit winning the morning game at the Polo Grounds 5–1, Buffalo winning the afternoon contest 9–1.

24th  Returning home from a long road trip, the Chicago White Stockings unveil new lavender uniforms, much to the amusement of the press. An unamused Larry Corcoran then tosses an 8–0 shut out over Providence.

25th  Chicago’s George Gore steals 7 bases as the Whites beat Providence, 12-8. Gore steals second 5 times and 3rd twice, scoring 5 runs in 5 trips. This record will be tied only once, by Billy Hamilton on August 31, 1894. Stolen bases are not an official stat, but the Chicago Tribune reports the thefts.

26th In Louisville, Akron and Eclipse battle to a 19-inning, 2–2 tie. A lightning relay to the plate by 2B Fred Pfeffer in the 18th saves the game for the hometown Eclipse.

27th Chicago wins a slugfest from Providence, 19–12. This ups the Whites’ lead to 4 1/2 games and drops the last-place Grays to 10 1/2 games behind.

29th In New York, the Democrats beat the Stalwarts (Republicans) 58-26 in a game played by members of the state legislature as a benefit for families of the men killed during the construction of the new NY State Capitol Building.

30th  There are 217 called balls and other interminable delays in Chicago’s 4–2 victory over Troy. The lengthy game takes all of 2 hours and 20 minutes.


2nd  Boston loses in Buffalo 7–4, and the Reds fall to last place for the first time in the clubs’ proud 10-year history.

4th Mickey Welch pitches Troy to two victories in Buffalo, 8–3 and 12–0, allowing a total of 10 hits. As noted by historian John O’Malley of NYC, this is Welch’s 16th straight win over Buffalo (5/29/1880 to 7/4/1881). Bob Ferguson is 6-for-10 in the doubleheader, the first ever separate admission morning-afternoon twinbill.

Detroit also plays a doubleheader, beating visiting Worcester, 11–8 and 7–3.

5th Chicago beats Boston 13–11 in a game in which the lead changes hands 4 times.

7th Boston errors help Chicago to a 5–4 win. By contrast, Silver Flint, Chicago catcher, stops a Boston rally by strategically dropping a 3rd strike to start a DP with the bases loaded.

12th Chicago continues its winning ways beating Worcester, 12–6. Ned Williamson has a perfect day at the plate with 3 singles, a triple and homer.

13th LF Mike Moynahan throws 2 runners out at home to help Cleveland beat Troy, 3–2.

16th Second place Buffalo nips leading Chicago, 10–9. Dan Brouthers ties the game with a 2-run triple, then scores the winning run.

18th Boston outhits Troy 7 to 3, but still makes enough errors to lose, 3–1.

20th Buffalo completes a 3-game sweep of Chicago, winning 11–7, and reducing Chicago’s lead to 3 1/2 games.

21st  Cleveland loses at Akron 4–0 in a game that takes just 1:18 to complete, the shortest game any of the reporters can remember.

22nd Chicago loses to Detroit 6–4 as all 3 potential base stealers are thrown out by Detroit C Charley Bennett.

23rd The Only Nolan is 4-for-4 and pitches Cleveland to a 7–3 win over Buffalo. Yesterday, Nolan was 4-for-5 while playing 3B.

26th Chicago snaps its 5-game losing streak with a 9–4 win in Detroit. George Gore has 2 triples and a single.

28th Fred Dunlap has 4 hits to pace Cleveland to a 11–2 win over Chicago.

29th Old Dickey Pearce is given a benefit in New York on the 25th anniversary of his joining the old Atlantic club. He’ll use the proceeds to set himself up with a “wine saloon” in Brooklyn.

30th Fred Dunlap is 4-for-5, completing a series in which he goes 11-for-14 and handles 25 of 27 chances at 2B. However, Chicago salvages the final game in the series, 7–6, and stealing 7 bases.


2nd Having finally rounded into shape, John Ward pitches and bats Providence to a 2–1 win over Troy. He pitches out of a bases-loaded, no out jam in the 9th and then singles home the winning run in the 11th.

The first note of an intentional base on balls with the bases loaded occurs when Abner Dalrymple of Chicago (NL) is intentionally walked by Buffalo’s Jack Lynch (BUF NL) in the eighth inning (as noted by Trent McCotter) The Chicago Tribune writes: “At one time, when the bases were full, Lynch deliberately sent in seven balls (the rule at the time is seven balls constitutes a walk) rather than take the chances of a hit by Dalrymple, who was at bat, and in this way forced a run upon Chicago. But all to no purpose, for Gore followed with a terrific drive for two bases, and three men came in on the hit.” The Tribune further notes: “In the eighth the bases were filled, and nobody out, on successive hits by Goldsmith, Flint, and Quest, and Lynch was so afraid of Dalrymple that he gave him his base on balls and brought Goldsmith in with the gift.” At the time of the intentional walk, the Buffalo team was down, 5-0; they end up losing, 11-2.

3rd Jack Farrell quits as Providence captain and is succeeded by Tommy York. The team was 24-27 under Farrell.

4th Larry Corcoran of Chicago stops Buffalo on 2 hits, 4–0, and the Whites give him errorless support.

5th Detroit releases 3B Art Whitney because he is unable to play due to illness. They will resign him late in the season after he recovers.

6th A 4-hitter by Fred Goldsmith gives Chicago a 3–0 win over Buffalo and a sweep of their 3 game series. The Bisons are now 7 games behind.

8th Providence C Emil Gross snaps tendons in his leg and is out for the season.

9th  “The delicious uncertainty of baseball” (New York Mercury) is demonstrated at the Polo Grounds when the Atlantics score 11 runs in the 9th inning to beat the Mets, 14–12.

11th  In the most one-sided game of the NL season, Chicago trounces Detroit, 17–0. Fred Goldsmith pitches for Chicago against Frank Mountain, and Silver Flint is 5-for-5. He also catches his 9th straight game without a passed ball.

12th  The Providence club is reorganized. New capital is pledged. C. L. Gardiner is the new president, and Robert Morrow replaces James Bullock as manager.

13th Hoss Radbourn leads Providence to a 1–0 win over Boston, pitching a 4-hitter and knocking in the only run with a single.

14th  Statistics published in the Chicago Tribune put Dan Brouthers at the top of the batting list with a .390 average. Cap Anson is second with .377. Official figures at the end of the season will declare Anson batting champ with a .399 average, Brouthers finishing 7th at .318.

16th For Buffalo, Blondie Purcell is 4-for-4 and Jack Rowe hits a pair of 2-run triples. But Chicago gets home runs from Gore and Burns and beats the Bisons, 13–9.

17th  Worcester suspends its captain, Mike Dorgan, and Harry Stovey takes over the post. Lee Richmond, who had quit because of conflicts with Dorgan, rejoins the team.

18th  The declining fortunes of the Worcesters receive a further blow when Art Irwin suffers a broken leg during a game in which the team blows an 8–0 lead and has to settle for an 8–8 tie with Providence.

21st  The Eclipse club refuses to allow black C. M. Fleetwood Walker to play for the visiting Cleveland Whites in a game in Louisville, much to the disgust of many fans and sportswriters. Walker later becomes the first African-American to play ML baseball with the Toledo (AA) club in 1884.

Buttercup Dickerson starts 2 double plays from LF as Worcester beats Boston, 6–1.

22nd Worcester signs veterans Candy Nelson and Lip Pike, both from the Atlantic club of Brooklyn.

23rd  When P Fred Goldsmith is injured in the 3rd inning, substitute Larry Corcoran is called in from the turnstiles, where he was monitoring the count for the visiting Chicagos. He pitches 9 innings as the White Stockings win a 12-inning game in Detroit, 8–6.

27th Tony Mullane makes his ML debut with Detroit and shows outstanding speed in beating Chicago, 9–1. A finger injury and wildness will lead to his release a month later.

29th Protecting a 5–4 lead with men on 2B and 3B in the 9th, Troy’s Tim Keefe strikes out 3 batters in a row to beat Boston.

30th Anson and Flint have perfect days at the plate as Chicago pounds out 21 hits to beat Detroit, 12–8. The loss drops Detroit into a tie for 3rd place with Providence.


2nd Jim Galvin allows 13 hits but bangs out a single, double and triple to help Buffalo to a 14–6 rout of Detroit.

3rd  CF Lip Pike makes 3 errors in the 9th inning to give Boston 2 runs and a 3–2 victory over Worcester. The losing club immediately accuses Pike of throwing the game and suspends him.

8th Jack Rowe is 4-for-4 to help Buffalo beat Chicago, 10–1, in the opener of the final series between the two leaders. Chicago will win tomorrow to take a 6 1/2 game lead with 13 to play.

10th  In a game in Albany, Troy’s Roger Connor hits the first grand slam in NL history, and the first “ultimate” grand slam. The blow, with his team 3 runs down, comes off Worcester’s Lee “Ruby Legs” Richmond with 2 out in the bottom of the 9th inning and wins the game, 8–7.

12th John “Chub” Sullivan, who had been the Worcester captain this spring before falling ill, dies in Boston.

14th Fifteen errors by the Wolverines allow Providence to beat Detroit, 4–1.

15th  Buffalo 2B Dave Force makes 2 unassisted DPs, participates in two other DPs, and starts a triple play in a 12-inning 7–6 loss at Worcester. Only two other second basemen (Claude Ritchey, 7/9/1899 and Mike Edwards 8/10/1978) will make two unassisted DPs in one game.

16th  Chicago clinches the pennant with a 4–0 victory in Boston. Mike Kelly is 4-for-4, scoring 2 runs and driving in 2.

17th  Boston informs its players that it will release them on October 1st and not pay them the last month of their salaries.

20th Ed Nolan, John Clapp, and Jim McCormick all miss the Cleveland game in Worcester because their return from a side trip to NYC is delayed by a train wreck. The club fines each $100. The Blue Stockings win without them, 6–5.

23rd  Boston LF Joe Hornung makes 10 putouts and one assist as the Reds beat Buffalo 4–3. This one-game record of 11 chances accepted by a LF still stands.

25th  Although the league has offered membership to the Mets and the Athletics and been turned down, it is announced that all 8 teams from this year will be back in the NL next season, a first for the league.

27th At Troy, NY, Chicago plays its last game of the year, winning 10–8. A heavy rain storm throughout the game keeps the attendance to 12, a ML record for the smallest crowd. The number of errors by the two teams exceeds the crowd size: 14.

The Detroit team receives just $107.55 as the visitors’ share in 3 games in Worcester, which means the average attendance is under 240.

Charles Radbourn has a no-hitter broken up with one out in the 9th when Fred Dunlap hits a double. Rad settles for a 6–0 one-hitter, his second one-hitter in a month.

29th  At an NL meeting in Saratoga Springs, NY, the league adopts a blacklist of ten players who are barred from playing for or against any NL teams until they are removed by unanimous vote of the league clubs. The reason for the blacklisting is “confirmed dissipation and general insubordination.” These men are: Sadie Houck, Lip Pike, Lou Dickerson, Mike Dorgan, Bill Crowley, John Fox, Lew Brown, Emil Gross, The Only Nolan, and Ed Caskins.

At Worcester, the last-place Ruby Legs beat the first-place Chicago White Stockings, 12–4. Harry Stovey has a grand slam, the second in league history, for the winners. It comes off Larry Corcoran. Chicago will win tomorrow, 11-4, to close out the season for both teams.

30th  The NL meeting adopts an “ironclad” contract that gives the club the right to fine a player for any conduct the club deems detrimental to its interest. Furthermore, the player assumes the responsibility for all risks of injury or illness and must pay for his own medical treatment.


1st  The Mets beat the champion Chicagos in New York, 7–4. The Mets are the only non league team to have won more than one game versus NL opposition.

8th  Chris Von der Ahe, president of the corporation that runs Sportsman’s Park in St. Louis, signs the members of the previously independent St. Louis Browns semiprofessional club, giving Von der Ahe control over the players for the first time. This is a key step toward the establishment of the club that would eventually become the St. Louis Cardinals.

10th  Cincinnati baseball backers meet in Pittsburgh with H. Denny McKnight and issue a call to other independent club operators to meet November 2nd to form a major league independent of the NL.

15th  H. D. McKnight organizes a new Allegheny Baseball Club of Pittsburgh in anticipation of the proposed new league.

16th The Mystics beat Oakland, 12–10, to win the loosely organized California League championship.

31st  The Metropolitan club plays its final game of the season. The Mets played 151 games altogether, winning 80 of them. They were 18-43 versus NL teams.


2nd  The American Association of Professionals is founded with the motto “Liberty to All.” The members are St. Louis, Cincinnati, Louisville, Allegheny, Athletic, and Atlantic. This AA will be considered a major league.

3rd  The AA elects H. D. McKnight as its president. It votes to honor the NL blacklist in the case of drunkenness but not to abide by the NL reserve clause. The new league will rely on home gate receipts, visiting teams getting just a $65 guarantee on the road, as opposed to the NL’s policy of giving 15¢ from each admission to the visitors. The AA will allow Sunday games, liquor sales, and 25¢ tickets, all prohibited by the NL.


1st The Buffalo club meeting reveals the Bison’s home attendance for 1881 was just over 32,000.

7th At the NL annual meeting the owners reject the applications of Phil Baker and Charley Jones for reinstatement.

8th  The NL adopts a few new playing rules: the 3-foot line along 1B is adopted for the first time; runners can no longer be put out returning to their bases after foul ball not caught; the fine for pitchers hitting batters with pitches is repealed; the “block ball” rule allowing runners to take as many bases as possible on balls going into the crowd, the fielding team being able to put them out only after returning the ball to the pitcher in his box.

21st The Boston club meets and elects a new board of directors, who will retain Harry Wright as manager. The club reports an operating surplus of $75 on home attendance of around 35,000.

22nd Harry Wright signs to manage Providence for 1882.

23rd The Western Inter-collegiate Base Ball Association is formed by Northwestern, University of Michigan, and Racine College.

  • 1882


7th  The NL will continue the practice of using different color patterns on uniforms for the different positions. Third basemen will wear gray and white uniforms, as the blue and white uniforms originally sought were “impossible to obtain.”

14th Philadelphia officials, justifiably proud of their new multi-purpose baseball park, declare that it “will be placed in first-class condition for base ball, football, lacrosse and law-tennis; also bicycle and pedestrian performances.”

20th  The Kentucky Legislature modifies a recently passed law which inadvertently prohibited the playing of baseball games in the commonwealth.


4th  NL players are now responsible for carrying their own bats and uniforms on road trips. They are also required to purchase and keep clean 2 complete uniforms, including the white linen ties to be worn on the field at all times.

25th  Providence players and their opponents will be expected to parade down the streets of Providence in full uniform, accompanied by a brass band, on game days in order to encourage attendance.


11th  In retaliation for the “theft” of Sam Wise and Dasher Troy by the NL, the American Association creates a loophole allowing all players either blacklisted or expelled by the NL to join AA clubs after appealing to a special commission.

Providence will be selling season tickets for $15 until March 15, when the price will be raised to $20.

25th A fence has been erected on the Recreation Ground in San Francisco which forces the left fielder “to play over the fence, causing the players much inconvenience.”


10th  NL president William Hulbert dies in Chicago. A. H. Soden, president of the Boston club, is appointed as temporary replacement. In December A.G. Mills will be officially elected president of the league.

Stellar rookie Tony Mullane of the Eclipse of Louisville injures his foot running the bases in an exhibition game against Detroit.

29th The Eclipse will wear gray uniforms, like their discredited 1876-77 predecessors, instead of blue ones.

The jewelers of Providence and New York are anxiously preparing for their annual baseball game. The New York Clipper notes that “all of the men named are bone fide jewelers, and all of them are experienced ball players.”


1st In the season opener in Boston, the Red Stockings defeat Worcester, 6–5, in the bottom of the 10th as John Morrill scores on a wild pitch. Jim Whitney is the winner.

4th Detroit wins a 1–0 nail-biter in Cleveland. A local reporter declares afterwards that “it was one of those games that keeps a man 4 inches from his seat for 2 hours, at the same time wishing he could thump the nearest small boy.”

5th  Cap Anson is called out for walking back to his base after a foul ball, instead of running, as the rule specifies. This rule will be amended at the end of the season. Cap’s Chicago team beats Cleveland, 7-6.

Undefeated Providence makes sauce of Worcester, winning 17-2.

6th  Boston bowls over the Troy Trojans, 18-3, as Joe Hornung becomes the first player to hit 2 triples in one inning. He does it in the 8th.

10th  Approximately 1,000 people watch the first Chicago home game for free from a nearby viaduct. Chicago officials will attempt to eliminate this “unfair opportunity to beat the gate.” But today fans are able to see Chicago beat Cleveland, 8–4.

13th  NL players are relieved to hear that next season they will not be required to wear the uniforms known as “clown costumes,” with different color combinations for each position.

16th  The scheduled Cincinnati-Allegheny game is switched to Cincinnati because of floods in Pittsburgh.

17th Charles Buffinton begins his career with a bang as he pitches Boston to a 4–0 win over Worcester. He will go on to win 233 games.

A Boston court refuses a restraining order requested by the Cincinnati club on Sam Wise, who remains with Boston.

18th Troy scores 3 runs in the bottom of the 9th to defeat Chicago in Albany, 5–4. On the 20th, after its ball park is completed, Troy wins its first true home game, over Boston, 14–3.

19th Detroit moves into first place outlasting Buffalo, 14-11. Curry Foley has a grand slam for Buffalo, off George Derby, in the 9th inning.

20th After tying the game in the bottom of the 9th, the Yale freshman beat the Harvard freshmen in 11 innings, 5–4. Afterwards, “persuant to custom the Yale freshmen were permitted to-night to take seats on the college fence in honor of their victory. . . .”

The New York Clipper calls the new policy of not charging an at-bat to a batter who walks “nonsense.”

22nd For the 2nd game in a row, Philadelphia scores in the bottom of the last inning to defeat its cross-town rival, the Athletics. The 2 games attract nearly 18,000 spectators.

23rd Cleveland wins dramatically in the bottom of the 10th with 2 out as 3 Buffalo players collide chasing Mike Muldoon’s single, 4–3.

25th Buffalo revenges yesterday’s loss by humiliating Cleveland at home, 20–1, as Curry Foley hits for the cycle, the first in ML history. His homer is a grand slam, off George Bradley, his second in a week.

26th Cleveland scores 9 runs in the 1st inning and hangs on to beat Buffalo, 9–8.

27th  After breaking his finger in a game against the Metropolitans, Philadelphia IF Mike Moynahan has the finger amputated at the first joint. He will play in the AA for Philadelphia for 2 years before retiring.

Despite recording a triple play in the 8th, the Athletics lose 10–9, as St. Louis scores twice in the bottom of the 9th.

Providence moves past Detroit into 1st place in the NL by defeating Boston, 4–1.

29th In yet another exciting game, Buffalo Counters 4 Cleveland 9th inning runs with 2 of their own to win 9–8.

30th Troy hosts a pair of games with Chicago, losing the opener, 9-3, before rebounding with a 5-4 win. This is the first morning-afternoon separate admission twinbill on Memorial Day.

At Boston, the Buffalos (NL) pull off a controversial triple play but still lose to the Bostons, 11-3. The play (as recounted in TSN, April 5, 1916) occurs when John Morrill strikes out with the bases loaded and no outs, and catcher Jim White deliberately drops the third strike. He then throws to 1B Dan Brouthers who fires to 2B Hardy Henderson who relays to 3B Davey Force for the triple killing. Boston argues that because Merrill made no attempt to run, the play should be dead. The on field decision will be upheld but the rule will be changed at the winter league meetings.

31st Troy uses a 7th inning triple play to help them beat Chicago, 5–2.

Between 10,000-12,000 cranks watch Yale beat Princeton, 15–8, at the Polo Grounds.


1st Only 50 people witness Worcester’s 13–3 loss to the visiting Cleveland team.

3rd Detroit and Boston play to a 14-inning 4-4 tie.

Troy outfielders Pete Gillespie and John Cassidy collide in the 1st inning in a game against the Metropolitans. Cassidy is unhurt but Gillespie is knocked out and removed from the game.

5th  Boston defeats Detroit 10–2. According to the Chicago Tribune, this is the first time a team scoring in double figures does so entirely with earned runs.

6th  William “Blondie” Purcell of Buffalo is fined $10 for slicing open a soggy baseball. He did this to compel the umpire to put a fresh ball in play so his P Pud Galvin might be able to throw a curve.

Catcher Pop Snyder of Cincinnati starts a triple play against Baltimore by deliberately dropping a 3rd strike with the bases loaded in the 1st. This defensive gambit will be outlawed at the end of the season.

Charley Jones loses his lawsuit against his Cincinnati club for payment of salary due him. He’ll appeal.

10th The Eclipse score 6 runs in the bottom of the 12th to defeat the Athletics, 10–5.

15th After each team scores in the 10th, Boston comes from behind in the 11th to beat Chicago, 14–13.

20th Larry Corcoran goes 4-for-4 and hits Chicago’s first grand slam ever. It’s the only homer of his career. He also pitches his team to a 13–3 win over Worcester’s Lee Richmond.

22nd  In a battle between the top 2 teams, Providence scores 13 runs in the 3rd inning to devastate Detroit 15–5 and maintain its edge in the NL pennant race.

The Reds down Pittsburgh, 5-2, in 14 innings, preserving the win with a game-ending triple play, the latest in ML history. With runners on first and second, SS Chick Fulmer lets a pop fly drop. He picks it up and throws to 3B for a force, and the relay back to Fulmer and 2B for the second out, and the relay to 1B to beat the batter who was not running. The infield fly rule, to be enacted in 1895, will do away with this ploy.

24th  Dick Higham becomes the first and only ML umpire to be expelled for dishonesty. Higham, who had previously played OF and catcher for 6 different teams, was accused of advising gamblers how to bet on NL games. Acting on a complaint brought by Detroit mayor William Thompson, who is also president of the Detroit Wolverines, the league’s board of governors expels Higham. Higham, the first ump to use a protective mask, will end up as a bookkeeper in Chicago.

26th Detroit comes from behind with 3 runs in the bottom of the 14th to edge Worcester, 8–7.

28th After a scoreless 9 innings in Cincinnati between Baltimore and Cincinnati (AA), and a rain delay, both pitchers, Doc Landis and Will White, lose their grip on the wet ball and the teams each score 4 in the 10th. Cincinnati then posts another 7 runs in the 11th, with the help of a ML-record tying two triples by Harry Wheeler to win, 11–4. Joe Hornung of Boston had two triples in the 8th on May 6. Baltimore is now 3-24. (as noted by Cliff Blau, the box score runs in the July 8 New York Clipper)

29th  In the 4th inning of a game against St. Louis, the Eclipse leave the field to protest the continued use of an incompetent umpire. They also refuse to play the next 2 games, thus forfeiting 3 games to St. Louis. After a special AA meeting, the 2 teams agree to replay the last 2 games.

30th  A double play on a safe hit occurs in Chicago during the White Stockings 9-0 win over Boston (as recounted in TSN, April 5, 1916). Stocky Sam Wise is on 1B when Joe Hornung shoots a [later called] a hit and run single between 3B and short send Sam to third. Left fielder Abner Dalrymple fires to 3B Ed Williamson who puts the tag on Wise who had overslid the bag, and then fires to 1B Cap Anson to get Hornung who had gone too far towards second.


4th  Buffalo’s Pud Galvin wins both ends of a doubleheader against Worcester, 9–5 and 18–8.

In a match between 2 top black teams, Pittsburgh defeats Washington D.C., 18–12.

10,000 disappointed St. Louis cranks see their team waste a come-from-behind rally in the 9th and lose to Allegheny in the 11th, 6–5.

6th In what the New York Clipper describes as an “old-time” game, St. Louis outscores the Eclipse, 21–17.

8th  Chicago, in the midst of its first 9-game winning streak of the season, moves into first place with a 3–0 victory over Troy.

12th  Worcester beats Boston 4–1 to break a 14-game losing streak.

13th  During the 4th inning of a Cincinnati-Baltimore game, umpire Mike Walsh is surrounded on the field by angry spectators after a controversial call and is forced to take refuge in the Baltimore clubhouse for 15 minutes. Cincinnati wins the game 1–0.

18th  Switch pitching Louisville hurler Tony Mullane pitches both right- and left-handed in an AA game against Baltimore, the first time the feat is performed in the major leagues. Starting in the 4th inning he pitches lefthanded whenever Baltimore’s lefty hitters are at bat, while continuing to pitch right-handed to right-handed hitters. It works until the 9th when, with 2 outs, Charlie Householder hits his only HR of the year to beat Mullane 9–8. One newspaper account labeled the move a “novelty,” though the gloveless Mullane, who faced the batter squarely, evidently had a devastating pickoff move to 1B or 3B.

19th Providence, struggling to regain the lead in the pennant race, scores in the 9th to beat Boston, 1–0.

24th  Chicago sets a NL record for runs by beating Cleveland, 35–4. Seven Chicago players get 4 or more hits and six score 4 or more runs, actually knocking the cover off 2 balls in the process. Abner Dalrymple and King Kelly each a record 8 plate appearances. The record will last until June 29, 1897, when Chicago will run up 36 runs against Louisville. Not surprisingly, this is the only pitching appearance of the season for Cleveland outfielder Dave Rowe, who allows all 35 runs. Chicago tallies 15 singles, 10 doubles, a triple, and 3 home runs.

26th  Paul Hines carries Providence into first place going 5-for-5 and scoring 4 runs, including the winner in the 9th, in a 6–5 victory over Worcester.


3rd Pud Galvin misses the Buffalo-Troy game because of illness. His replacement, Mickey Welch, loses the game to Troy, 7–3.

9th The Providence Journal reports that “Silver Flint of the Chicago nine won yesterday’s game (August 9) with the help of Mr. Donald Patterson’s horses.” Patterson was in the grandstand and his coachman and horses were in deep center field under a tree that overhung the fence. With the game in extra innings, Flint hit a drive that rolled under the horses’ hooves preventing Paul Hines from retrieving the ball in a timely fashion. By the time the coachman had the horses under control, Flint had circled the bases for an inside-the-park home run giving Chicago a 3–1 win.

10th Troy scores 3 runs in the 9th to tie Detroit, then scores with 2 out in the 12th to win, 5–4.

14th Batting first, Pittsburgh (AA) gets right to it when Chappy Lane hits a 2nd inning grand slam, off Henry Myers, as Pittsurgh whips Baltimore, 14-1 (as noted by David Vincent).

17th In what is considered one of the greatest games in the 19th century, host Providence beats Detroit 1–0 in 18 innings on a HR by RF Charles Radbourn. Winning P Monte Ward and loser Stump Weidman both go all the way. Providence almost wins in the 16th when George Wright “hit a liner over Wood’s head and out of the horse gate, but Wood went outside, got the ball and fielded Wright out at the plate” (Detroit Free Press). This game will serve as the longest shutout in ML history until September 1, 1967, when San Francisco blanks Cincinnati 1–0 in 20 innings.

18th Cleveland thwacks Worcester, 22–7, scoring in every frame except the 7th. Tomorrow they’ll win, 14–7.

19th Providence beats Detroit, 9–8, and leads the NL by 3 1/2 games.

At Worcester, the Cleveland Blues double the Ruby Legs, winning 14-7. Both pitchers hit homeruns—Jim McCormick for Cleveland and Frank Mountain for the Rubys. Cleveland sweeps three games on the road, beating the Rubys by football-like scores: 13-10, 22-7, 14-7.

21st Cleveland outfielder Dave Rowe, who surrendered a record 35 runs in his lone league pitching appearance last month, takes to the mound again and turns in a remarkable performance by tossing a one-hitter in an exhibition game against the Phillies. A single breaks up the no-hitter but Cleveland blanks the Philadelphias, 6-0. Next year, the Quakers will join the NL and compile a 17-81 record. (as noted in the TSN, April 5, 1916).

29th St. Louis scores 3 in the bottom of the 9th to beat Baltimore, 3–2.

31st After each team scores 5 runs in the 9th, Troy and Detroit have to settle for a 10-inning, 9–9 tie.


5th  Baltimore plays the first 4 innings of its game against Allegheny without its uniforms, which have been delayed at the Baltimore train station. Allegheny wins the game, 3–1.

7th Jim O’Rourke is 5-for-5 to pace Buffalo to a 10–1 win over Worcester.

In a 4-1 Cincinnati win over the St. Louis Browns, Oscar Walker, a left-handed hitter for St. Louis, crosses up the shift put on by Cincinnati and lines a triple. All the Reds outfielders are in RF when Walker hits to left. This is one of the earliest records of a shift, as noted in the St. Louis Globe-Democrat (noted by Cliff Blau).

9th  After taking a 1–0 lead in the first inning, Troy loses to Chicago, 24–1, in a shortened 8-inning battle. Five Chicago players get 4 hits each.

11th  Tony Mullane of the Eclipse pitches a no-hitter over Cincinnati, 2–0. Tomorrow Mullane does not allow a hit until the 7th inning, and wins, 10–4.

12th  In a 10-4 Louisville victory, Pete Browning clubs a 6th inning grand slam off Harry McCormick as the Eclipse beat the Reds, 10-4. Cincinnati still leads the AA by 7.5 games, 10 more wins than Louisville [this is the last season that number of wins rather than winning percentage, will determine the leader].

In an 8-6 Pittsburgh win at Philadelphia, the Alleghenys get 1stt-inning homers from Billy Taylor and Chappy Lane off Sam Weaver. Historian Tom Thress notes that the Philadelphia Inquirer write-up gives the second homer to George Streif, although their box score gives it to Lane (as does the Pittsburgh Post-Gazette). Either way, Pittsburgh remains in fourth place in the AA.

14th  Chicago pushes past Providence into first place by defeating them, 6–2. Chicago will not relinquish the lead for the rest of the season.

18th At Buffalo, little Bobby Mathews of Boston fans 4 batters in one inning en route to an 8–2 win. Mathews (as noted by historian Al Kermisch) strikes out White, Force, Galvin, and Foley, with the latter reaching 1B on a passed ball.

19th  Guy Hecker becomes the second Eclipse pitcher in 8 days to throw a no-hitter, defeating Allegheny 3–1.

20th  Chicago’s Larry Corcoran pitches the second no-hitter of his career by shutting out Worcester, 5–0. Frank Mountain takes the fall.

22nd  In a special NL meeting Troy and Worcester are kicked out of the league, to be replaced by teams from Philadelphia and New York. When the expelled clubs threaten to boycott the rest of the season, Chicago and Providence announce they’ll then play a best-of-9 series to determine the league championship. The boycott and series don’t take place. The Troy players make the best of the situation by breaking their 16-game losing streak, the longest of the season, beating Boston, 7–3. Troy will argue that it should stay in the league because of money spent on capital improvements, but they will be ousted at the December 2, 1882 meeting, with Philadelphia taking their place.

Chicago loses to Cleveland, 15–6, to break its 2nd 9-game win streak of the year.

In its 20–6 victory over Allegheny (AA), the Louisville Eclipse score in all 8 innings they bat. Even though the game is in Pittsburgh, Louisville bats last and does not need to hit in the 9th (according to historian David Nemec). They are the first team ever to accomplish the feat.

23rd Chicago’s Larry Corcoran follows up his no-hitter with a 3-hitter, stopping Cleveland, 8–0.

In the last day of play for the Alleghenies, rookie Jake Seymour debuts on the mound and loses, 13-3, to Louisville, Seymour puts his name in the record book with 5 wild pitches, a mark tied twice in the next four years. Pittsburgh wins the second game, behind Denny Driscoll, to finish at 39-39.

25th The NL Worcester Brown Stockings come up with a baseball innovation—the doubleheader. It is the first instance of two games for the price of one admission: all previous doubleheaders called for two separate admissions. The last-place Brown Stockings will end their 3rd and final season in Worcester by drawing 6 and 25 fans for games against Troy on September 28th and 29th, then they will move to Philadelphia next season and adopt the name “Phillies.” Today’s two results in a Worcester win, 4-3, in the opener against Providence. Batting first in game 2, they lose, 8-6.

27th At Chicago, the White Stockings beat Buffalo, 8–1, behind Larry Corcoran.

28th  Six dedicated Worcester “cranks” (fans), the smallest “crowd” in ML history, show up to watch their club lose to Troy, 4–1. Tomorrow the number of spectators is 25. Worcester loses again to their fellow lame-duck team.

The Reds score in the top of the 9th to beat the Eclipse, 1–0.

Behind Fred Goldsmith, the White Stockings win, 11-5, over Buffalo to clinch the NL pennant.

30th At Lakefront Park, host Chicago trips Buffalo 6–5 as pitcher Larry Corcoran wins his 10th straight game (September 1- September 30). This is his second 10-game winning streak of the season: the first was June 29-July 29) Subbing at 1B, 16-year-old Milt Scott goes 2-for-5 for Chicago, while Ed Williamson is 5-for-5 and scores the winning run in the 9th.


4th  After 22 unsuccessful attempts, Cincinnati becomes the first AA team to defeat an NL team, beating Cleveland, 5–2.

6th  In the first post-season matchup between the AA and NL champions, Cincinnati shuts out Chicago, 4–0, behind Will White.

7th   In another matchup between the AA and NL champs, Chicago returns the favor by blanking Cincinnati, 2–0. Chicago scores both its runs in the 1st inning following a successful hit-and-run play with George Gore on 1B and Ned Williamson hitting. Following the game, Cincinnati, under pressure from the AA, reluctantly cancels the exhibition series to avoid expulsion from the league.

14th  Columbus, which will join the AA in 1883, is officially incorporated with $5,000 in capital stock.

28th  The Athletics reveal that in their first AA season they reaped a $22,000 profit, more than any NL team earned. This helps convince the NL that the AA is a viable league.


18th  The case of the Allegheny Club versus Charles Bennett is won by Bennett. Prior to the 1882 season Allegheny signed Bennett to a $100 agreement which stated that he would sign an 1883 contract with Allegheny after the season. Instead, Bennett re-signed with Detroit. This case will later have bearing on the fight over the reserve rule during the Players’ League War of 1889-90.

22nd New York owner John Day proposes a resolution to prohibit a team from signing a player who has broken the reserve clause of his contract. This resolution, eventually adopted by both the AA and NL, effectively changes the reserve clause from a device to protect owners from their own greediness to a weapon to be used against uncooperative players.

24th The AA agrees to expand to 12 teams by admitting Brooklyn, Washington, Indianapolis, and Toledo.


6th  At the NL meeting, Troy and Worcester are officially replaced by New York and Philadelphia. A. G. Mills is elected president. Starting in 1883, pitchers will be charged with an error after a walk, balk, wild pitch, or HBP. Catchers will be charged with an error after a passed ball.

2nd John O’Rourke wins a $205 settlement from Boston for salary payments due him in November of 1880.

9th  James H. Dudley, manager of a top black club in Richmond, VA, initiates discussion concerning the formation of a black league with teams from New York, Philadelphia, Pittsburgh, Cincinnati, Baltimore, Washington, DC, and Richmond. On February 10, 1883, Pittsburgh manager W. C. Lee expresses interest in the plan, but nothing comes of it.

14th  At its first annual convention, the AA establishes the first permanent staff of umpires in ML history. Previously, the NL and AA umpires were local men hired on game day by the home club.

24th   Cleveland signs One Arm Daily to team up with Jimmy McCormick, the NL’s winningest pitcher, in a two man rotation.

  • 1883


13th  Both of the New York ML clubs will play simultaneously at the Polo Grounds. Their fields will be separated by an 8-foot fence.

21st  In a game played in the Cuban professional league Ultimatum defeats Caridad 17-9 with the two teams combining for 60 errors (as noted by Kit Krieger). There was one earned run. The line score reads:

Ultimatum       142000055       17 15 21

Caridad            220010211         9 13 39

31st  A Baltimore fan loses a suit against Baltimore player Andrew Burns, who, while batting, accidentally let his bat slip from his hands, hitting the spectator. The judge rules fans had been warned to keep a safe distance from the field.


9th The New York Grammar School League is formed. Only “regular attendees” will be permitted to play in the 14-team league.

17th  At a meeting between the AA and the NL at New York’s Fifth Avenue Hotel, the Tripartite Agreement (or the National Agreement) is drafted. In it the 2 leagues, along with the Northwestern League, agree to respect each other’s contracts, ending a brief period of player raids. Also, the reserve rule is amended to allow each team to reserve 11 players, an increase of 6. The National Agreement will usher in a period of peaceful coexistence, lasting until the Players’ League war of 1890.

27th  Benjamin F. Shibe, one of the original owners of the Philadelphia Athletics, patents an improvement to the baseball itself. By combining the ingredients of yarn, India-rubber, and cement, Shibe claims that his invention would better maintain the spherical shape of the ball even after repeated hits by baseball bats. Part of the improvements involved the tighter winding of the yarn and integrating the yarn in the cement to maintain the integrity of the sphere.


14th  In a Northwestern League meeting, Peoria moves to ban blacks in order to prevent Toledo from playing star C Moses Fleetwood Walker. After an “exciting discussion” the motion is withdrawn and Walker is allowed to play.

30th Charles A Fowle, secretary of the St. Louis club from 1875-77 and one of the founders of the NL, dies in St. Louis.

31st  The Olympic Town-Ball Club of Philadelphia, the nation’s oldest ball club, celebrates its 50th anniversary.


3rd  The Cleveland club visits the White House, where President Chester A. Arthur greets them by telling them that “Good ball-players make good citizens.”

7th According to the New York Clipper, “Manager Mutrie (of the Metropolitans) has made a new departure in base ball outfits in providing his players with shoes the uppers of which are made of sealskin which, besides being neat in appearance, promises to be very durable.”

15th  The first weekly issue of Sporting Life, edited by Francis Richter, is published in Philadelphia. This outstanding magazine will last, with a brief interruption, until July 1926. An article in the issue notes that the “gentlemanly and popular player Alonzo Knight will be the general manager of the [Athletic] club this year.” It also says in the article that Harry Stovey will be the field captain. This is the first mention of the term general manager (as noted by Skip McAfee).

23rd In a game against Dayton, Saginaw’s Yank Robinson tallies two doubles and a triple in the 6th inning (p. 257 of Balldom, as noted by Ernie Lanigan The Baseball Cyclopedia)) as Saginaw scores 20 runs.

24th  In a fit of depression, journeyman player Terry Larkin shoots his wife and a policeman and then attempts to commit suicide. Failing, he tries again the next day. Both his wife and the policeman survive. Larkin will play for several teams in 1884 before retiring.

29th  The new issue of The Sporting Life has a note about Hoss Radbourn: “Radbourne (sic), the Providence pitcher, now reverses his position while delivering the ball when a runner is at first base. This is to enable him to throw better to the base.” (as noted by Chuck McGill).


1st On opening day in the AA and the NL no less than 4 games are decided in the bottom of the final inning. The best of these is in Cincinnati, where the defending AA champs score 2 in the bottom of the 11th to win, 6–5.

New York wins its first league game, defeating Philadelphia, 7–5, at the Polo Grounds located at 110th street between 5th and 6th Avenues. The 5 Phillie tallies against Mickey Welch are all unearned. The opener attracts a crowd of 15,000+, including former President U.S. Grant.

2nd At Boston, New York pitcher John Montgomery Ward clubs a 9th inning game ending homerun to give the New Yorkers a 3–2 win.

3rd  New York’s John Montgomery Ward becomes the first pitcher in history to hit 2 HRs in a game, giving him a 10–9 victory over Boston. Manager John Clapp drives home the game-winner with a single in the 9th.

Providence crushes Philadelphia, 24–6, with 26 hits, including 5 each by Paul Hines and Arthur Irwin. They are aided by Philadelphia’s catcher Bill Harbridge who commits 8 errors.

5th  In the first game in Chicago’s spectacular remodeled ballpark, featuring 41 uniformed attendants and private boxes built in front of the left field fence, Detroit scores with 2 out in the bottom of the 9th to win, 3–2. With a new rule considering balls hit over the fence to be homers, Chicago will increase their amperage from 13 homers in 1983 to 142 this year. Last year, a ball hit over the fence was a double.

12th  At newly built Washington Park, between Brooklyn’s Park Slope and Red Hook sections, opens for play. The home team is the Merritts (Interstate League), recently moved from Camden, NJ, who will play in the American Association after this one year of minor league ball. Despite seating for only 2,500 fans, 6,000 show up to cheer. After a warm-up by the 23rd Regiment Band, Brooklyn whips Trenton, 12–6.

13th St. Louis defeats the Eclipse in the 9th, 4–3. More significantly, neither team makes an error.

15th  In St. Louis a meeting is scheduled to plan the taking of “active steps looking towards the foundation of a Colored League.”

22nd  Future evangelist Billy Sunday, playing for the Chicago White Stockings has a miserable ML debut, going 0-for-4 with 4 strikeouts against Spider Jim Whitney. But Chicago wins 4–3 behind the pitching of Larry Corcoran, at Lakefront Park.

25th  Cleveland forges into a 3-way tie for first place in the NL with Detroit and Providence by defeating New York in 14 innings, 4–3.

28th  At New York’s old Polo Grounds, heavyweight boxing champion John L. Sullivan pitches his team to a 20–15 victory in an exhibition of semipro teams. More than 4,000 fans are on hand to watch Sullivan play. He collects 3 hits—although critics charge he is served “gopher balls”— and makes 4 of his team’s 10 errors. For his efforts Sullivan pockets half of the proceeds—$1,595. On November 4th Sullivan will pitch another game.

The first of 2 games between Fort Wayne and Indianapolis is played under electric lights.

30th It’s a busy and confusing Decoration Day of AA baseball. As part of a unique Memorial Day doubleheader, the Reds (AA) play in two different cities. The Reds start a 9:30 a.m. game at New York’s Polo Grounds, losing 1–0, then travel by train to Philadelphia where they fare better, scoring twice in the final frame and winning 10–8 in 11 innings. The Reds played the Athletics in Philley yesterday. The Metropolitans, after beating Cincinnati in the a.m. game, whip Columbus, 12-5 in the afternoon game. (This was on the western diamond of the original Polo Grounds on 110th Street, just north of the Polo Grounds. At the same time on the eastern diamond, the New York National League team was playing a doubleheader against Detroit, splitting 2–5 and 4–8. In between games of the New York-Detroit doubleheader, the first of which started at 10 a.m., was a game between Yale and Princeton to decide the college championship) Columbus is the loser on the day, dropping an a.m. game in Philadelphia 8–5. Meanwhile, Cleveland loses 3–1 in Boston in the morning, then travels to Providence to win, 5–2. Buffalo loses to Providence, 4–2 in the morning, then trains to Boston to lose, 2–1 in the afternoon. The Chicago (NL) White Stockings have the easiest of the day’s doubleheaders, feasting on the Phillies 15–8 and 22–4. In the 2nd game, the Whites score 7 runs in the 1st and 9 runs in the 5th as Mike Kelly, Fred Pfeffer, and Tommy Burns make 3 hits apiece.


2nd  Chicago commits 20 errors, while New York records 10, as New York defeats Chicago 22–7 in the sloppiest game of the year. One player on each team plays error-free.

Boston overcomes “stupid base-running” by Jim Whitney, leading to a 6th inning triple play, to defeat Buffalo, 2–1.

6th Philadelphia takes its first home win in grand style, belting Detroit, 20–4.

8th For the 2nd consecutive game Allegheny obliterates the Eclipse, taking the 2 games by a combined score of 28 to 6. In the 2nd game Ed Swartwood has 5 hits.

9th  After falling behind 5–2 in the 2nd inning, Boston rallies to whip Detroit 30–8. The teams combine for an untopped ML record of 110 at bats (Boston, 66; Detroit, 44). Paul Radford and Jim Whitney each get 5 hits, and Whitney sets a ML record by scoring 6 runs. Whitney pitches part of the game, then goes to the outfield. Four players have 8 plate appearances. This record will stand until 1886. Boston has 28 hits good for 46 runs, off Stump Weidman and Tom Mansell. For Mansell, usually an outfielder, his 6 2/3 innings pitched is his only appearance on the mound. He gives up 18 runs, 14 earned.

Despite 3 triples and a single by C Buck Ewing, New York loses to visiting Buffalo, 8–7.

Philadelphia (NL) receives permission to charge 25¢ for admission, instead of 50¢, to allow them to compete with their popular cross-town rivals, the AA-leading Athletics. Philadelphia’s attendance quadruples for the rest of the season.

In the first meeting of Cincinnati and Brooklyn teams in Brooklyn since the Atlantics broke the 2-season unbeaten streak of the legendary Red Stockings in 1870, winning 8–7, the Reds turn the tables winning today, 3–1.

11th Cleveland takes over first place in the tight NL pennant race by beating Philadelphia, 7-0. Chicago drops to 3rd place with a loss to Providence.

12th Providence passes Chicago to take first place in the NL, beating their Windy City rivals, 8–1.

New York crushes Buffalo, 17–8, as Pete Gillespie has 5 hits and 5 runs.

Boston triumphs over Detroit, 20–9, as every player hits safely.

14th  With the Allegheny field “half overflown with water” following a series of floods in Pittsburgh, Columbus overcomes the waterlogged home club 25–10, scoring in every inning.

16th The New York Gothams introduce the concept of “Ladies Day,” which will become a baseball staple for nearly a hundred years. Ladies, escorted or not, are admitted free. New York whips Cleveland, 5–2.

18th In Philadelphia, “the umpire, it is alleged, gave the visitors considerable assistance by his unfair manner of calling balls and strikes.” Buffalo wins, 11–2.

20th  Boston mauls Philadelphia 29–4, as Sam Wise goes 6-for-7 with 4 extra-base hits. Wise, Ezra Sutton, and Joe Hornung each score 5 runs, and Jim Whitney has 8 plate appearances. Philadelphia helps by committing 21 errors.

23rd Hugh “One Arm” Daily of Cleveland shuts out Chicago, 3–0, with 14 strikeouts.

The first-place Providence Greys top the host New York Gothams, 12-4. The score would have been higher except for a base-running blunder by Jerry Denny, as reported in the New York Times: “Denny drove the ball into the bull pen in the sixth inning, and would have secured a home run without the ball going outside the fence had he not stepped directly over instead of upon the bag at third base, the umpire giving him out.” Denny will finish the year with 8 homers, tied for second place in the NL.

In front of 2,000 at the Polo Grounds, Princeton edges Yale in 10 innings, 3-2, handing the Elis their first loss of the year. But Yale wins the American Collegiate Association championship for the third year in a row, with Princeton second, followed by Amherst, Harvard and Brown.

28th As noted in Sporting Life of July 1, Providence backup shortstop Joe Mulvey is shot in the shoulder while walking off the Providence Grounds with several players after a workout. The shooter, a fan named James Murphy, was aiming for teammate Cliff Carroll. Earlier in the day, Carroll had taken a hose and drenched Murphy. Murphy went home, got his gun, and returned to the park.


1st St. Louis thrills 12,000 home spectators by coming from behind in the 8th and defeating the Athletics in the bottom of the 9th, 9–8.

3rd  Chicago stampedes Buffalo, 31–7, as each Chicago player hits safely and scores at least 3 runs. Abner Dalrymple and Cap Anson each get 5 hits (including 4 doubles), and Dalrymple scores 5 runs. Three players (Dalrymple, Gore, Kelly) each have a record 8 plate appearances. Chicago sets a ML record with 14 doubles, amassing 16 extra-base hits and 32 hits overall, good for 50 total bases. All come off George Derby.

4th  Tim Keefe of New York wins both ends of a doubleheader against Columbus 9–3 and 1–0, allowing a 2-game total of 3 hits. Three days from now Columbus will eke out some measure of revenge, allowing New York only one hit (by O’Keefe) in a 3–0 win.

6th  Cincinnati (AA) thrashes Baltimore 23–0, setting a ML record for the most decisive shutout. The record lasts for 46 days. Will White is the winner over Hardie Henderson.

14th Cleveland defeats Philadelphia, 9–2, to temporarily wrest the NL lead from Providence.

17th Buffalo pummels last place Philadelphia, 21–6, led by 5 hits by both Jim O’Rourke and Hardy Richardson.

Allegheny survives runs by the Mets in the 10th and 12th and wins in the 14th, 7–6.

19th  Buffalo defeats Philadelphia 25–5, getting 27 hits in the process. Dan Brouthers goes 6-for-6 with 2 doubles, and Jim O’Rourke again gets 5 hits.

21st Providence sets its sights on 1st place with a 7–5 win over Detroit. While Cleveland loses to New York, 2-0. The Spiders also lose one of their two pitchers when Jimmy McCormick leaves the field in the 7th complaining of a sore elbow.

24th The game between first-place Cleveland and second-place Providence is called off because of a flooded field. Apparently it was not rain, but the help of Cleveland manager Frank Bancroft that causes the delay (As noted in the September 7, 1884 Brooklyn Eagle and spotted by historian Frank Vaccaro). With his two stars, McCormick and Dunlap sick, Bancroft was looking for some excuse not to play the match When a slight rain began to fall, Bancroft saw his chance. Jumping into a hack he was driven rapidly to the base ball park. In an instant he quickly issued an order to the ground keeper to attach the hose (regular fire engine size) to a hydrant and play the stream on the grounds. He then took a position in the grand stand, where he could command a view of the streets leading to the gate. The hose continued to pour bucketful after bucketful of water over the diamond until the whole place was flooded, and the employee was ordered to desist. About noon Providence manager Harry Wright arrives to have a look at the grounds.

“I’m afraid we will have to call this game,” says Bancroft.

“Why?” inquires Harry.

“Oh, these are the queerest grounds you ever saw. They are flooded every time it rains.”

While they were talking they walked out on the field. Wright had not gone far before he sank into the soft soil above his shoe tops.

“I guess you are right,” agrees Harry.

So the game was postponed on account of a rain that did not lay the dust in the streets.

25th  Charles Radbourn throws a no-hitter as Providence beats top rival Cleveland, 8–0. Hugh Daily is the loser.

26th  Joe Gephardt of the Eclipse is forced to miss a game against St. Louis because of temporary paralysis. He will return to the lineup within 2 weeks.

Hoss Radbourn follows yesterday’s no-hitter with a 9-hit loss to Cleveland, 5–2, as One Arm Daily emerges with the win. The two teams will trade places atop the league five times in the next five days.

Detroit defeats New York, 2-0, as New York’s third baseman Tom Esterbrook goes into the record books with NL record 9 errors in two consecutive games. Frank La Porte will make 7 in two AL games in 1904.

27th Baltimore kicks Allegheny, 21–8, with every player collecting at least a hit and a run.

28th  In the first recorded game in Hawaii, the Honolulu Club wins over the Oceanic Club, 14–13.

30th In one of the two 17–4 games of the day, Lon Knight of Allegheny (AA) hits for the cycle and scores 5 runs over hapless Philadelphia. In the other, Cincinnati tops Columbus.


1st Led by Harry Stovey’s 10th home run, off Denny Neagle, the Athletics (AA) swamp Pittsburgh, 19-2. Stovey is the first player to reach double figures in homers, and will total 14 for the year.

4th The Mets counter 2 runs by Allegheny in the top of the 14th with 3 of their own to win, 7–6.

7th  Providence loses the NL lead permanently with a 6–4 defeat by Boston, while Cleveland beats Buffalo 5–2. For the 2nd straight season Providence holds the NL lead for more than twice as many days as any other team but does not win the pennant.

11th Boston P Jim Whitney muffs a popup, but catcher Mike Hines catches it before it hits the ground and starts a triple play. All the runners had taken off with the apparent error. Providence still wins, 6–2.

The Mets please 9,000 fans by defeating the first place Athletics in the bottom of the 9th, 3–2.

Frederick Thayer, the inventor of the catcher’s mask, and George Wright sue the Spalding Brothers Company for copyright infringement. The two will eventually lose their case.

14th In a 7-inning game, Buffalo scores 4 times in the top of the 7th to beat Chicago, 19–17. Jim O’Rourke leads by hitting for the cycle.

18th The Athletics defeat Columbus, 19–5, with 5 hits by Harry Stovey.

20th  After the Eclipse-Allegheny game, Allegheny players Billy Taylor, Mike Mansell, and George Creamer are each fined $100 and suspended indefinitely for drunkenness.

Behind Hugh Daily, Cleveland edges Chicago, 4-3. For One Arm, it is his 10th straight win over Chicago.

21st  In the most lopsided shutout in ML history, Providence routs Philadelphia 28–0, as Larry Corcoran picks up the victory over Rhode Island native Art Hagen. The Phils will give up on the 1–14 Hagen and shuffle him off to Buffalo, where he will go 0–2.

24th Some 41,000 Athletic cranks watch a 4 game series with Cincinnati. The Reds take the final 3 matches.

25th Chicago outlasts Buffalo, 18–14 as both clubs get 20 hits. Chicago’s Abner Dalrymple and Buffalo’s Jack Rowe go 5-for-6, and Rowe hits for the cycle.

29th Guy Hecker of Louisville (AA) gives up 4 hits to the A’s John Stricker, but picks him off 3 times. Getting caught off base three times will happen once more, in 1916 when Benny Kauff matches it.


1st Chicago scores 11 runs in the 3rd inning en route to a 21–7 thrashing of Cleveland. Chicago collects 9 doubles with Abner Dalrymple and Fred Pfeffer each getting 4 hits. It must feel good, because Chicago toddles again in 5 days.

3rd  Philadelphia breaks its 14-game losing streak, the longest of the year, by defeating Providence, 6–3.

Buffalo defeats Detroit, 12–4, as Jim Lillie hits the only NL grand slam of the year. It’s the first homerun for the rookie.

4th  Columbus crushes Baltimore, 21–4, behind Tom Brown, who goes 6-for-7 with 5 runs and 4 extra-base hits.

6th  Chicago uses the big inning to roll against Detroit, winning, 26–6. Chicago sets a ML record by scoring 18 runs in the 7th inning as Tom Burns sets records by going 3-for-3 with 2 doubles and a HR and scoring 3 runs. Fred Pfeffer and Ned Williamson also collect 3 hits in the inning, while Goldsmith, Billy Sunday and Kelly have two apiece. Chicago tallies 6 doubles in the inning, a record that won’t be topped until Boston hits 7 on August 25, 1936. Fourteen runs score before the first out and before manager Dan O’Leary changes pitchers. Detroit scores zero, but the 18 runs in the 7th is actually a record for 2 teams as well. All Chicago hitters have 3 or more hits, except leadoff hitter Dalrymple with 2. Detroit Free Press editor Charles Mathison, in listing the box score, writes, “The Free Press would be pleased to submit the full score of this remarkable game to its readers, but the Western Union Telegraph Company, which has no excuse for its poor service, has furnished it bobtailed and in ludicrous deformity (no assists or errors are listed) it is submitted below. The company was requested to supply the missing links, but the head operator declined to do so.”

The Athletics cling to their lead in the AA by defeating second-place St. Louis, 4-3, for the 3rd consecutive game. Over 45,000 fans attend the series.

8th With Chicago winning 12–8 over Detroit, the team concludes an extraordinarily successful series. Chicago outscores their opponent in the 4-game series by a combined score of 65–16.

At Philadelphia, New York scores 13 runs in the 3rd inning to coast to a 16–6 win over the Phils. The game is called after 8 innings because of darkness as “the baby actions in the box” (NY Times) by the Phillie pitchers delays the game.

10th  Chicago loses to Boston 4–2, breaking its 11-game winning streak, the longest of the season.

Cincinnati slugger John Reilly hits two homers, a club first, in a 12-6 win at Bank Street Grounds. Both homers are inside-the-park.

11th  Boston scores 2 runs in the top of the 9th to top Chicago 3–2, taking over the first place. Boston will not relinquish the lead for the remainder of the season.

12th  At a meeting in Pittsburgh, the Union Association is formed. The UA states its intention to ignore the reserve rule.

Cincinnati (AA) mauls Allegheny 27–5 collecting a club-record 33 hits. Warren “Hick” Carpenter and “Long John” Reilly each get 6 hits, while Reilly scores 6 runs and hits for the cycle. Charley Jones has 5 hits for the Reds. The 17 hits by three players sets a record, tied in 1897.

13th  Hugh “One-Arm” Daily of Cleveland (NL) pitches a no-hitter, defeating host Philadelphia 1–0. Daily was on the short end of a no-hitter on July 25. Daily fans 2 and walks 3. An account of the game says that the ground at Recreation Park was in a “wretchedly soggy condition and this soon made the ball so mushy it was impossible to hit it effectively.”

At Recreation Park in Columbus, Ohio, The Athletics’ Jud Birchall hits a leadoff inside-the-park home run—his lone career homer—off Frank Mountain of Columbus as the A’s win, 11-5. The Athletics lead the AA by 3 1/2 games over the Browns, 3-0 losers to the Orioles.

15th  Philadelphia features an all-Yale battery as Al Hubbard catches Jack Jones, teammates on the Eli intercollegiate championship team, at Cincinnati. The Reds flunk Jones, beating him, 11–0, the A’s worst loss of the year. This was Hubbard’s 2nd and final game in the ML; he debuted two days ago in Columbus under the name Al West.

18th  Before the start of the Reds-Philadelphia game in Cincinnati, a wedding takes place at home plate. Assistant groundskeeper Louis Can marries Rosie Smith. The Reds collect $60 in cash and the visiting Athletics chip in with another $40. The novelty of the wedding attracts a crowd of 2,201, the highest Monday crowd of the year, who see the Athletics edge the Reds, 13–12.

19th  For the second time in a week, Cincinnati 1B Long John Reilly hits for the cycle, turning the trick against Philadelphia’s George Bradley in a 12-3 win. Bradley gave up baseball’s first cycle, in 1882, to Buffalo’s Foley.

25th  The Union League, later known as the Eastern League, is officially formed in New York.

26th The St. Louis Browns (AA) stomp on the Alleghenies, winning 20-3, and pinning to losing on Jack Neagle. Neagle finishes the year at 5-23, pitching for three teams. His 3-12 record for Pittsburgh will earn him another year, and he will go 11-26 in 1884.

27th  Boston officially clinches the NL title, beating Cleveland, 4–1.

28th  After losing 2 straight games to the Eclipse, the Athletics rally in the bottom of the 10th inning, 7–6, to clinch the AA championship.


10th  Jim Devlin, a former star pitcher for the Louisville Grays (who was expelled from baseball in 1877 for his role in throwing a series of games at the request of gamblers), dies in Philadelphia. Before his death he served as a policeman.

23rd Alexander K. Schaap, of Richmond, Virginia, patents an improvement to the catcher’s mask. Because catchers had difficulty removing their masks when a foul ball above the plate was hit, Schaap adds a hinge to the upper part of the mask.


22nd  New York owner John B. Day proposes a resolution to prohibit a team from signing a player who has broken the reserve clause in his contract. This resolution, eventually adopted by both the AA and the NL, effectively changes the reserve rule from a device designed to protect owners from their own greediness to a vindictive weapon to be used against uncooperative players.

24th  The AA agree to expand to 12 teams by admitting Brooklyn, Washington, Indianapolis and Toledo.


13th  The Ohio League is formed.

15th  In Louisville a “first-class colored team” is formed. The team, later known as the Falls Cities, becomes one of the nation’s best black teams. It joins the National Colored Base Ball League (NCBBL) in 1887, but apparently disbands shortly after the collapse of the NCBBL in the first week of its season.

  • 1884


4th  The newly organized Union League changes its name to the Eastern League to avoid confusion with the new Union Association. The EL continues today as the AAA International League.

Pitcher Larry Corcoran, who had signed with Chicago of the outlaw UA, breaks his contract to re-sign with his old club, Chicago’s NL White Stockings.

10th At the annual meeting of the minor-league Northwest League, 1st-place Toledo is declared the league champion for 1883. But because Toledo has moved from the NWL to the major league AA for 1884, the NWL pennant is awarded to 2nd-place Saginaw, MI. The NWL also rescinds its prohibition of Sunday baseball and the sale of beer at its ball parks, thereby aligning itself with AA policy and against the NL policy.

12th In a 5-inning game played on ice skates in Brooklyn, Chicago ace Larry Corcoran hurls his team of mostly amateurs to a 41–12 win over a team composed of mostly professionals. Corcoran’s team was assembled by veteran writer Henry Chadwick). In 4 days the pros beat Corcoran and another group of amateurs, 16–8.

30th Tony Mullane, ace of the 1883 St. Louis Browns (AA), and who signed for 1884 with the rival St. Louis Unions (UA), repudiates his UA contract and signs with the AA Toledo club. When Mullane signed with the UA, he was the first player to violate the National Agreement’s reserve clause.

The Chicago Union club inks One Arm Daily after pitcher Larry Corcoran returns the $1,000 advance he got for signing with the team. At the same time the New York owner John Day, drafts a resolution that permanently blacklists all players who sign with the Union teams.


9th  The grounds of Cincinnati’s UA club are flooded under 20 feet of water from the Ohio River. It will cost $3,000 to rebuild the fallen pavilions and fences and restore the field.

18th  P/IF Terry Larkin, released from prison after serving several months for beating his wife and shooting a policeman, is rearrested for threatening to shoot his father. Larkin will eventually be freed to conclude his ML career in 1884, playing for Washington (AA) and Richmond (UA).

20th Altoona, PA is admitted to the UA as its 7th club, leaving Lancaster as the only franchise in the Inter-State League.


4th  The NL, meeting in Buffalo, reduces the number of balls required for a walk from 7 to 6. Club owners also agree to provide 2 separate team benches to minimize fraternizing among opposing players during games.

6th  High winds in New York destroy much of the fence and blow off part of the Polo Grounds grandstand roof, depositing it a block away.

15th Henry Chadwick notes (reprinted in the St. Louis Post-Dispatch) that St. Louis “ground-keeper” August Solari “has introduced an improvement which might be copied to advantage. It is the placing of tarpaulins over the four base positions to protect them from wet weather.” A number of other clubs will be quick to follow suit, and that some of them also cover the pitcher’s area, the batter’s area, and the baselines with separate tarpaulins.

17th  The UA admits a Boston club organized by George Wright, bringing the number of teams to 8. The UA decides to stick with the 7-ball walk rule.

The UA also expands its schedule to 112 games and adopts the percentage system for determining the champion.


1st  Rookie OF Henry Larkin of the Philadelphia Athletics (UA) undergoes a 1 1/2 hour operation—with anesthesia or drugs—to remove a large tumor from his neck. He’ll live another 58 years and play 10 years in the majors, compiling a .303 average.

2nd  The AA eliminates the rule allowing batters hit by pitches to go to 1B, instead giving umpires the authority to fine offending pitchers between $5 and $10.

3rd The Fast Day game—a Boston Red Stockings tradition—is canceled for the first time since the club’s founding in 1871. Mass. governor Robinson has set the date for Fast Day a week earlier than usual and blizzard and six inches of snow fall today.

5th  Boston UA 1B James Ryan is said to have “a tremendous reach and can catch equally well with his left or right hand,” an important skill to have in an era in which many players do not wear gloves or wear thin fingerless models on both hands.

6th Two days after winds have blown down the fence at Cincinnati’s UA grounds, high winds destroy much of the fence at NY’s Polo Grounds and at Metropolitan Park, new home of the Mets.

7th Chicago’s Larry Corcoran, on his way to a 30+ win season, beats the Phillies for the 11th straight time. His streak started last year on May 12.

17th The UA opens its regular season with 3 games, getting a 2-week jump on the older NL and AA. Boston’s Tom O’Brien wields the day’s hottest bat with 5 hits. and 4 runs in Boston’s 14–2 win over the Philadelphia Keystones. Bill Sweeney’s 7–3 five-hitter for Baltimore over Washington is the first of what will be a UA-high 40 wins—12 more than his closest rival.

20th Five Columbus (AA) Colts swap a total of 7 homers in an exhibition romp, 29–0 over Muskegon, MI, Colt P Ed Morris allows 5 hits. Morris will win 34 games for Columbus this year, while the Colts will homer 40 times, a new AA record.

21st Providence (NL) records its only pre-season loss, a forfeit to Brooklyn (AA). The Grays refuse to continue play after the ump awards 1B to three batters, on balks by P Charlie Sweeney. Sweeney insists on throwing overhand (newly permitted by NL rules, but not by the AA rules under which the game is played). Brooklyn holds a 10–8 lead at the time of the forfeit.

22nd The Providence Grays (NL) defeat the New York Mets (AA) in the first game of a 3-game exhibition sweep. Six months to the day later, the Grays will repeat the sweep in baseball’s first World Series.

24th St. Louis (UA) rookie Perry Werden, just 18, wins his first ML game, 11–2, over Altoona. After compiling a 12–1 record for pennant-bound St. Louis, Werden will drop out of the majors for several seasons, returning full-time in 1890 for 5 seasons as a first baseman.

28th During an exhibition game between the Phillies (NL) and the Athletics (AA, umpire William McLean responds to fans’ taunts by hurling a bat into the stands. He hits but doesn’t injure a fan but is arrested after the game. Charges are later dropped.

30th The Columbus Colts (AA), with a 15–5 win over the Allegheny (AA) reserve team, finish their exhibition season at 19–0.


1st  Rookie John Hamill holds Brooklyn (AA) to 5 singles as Washington wins its opener 12–0. But Washington will win only 11 more games (losing 51) before disbanding in early August, and Hamill will record only one more win (against 17 losses) in his only ML season.

Following Cincinnati’s Opening Day 10–9 loss to Columbus (AA) at the new Cincinnati ballpark, a section of bleachers collapses, injuring many exiting fans, including one fatally. Fans had complained about the creaking and swaying of the hastily built structure. This location will be used by Cincinnati ML teams until mid-1970, when the Reds move into Riverfront Stadium.

Moses Fleetwood Walker becomes the first black in the ML when he plays for the Toledo club in the American Association. He goes 0-for-3 in his ML debut, allowing 2 passed balls and committing 4 errors, as his team bows to Louisville 5–1. He will do better in 41 subsequent games before injuries force Toledo to release him in late September. Racial bigotry will prevent his return to ML ball. In July he is joined by his brother Welday, an OF. No other black player appears in a ML uniform until Jackie Robinson in 1947.

2nd  New York (AA) fails to take advantage of Jack Lynch’s 14 strikeouts and 6-hit pitching and loses to Baltimore 8–3. In 166 innings this year Lynch will total only 32 K’s for the Metropolitans.

3rd  Charlie Sweeney gets off to a good start by throwing a one-hitter to lead Providence (NL) to a 3–0 win over Buffalo.

Buck Ewing gets a triple, a double, and 3 singles as New York (NL) defeats Detroit 11–3.

5th  After pitching in St. Louis on May 4, Tony Mullane of Toledo (AA) is enjoined from playing ball in Missouri until defense of his contract jumping from the St. Louis UA club can be heard in court.

Buffalo (NL) P Billy Serad, in his first ML outing, walks 3 Providence batters in the first inning and lets 2 score on wild pitches. The Bisons tie the game in the 3rd, but Providence scores 3 in the 6th to defeat reliever (and manager) Jim O’Rourke, who has traded his LF position with Serad. The loss is the only decision in 6 pitching appearances for this HOF outfielder.

6th  Rookie P Larry McKeon of Indianapolis (AA), whose 41 losses will top the major leagues in 1884, pitches a 6-inning no-hitter. Rain halts the game with the score 0–0.

Buffalo P Pud Galvin, the victim of Charlie Sweeney’s one-hitter in his last outing, turns on Boston (NL) with one of his own. He allows only a first-inning double, but must wait until the 9th before his teammates produce the winning run in a 3–2 battle against Boston. Galvin (1–2) will finish the season at 46–22 and a 1.99 ERA, his finest season.

7th  Jack Lynch’s one-hitter is enough for victory as the Mets whip Allegheny 8–1.

The Missouri Republican reports the death of Ike Carter, an infielder for the all-black St. Louis Black Stockings. “Ike Carter, the best second baseman in the country, and a member of the celebrated Black Stockings, of St. Louis, recently received a ball that was too much for him. It was made of lead. He turned burglar and was shot dead by a St. Louis man into whose house he broke.” (as noted by Greg Bond) The Black Stockings were founded in 1883 and toured the country, playing minor league and local teams, both black and white. They claimed the mythic “colored championship” in 1883.

8th  Chicago (UA) stuns the Keystones of Philadelphia with an 8-run rally in the 9th to take an 11–10 win.

9th  At American Park, the Cincinnati Reds (NL) beat visiting Toledo, 9–1. Fleet Walker, catching and batting cleanup for Toledo is 0-for-4. The Reds will win again tomorrow, 11–1.

10th  Washington (AA) C Alex Gardner’s first ML game is also his last, as he allows 12 passed balls, a ML record that still stands. Washington loses the game to New York’s Mets, 11–3.

Altoona (UA) wins its first ML game after 11 straight losses 9–4 over Boston. They will win only 5 more times before disbanding at the end of May.

Legal woes continue for Toledo (AA) P Tony Mullane as the courts rule that he is forbidden to play for any team other than St. Louis (UA). Mullane ignores the ruling and continues to pitch for Toledo. On August 1, Henry Lucas, the St. Louis owner, will withdraw the suit against Mullane.

13th  Catcher Thomas “Pat” Deasley of the St. Louis Browns (AA) is arrested for drunkenness and for making insulting comments to ladies. He is released but 6 days later he will be seriously injured in a fight, and his wife will be asked to join the team on its trip to keep him in line.

New York (NL) buries Buffalo 20–5 behind 1B Alex McKinnon’s 5 hits. It is the 9th win in a row for New York as they will win 3 more before its first loss. It is the 3rd and last pitching win of John Montgomery Ward’s ML career, as the one-time teenage ace shifts to the IF and OF.

14th  P Charles Radbourn gets 5 hits (5-for-7)—the same number he allows Detroit—to spur a 25–3 rout, the most decisive victory in the NL this year. Detroit (0-10) contributes to its own demise by committing 18 errors, including 5 by RF Fred Wood, whose ML career will total only 13 games. Bill Geiss, a starting pitcher last season, pitches his only game this year when he relieves Weidman with Detroit ahead 9-0. Geiss allows 16 runs half earned in 5 innings. Radbourn is the first ML pitcher to get 5 hits in a game.

New York (NL) pitcher Mickey Welch hurls his 2nd straight shutout, a 4-hitter against Buffalo. Two days earlier he blanked Cleveland on 2 hits.

16th  When a foul tip from a Detroit (NL) batter sticks in the mask of Boston C Mike Hines, umpire Van Court calls the batter out on a foul catch. NL Secretary Nick Young will later instruct league umpires not to rule an out in such cases.

17th The New York Maroons (NL) suffer their first loss of the season—4–1 to Buffalo—after 12 straight wins.

18th  Hugh Daily of Chicago (UA) throws his 2nd consecutive one-hitter against the Nationals of Washington. He adds to the Nationals’ embarrassment today by recording 15 strikeouts. Phil Baker got the lone hit on May 14 and pitcher Bill Wise, filling in a third base today, records the other.

21st The Providence Grays, with their 2nd straight win over New York, leap over the Maroons into 2nd place. Charles Radbourn twirls a 3-hit shutout, winning 3-0.

22nd At Metropolitan Park, located on the east side of Manhattan, Dave Orr, slugging first baseman of the Mets, hits the first home run at the field. It sails over the left field fence and lands in the Harlem River as the Mets triumph, 7-1. As noted by historian Cliff Blau, the Metropolitan club played a few games in the newly built park.

23rd  Larry Corcoran limits Cleveland (NL) to one single in a 5–0 shutout for Chicago. Jim McCormick takes the loss at National League Park.

24th  Against Pittsburgh, Philadelphia Athletics (AA) P Al Atkinson hits the leadoff batter, Ed Swartwood, who steals 2B, takes 3B on a putout, and scores on a passed ball. But Atkinson sets down the next 27 Alleghenies for a near-perfect, no-hit 10–1 win. (Ernie Lanigan spells the name Atkisson)

After 20 consecutive wins St. Louis (UA) finally falls 8–1 to Boston. The Maroons will finish the season with a .832 percentage, the highest in ML history.

With RF Mike Dorgan committing 5 errors, New York loses to Providence, 19–5, at the Polo Grounds. According to Nick Peters and Fred Stein, The New York Times reports that the game was so bad that “the Siamese Embassy [staff] occupied the stockholder box and showed their knowledge by leaving in the middle of the game.” Charlie Sweeney (8–1) has 4 hits, 3 doubles and scores 4 times.

Boston (NL) P Jim Whitney blanks Philadelphia for the 2nd time in 5 days, and helps power the Red Stockings to their 13–0 win with 4 hits.

26th Jim Galvin of Buffalo (NL) scatters 8 Chicago hits and blanks the White Stockings 4–0 in the 1st of his ML high 12 shutouts.

27th In Buffalo, Chicago pitcher Fred Goldsmith clouts 2 homers in a 14–6 win.

29th  Taking advantage of a ground rule change which scores balls hit over Chicago’s inviting 180′ LF fence as HRs (instead of doubles), 5 players hit round trippers in the White Stockings’ NL home opener against Detroit, winning 29–5. Chicago will hit 142 HRs—last year they hit 13—during the 112-game season (more than 90 percent of them at home) to set a record that will last until the 1927 New York Yankees. The rule change appears to be unilaterally made by Cap Anson, as noted by historian Bob Schaeffer, and the other league owner will squawk to no avail. But the league will set a minimum distance of 210 feet for an outfield fence after the 1884 season.

Ed Morris (Columbia AA) no-hits Pittsburgh 5–0, allowing only one walk.

30th  In the afternoon game of Chicago’s doubleheader with Detroit (NL), White Stocking Ned Williamson doubles and hits a ML-record 3 HRs as Chicago overwhelms the Wolverines 12–2. Weldman, the losing pitcher, swaps place with SS Meinke, who finishes up. Williamson’s HRs are his first of 27 (25 at home), which will set a ML season record not broken until Babe Ruth hits 29 in 1919. Williamson and his teammates will combine for a record 142 dingers—all but 10 at home—in taking advantage of tiny Lake Front Park’s new ground rule: a ball hit over the fence is now a homer, whereas last year it went for a ground-rule double.

In the morning game of a Decoration Day twinbill in Providence, the Grays and NY fielders—with the sun in their eyes—combine for 21 errors. New York’s Johnny Ward, in the last pitching start of his career, gives up 16 hits in a 12–9 loss. The afternoon game is in Boston, where New York loses to the Red Stockings 5–1 before 14,000 fans. So many fans ring the outfield that batters are only awarded a single on balls hit into the crowd.

You need a scorecard in the American Association. Brooklyn and the Metropolitans play doubleheaders, switching opponents between the first and second games. In the forenoon, the Metropolitans beat St. Louis, 4–2, at Metropolitan Park while Brooklyn was shutting out Indianapolis, 5–0, at Washington Park in Brooklyn. St. Louis and Indianapolis then crossed paths with Indianapolis playing, and beating, the Metropolitans, 10-4 at Metropolitan Park in the afternoon as St. Louis was defeating Brooklyn, 11-5, at Washington Park. All three teams end the day 1-1.

Also in the AA, Washington plays a morning game with Columbus, winning 10–1 and then losing an afternoon match with Cincinnati, 6-5. Columbus plays Baltimore in the afternoon, losing 10-2.

What a difference a day makes. Ed Morris follows yesterday’s no-hitter by giving up 17 hits in losing to Baltimore, 10–3.

In a UA doubleheader, Chicago salvages a split with Boston by winning, 7-1, behind One Arm Daily. Daily notches 13 strikeouts to go with 12 he recorded against Boston yesterday.

31st  The Altoona club disbands, the first casualty of the UA, and is replaced by a new club formed in Kansas City. Two Altoona players sign with KC.

CF Oscar Walker’s 6-for-6 spark a 16–1 Brooklyn (AA) romp over the St. Louis Browns.

In Washington D.C., umpire Tom Connell needs a police escort to escape an angry mob after calling a forfeit. With the Cincinnati Reds (NL) leading, 6–0, in the 6th, Washington manager Holly Hollingshead pulls his team off the field because he is angry at the umpire’s calls. Connell then calls the forfeit in favor of the Reds, and that sets of a firestorm. Police escort him to the Reds team carriage parked behind the outfield fence.


1st  In a UA game, host Chicago beats first-place St. Louis, 5-4, when pitcher One Arm Daily walks in the 10th and scores the winning run. Because of the Sunday blue laws, this is the only game scheduled in the three leagues.

5th  Frank Mountain (Columbus AA) no-hits Washington 12–0. In addition, he hits a HR, possibly the first pitcher to do so.

6th  Boston remains a game ahead of Providence at the top of the NL after a 16-inning 1–1 pitchers’ duel between Red Stocking Jumbo Jim Whitney and the Grays’ Charlie Radbourn. The game will be the season’s longest in the NL.

7th  Charlie Sweeney of Providence (NL) strikes out 19 Boston Red Stockings to establish a ML record for a 9-inning game. It will be tied a month later but not broken until Roger Clemens fans 20 on April 29, 1986. Providence’s 2–1 win moves it into first place, but Boston will take the next 4 from the Grays to regain the lead. Sweeney’s mound opponent, a tired Jumbo Jim Whitney, subbing for a sore-armed Charlie Buffinton, is almost Sweeney’s equal at the start, striking out 6 straight batters over the first three innings. Sweeney allows 2 unearned runs in the 8th inning to lose.

9th Frank Mountain follows up his no-hitter by giving up 7 hits in a 9–0 loss to Philadelphia.

Against Cleveland, Billy Sunday of Chicago (NL) homers for the 3rd time in 3 games. His season total will be 4.

10th  The Mets edge Louisville 7–5 in 11 innings to tie the Eclipse for first place in the AA with a 20-8 record.

Chicago White Stocking ace Larry Corcoran switch pitches in a 2-0 win over Cleveland. Tony Mullane did it two years ago.

12th   New York (NL) rookie Ed Begley hurls a one-hitter against Philadelphia, but loses in the 9th when Phillie P Charlie Ferguson reaches on an error, takes 2B on a wild pitch, steals 3B, and scores the only run on a fly to RF.

Francis Pidgeon, the famous pitcher for Brooklyn Eckfords in earlier days, is killed by a train in NYC while walking along the tracks.

13th  Baltimore (AA) management surrounds the playing field with a barbed wire fence to restrain the crowd. Baltimore fans had surged onto the field and manhandled the umpire following a 13-inning tie with Louisville the day before.

14th  P Charlie Radbourn of Providence and P Jim Whitney of Boston—rivals in the NL’s longest game 8 days earlier—face each other in a 15-inning 4–3 Providence win. The victory starts the Grays on a 10-game win streak that will lift them over Boston into first place.

Washington (UA) P Bill Wise helps his own cause with 4 hits—3 doubles—as his Nationals defeat the Philadelphia Keystones, 12–7. Because the Nats SS has deserted the club, UA secretary Warren White, a former SS, fills in. He has 2 errors, but gets a hit and scores.

Noah Brooks’s Our Base Ball Club, and How It Won the Championship, one of the first works of baseball fiction (and Brooks’s 2nd) is advertised in the New York Clipper.

16th  Two days after his 15-inning loss, in which he struck out 18 Providence batters, Boston (NL) hurler Jim Whitney fans 11 New York Maroons for a 2-game total of 29, stopping New York on one hit 6–1. Whitney will end the year with 270 strikeouts and just 27 walks, a ratio of 10:1. Not till Bret Saberhagen in 1994 will anyone with 100 K’s better this mark.

Chicago’s Larry Corcoran pitches both left- and righthanded in an NL game against Buffalo. Corcoran, normally a righty, has a “felon,” a painful inflammation on his right index finger, and tries to ease the pain by alternating pitching hands. Hit hard, he is lifted after four innings and goes to short for the rest of the game, finishing with three hits, including two triples. Chicago loses 20–9 to the Bisons. Buffalo LF Jim O’Rourke hits for the cycle.

17th  Baltimore (AA) Orioles OF Frank “Gid” Gardner is jailed after severely beating lady friend Effie Jones and a woman who had come to her aid. The charges are dropped, but Orioles manager Billy Barnie will fine Gardner and suspend him indefinitely.

In Providence, Charles Sweeney pitches his 2nd one-hitter of the year, beating New York (NL) 9–0 in the afternoon game. Providence is errorless, while New York fumbles 10 times. New York won the morning game in Boston against the Nationals, 7-6. Tomorrow teammate Charles Radbourn matches Sweeney’s performance in a 15–0 win, Buck Ewing getting the only New York hit in the 9th. In the last 3 games New York has totaled 3 hits. This is the first time and only time in the 19th century that back-to-back one-hitters have been thrown in the ML: it’ll happen 8 times in the 20th century.

Philadelphia ace Charlie Ferguson tosses a 7–2 victory over Boston (NL) in the afternoon Bunker Hill Day game ending Boston’s streak of 21 straight victories over Philadelphia. Seven of the wins were in 1884. Ferguson also is 4-for-4 as Boston loses twice today to different teams.

18th According to a book by Harry Palmer, the most one sided contest on record between professional clubs occurs as the Mutuals of New York vanquish the Chicagos by 38 to 1.

21st Chicago wins, 11–7, and knocks Boston into a virtual tie for first place in the NL with Providence. Providing the margin of victory is Fred Pfeffer, who clubs a grand slam. Down 7-1 at Chicago, John Morrill decides to keep playing with eight men after opposing captain Adrian Anson and umpire John McLean don’t believe an injury to center fielder Jim Manning is serious enough. Manning had turned his ankle returning to 2B after a second inning fly ball. Originally Morrill pulled his team off the field to protest but ump McLean pulled out his stop-watch and threatened a forfeit with fines against Boston.

23rd After failing to take advantage of Chicago’s short RF fence on June 21, the Red Stockings fine the range, outhomering Chicago 5–2, and winning 12–5. Winning P Charles Buffinton has one homer and Jack Burdock has 2. The Sporting Life (July 9) reports that Adrian Anson uses a new style of bat in this game. It is made of several pieces of ash, jointed and glued together lengthwise, while in the center is inserted a rattan rod about one inch square, and composed of 12 strips of rattan glued together. The handle is wound with linen cord. He has a single and double off Buffinton, and tomorrow will have 2 singles, a double and HR off Whitney with the bat.

24th  A Chicago court rules that, although the NL lakefront ballpark illegally blocks the lake view and breezes from homes to its west, the White Stockings may continue to use it through the end of the season.

St. Louis (UA) continues its winning ways, downing Philadelphia 15-1. Dave Rowe has 3 triples for the winners.

Hoss Radbourn of Providence continues to stifle NL bats with a 3-hit, 1–0, win, with 15 strikeouts over Detroit in 15 innings. In his last 3 games Radbourn had allowed only 6 hits.

27th  Chicago ace Larry Corcoran ends the Providence Grays’ 10-game winning streak with the NL’s first no-hitter of the season. The 6–0 win is Corcoran’s third ML no-hitter. Charles Sweeney is the losing pitcher, suffering the Gray’s first shutout of the year.

28th  In the 6th inning of an AA game at Toledo, several Brooklyn and Toledo players are arrested for playing ball on Sunday. Because of the crowd’s anger, though, police permit the players to finish the game before taking them into custody. Brooklyn wins, 5–3.

In American Park, the Reds beat the New York Metropolitans, 8–7. Reds P Will White hits a home run, the first Reds pitcher to hit a homer.

30th  Providence loses 5–4 to Mike “King” Kelly’s HR with 2 out in the bottom of the 9th. Chicago’s win, coupled with Boston’s 11–2 triumph over Detroit, allows Boston to pass the Grays and move into the NL lead by one-half game.


1st  At Cincinnati, Hick Carpenter has 5 hits including 4 long hits (2 homers, 2 doubles) to lead the Reds to a 16–5 win over Washington.

2nd  Bid McPhee smacks 4 hits, including a HR and a double, to support Gus Shallix’s one-hit pitching and give Cincinnati (AA) a 16–1 romp over Washington.

4th  Before a crowd of 8,000, Louisville (AA) ace Guy Hecker defeats Brooklyn in a morning game (5–4) and again in the afternoon (8–2) en route to a season total of 52 wins. This remains the AA record.

Boston (UA) 2B Tom O’Brien makes 5 hits, including a ball that disappears into a dirt heap and cannot be dug out in time to prevent O’Brien from circling the bases. Thanks in part to the groundskeeper (or lack thereof) Boston whips Kansas City 22–3, one of three different games (in three different leagues) that are decided by 16+ runs.

In Chicago, the Philadelphia Nationals fumble their way to two losses. Chicago takes the morning game, 3–1, as the Phillies make 8 errors. In the 22–3 loss in the afternoon, the Phils phumble 11 times. Ned Williamson clubs a grand slam in game 2, off John Coleman, one of a record 27 homers he’ll hit this year. Coleman lost a record 48 games for Philadelphia last year.

In an unusual doubleheader arrangement between three UA teams, Cincinnati is victorious over Baltimore, 9–2, then wins the 2nd game, 12–10, over St. Louis. St. Louis was stopped in their first game, against Washington, 12–1. Washington beats Cincinnati in their game 2, 8–4.

5th  After a 17–2 loss at Cincinnati (AA), Philadelphia Athletic pitcher Al Atkinson deserts his club for Chicago (UA)—the first player to break his contract and join the UA.

The KC Cowboys (UA) lose to the Boston Reds, 17-2. Henry Luff, in his last game, is 0-for-3 with 4 errors (as noted by David Nemec). Luff, who started the year with his hometown Philadelphia team, is 1-for-19 for the Cowboys.

6th  Louisville slips past New York (AA) into first place with a 5–1 win over Baltimore.

Indianapolis (AA) teenager Pat Callahan legs out a inside-the park homer, at 17 years, nine months the youngest player to ever hit one.

7th In one of the masterful games of the 1880s, One Arm Daily strikes out 19 as visiting Chicago (UA) downs Boston, 5–0, to snap an 11 game losing streak. At one point, Daily strikes out 7 in a row. Some accounts of this game give Daily 20 strikeouts because a baserunner reached 1B on a dropped third strike. According to biographer Frank Vaccaro, the Boston Morning Journal tomorrow credits Daily with 20 strikeouts. The only hit for Boston is a triple by Ned Crane in the 6th. The first baserunner against Daily comes in the 4th inning when Walt Hackett is awarded 1B because Daily’s release point on his pitches is way above the belt, something he is warned about the entire game.

9th  In Baltimore, the first-place Maroons (UA) top the Unions, 8-2. Pitcher Henry Boyle, playing in his debut game, homers for St. Louis.

10th  Hugh “One Arm” Daily of Chicago (UA), having tied Charlie Sweeney’s one-game record of 19 strikeouts in his previous outing July 7th, becomes the first ML pitcher to hurl consecutive one-hitters twice in a season, defeating Boston 2–1. His four one-hitters in a year is a ML record equaled by Grover Alexander in 1915. Boston third baseman John Irwin nabs Charley Householder with a hidden ball trick (as noted by Bill Deane).

In the AA’s longest game of the season, Louisville ace Guy Hecker emerges after 15 innings a 5–4 victor over Baltimore ace Bob Emslie.

11th  P William “Bolliky Bill” Taylor, who deserted St. Louis (UA) after compiling a 25–4 won-loss record, wins in his first outing for Philadelphia’s Athletics (AA), a 5–2 four hitter vs. Toledo. He will go on to win 17 more games for the A’s in 1884.

12th  Boston (NL) C Mert Hackett is struck on his mask by a foul tip, and his forehead is gashed by one of the mask’s wires. Louisville (AA) C Dan Sullivan is forced to leave a game the same week when a foul ball breaks through his mask.

15th  The NL Chicago White Stockings send rookie Mike Corcoran to the mound and last place Detroit collects 16 hits off him in a 14–0 pounding. It is Mike’s only appearance. He does leave with one ML record as his 5 wild pitches matches the rookie mark set two years ago. His teammate and brother Larry Corcoran, who won yesterday and tomorrow, will rack up another 30-win season this year, winning 163 games in 5 years.

16th  Kansas City’s (UA) James Donnelly puts his name in the record books by making 6 errors as his team loses to Baltimore, 17-5. This will be tied several times in the 19th century, including a game in two weeks.

19th  Boston’s (UA) Fred “Dupee” Shaw holds pennant-bound St. Louis to one hit while fanning 18 batters, but loses the game 1–0 when batter Bill Gleason gets all the way to 2B on a dropped 3rd strike and scores on a wild pitch. In his outings of July 16th, 19th, and 21st, Shaw will amass 48 strikeouts, a ML record for 3 consecutive games (as is his 2-game total of 34 strikeouts on July 19th and 21st). (Ernie Lanigan lists the one hit today as made by Joe Quinn).

20th  Cincinnati star Charley Jones slugs 3 triples to propel his club to a 17–5 rout of Indianapolis. The victory puts the 5th-place Reds within 2 games of the lead in the tight AA race.

22nd  Providence star Charles Sweeney is suspended without pay after he refuses to move from the mound to RF in the 9th inning with a safe lead over Philadelphia. Sweeney fails to appear for the 9th and manager Frank Bancroft finds him the clubhouse putting on street clothes. Providence plays the 9th with just 8 men because of the rule that specifies no subs unless there is an injury. Sweeney quits the Grays and jumps to St. Louis (UA), for which he wins 24 games for a season’s total of 41. As a result, Charles Radbourn is forced to pitch almost every game for the rest of the year. Sweeney’s stubbornness has an immediate effect today as substitute P Joseph “Cyclone” Miller surrenders 8 unearned runs and gives the Athletics a 10–6 win. But with the unruly and alcoholic Sweeney gone, Providence will rally to win 26 of their next 27 games.

Columbus (AA) slips into first place past Louisville and the Mets with a 5–1 win over Toledo.

24th  The New York Mets (NL) move past Columbus into the AA lead, rising from 4th place in 5 days. They beat Boston today, 5-3.

26th At Trenton, William Fox of Trenton pitches a 2-1 no-hitter against York. It is the Eastern League’s first no-hitter.

28th Providence (NL) rookie Cyclone Miller works the first five innings against Philadelphia. The Grays trail, 4-3, after 5, but rally for 4 runs in the top of the sixth. Hoss Radbourn replaces Miller and pitches 4 scoreless innings to earn the win. Under later rules, Radbourn would have a save, not a win, but this will help him win 60.

At the Jefferson Street Grounds, Brooklyn (AA) loads the bases in the 9th but the A’s turn a triple play to beat the Atlantics, 7-4. (courtesy SABR Triple Play database).

30th  Lon Knight of Philadelphia (AA) goes 6-for-6 to lead the Athletics to a 19–11 win over Washington.

Showing why they lead the AA, the Metropolitans take their 11th straight win, 11–5, over Brooklyn.


2nd The Cleveland’s Pete Hotaling hits a 7th inning grand slam as the Spiders edge Chicago, 10–8.

Cincinnati (AA) shuts out Toledo, 12-0, with the help of Toledo’s Joe Moffet [also listed in the record books as James B. Moffett] Moffet makes a record tying 6 errors. The mark was set two weeks ago,

4th  Buffalo’s Pud Galvin no-hits Detroit and coasts home, 18–0. Frank Meinke takes the loss.

5th  Richmond—a mid season replacement for Washington—makes its AA debut with a 14–0 home loss to the Athletics. The Virginias will finish with a .286 record, some 96 percentage points better than Washington.

The ML debut of Chicago (NL) deaf-mute P Thomas Lynch goes well until the 8th, when his arm gives out. When the umpire refuses to allow Lynch to leave the game, Lynch switches positions with Cap Anson, who proceeds to surrender 2 homers and 4 runs and lose the game to Cleveland, 8–5. Lynch, the second deaf-mute in ML history, will never play another game. Anson sets a mark of allowing two homers in a game in which he hits two homers.

6th  Chicago’s Cap Anson hits 3 HRs in a 13–4 win against Cleveland at Lakefront Park. This gives him 5 HRs in 2 games, a mark matched by Stan Musial. Anson, who pitched yesterday in his only mound appearance of the year, and allowed two homeruns, sets another curious record: hitting 2 homers following a game in which he allows 2 homeruns. Infielder Jose Reyes, in 2018, will match the mark.

7th  Philadelphia Keystone (UA) disbands.

Pud Galvin shuts out Detroit 9–0 with a 3-hitter. In the Buffalo star’s last 3 games he has allowed only 4 hits. Galvin’s scoreless-inning streak will reach 38 innings before Detroit beats him 1–0 in 12 innings.

9th  Charles Radbourn wins an 11-inning thriller 1–0 over 2nd-place Boston after Arthur Irwin hits a ball through a hole in the lathing above the RF wall for a HR. Radbourn is in the midst of a 42-inning streak in which he allows only one run, including 29 consecutive scoreless innings.

14th  Hoss Radbourn pitches another 1–0 victory over Boston; he threw one 5 days earlier.

Football score? King Kelly hits a 2nd-inning grand slam, off Billy Serad, as Chicago (NL) outslugs Buffalo, 17-10.

16th  The minor league NWL reorganizes to shorten travel distances between clubs, dropping Evansville, IN, and one of its strongest teams, Saginaw, MI. Saginaw ace John Clarkson (31-8) is thus freed to sign with Chicago (NL), where his pitching (10-3, 2.14 ERA) will give the White Stockings a lift.

Chicago (NL) beats the New York Gothams, 13-9. Providing the winning margin is Alex McKinnon who slams a four-run homer off Joe Brown in the 1st.

18th  Harry Stovey’s 3 triples and 2 singles contribute to Philadelphia’s 20–1 pounding of Baltimore (AA). Two of his triples come in the 8th inning.

21st  The UA game at Washington is halted after 8 innings. Charlie Gagus finishes with a no-hit 12–1 win over Wilmington.

23rd  After 9 losses, Toledo (AA) defeats Louisville for the first time, as Tony Mullane outduels Ren Deagle for a 1–0 two-hit victory. Deagle allows only 3 hits himself, but one is to engineering student Frank Olin, whose single drives Mullane home from 2B. Following his brief ML career, Olin will go on to found what is today the giant Olin Corporation.

25th  Chicago’s UA club completes the transfer of its franchise to Pittsburgh and, in its first game as the Pittsburgh Unions, defeats front-running St. Louis 3–2.

26th  Kansas City (UA) manages to score one run against Cincinnati but bows 3–1 before Dick Burns’s no-hit pitching.

Eclipse star Guy Hecker registers 17 strikeouts and allows only 6 hits, but 2nd-place Columbus (AA) manages to win 4–3. Despite the loss Hecker will lead the AA with 52 wins—the most in the history of the league—and in strikeouts with 385.

27th  In the Philadelphia (AA) 13-3 win over Brooklyn, Sadie Houck lines three triples for the winners.

28th  New York’s Mickey Welch opens a game against Philadelphia by striking out the first 9 men he faces for the all-time ML mark (1st inning-Phillips, Hotaling, Pinckney; 2nd inning-Burch, Muldoon, Evans; 3rd inning-Smith, Henry, Moore). Welch’s feat goes unnoticed because the official scorer does not credit him with a strikeout of Smith, who reaches 1B safely. Historian Harry Simmons corrects the error in 1941. Welch’s ML record will stand until Tom Seaver strikes out 10 straight in 1970.


2nd  Boston (NL) star Charlie Buffinton beats Cleveland 4–1 with the aid of 17 strikeouts, including 8 in a row. Buffinton will finish the year with 48 wins, 2nd only to Radbourn’s ML record of 60.

5th  With his St. Louis Browns (AA) in 5th place, manager Jimmy Williams resigns to become clerk of the Ohio Republican State Committee. 1B-captain Charlie Comiskey will pilot the Browns to a 16-7 record the rest of the way.

6th  Hoss Radbourn and Providence beat visiting Cleveland, 3–0. For Radbourn it is his record 16th straight win a consecutive win streak that began on August 7. Radbourn records 12 wins this year against Cleveland, a ML record for wins against one team.

9th  Buffalo, with Jim Galvin pitching, stops Hoss Radbourn’s winning streak of 18 straight games, a NL record. The final score is 2–0 over Providence, the second time the Grays have been shut out this year.   Tim Keefe will top Hoss in 4 years.

11th  The Grays, led by the indefatigable Charles Radbourn, post their 20th consecutive win over Cleveland, 9–1, giving them a 7-game cushion over Boston in the NL race.

When no umpire shows up for the Philadelphia-Toledo (AA) game, rookie Toledo P Hank O’Day is pressed into duty. After an undistinguished pitching career O’Day becomes a full-time umpire. In 1908 he will call New York Giant Fred Merkle out in a late-season game, erasing a game-winning, pennant-clinching run with one of the most famous umpiring decisions in the history of baseball.

13th Cleveland concludes a 51-day road trip (35 games) with an 11-2 loss at Boston.

15th In their final home game, against the Kansas City Unions (UA), the last place Wilmington Quick Steps have exactly zero fans in the stands at game time. Manager Joe Simmons decides to forfeit the game rather than play. Wilmington then disbands and four days later Pittsburgh (UA) disbands as well.

16th  Jim McCormick picks off 4 Boston Unions in an 8–4 Cincinnati victory, one of his 21 UA wins. Earlier in the season he won 19 games for Cleveland (NL). He will lead the UA in winning percentage and in ERA and his combined won-loss record for the year is 40-25 (21-3 in UA), just missing being a 20-game winner for two teams in the same season.

18th  Kansas City’s Kid Baldwin jumps over the rail of a Union Association game at Baltimore and fills in at catcher for the so-called “Chicago-Pittsburgh” franchise. Baldwin goes 1-for-1 and the out of towners win, 3-0.

19th  The UA decides to drop Pittsburgh and Wilmington and replace them with Milwaukee and Omaha. The latter club will last just 8 days before being replaced by St. Paul.

As noted in Harry Barber’s book, a game between the Dayton (Ohio) and Ironton clubs in Dayton, is noteworthy as being the quickest on record, only forty-seven minutes being occupied in playing the entire nine innings.

20th  Louisville moves into 2nd place in the AA, just 2 games behind the Mets, with a 2–1 win over Brooklyn. However, the Eclipse will fall back to 3rd within the week and will remain there for the rest of the season.

Baltimore (AA) hits 6 HRs, including 2 each by Oyster Burns and Jimmy Macullar, to topple Columbus 13–6.

22nd  Metropolitan ace Tim Keefe strikes out 12 and gives up his only hit in the 9th in a 12–0 rout of Columbus.

27th At Lakefront Park, Chicago drops 10 runs on Providence in the first inning, then holds on for a 15–10 victory. Gore and Dalrymple each have 2 hits in the big frame. Dalrymple ends with 5-for-6.

28th  Ed Cushman (Milwaukee, UA) no-hits Washington, 5–0.

30th  Chicago rolls by New York, 17-2, as winning pitcher John Clarkson strikes out 7 batters in a row.


1st  Charlie Getzein (Detroit NL) hurls a 6-inning no-hitter against Philadelphia, winning, 1–0.

At Buffalo, Pud Galvin shuts out the Providence Grays, 2–0. It is the third time this year the Grays have been held scoreless, and twice were 2-0 losses to Galvin.

3rd  P Henry Porter of Milwaukee (UA) matches Dupee Shaw’s distinction of July 19th as he strikes out 18 batters while losing the game 5–4 to Boston.

4th  P Ed Cushman (Milwaukee, UA) follows up his no-hitter of September 28th with 8 more hitless innings before Boston’s Ed Callahan loops a 9th-inning single. Cushman wins the one-hitter, 2–0.

Edward Kimber (Brooklyn, AA) hurls a 10-inning no-hitter against Toledo, called due to darkness with the score tied 0–0.

5th  St. Louis (UA) pitchers Charlie Sweeney and Henry Boyle stop St. Paul without a hit or walk, striking out 9 men, before rain halts play after 5 innings. But the Maroons lose the game when 2 St. Louis errors allow the game’s only run. The Sweeney-Boyle performance caps what is still the premier ML season for no-hitters: 12 in all, including one of 10 innings and 7 nine-inning games.

6th  The Mets announce that they will allow ladies to attend their home games for free for the remainder of the season—all of 5 games. The Mets-Toledo game today ends in a 2-2 tie, leaving the Mets in first place by 5 games.

7th Edward Kimber follows up his no-hit tie with another tie, this one a 7-hitter With the score 4–4, Brooklyn (AA) and Toledo call it after 8 innings because of darkness.

9th  Fred Dunlap’s 13th HR helps his St. Louis Maroons (UA) bury the Washington Nationals 11–1. The 2B will add the HR championship to his UA titles in batting, slugging, on base percentage, hits, doubles, and total bases, the most dominant season by any nonpitcher of the 19th century. He also leads all UA second basemen in fielding average, putouts, assists, DPs, and total chances per game.

At Chicago’s Lake Front Park, Jack Manning clubs 3 HRs, getting half of Philadelphia’s hits in the process, but his club still falls in Chicago (NL) 19–7. Manning totals only 5 HRs for the season and 13 over a 9-year career. Manning is the 3rd player to hit 3 homers at Lake Front park this year, a reflection of the cozy RF fence 215 feet from home plate.

10th  Pat Deasley, who will hit .205 for St. Louis (AA) this year, gets all 3 of his team’s hits off Tim Keefe, as St. Louis beats the host Metropolitans, 3–1. New York leads the AA by 5.5 games.

At Buffalo (NL), Boston totals 29 hits in 7 innings to win, 25-7.

11th  The Cincinnati Unions, winners of 8 straight, fail to show up for a game at their own ballpark and the association rules a forfeit victory to Boston. Cincinnati took a day trip to Nashville for an exhibition game and didn’t get back in time.

12th  Ed Crane of Boston (AA) cannonballs a throw 135 yards, one ft, 1/2 inches. A week later in St. Louis he will toss one 134 yards 5 inches. According to editor A.H. Wright of the Clipper, in 1888, the circumstances of these throws were such that they were not considered records.

18th Ed Crane of Boston (UA) hits the latest regular season homer, against St. Louis, but the Bostons lose, 11-7.

22nd  The weekly Sporting Life announces—just one day before the start of the event—that the two pennant-winners have agreed to meet in a 3-game series October 23–25 at New York’s Polo Grounds, just north of Central Park, to decide “the championship of America.” There will be no games in Providence. Candy Nelson helped his NY team to the first World Series by drawing 74 bases on balls, a full 94.7% ahead of the number 2 walker, Billy Geer. 7 balls are required. Candy will lead next year with 61.

25th  Hoss Radbourn of Providence wins his third straight over the (AA) New York Mets, concluding the 3-game series. Only 500 diehard fans show up in the cold, since Providence clinched by winning the first two games.

30th  Financially troubled despite finishing second to New York in the AA, the Columbus club decides to sell its players to Allegheny of Pittsburgh (AA)—for $6,000—and go out of business.


4th  Tony Mullane violates an oral agreement to sign with St. Louis (AA) by signing a Cincinnati (AA) contract for $5,000. The AA suspends Mullane for the 1885 season and fines him $1,000, but allows him to remain with Cincinnati. Over the next 8 years Mullane will win 163 games with the Reds on his way to a career total of 285 victories.

19th  NL president Abraham G. Mills resigns and is replaced by former league secretary Nick Young.

20th  The NL agrees to allow overhand pitching, but rules that pitchers must keep both feet on the ground throughout their pitching motion in order to reduce the velocity of their pitches. They still must throw the ball at the height requested by the batter. In addition, teams are now required to supply a separate bench for each club at their park to limit inter-team fraternization.


11th  The AA votes to keep its ban on overhand pitching and to continue to allow fouls caught on one bounce to count as outs. It does abolish the tradition of team captains flipping for the honor of batting first. Now the home team will automatically bat first.

18th  Only 5 clubs attend the “annual” UA meeting, one by proxy. The UA will die early in 1885.

  • 1885


3rd  The recently disbanded Cleveland team (NL) release their players. The Blues sell durable George Pinkney, Doc Bushong, John Harkins, Pete Hotaling, Bill Krieg, Bill Phillips and Germany Smith for at least $4000 to the Brooklyn Trolley Dodgers.

6th  Millionaire Henry V. Lucas purchases the Cleveland club and plans to fill the vacancy in the NL with his own St. Louis Maroons.

10th  At an NL meeting, St. Louis is admitted to the League, Cleveland’s registration is formally accepted, and Detroit has its request to remain in the NL granted, leaving only one opening for 1885.

The NL approves Harry Wright’s 5-year-old idea of a flattened bat. The idea will be greeted with little enthusiasm, and it will quickly fade.

As noted by Jerry Molloy, The “New York Clipper” reports that Paul Hines, an outfielder for the Providence club, and resident of Washington, D.C., had been challenged to catch a ball dropped from the top of the Washington Monument, a distance of “over 535 feet from the ground.” The “Clipper” calculated the “natural philosophy” involved, and warned Hines of the danger he would confront in attempting such a foolish stunt. “Hines would probably prefer to stop a pistol ball when it was coming down, hurtful as it would be to his hand, than to interfere with it when it left the barrel. It would be a good idea for Hines to first practice both ways with the pistol ball. If he likes it, he will certainly enjoy the baseball which, by the time he can see it, will be coming at a ‘stand-from-under’ gait of 140-ft. a second. It will not weigh much when it starts on its journey, but, great Scott, there is a rule of natural philosophy that will tell Hines before he begins just how many dozens of pounds it practically will weigh when it lands on his sconce, in case he fails to judge it correctly.” The “Clipper” thought that if Hines thought matters through, there was “a possibility that Paul is not going to fool much with a baseball around the base of the Washington Monument.”

15th  At a Union Association meeting held in Milwaukee, only 2 clubs show up, Milwaukee and Kansas City. It is decided to disband the league.

16th Brooklyn signs several players from the late Cleveland club, inking Hotaling, Phillips, Harkins, George Pinckney, Smith, and Krieg.

17th The New York Clipper reports that Paul Hines cancels his Washington Monument ball-drop exhibition. “The experiment of trying to catch a ball thrown from the top of the Washington Monument has proved to be a failure. The ball reaches the ground with such great speed that it indents the ground almost as much as a heavy cannon ball would dropped from a proportionate height. The fact is that, independently of the difficulty of judging the ball balling from such a height, the speed is too great to allow of any one holding it when it nears the ground.”

20th  The AA is reorganized, with clubs from St. Louis, Cincinnati, Pittsburgh, Brooklyn, Louisville, New York, and Baltimore.


12th  The Western League is officially formed, with Indianapolis, Kansas City, Cleveland, Milwaukee, Toledo, and Omaha as the original clubs. It will last until June 23rd.

22nd  Boston P Charlie Buffinton invents a baseball “roller skate” that gives pitchers greater impetus and swing in their delivery while still allowing them to keep both feet on the ground.


15th  A lower court in NY decides that playing baseball on Sunday is a crime. This decision will be overturned, but it will be appealed.

25th  A new rule is adopted stating that the pitcher must “do all his throwing to bases before he has taken his stride as if to pitch ball.”


1st  The Philadelphia and New York clubs open with exhibition wins over college teams. Philley beats Brown University, 9–1, while New York takes on Manhattan College at the polo grounds for a 16–2 rout.

The Spalding Sporting Goods store opens in New York.

3rd  The Metropolitans release Tim Keefe and Dude Esterbrook; both players later sign with the New York Giants.

10th In an exhibition game between the two St. Louis teams, Browns P Dave Foutz throws a no-hitter as they defeat the Maroons, 7–0.

17th  The 4 NL players (including Hugh Daily, Orator Shaffer, and Fred Dunlap) who violated the reserve rule in 1884 by signing with the UA before the season started are reinstated with fines of $500 each.

18th  The AA season opens with all 8 teams playing.

At an NL meeting, the 5 men who jumped the NL to sign with the UA in 1884 (including John Day, Charlie Sweeney, Dupee Shaw, and Jim McCormick) are reinstated with fines of $1,000.

Pitcher Ted Firth is murdered. He pitched one game for Richmond (AA) in 1884.

21st  Fred Mann hits the longest HR ever seen at Eclipse Park, over the RF fence in the bottom of the 13th inning to help Alleghenies defeat Louisville 4–3. Since a runner scores ahead of him, he does not get credit for the HR, which would have been his first and only one of the season.

24th  Pittsburgh and Cincinnati play 16 innings with the Alleghenies winning 7–6. This is the longest ML game of the year.

29th  After the 2nd straight shutout by St. Louis over Cincinnati, Reds manager O. P. Caylor fines his players $25 each for failing to make a run. The Browns (AA) prevail, 6-0.


2nd  In the New York opener, Mickey Welch throws a 2–1 one-hitter against Boston for his first of 44 wins. He and Tim Keefe will combine for 76 victories this year, 2nd in history only to Grays P Hoss Radbourn and Charlie Sweeney, who won 77 in 1884. Giants second baseman Joe Gerhardt goes 1-for-3. He will set the record for lowest BA ever for a second baseman with over 350 at bats by hitting .155.

7th  St. Louis (AA) trounces the Athletics 13–1 to take the lead in the standings. They will remain there for the rest of the season.

9th Pitcher Tim Keefe throws the Giants second one-hitter in a week, beating Providence, 1–0. New York scores the only run with one out in the 9th.

12th Louisville scores all of its runs in the 3rd to beat the Athletics, 10–5.

21st The Metropolitans score 9 runs on just 3 hits, but come up short, losing 11–9, to the St. Louis Browns.

22nd  Boston P Charles Buffinton gets 5 hits in 6 tries while pitching a 6-hitter over Detroit. Boston wins, 14-1.

27th  New York embarrasses Buffalo 24–0 for the worst whitewashing of the ML season. Every Giant gets a hit and scores a run. New York P Mickey Welch scores 5 times and allows the Bisons only 5 hits.

New York SS John Montgomery Ward graduates from Columbia Law School.

28th  New York manages its 3rd shutout in a row, against Buffalo 11–0. The Giants have outscored their opponents 52–1 in the last 4 games.


2nd  The visiting St. Louis (AA) Browns loses 7–1 to Baltimore, snapping the Browns’ 17-game winning streak, an AA record. Of the wins, 14 come at home.

3rd New York’s Mickey Welch holds on for an 8–7 win over the Phillies in 11 innings. Dude Esterbrook comes around from 1B on a hit-and-run and though nailed at the plate, he kicks the ball out of the hands of C Chick Ganzel. The win leaves NY with a record of 19–5. With the victory, new manager Jim Mutrie allegedly proclaims, “My big fellows! My Giants! We are the People!” The nickname catches on and the team is dubbed the Giants.

4th  The St. Louis Maroons beat Buffalo 8–4 in the last game played at the Palace Park of America. Two days later, the Maroons begin playing at Vandeventer Lot.

Hardie Henderson, pitching for Baltimore (AA), is 5-for-5 while beating Cincinnati, 12–1.

6th  The first game played at Chicago’s new West Side Park proves victorious for the White Stockings, as they beat St. Louis 9–2. Hugh “One-Arm” Daily makes his debut as a Maroon before more than 10,000 spectators. George Gore is 4-for-4 with a pair of homeruns.

Two days after teammate Henderson has 5 hits, Oriole P Bob Emslie collects 5 hits and scores 4 runs in beating Cincinnati, 21–5. It is his 2nd win of the year: He’ll win just one more after having won 32 last season.

7th  The AA wipes out all restrictions on pitchers using an overhand delivery. The foul bounce out is also removed from the rule book.

12th  David Orr, star first baseman for New York (AA), goes 6-for-6 and hits for the cycle against the St. Louis Browns P Bob Caruthers. Orr totals 13 bases to set the AA record. He will be tied in 4 days.

Brooklyn manager Charlie Hackett tenders his resignation after a 15-25 record.

13th Detroit’s George “Dandy” Wood hits for the cycle in a losing cause as Chicago wins, 17–9.

Baltimore pulls off a clutch triple play (the firm of Manning, Stearns and Trott) in the bottom of the 11th to stop a Pittsburgh rally. The Orioles score twice in the 12th and hold on for an 11–10 squeaker.

16th  Philadelphia’s (AA) Henry Larkin goes 6-for-6, scores 4 runs, and hits for the cycle against Edward Morris of Pittsburgh. Philley wins, 14-1. His 13 total bases ties the 4-day old record set by Orr.

Chicago beats Detroit, 8–6, to pull a game ahead of New York in the NL race. The White Stockings will stay on top for the rest of the season.

AA umpire Jack Valentine officially resigns because certain managers had tried to influence him before games to have calls made in their favor.

17th  Brooklyn (AA) P “Phenomenal” Smith loses his debut to St. Louis by a score of 18–5. All 18 runs against the brash lefthander are unearned, due to 14 Brooklyn “errors,” 7 by SS Germany Smith. When he first joined the team, Smith, who gave himself his nickname, said he was so good that he didn’t need his teammates to win. The intentional misplays of his teammates cause club president Lynch to fine the guilty players $500 each, but he reluctantly agrees to release Smith to ensure team harmony.

19th St. Louis former ace One Arm Daily pitches a one hitter to beat Detroit, 3-0, the first of just three wins for the year. He won 28 in 1884. Joe Quest has the lone safety today for Detroit.

20th  John Clarkson allows only one hit in leading Chicago over the Bisons 5–0. He will lead all NL pitchers in wins (53), complete games (68), strikeouts (318), shutouts (10), and HRs (4).

Harvard completes an unprecedented undefeated season by beating Yale, 16–2. The Crimson’s 10–0 record is the first perfect season in collegiate history.

23rd The Athletics turn a game-ending triple play to turn back the host Baltimore Orioles, 7-4. The A’s won a game by the same score 11 months ago with a game-ending tri-killing. (courtesy SABR Triple Play database).

The Western League officially disbands.

25th  Philadelphia beats Chicago 2–0, handing them their first loss at West Side Park, and breaking their 18-game winning streak. The streak is 3 wins short of the Chicago franchise mark, set in 1880.

Ten Brooklynites make at least 2 hits each tying a ML record, as Brooklyn (AA) defeats Philadelphia 21–14. One scribe reports, “an unusually hard and elastic ball was used.” The 35 total runs and 29 hits by Brooklyn are both season highs. Dodger 3B George Pinckney goes 6-for-6 against pitchers Robert Mathews and John Coleman, the 3rd AA batter this month to collect 6 hits in a game. Philadelphia SS George Strief hits a ML-record 4 triples in the game; he also becomes the first player to get 5 extra base hits in a game when he adds a double. Bill Joyce will hit 4 triples in 1897, the last to do it. Strief’s 14 total bases breaks the record of 13 TB reached twice this month.

Abner Dalrymple hits a leadoff homerun to start Chicago on its way to a 12-8 win over Boston. The victory allows Chicago to maintain its one-game lead over New York. Dalrymple will lead off with a homer on the 29th to set an oft-tied record eventually broken by Brady Anderson in 1996.

27th Dave Orr of New York belts a 4th inning grand slam off Brooklyn’s Adonis Terry as the Metropolitans win, 14-5.

29th Guy Hecker almost single-handedly beats Pittsburgh, as he pitches all 13 innings, striking out 8, to win 4–3. At the plate he is 3-for-6 and scores the winning run for Louisville.


1st  Chicago and Boston combine for 34 runs, the NL season high, as Chicago wins 24–10. A HR hit by Chicago SS Tommy Burns is estimated at 500 feet.

2nd Against New York, Detroit RF Gene Moriarty injures himself chasing a foul fly in the 6th inning, and he’s replaced by 25-year-old Sam Thompson in his ML debut. The future Hall of Famer singles in his first at bat on his way to a career average of .331. Detroit wins, 4-0.

3rd  Providence P Jim McCormick beats St. Louis 3–2 for his 200th career victory.

4th  An exhibition between 2 old-time clubs is played at the Polo Grounds; the Old Mutual Nine (with pitcher Reno Walters) beats the Old Eckford club (with OF Dave Eggler and 1B Andy Allison) 25–17.

Pitching for Youngstown (OH) against New Castle, ambidextrous Owen Keenan pitches a doubleheader victory, winning one game from each side (as noted in the NY Times, March 14, 1915 by Steven Steinberg)

9th  In an 8–5 Chicago win, George Gore gets 5 long hits, 3 doubles and 2 triples, off Providence’s ace P Hoss Radbourn. He is the first player to accomplish this feat. His ML record of five extra-base hits in a game has since been tied many times but not topped.

Pittsburgh’s (AA) Ed Morris shuts out New York to win, 17–0. Doug Crothers is the loser. Morris will be on the top side of an 18–0 shutout next year.

11th  Chicago releases injured P Larry Corcoran. After averaging 34 wins the last 5 seasons, Corcoran wins only 7 games in 1885—he’ll win 2 for New York—as injuries end his career. He reportedly strained his arm muscles so badly he couldn’t throw.

12th  Buffalo sells a struggling Pud Galvin (13-19) to Pittsburgh for $5,000. This would be the only year from 1879–89 in which “The Little Steam Engine” doesn’t win 20 games.

14th An infield hit by Jack Manning that Boston SS Walter Hackett can’t field in time spoils pitcher Charlie Buffinton’s no-hit bid. Boston tops Philadelphia, 2-0.

18th  The Browns (AA) lose, 8-3, to the Athletics in St. Louis, snapping their 27-game consecutive-win streak at home, still a ML record. The New York Giants in 1916 will win 26 straight at home (with one tie).

22nd Giants 1B Roger Connor becomes the first NL player to make 100 hits this season. He’ll finish the year with a NL-high 169 hits and lead the NL in hitting at .371.

27th  John Clarkson pitches a no-hitter in defeating Providence and Charles Radbourn, 4–0.

29th  In Philadelphia’s (AA) 9-5 win over Baltimore, Henry Larkin strokes a record tying 4 doubles. This is the first time anyone has had two games in a season with four extra base hits.


1st  The largest paying crowd to date gathers at the Polo Grounds; 13,427 fans watch the Giants defeat the Chicago White Stockings, 7–6.

2nd  Allegheny P Ed “Cannonball” Morris strikes out 15 Colonels, but still loses 4–1. Morris will lead the AA in complete games (63), innings pitched (581), strikeouts (298), and shutouts (6) this year.

7th  Detroit defeats Providence, 32, snapping a ML record 26 straight home wins by Providence over Detroit, dating back to June 2, 1882.

8th  All games are canceled in New York City today because of General Ulysses S. Grant’s funeral.

9th  The first place St. Louis Browns (AA) drop a decision to Pittsburgh, 6-3. The Alleghenys cause is helped by Brownies catcher Dan Sullivan, who sets a ML record with five passed balls in the 3rd inning.

15th  Louis Henke, 1B for Atlanta (Southern League), is injured during a game against visiting Nashville. The injury occurred when Henke collides with Nashville first baseman Charles Marr. Henke will return to his team’s hotel but will die tomorrow of a ruptured liver.

Athletics manager Lon Knight is fired and temporarily replaced by 1B Harry Stovey; former Athletics manager Charlie Mason is eventually hired as his replacement.

18th  Providence 2B Jack Farrell is suspended without pay for obscenities directed at spectators at the home grounds.

19th An article in the Sporting Life criticizes “the tedious slowness of some pitchers in handling the ball. When a pitcher, after getting it into his hands, invariably goes through a large variety of twistings and turnings, changes his position, rubs his arm and his spine and feels if all the bones are in proper position for a great (?) effort before delivering the ball, and repeats the same manoeuvers each time, the spectators get restless and lose interest. The query is often heard ‘Is ___ going to pitch to-day?’ And if answered in the affirmative, ‘Well, I guess I won’t go, He’s too slow. Life is too brief and the benches too hard.'”

26th  A line drive caught by NY 1B Roger Connor catches runners at 1B and 2B off guard, enabling Connor and 2B Joe Gerhardt to complete a triple play in the first inning against Providence. Connor will take part in another first-inning triple play on September 7. New York wins today, 6–0.

27th  Providence lays off former batting champ Paul Hines and accuses him of intentionally playing poorly to receive his release. His .358 in 1878 led the NL.

29th  Philadelphia’s Charles Ferguson pitches a no-hitter over Providence, beating them, 1–0. Fred Shaw takes the loss.


1st  Detroit C Charlie Bennett hits a grand slam in the 1st inning, off Henry Boyle, leading Detroit (NL) to an 8–3 victory over the St. Louis Maroons. It is the only slam in the NL this year: also hitting grand slams are Dave Orr (NY) and Tom Brown (Pitt) in the AA.

3rd Charles Ferguson follows up his no-hitter with an 18-hitter, losing, 18-3, to New York.

4th  Playing a make-up game (a rain-out in Buffalo) in Milwaukee, Chicago player-manager Cap Anson hits HRs in consecutive innings (6th and 7th), to help Chicago down Buffalo, 12–4. Chicago won yesterday, 10–4, in Chicago and will beat Buffalo again tomorrow, 6–0, in the Windy City. John Clarkson is the winner of both games, while Pete Conway picks up the losses. Chicago will play a second game in Milwaukee on the 25th.

New York’s Mickey Welch defeats Boston, 6–3, to run his consecutive game win streak to 17, one short of the mark set by Hoss Radbourn last year.

5th Chicago’s John Clarkson stops Buffalo, 6–0, for his 10th straight win over the Buffs this year. Clarkson will win 53 games this year, completing all 70 starts he makes.

Philadelphia’s Charles Ferguson beat’s New York’s Mickey Welch, 3–1, stopping Welch’s 18-game consecutive winning streak.

7th  Despite a first-inning triple play by New York, Mickey Welch loses to the Phillies 3–1, snapping his 17-game winning streak, a ML record. His last loss was on July 16th, versus Boston. Charlie Ferguson is the winner. Tim Keefe, in 1888, will compile a streak of 19 straight wins, and Rube Marquard will match that in 1912.

8th  George A. Rawlings, owner of a well-known sporting goods store in St. Louis applies for a patent on a baseball glove. Rawlings proposes the use of padding in the fingers, thumb, and the palm of the gloves for the “prevention of the bruising of the hands when catching the ball.” The felt/rubber combination in the padding provided for increased flexibility and improved protection from bruising.

9th  The Grays beat the Phillies 3–1, ending their 13-game losing streak. This is the last ML game ever played in Providence.

11th  Providence suspends ace P Hoss Radbourn and 3B Jerry Denny; Radbourn, the NL’s highest-paid player ($6,000), is unjustly suspended due to NY beating him, 9–1.

15th Boston P Charles Buffinton receives an $80 coat for defeating Chicago.

16th Ed Cushman of New York (AA) strikes out 8 batters in a row en route to a 4-1 win over Pittsburgh.

17th The Southern League ends its season, one month before scheduled.

Detroit management pays $7,000 for control of the Buffalo club. NL president Nick Young will later declare the deal illegal, and disallows the sale and transfer.

19th  Buffalo’s “Big Four” (Dan Brouthers, Hardy Richardson, Jack Rowe, and Deacon White) are to play for Detroit today, but NL prexy Young orders umpire Bob Ferguson to forfeit the game to New York. Detroit withdraws the players, and they are forced to play out the season with Buffalo.

25th Playing their second game of the year—a make-up for a rainout in Providence—at Milwaukee’s Wright Street Grounds, Chicago pummels Providence, 21–3. Providence won yesterday in Chicago, 6–3, beating John Clarkson, but will lose to the future Hall of Famer tomorrow, 6–0.

28th  Philadelphia’s Harry Stovey hits his AA-leading 13th HR off Pittsburgh’s John Hofford. This is also Stovey’s 51st career HR, which is the current ML record.

Led by Moxie McQuery, who hits for the cycle, Detroit downs the visiting Providence Greys, 14-2.

29th  More than 10,000 fans crowd West Side Park (seating capacity of 6,000); seats are placed in right and left field, and it is declared that if a ball is hit into the crowd, a triple shall be credited. Chicago hits 5 triples, 3 by King Kelly, in this manner, while New York hits 0, and beats NY, 7–4.

30th  Philadelphia AA pitcher Bobby Mathews strikes out 4 Pittsburgh Alleghenies in the 7th inning, the first pitcher ever to do so. Two of the 4 strikeout victims end up on 1B, but Mathews still emerges with a 5-2 win.

Chicago NL clinches the pennant with a 2–1 victory over New York. Fred Pfeffer’s 7th-inning homer is the margin of victory as John Clarkson wins over Tim Keefe.

Canadian Fred Wood catches his only game for Boston, with brother Pete Wood pitching. This is one of the few brother batteries ever in ML history, preceded only by the White brothers, Deacon and Will, of the 1878 Cincinnati team. Boston tops Buffalo, 5–3.


1st  The first black professional team is organized by Frank P. Thompson. The team is called the Athletics but will shortly become known as the Cuban Giants.

3rd Boston (N) routs Buffalo 18–0 with Bill Stemmeyer making his first ML victory an easy one. Pete Conway, in his last game for Buffalo, is the loser: he’ll start next season in Kansas City.

Newark (Eastern) hosts the Baltimore Orioles (AA) and inhospitably no-hits them behind the pitching of John “Phenomenal” Smith. Smith fans 16 in the win (as noted by Ernie Lanigan).

4th Tony Mullane, who has been blacklisted, pitches an exhibition game for Cincinnati against St. Louis. Despite missing this season, Mullane will still win 285 games in his career.

5th  The Athletics beat Brooklyn 9–1 in the last game of the AA season. Athletics P Bobby Mathews wins his 30th of the year (he won the same in 1883 and 1884) and 150th of his career.

6th  At the Polo Grounds, the New York Metropolitans beat the black Cuban Giants, 11–3 in 6 innings. The Mets score 9 in the first.

7th  The last NL game ever played in Buffalo’s Olympic Park attracts 12 fans as Providence takes 2 from the Bisons 4–0 and 6–1. Grays P Fred Shaw goes the distance in both victories (each 5 innings), throwing a no-hitter in the first game.

9th Dave Orr goes 6-for-12 in NY’s last 3 games, but still falls one point short in the batting race, finishing 2nd to Louisville’s Pete Browning. St. Louis shuts out New York, 5–0, with three games to be played in the league tomorrow.

10th  The NL season comes to a close today. Another doubleheader is played between Buffalo and Providence and the Grays again win both games, with Fred Shaw pitching. Shaw wins 3–0 and 7–3. The Bisons end the season on a 16-game losing streak.

Phillies SS Charlie Bastian goes 5-for-10 in the last 2 games to raise his average up to .167, the lowest ever for a SS with over 350 at bats. Philley beat Chicago today, 10–3.

14th  The White Stockings (NL) and Browns (AA) engage in a “World’s Championship” series. The winner of the 7-game series is to receive a $1,000 prize. Darkness ends game one after 8 innings, at a 5–5 stalemate.

15th  Game 2 of the championship series is forfeited to Chicago. In the top of the 6th inning, Browns manager Charlie Comiskey calls his men off the field to protest a ruling made by umpire Sullivan.

17th  At a joint meeting in New York between both leagues, a salary maximum of $2,000 and a minimum of $1,000 is set for the upcoming season.

22nd  John Ward and several teammates secretly form the Brotherhood of Professional Base Ball Players. The Brotherhood, strengthened by fights against salary restrictions and abuses of the reserve clause, will become a force to be reckoned with by the end of the decade.

23rd  The “World Series” moves from Pittsburgh to Cincinnati, setting a ML record for the series played in the most (4) cities. (also played in NY and St. Louis.). Chicago takes a 3–2 series lead by beating the Browns 9–2.

24th  The St. Louis Browns defeat Chicago 13–4 in the 7th and last game in their series. The Browns claim the game 2 forfeit didn’t count and therefore claim the championship. Each club receives $500.


19th  At an NL meeting, it is decided that Buffalo’s “Big Four” (Brouthers, Richardson, Rowe, and White) can play in Detroit next season.

28th  President Soden buys the Providence franchise and players for $6,000.


4th  The NL Metropolitans franchise is sold to millionaire Erastus Wiman. The Metropolitan Exhibition Company receives $25,000 for the transaction.

8th  At an AA meeting in Philadelphia, the Metropolitan club is removed from the Association, and the National club of Washington is admitted. By court order, the Metropolitans will be readmitted.

18th  The Washington Nationals are admitted to the NL, in place of Providence. The Washington club was displaced in the AA by the court’s decision that the Mets’ franchise could not be revoked.

20th The St. Louis Maroons announce that Jerry Denny, Dude Esterbrook, Paul Hines, and George Myers are to play for them in 1886. Denny and Myers do so, but Esterbrook stays with the Giants and Hines goes to the newly formed Washington Nationals.

24th The St. Louis Browns agree to sell the reserve rights to infielder Sam Barkley to Baltimore for $1,000.

28th The AA officially admits the Metropolitans, having been forced by the courts to do so.

  • 1886


4th Having waited in vain for the $1,000 check from the Baltimore club, St. Louis owner Chris Von der Ahe takes $1,000 from Pittsburgh for the rights to Sam Barkley, ignoring the fact that the infielder has already signed with the Orioles.

16th  Washington is admitted to the NL, bringing the membership up to 7 teams.


5th  The patent dispute between Thayer & Wright and A. G. Spalding & Brothers goes to court in Chicago. Thayer is the Harvard pitcher who claimed to have invented the catcher’s mask, while G. Wright and Spalding are former teammates on the champion Boston Red Stockings. In the eventual settlement, Thayer’s claims will be upheld and he will receive a royalty on masks sold from Spalding’s company. Spalding will buy out many rivals on his way to establishing a monopoly in the sporting goods business.

9th  Kansas City is admitted to the NL on a one-year trial basis.

21st Close to 8,000 fans jam the little ball park in Havana to see the home team beat Almendares, 9–5, to win the Cuban Championship.

24th Kansas City hires 30-year-old Dave Rowe to manage the Cowboys.

27th  The Cincinnati AA club is sold by Aaron Stern to Louis Huack, a wealthy brewer and banker.


2nd  The American Association meets and overrules president Denny McKnight (also owner of the Pittsburgh club) and suspends Sam Barkley for signing with Pittsburgh before the dispute over his sale is settled.

The AA adopts new rules. The number of balls needed for a walk is reduced from 7 to 6; the pitcher’s box is one foot deeper, giving the pitcher 7 feet behind the 50-foot front line in which to execute his delivery; Stolen bases are adopted as an official statistic, although the definition is rather vague initially.

4th  The NL meets and adopts the stolen base and the 4 foot by 7 foot pitcher’s box. But the NL retains 7 balls for a walk and rejects the AA rule giving a batter first base on HPB.

5th A business wrangle in the NL ends in a weakening of the league’s famous 50 cents admission standard. St. Louis and Philadelphia, the two clubs facing rival AA teams with an admission of 25 cents, are allowed to charge a minimum of a quarter. Newcomers Washington and Kansas City are stuck with the 50 cents minimum, but are given the option of selling 3 tickets for a buck.

12th Louisville opens the spring training season by playing a game in Savannah, Georgia.

13th  Via a transatlantic telegraph from Paris, 40-game winner Bob Caruthers agrees to terms with St. Louis Browns owner Von der Ahe. Caruther’s well-publicized holdout will earn him the nickname “Parisian Bob.”

17th  The Sporting News, the weekly that will become “The Baseball Paper of the World,” publishes its first issue. The paper is owned by Al and Charles Spink.

18th  The New York State League admits Buffalo, Toronto, and Hamilton. The inclusion of the Canadian teams causes the league to change its name to the International League.

22nd  The AA ousts H. D. McKnight from the presidency for his partisan handling of the Barkley case. Wheeler Wikoff is the new president.

27th The Cincinnati Reds announce that the pennant they won in 1882 will be flown at home games this season “for luck.”

29th According to today’s Sporting News, the Reds are placing “telephone bulletins” in the suburbs to inform fans of the “exact conditions of the grounds” one hour before game time.


2nd  Capitol Park is opened in Washington with an exhibition game. The team will be called the Senators or Statesmen. The new park will carry the nickname “Swampdoodle Grounds.”

8th Tommy Burns of Newark slugs Elmer Foster of the Mets, precipitating a ruckus that ends the exhibition game in Newark. Another mob scene will be narrowly avoided when the 2 teams meet again in NY.

13th The Sam Barkley case is resolved whereby the infielder is reinstate and allowed to play with Pittsburgh. As compensation, Baltimore gets 1B from the Alleghenies, and St. Louis gets to keep the $1,000 payment for Barkley’s rights.

16th The exhibition competition between the AA and the NL ends with the AA ahead 19–16.

17th  The Opening Day game in Cincinnati (AA) is protested when the umpire refuses to put a new ball into play despite the new rule making 2 new balls available at all times.

19th Baltimore rookie Matt Kilroy pitches his 2nd two-hitter in 2 games, both against Brooklyn.

21st  Phil Reccius, the last of 3 ball playing brothers still active, suffers a broken leg, virtually ending his season.

Fred Mann of Pittsburgh lines a 6th inning grand slam , off Larry McKeon, to pace the Alleghenies to a 13-7 win over Cincinnati. PIT,

22nd  The Mets’ lavish new park on Staten Island is opened with a loss to the Athletics 7–6. Later this summer, cranks (fans) will be able to look at N.Y. harbor from the St. George grandstand and see the Statue of Liberty being assembled.

24th  Arlie Latham of the Browns goes 6-for-6 and scores 5 runs as the Browns beat Louisville 15–9. The loser is young prospect Bones Ely, who will soon be released, but reemerge in the 1890s as a shortstop.

25th The NL St. Louis Maroons play Leavenworth (Western League) in an exhibition game and get no-hit by William F. Hart, later of Cincinnati (according to Ernie Lanigan).

Because of a leg injury, Browns SS Bill Gleason misses his first game in 5 years, a 16-10 win over visiting Louisville (AA). The hard-nosed Gleason is known for his rough, physical style of play on the basepaths and in the field.

27th  Having failed to get a $1,500 salary from the NL to umpire this season, veteran Bob Ferguson signs with the AA and officiates his first game in Baltimore. The Orioles lose 2-1 to the Athletics.

29th  Opening Day for the NL. The New York World carries woodcuts of live action photographs taken by a “detective” camera, perhaps the first “live” pictures of baseball ever taken.

Thanks to poor baserunning by Baltimore, Brooklyn pulls off its 2nd triple play in 3 games. It is not enough as Baltimore wins, 14-9.

30th  The first NL game in Kansas City is played, the home team losing a tight game with Chicago 6–5 in 13 innings. This game is “recreated” for fans in Chicago at the Central Music Hall using a picture of the ball field and transparencies with players’ names on them.


1st  Al Atkinson pitches his 2nd no-hitter for the Athletics, beating the Mets 3–2. His first no-hitter (May 24, 1884) was also not a shutout. Atkinson records no strikeouts.

2nd  The Athletics and Brooklyn (AA) play 8 innings to a 19–19 tie at Brooklyn’s new Sunday park in Ridgewood, which is just across the line in Queens. The Queens sheriff is willing to ignore the Sunday Blue laws. Jocko Milligan has 4 doubles for Philadelphia.

3rd  C Patrick Dealy of Boston has 10 passed balls (still the NL record), and P Ed Stemmeyer adds 5 wild pitches as the Red Caps lose to Washington, 12–11. Stemmeyer will finish the season with another ML record of 64 wild pitches.

4th Al Atkinson follows up his no-hitter with a 3–1 loss to Brooklyn. Atkinson allows 8 hits.

6th Despite this week’s labor unrest and the “discovery” by police of a plot to burn much of Chicago, the White Stockings draw 4190 to their home opener against Detroit. They win 5–1.

New York (NL) downs Washington, 7-2, as Mike Dorgan hits a four-run homer for the Gothams. Off Dupee Shaw.

8th The first-place St. Louis Browns (AA) down host Louisville, 21-5, as pitcher Dave Foutz goes 5-for-6, including a double and triple. The hard working Foutz will rack up a league-high 41 wins this season in 504 innings pitched. He’ll also play 1B and the outfield on his days off and hit .280 with 59 RBIs.

11th Detroit whitewashes New York, 11–0, behind the pitching of Charlie Getzien, who will win 30 this year. It is the only shutout for a Detroit pitcher not named Lady Baldwin.

Fred Pfeffer has the only hit as Chicago loses to Boston’s Bill Stemmeyer, 5-1.

12th The St. Louis Maroons hold off the Senators to win, 8–7. Washington’s Cliff Carroll make the last out trying to score from 2B on a wild pitch.

13th Sam Thompson of Detroit leads the way to a 4–3 win over Boston with a homer, 3 RBIs, and a key double play.

Five days after St. Louis pitcher Dave Foutz (AA) collects five hits in a game, another Mound City hurler matches him. Henry Boyle of the Maroons (NL) is 5-for-6, including a double and homer, in a 16-2 win over Washington.

14th Charles Comiskey of the Browns prevents a double play by running full tilt into Reds 2B Bid McPhee, enabling the Browns to win 2–1. The Cincinnati fans are irate, but the umpire allows the play. The Browns are gradually making “breaking up the double play” an accepted part of the game.

17th Jim Gifford quits as manager of the Mets and Bob Ferguson is hired as his replacement. The Indians, as the team is also called, are dead last in the AA at 5–12.

19th After a 7-4 loss to St. Louis (16-10), Brooklyn owner/manager Charles Byrne rescues Jim Clinton from a mob by forming the players into 2 phalanxes armed with bats and marching Clinton to safety after the game.

23rd  St. Louis Browns SS Bill Gleason makes 6 errors to give Brooklyn a 13–12 game in 10 innings.

24th Fred Dunlap hits for the cycle but his St. Louis Maroons still lose to New York, 11-8. The Maroons will lose the entire five-game series in New York.

27th Bob Barr makes his debut with Washington, stopping Chicago (NL), 7–0, and stopping the Senators 12-game losing streak.

28th  Chicago notches its most lopsided shutout victory ever, a 20–0 whitewash of Washington. Only two of the runs are earned against Cannonball Crane. After the 3rd inning, Chicago P Jim McCormick switches positions with RF John Flynn, who tosses the last 5 frames. The 27-run swing between yesterday’s loss and today’s win sets a record not topped in the 20th century.

29th  The Athletics try to slow the Browns down by loading the base paths with sand. St. Louis captain Comiskey refuses to play and even helps the ground crew remove the sand. The Browns win the 2 games, 18–1 and 11–3, with a total of 14 stolen bases.

The first-place St. Louis Browns subdue the Philadelphia Athletics, 18-1 and 11-3 to push the second-place A’s 2 1/2 games back in the AA. In game 1, pitcher Bob Caruthers is 5-for-6, including a double a triple, the second Brownie pitcher to register 5 hits this month. The all-round Caruthers will hit .334 with a league-high .448 OBA while slugging .527. He’ll also rack up 30 wins.

31st  At the Polo Grounds in New York, 7,000 fans watch the a.m. game as New York hands Detroit (20-4) its first loss after 15 straight wins, beating the Wolverines, 6–5, in 10 innings. Monte Ward short fly ball in the 10th results in a double when LF Jim Manning and SS Jack Rowe collide in the outfield. Manning breaks his arm on the play. Ward comes around to score with the winning run. When word gets out that New York had won the morning game, the first ML crowd of over 20,000 (20,632) pays to see the afternoon game. The crowd spills onto the field just behind the infield and along each foul line, at first not budging. The game is initially called in the bottom of the first inning and some fans leave thinking there is no game. Finally, mounted police arrive at 5:20 and push the crowd back. The game continues with a ground rule stating that any ball hit into the crowd is a single and baserunners can only move up one base. Detroit garners 6 hits with fly balls into the crowd and wins the contest, 4–1. Lady Baldwin, who played LF for the last inning of game 1, is the winning pitcher.

In the AA, Brooklyn wins two games, taking a morning game, 8-6, over the Cincinnati Reds, despite being outhit 12 to 8. Brooklyn garners 10 walks. The afternoon contest draws 11,000 fans who cheer as the Trolley Dodgers score 4 in the 7th and beat Louisville, 9-6. Ernie Burch has 4 hits, including a triple in the 7th off Guy Hecker that “is instrumental in scoring 4 runs (NY Times).” Burch is subsequently credited with a grand slam. Teammate Bill Phillips adds a pair of triples.

On Staten Island, the Metropolitans celebrate Decoration Day by beating Louisville, 14-5, in a morning game. Dave Orr stars with 4 hits. The tables turn in the afternoon game as the Cincinnati Reds arrive by boat and thrash the Mets, 12-5. George Pichiney tosses a 4 hitter and has 3 of the Reds safeties.


2nd At the last minute, Tony Mullane refuses to pitch against Brooklyn, so George Pechiney steps in and pitches the Reds to a 6–2 win.

3rd  St. Louis (AA) teammates Arlie Latham and Doc Bushong stage a fist fight during a game in Baltimore, won by St. Louis, 9-5. They are fined $100 each.

Dave Foutz shuts out Brooklyn and Pittsburgh (AA) coasts to a 19–0 rout. Bill Terry is the loser.

4th  Tony Mullane pitches 7 shutout innings, then allows 12 runs in the final 2 frames to lose to Brooklyn 12–7, fueling suspicions that he is throwing games.

In Philadelphia, Pittsburgh (AA) doubles the Athletics, 16-8. Harry Stovey of the A’s runs his consecutive hit streak, started yesterday, to 9 straight (as noted by historian Trent McCotter).

5th Detroit’s lefty ace Charles “Lady” Baldwin twirls a 14-inning shutout in Philadelphia. Phillie P Dan Casey loses his own game with a 2-out error in the 14th, leading to 3 runs for the Wolverines.

7th Chicago’s Tommy Burns apparently drives home the tie-breaking runs with 2 outs in the top of the 9th. Thinking the game is in the bottom of the 9th, he heads for the bench (or reached first and then wandered off). When the Giants throw the ball to 1B, the ump Connell calls Burns out, nullifying the runs. After a loud argument, and a scoreless last half of the inning, the White Sox settle for a 7–7 tie. This has been cited as a pre-Johnny Evers example of a challenge of the practice of not touching first on a game-winning hit. However, the fact that 2 runs scored argues against that conclusion. Sid Farrar, in 1889, is another example cited as a pre-Evers play.

Paul Hines hits a grand slam to pace Washington (NL) to a 5–1 victory over St. Louis.

8th Batting last today, Chicago beats the Giants, 3–2, in the bottom of the 9th on triples by Abner Dalrymple and Mike “King” Kelly.

9th  At an AA league meeting in Columbus, Browns owner Chris Von der Ahe pays Comiskey’s many fines after Comiskey had steadfastly refused to pay them. The AA threatened to bar Comiskey from all games.

10th Having lost his government job because of the afternoons he missed pitching for Washington, Bob Barr goes on the road finally and beats the host Athletics in Philadelphia, 3–2.

12th  At Recreation Park, Detroit sets a new ML record by hitting 7 HRs in one game, a record that will finally be broken by the Yankees on June 28, 1939. St. Louis P Charley Sweeney serves up all 7 homers, a ML record, as he allows 21 hits. Sweeney is knocked out of the box in the 3rd but St. Louis has no one to pitch so he is forced to stay in the game and take the punishment. Detroit gets 2 homers each from Jack Rowe and Sam Thompson, and homers by Bennett, Brouthers, and Crane. Jerry Denny connects for St. Louis as they lose, 14–7.

At Philadelphia, the last-place Phils trip Washington, 3-2, behind the pitching of Dan Casey. Off field, Casey is not so lucky as he, George Wood and Charlie Bastian are robbed of gold watches and chains and $370 in cash while they are playing.

14th Chicago rookie Jocko Flynn strikes out 13 Kansas City batters to win 6–1. Flynn will finish the season with a 23–6 mark (several encyclopedias credit him with 24 wins), a league–best .800 winning percentage, but will develop arm trouble and never pitch another ML inning. Flynn holds the record for most wins in a pitcher’s only season.

16th  On Opening Day in the Southern League of Colored Base Ballists, the Eclipse of Memphis beats the home Unions of New Orleans 3–1. The SLCBB, the first black professional sports league, will collapse in August.

17th Despite giving up a home run to Australian-born Joe Quinn, Chicago’s John Clarkson easily beats St. Louis, 11–3. It is the Aussie’s first homer. The loss goes to Handsome Henry Boyle.

18th  The Cincinnati Enquirer publishes a letter purporting to show that Tony Mullane sold ball games in Philadelphia and Brooklyn to gamblers on the last road trip. After the author of the letter fails to produce any evidence, the club exonerates the pitcher.

19th Accompanied by a large contingent of Chicago fans with brooms, the White Stockings win their first game in Detroit, 5–4.

21st Detroit’s Charlie Getzien loses his no-hitter in the 9th but still beats Chicago, 4–1, dashing the visiting fans’ hopes for a sweep.

22nd  Detroit wins the rubber game of the 3-game series with Chicago 5–4, as an irate Captain Anson is fined $110 by umpire John Gaffney, a record for one game. Anson’s Whites trail the Sluggers by 3 1⁄2 games.

24th  The Brooklyn Grays rout Matt Kilroy in the 3rd inning and beat Baltimore 25–1. The run total and margin still stand as a Dodger franchise record.

26th  Black lefthander George Stovey makes his pitching debut with Jersey City of the Eastern League after being purchased from the Cuban Giants, the pioneer all-black touring team.

Dave Foutz fans 11, allows 4 hits, and triples and scores in the 10th inning to beat Cincinnati, 1–0. The win keeps St. Louis 3 games ahead of Brooklyn in the AA race.

29th Sid Farrar’s grand slam in the 4th, off John Clarkson, gives the Phillies a 4–2 decision over the White Stockings.


1st  Jim McCormick raises his record for the season to 16-0, pitching Chicago to a 7–3 victory over New York. This record start will be topped by Rube Marquard in 1912.

3rd  Jim McCormick loses his first game of the season as Mickey Welch and the Giants win, 7–3. The sore hands of C Mike Kelly and 5 hits by Monte Ward are the key factors.

Behind the pitching of Amos Alonzo Stagg, who will make his mark as a football coach,         Yale beats Harvard in the deciding game of the college championship.

5th  Pittsburgh’s (AA) Fred Carroll gets a ML record 9 hits in a doubleheader. Pittsburgh wins 15-1 and 13-2 over Baltimore. Carroll’s mark will be tied but not topped.

Louisville sweeps a pair from New York, winning 5-4 and 3-2. Louisville slugger Pete Browning is suspended after his stumbling, erratic play today. The Colonels are mired in 5th place, 11 games behind the Browns.

7th  Today’s issue of Sporting Life shows 5 pitchers in the top 7 spots on the AA batting-average list. Dave Foutz, Bob Caruthers, and Guy Hecker play enough at other positions to be contenders for the batting title.

8th Little used Browns pitcher George McGinnis shuts out Baltimore, 10–0. His reward? He’s sold to the Orioles a few hours later.

9th Joe Start plays his last NL game, a 9-1 Washington loss to Boston. The 43-year-old first baseman began his career around 1860, long before the NL was even dreamed of.

11th  During the second Sunday game played in Cincinnati after owner Louis Hauck dropped his objections, a riot breaks out. Umpire George Bradley is hit by a beer mug hurled from the rowdy Cincinnati crowd and retreats to the directors’ room in the 6th inning. He returns to complete the game. The Reds lose to the Grays 11–7. The incident strengthens the position of many religious and political leaders that Sunday baseball attracts mostly “hoodlums” and “foreigners” and should therefore be banned. While this advice is followed in most ML cities, Sunday baseball in the Queen City continues and proves to be extremely popular with all “classes” of people.

12th Ed Daily is carried off the field on the shoulders of Philadelphia (NL) fans after saving the game with his relief pitching and winning it with 2 triples and a double. Philadelphia wins, 7-6, over New York.

13th After Cap Anson of Chicago is quoted in a St. Louis newspaper saying that the Browns would “come in something like 5th or 6th” in the NL, two Browns bring $200 to the White Stockings hotel and challenge Anson to put his money where his mouth is. No bets are made, but the stage is set for a bitterly contested series in the fall.

Paced by Charley Jones’ 7th inning grand slam, Cincinnati beats Brooklyn, 9-4. John Harkins serves up the slam.

16th  At St. Louis, Detroit’s Sam Crane umpires when the regular ump fails to appear. Not surprisingly, his Detroit team wins, 7-3. It is the 3rd game in a row that Crane has umped: he did the previous two games in Kansas City.

17th The elegant new club house is opened at the Mets’ Staten Island park. However, owner Wiman’s amusement park is becoming more profitable for theatrical events than for baseball.

20th Cap Anson, Jimmy Ryan and Abner Dalrymple homer in the 3rd as Chicago trounces St. Louis 20-4 at West Side Park.

21st After pitching well for 10 innings, Detroit P Charlie “Pretzel” Getzien becomes disgusted with his support and gives up 10 runs, a NL record for the frame, to Kansas City in the 11th inning and loses, 12–2. Manager William Watkins is disgusted as well and fines Pretzel $100—$10 for each run—and CF Ned Hanlon $25 for their poor play.

22nd  The news leaks out that Chicago owner Spalding has hired detectives to shadow the White Stocking players and report on their drinking habits. Seven players are fined $25 each, but many have bonus clauses above the $2000 salary limit that are contingent on their sober conduct, so it may cost them much more.

24th  Bill “Adonis” Terry no-hits St. Louis as Brooklyn wins 1–0. Terry walks 2 men, and 3 others reach base on errors.

25th Bill Terry follows yesterday’s no-hitter with a complete game winner, beating Pittsburgh, 6–3. He gives up 10 hits.

27th The Brotherhood of Professional Base Ball Players announces its existence. There are chapters in most NL cities.

28th St. Louis P Dave Foutz holds Baltimore to one hit and wins, 6–0.

29th For the second day in a row, Baltimore is held to one hit in a 6–0 loss. Today it is Louisville’s Tom “Toad” Ramsey doing the pitching and giving up a 1st inning single to leadoff hitter Pat O’Connell. The Orioles are the 2nd of 10 teams in history to get 2 hits in 2 games. Some accounts report this as a no-hitter: Reichler quotes the July 30 Baltimore Sun that “Ramsey, the great left-handed pitcher of the Louisville Club, had the Baltimore team completely at his mercy yesterday at the Huntingdon Avenue grounds. Not a single safe hit was scored against him during the game.” The Louisville Courier also reports that “the official scorer of Baltimore did not give the home team a single hit.”

30th Incensed by yesterday’s insults from Giants’ captain Ward, ump John Gaffney demands an apology before consenting to work today’s game. When Ward refuses, Gaffney leaves the grounds. Pittsburgh P Jim Galvin is drafted out of the stands and pressed into service. He does a good job as the Giants edge the St. Louis Maroons, 2–1, in 10 innings.

31st  Tom Ramsey pitches a 13-inning 16-strikeout one-hitter—a double by Fulmer—to beat Baltimore 2–1. It is Ramsey’s 2nd consecutive one-hitter in 3 days, and the 3rd time in 4 games that the Orioles have gotten only one hit. Matt Kilroy is the Baltimore pitcher. The Baltimore Sun will report this as a no-hitter tomorrow stating “Not a single safe hit was scored against him during the game. He retired 16 men on strikes and did it with such regularity that the audience repeatedly cheered him and laughed at the home players. He pitched the greatest game ever seen in Baltimore.”


2nd Washington’s George Winkelman makes his lone ML appearance, starting on the mound against Kansas City. Wink lasts 6 innings allow 11 hits and throwing 5 wild pitches. The 5 errant heaves matches the first-game record set by Jake Seymour and Mike Corcoran. Kansas City holds on for a 12-10 win over the lowly Nationals.

3rd The Giants complete a 3-game sweep of the White Stockings in New York with a thrilling 7–6 decision, winning on Pete Gillespie’s triple in the bottom of the 9th.

5th Having “dried out” at West Baden Springs, Pete Browning rejoins Louisville’s lineup. The Colonels climbed from 5th to 2nd place in Pete’s absence but still trail St. Louis by 9 games. They lose today, 9-0, to Philadelphia.

6th Claiming that they were robbed of a win by ump Joe Ellick, the Giants lose to the Cowboys, 4–3.

7th  Washington loses its 12th consecutive game, their 4th losing streak of 10 of more games this season. Fed up, manager Mike Scanlon announces that he will retire as soon as a replacement can be found.

8th  Rumors of the imminent demise of the St. Louis Maroons abound after star 2B Fred Dunlap is sold to Detroit for $4,700.

9th  Tom “Toad” Ramsey ties the AA record by striking out 17 batters in a 9-inning game as he whips the Metropolitans, 6–0. [Louisville teammate Guy Hecker fanned 17 in a losing effort on August 26, 1884, and Ramsey will match his mark next year.] Mets 1B Davey Orr is undaunted by Toad’s drop ball and goes 4-for-4.

12th  Guy Hecker allows 16 hits and 11 runs and goes 4-for-5 as Louisville wins a 27–11 slugfest against Brooklyn. John Werrick backs Guy with a 5th inning grand slam, off John Harkins. There is scoring in 13 of the 14 half innings before the game is called to allow the Grays to catch a train.

Curt Welch hits a grand slam in the 1st inning, off Matt Kilroy, and St. Louis whips Baltimore, 13-1 (as noted by David Vincent).

14th Chicago’s John Clarkson beats St. Louis for his 17th straight win against them, a club record and 19th century ML record that will not be topped. The 20th C record is 16 straight wins over an opponent. Clarkson fans 16.

15th  He should sue for non-support: For the second time in two months, Brooklyn (AA) pitcher Bill Terry is on the short end of a shutout pasting, as Pittsburgh’s Ed Morris wins, 18–0.

Louisville’s (AA) pitcher Guy Hecker scores 7 runs in a game, establishing a ML record. In addition, he hits 3 HRs, all inside-the-park, to set a ML record, tied in 1897 by Tom McCreery. He also collects 6 hits, off Richard Conway, to give him 17 in his last 4 games, also a ML record that will be tied but never topped. His 15 total bases is a ML record that will be tied next month and topped in 1894. Hecker also rounds out the day by twirling a 4-hitter to beat Baltimore, 22–5 in game 2 of the doubleheader. Louisville started the sweep with 13-6 victory in game 1. Hecker has 23 hits in seven consecutive pitching assignments (Bob Davids, BRJ 1973).

16th  Bob Caruthers becomes the first pitcher to make 4 extra-base hits in a game, but he allows 10 runs in the 8th inning and loses 11–9. Having hit a double and 2 HRs earlier, Caruthers ends the game tagged out at home trying for a 3rd. The defeat ends the Browns’ 11-game winning streak.

18th  St. Louis Maroon owner Henry Lucas quits baseball, announcing that the club has cost him $27,000 in 3 years. The franchise seems to be on the brink of dissolution but will finish the season.

Chicago’s John Clarkson sets a franchise record by whiffing 16 batters in a 7–1 win over Kansas City. Clarkson will strike out 340 batters this season.

19th  NL umpire John Gaffney agrees to take over as manager of Washington.

20th  Matt Kilroy of the Orioles and Joe Miller of the Athletics hurl opposing one-hitters. Baltimore wins 1–0 on first-inning errors, but doesn’t get a hit until the 9th. There will be 4 other opposing one-hitters in the next 100 years, all 1–0 games: Mordecai Brown over Lefty Leifield on July 4, 1906; Bob Cain over Bob Feller on April 23, 1952; Jack Harshman over Connie Johnson on June 21, 1956; and Frank Bertaina over Bob Meyer on September 12, 1964.

21st Al Myers grand slam is not enough as Kansas City (NL) goes down to defeat, 8-6, at the hands of the St. Louis Maroons.

After a loss today, the Washington Nationals replace manager Mike Scanlon (13-67 with 2 ties) and hand the reins to John Gaffney.

22nd  Dog helps chicken. It is the dog days of summer as Ab Powell of the Reds reaches the ball on a long hit by Chicken Wolf, his pants are grabbed by a stray dog sleeping by the fence. The altercation prevents Powell from throwing the ball in and Wolf circles the bases with the inside-the-park home run that wins the game for Louisville, 5–3, in 11 innings.

23rd Chicago’s John Clarkson hands Detroit its only shutout loss of the year, 4–0, although the Wolverines win the series, 2–1, to build their lead over the White Stockings to 1 1/2 games. A controversial call in the 8th deprives Clarkson of a no-hitter today. f

24th  Cap Anson scores 6 runs as Chicago trounces Boston 18–6 at West Side Park. Cap has 2 homers, a double and 2 singles.

In a rematch of the double one-hitter, Miller allows 4 hits and wins 3–0 over Matt Kilroy, who allows only 2 hits. Kilroy fans 16 Athletics, his high in a season in which he will set the all-time record with 513 strikeouts. He fans leadoff Wilbert Robinson 3 times.

26th The Philadelphia Phillies edge Detroit, 11–10, to drop the Wolverines out of first place.

The Chicago White Stockings take over first place, beating Boston, 10–4, behind the pitching of Clarkson. Ned Williamson and Mike Kelly homer for the Whites. Chicago’s percentage is now a lofty .727, while Detroit’s is .717.

27th Chicago rolls by Philadelphia, 13–1, behind Jocko Flynn. Jocko helps himself with a home run.

Detroit drops further back of Chicago when it loses, 7–3, to Boston. Backing the demands of his captain Ned Hanlon, Detroit manager William Watkins fines P Charlie Getzien $300 for insubordination.

28th  Phillie C Deacon McGuire returns to action after suffering a broken finger and commits 8 passed balls. Manager Harry Wright and captain Art Irwin get into a loud argument over replacing McGuire, and the demoralized Phils lose to Chicago, 13–8.

29th  The first usage of the word Charley horse appears in the Atlanta Constitution (as noted by philologist Sam Clements): “Sullivan, of Charleston has a Charley Horse in his head.” Barry Popik notes the usage appears in a September 29, 1886 issue of Sporting Life: Joe Quinn is troubled with a Charley-horse.” William Safire (NYT December 6, 2003) notes that H.L. Mencken in The American Language supplement II writes that Baltimore Oriole lefty Charley Esper was so called “because he walked like a lame horse.”

30th  Chicago (NL) outslugs Philadelphia, 13–10, to maintain a 2 1/2 game lead over Detroit. The Phillies are paced by Ed Daily’s 9th inning grand slam, off John Clarkson.


1st  Ed “Cannonball” Crane walks 14 and adds 5 wild pitches and an error in a 15–2 loss to Chicago. Formerly an OF, Crane has just been pressed into service as a pitcher for the last-place Statesmen. He’ll emerge as a regular starter for the Giants.

2nd Thanks to a 2-out triple in the bottom of the 9th by Anson, Chicago beats Washington, 5–4, for its 9th win in a row.

5th In the only game played this Sunday, Dave Foutz is pitching for St. Louis with Louisville’s Pete Browning on first base. Browning takes a long lead as Charlie Comiskey, playing deep behind 1B, distracts the runner with small talk. Foutz suddenly runs from the pitcher’s box and tags Browning out, the first instance of a pitcher picking off a runner unassisted. St. Louis loses 8-2 but still maintains a comfortable 10-game lead in the AA.

6th Harry Stovey hits a 6th inning grand slam, off Hardie Henderson, as Philadelphia beats Brooklyn, 6-3. (as noted by David Vincent).

7th The Whites rally from an 8–2 deficit to beat the Giants, 13–11, and maintain a 2 1/2 game lead over the Wolverines. New York is 11 back.

8th Every Chicago player gets at least one hit in each game as Chicago wins a pair from New York, 12-3 and 9-4. Jimmy Ryan has a grand slam for Chicago, off Mickey Welch, in game one. Chicago has now won 12 in a row and are three games ahead of Detroit, who swamp visiting Washington, 21-2.

9th In the first of a 3-game series in Chicago, Detroit, batting last, beats the White Stockings, 8–3, ending the Whites’ 12-game win streak. Hardy Richardson has 3 triples.

10th  Dan Brouthers hits 3 HRs, a double, and a single in 5 at bats to set a NL mark with 15 total bases, (Hecker had 15 last month in the AA) but his Detroit team loses to Chicago, 14–8. Chicago wins the 3rd game with Detroit, 14–4, to keep a 4-game lead over the Wolverines.

11th  Connie Mack makes his ML debut with Washington, catching flawlessly and contributing a single as the Senators beat the Phillies 4–3. Washington had purchased Mack and 4 other players from Hartford (Eastern L). Ernest Lanigan, in his 1922 Cyclopedia, cites September 16 as Mack’s debut date.

14th Ump Mike Walsh is assaulted by some young fans after a game in Brooklyn, a 5-4 Brooklyn loss to St. Louis, but he escapes serious injury. This has been a tough year for umpires, with only Honest John Kelly still left of the original 4 umps hired by the AA for the season.

16th Big Dave Orr hits a drive so far into CF that even he is able to get a HR on it, beating the Browns, 2–1 in the 9th.

17th St. Louis (AA) loses another game, 3-2, because of a 9th inning HR, this one a drive over the RF fence in Baltimore by Jim Davis.

18th Chicago (NL) beats Kansas City and Jim Whitney, 9-3, the 13th straight defeat for the pitcher at the hands of Chicago. It is a since-topped ML record, but it will stand as a Chicago record vs. a pitcher: the Dodgers Don Sutton will match Whitney’s record against the Cubs in the 1960s.

20th Chicago tops Detroit, 7–3, in the first game of the final series between the 2 contenders.

22nd Chicago wins their 2nd in a row from Detroit, 6–3, in 6 innings. Detroit scores once in the 7th and Chicago 3 times, but the inning is not completed, so the score reverts to the final completed inning.

23rd  Detroit salvages the final game of the series, 6–2, but Chicago leaves town with a 5 1/2 game lead and 14 games to play.

Pittsburgh’s Pud Galvin walks the first 3 Brooklyn batters—Bill McClellan, Jim McTammany and George Smith–in the 3rd to load the bases. He then picks off Smith at first base, McClellan at third, and finally, McTammany at second. Brooklyn manages to keep a few runners on base as they beat Pittsburgh, 8-2.

24th Eyeing a switch from the AA to the NL, Pittsburgh hosts Chicago for an exhibition game, which the Alleghenies win, 10–3. The team will reportedly clear $160,000 for the season, a huge profit.

25th  Browns owner Von der Ahe begins negotiations for a World Championship Series by issuing a challenge to White Stockings owner Spalding.

28th In Philadelphia, ump Chick Fulmer is carried off the field on the shoulders of fans after he successfully foils Chicago’s attempts to delay for darkness after the Phillies take a lead in the 8th inning. The Phillies will sweep 4 in a row from the league leaders, allowing Detroit to close within 3 games.

Washington’s Shadow Gilmore strikes out 16 St. Louis (NL) batters but still loses, 5–2. Battterymate Connie Mack has 2 hits.

29th St. Louis loses by forfeit to Washington after they lose a 7th inning dispute about the ball-and-strike count. They walk off the field and a forfeit is called.

30th  Spalding accepts Von der Ahe’s challenge for a “World Series” and proposes a best-of-9 series with the winning club getting the total gross gate receipts. St. Louis will accept the winner-take-all provision, but the series will be best-of-7.


4th  After a contract dispute is settled in court, John “Phenomenal” Smith pitches Detroit to a 4–3 victory in Washington. Detroit had purchased Smith’s contract from the Newark club, but Smith had personally signed with New York. The Giants had obtained an injunction barring Smith from pitching for Detroit, but the judge today dissolved the ban.

6th  After 3 one-hitters and 4 two-hitters earlier in the season, Matt Kilroy finally gets a no-hitter, beating Pittsburgh 6–0. Pitching for last-place Baltimore, Kilroy’s won-lost record is a respectable 29–32.

7th  Chicago wins 8–4 over Boston, while Detroit ties, giving the White Stockings a 2-game lead with 2 to play. Detroit has 3 games to play and has arranged to play an extra makeup game as well.

8th  Lady Baldwin of Detroit beats Philadelphia 11–0 in 8 innings for his 42nd win of the season, an all-time record for a lefthanded pitcher. Eight of those wins, including a ML record 5 shutouts, have come against the Phillies, who have not been shut out by any other pitcher this season.

Pittsburgh’s Ed Morris beats the Mets 9–0 for his 12th shutout of the season, establishing an all-time record for a lefthander. Morris will finish the season with a 41-20 won-lost record.

Matt Kilroy follows up his no-hitter by giving up 10 runs in 4 innings to the Reds. Cincinnati wins, 14–8.

9th  Chicago clinches the pennant by beating Boston 12–3 on the final day of the season in a game called after 7 innings because of darkness. Meanwhile Detroit loses 2 games to Charley Ferguson and the Phillies, 5–1 and 6–1, the 2nd game called after 6 innings. Ferguson notches his 29th and 30th wins, and tops the NL with a 1.98 ERA.

11th The NL season ends with one last game between Kansas City and Washington. Despite the disparity in team strength, the year has been a profitable one with New York, Chicago, Boston, Detroit, and Philadelphia all setting club attendance records.

14th  Aaron Stern buys the Cincinnati Reds back from Louis Huack. He had sold the club to Hauck in January.

15th  The AA season ends with 2 games in Philadelphia. Harry Stovey hits a HR to give him at least a share of the Association leadership for the 4th consecutive season.

17th The Giants play their first Sunday game ever, an exhibition match against the Mets at Ridgewood, Queens.

18th  The World Championship Series opens in Chicago, with the White Stockings beating the Browns 6–0 behind John Clarkson’s 5-hitter.

19th  The Browns win the 2nd game in a 12–0 romp, only 8 innings being played. Bob Caruthers pitches a one-hitter, and Tip O’Neill hits 2 HRs.

20th  Chicago being his home town, Caruthers asks to pitch again. He walks 4 men in the first inning and loses 11–4 in an 8-inning game.

21st  The Series shifts to St. Louis, where the Browns even things with an 8–5 victory in 7 innings. Bill Gleason stars with two 2-run singles.

22nd  With Jim McCormick and Jocko Flynn lame and John Clarkson tired, Chicago tries to use a minor league recruit in the pitcher’s box, only to be refused by the Browns. SS Ned Williamson and RF Jimmy Ryan pitch for the Whites. The Browns win easily 10–3 to take a 3-to-2 lead in the best-of-7 series.

23rd  The St. Louis Browns win the World Championship by beating Chicago 4–3 in 10 innings. Pitching his 4th game in 6 days, Clarkson holds St. Louis hitless for 6 innings as Chicago builds a 3–0 lead. The Browns tie the game in the 8th, and Curt Welch scores the “$15,000” run on a wild pitch in the 10th. St. Louis wins the entire gate receipts from the series ($13,920), with each of 12 players getting about $580.

28th Bowing to public opinion, the Athletics hire a non-playing manager (Frank Bancroft) for the first time. Previously, the 3 owners, Billy Sharsig, Lew Simmons, and Charlie Mason, had divided the managerial tasks among themselves.


6th The Sporting News publishes the official NL averages, which show King Kelly as the batting champ with a .388 average, 17 points ahead of Cap Anson. The paper previously had printed its own stats showing Anson ahead, .374 to .366. Also noted in TSN (by Bill Deane) that “Dundon, the deaf and dumb pitcher of the Acid Iron Earths, umpired a game at Mobile between the Acids and Mobiles, on October 20. . . . He used the fingers of his right hand to indicate strikes, the fingers of the left to call balls, a shake of the head decided a man ‘not out,’ and a wave of the hand meant out.'” The October 30, 1886 issue of the New York Clipper concurred with the description, saying “Dundon, the deaf-mute pitcher, umpired a game in Mobile, Ala., and gave entire satisfaction.”

11th  The Executive Council of the Brotherhood of Professional Base Ball Players, formed the previous year, meets and chooses officers. John M. Ward is re-elected president, Dan Brouthers vice president, and Tim Keefe secretary-treasurer.

13th The official AA batting averages show Dave Orr (.346) edging Bob Caruthers and Guy Hecker, both at .342.

15th  Cincinnati and St. Louis complete the first trade ever of reserved players, the Browns sending Hugh Nicol to the Reds for Jack Boyle and $400.

16th  The AA and NL Joint Rules Committee announces the new rules code, which includes the following changes, among others:

  • 4 strikes for an out;
  • 5 balls for a walk;
  • the batter’s right to call for a “high ball” or a “low ball” is abolished.
  • A standardized strike zone from the knees to the shoulders is established;
  • Restricting the pitcher to just one forward step in making his delivery (the old rules had no restrictions);
  • Restricting the pitcher to start with one foot on the back line of the box;
  • the box is cut down from 4′ x 7′ to 4′ x 5.5′ thereby establishing a 55 1⁄2-foot pitching distance.
  • any intentional foul ball is a strike;
  • the catcher can no longer purposely drop a 4th strike to force the runners to run into a DP.
  • the bat may be flat on one side (to aid bunting).
  • Several AA rules are adopted for joint play, including giving the home team a choice of first or last ups, giving the batter first base on a HPB, and restricting the coaches to coaching boxes.

18th  The NL meets and admits Pittsburgh, which had been looking to leave the AA since last spring.

19th The NL adopts a straight guarantee system for paying visiting teams. Detroit, which wants a percentage system, threatens to leave the NL and join the AA. The NL will back down and allow the Wolverines a percentage.

22nd  The AA admits Cleveland to membership to fill the vacancy caused by Pittsburgh’s defection.

26th Having sold George Gore to New York 3 days earlier, Chicago sends Abner Dalrymple to Pittsburgh. Both outfielders were among those who did not receive bonuses because of drinking during the season. Spalding is apparently willing to break up his championship team to enforce temperance.


4th The St. Louis Maroons trade 1B Alex McKinnon to Pittsburgh for 1B Otto Shomberg and $400.

15th  The AA meets and ratifies the new rules. It also approves the new clause that allows a club to reserve a player for as long as it wants, not just for next year’s contract.

23rd The Cleveland club hires Pete Hotaling, manager of Savannah last year, as captain of the new AA team. The club has already secured a large park site on E. 39th street, well removed from downtown.

  • 1887


1st  Brooklyn owner-manager Charles Byrne gives a New Year’s bonus of $50 to each of his club’s reserve players.

12th The Metropolitan club buys Dude Esterbrook from the New York club. Although the Mets are no longer owned by the Giants’ management, the Giants still seem to get the best of every deal between the 2 clubs.

18th  A new Kansas City club is founded to play in the Western League. It vows to compete with the local NL team.

23rd In Alameda, California, Dave Foultz and a Louisville-based touring team are accused of throwing a game against another touring team of eastern pros. These exhibitions and the local California League competition are making for a lively winter in the Bay area.

26th In Wheeling, WV, Jack Glasscock and Joe Miller are locked up overnight on drunk and disorderly charges after a scuffle with police at the local opera house.


6th At Hot Springs, Arkansas, Spalding meets with the Chicago players and exacts from each man a pledge of total abstinence from drinking during the coming season. With the entire outfield gone from last year’s team and P Jim McCormick holding out at home in NJ, the champion White Stockings will have to rely on young players.

8th  Mike “King” Kelly meets with Chicago owner Albert Spalding for contract talks. Kelly, who won the NL batting championship for the pennant-winning White Stockings, wants the bonus of $375 that Spalding promised for good behavior last year. Spalding refuses to give him the bonus or to rescind the additional $225 withheld from Kelly’s salary as fines for drinking.

The NL franchise in St. Louis is sold to a group from Indianapolis for $12,000, including players. The Maroons will now become the Hoosiers.

9th The Kansas City Cowboys go out of business with the sale of its players to the league for $6,000. The clubs spot in the league has already been taken by Pittsburgh.

14th  James B. Billings, one of the Boston (NL) club owners, agrees to pay Kelly a $2,000 salary and a $3,000 signing bonus if Boston can buy his reserve rights from Chicago.

The National Colored League is organized at a meeting in Baltimore. Six clubs are represented: Lord Baltimore, Pythians (Philadelphia), Keystones (Pittsburgh), Gorhams (NY), Falls City (Louisville), and Resolutes (Boston).

16th  Chicago announces the sale of Kelly to Boston for $10,000, more than twice the amount ever paid for a player before. With the contract and bonus, Kelly is dubbed a “$15,000 Beauty.”

20th New York SS and captain John Ward thinks that the open sale of players has gone too far. “I wouldn’t play in Kansas City under any circumstances,” he says, but a club could force him to play there or not play at all.


1st  In preparation for the upcoming National Colored Base Ball League (NCBBL) season, the Falls Citys of Louisville sign Al Prater from Detroit and W.S. Purnsley from the Cuban Giants. In addition, they have recently started construction of a 2000-seat park.

8th  The NL franchise in St. Louis is sold to a group from Indianapolis for $12,000, including players. The Maroons will now become the Hoosiers. The Maroons grant the NL the rights to Billy O’Brien, who last played briefly in the Union League in 1884. Tomorrow the Senators will obtain O’Brien from the NL and he will lead the NL in homeruns this year with 19.

9th  The Kansas City Cowboys (NL) go out of business with the sale of its players to the league for $6,000. The club’s spot in the league has already been taken by Pittsburgh.

13th  After a week of conditioning in Macon, Georgia, the Detroit team begins a 6-week spring exhibition tour through the South and Midwest.


3rd Boston club president Arthur Soden announces to the players that while John Morrill remains manager, Mike Kelly will serve as captain.

7th The St. Louis Browns and the Chicago White Stockings begin a “World Championship” series as a rematch of their series last fall. The games will be played in St. Louis, Louisville, Cincinnati, and Indianapolis in the next week, with 3 more scheduled in Chicago in October. Chicago will win 4 of 6 in the Spring series, but will not claim the world championship.

16th  Opening Day in the A.A. Two rookies, Mike Griffin of the Baltimore Orioles and George “White Wings” Tebeau of Cincinnati, hit HRs in their first ML at bats, the first to do so. Griffin, who is the first to homer in his first at bat, almost makes it 2 in a row but his 4th inning hit goes for a ground rule double, one of three extra base hits he garners. His O’s beat the Phillies, 8–3. Tebeau’s Reds beat Cleveland, 16-6.

17th  St. Louis Browns owner Chris Von der Ahe purchases 19-year-old St. Louisan Charley “Silver” King from the NL. King, with Kansas City at the end of the last season, had not been picked up by any NL clubs this spring. He will post a 34-11 record in 1887.

19th  Chicago mascot Willie Hahn, aged 11, is signed to a regular league contract. “You should have seen the little fellow open his eyes,” when a club official read him the abstinence clause.

20th Chicago trades holdout Jim McCormick, a 10-year vet, to Pittsburgh for untried rookie P George Van Haltran. Van Haltran is staging something of a holdout as well, staying in California to be with his mother who is seriously ill. Chicago also gets $2,500.

21st  Pop Snyder, the only catcher from the National Association still behind the plate, allows Louisville to steal 10 bases in just 3 innings before being replaced by Jim Toy. The Colonels beat the Cleveland “Babies” 14–7.

22nd  Tony Mullane pitches a regular-season game in Missouri for the first time since 1883. The Missouri injunction obtained against him by the St. Louis Unions in 1884 having finally been resolved, Tony leads the Reds to a 5–2 victory over the Browns.

25th  In a wild scoring affair in the AA, the Brooklyn Trolley Dodgers roll over the Orioles, 16-10, and set a league record for hit by pitches in a game with 6. Another HBP mark will be set in five days.

26th  Denny Lyons of the Athletics goes 6-for-6, all on clean hits. The A’s need every one of them to nip the Mets 18–17.

27th In Baltimore, Mets 1B Dave Orr collides with C Pete Sommers while chasing a foul popup. Orr bites through his tongue, loses 2 teeth, and twists his knee, while Sommers suffers a sprained neck. The Orioles win, 8-0.

In a 19-3 rout, Bob Caruthers of St. Louis (AA) connects for an 8th inning grand slam off George Pechiney of Cleveland (as noted by David Vincent).

28th  Opening Day in the NL. Of the new clubs, Indianapolis loses a thriller to Detroit in its home opener 4–3, while Pittsburgh is rained out.

30th  The Browns (AA) set a St. Louis scoring record that still stands by trouncing Cleveland 28–11. Bill Gleason goes 7-for-7, but 4 of his “hits” are walks. For the second time in his career, pitcher Dave Foultz collects 5 hits, including two doubles and a triple. He scores 3 runs.

     Detroit downs Indianapolis, 12-10, as the two teams combine to set a NL record for batters hit by pitches with 9. Detroit has 5 hitters plunked.

At Baltimore, the Orioles (AA) trounce the New York Metropolitans, 21-8.

The Phillies open their new $80,000 ballpark on Huntington Avenue and Broad Street with a 19-10 win over NY. They will remain on this site until 1938.


1st  Charlie Comiskey triples and steals home and later homers to lead the Browns to a 14–13 victory over Cleveland. St. Louis scores 74 runs in a 4-game sweep and is on its way to becoming the first team ever to score over 1,000 runs in a season.

2nd  After winning 31 straight exhibition games and 3 regular-season games, Detroit loses its first of the year, to Pittsburgh and Jim Galvin 8–3. The Alleghenies had won their first 2 games, both by Kid Galvin. Pittsburgh is led today by Fred Carroll, who hits for the cycle.

3rd  After opening the season with 10 consecutive losses on the road, the Mets win their home opener on Staten Island from Brooklyn, 8–2.

5th King Kelly muffs 2 fly balls in the 9th inning to allow the NY Giants to tie the Boston Beaneaters, 6–6. “The Only Mike” is playing with a sore finger.

6th  The National Colored League, patterned after the NL, opens with a game in Pittsburgh, the Gorhams beating the Keystones, 11–8, before a crowd of 1,200. Because of rainouts and small crowds the league, which has been recognized by the National Agreement as a legitimate minor league, will fold on May 16th after only 13 games.

7th  In a 12-7 win over Louisville, Tip O’Neill of the Browns hits for the cycle for the 2nd time in 5 games. In each game, Tip had a walk (counted as a hit) as well as a clean single. He also has a 2nd home run, the first player to cycle and add a homer. It’ll next be done in 1914, by Ed Lennox. Tip will lead the league in triples and homers this year, just one of eight players in history to do so. Harry Stovey (for the second time) will next accomplish the mark in 1891.

Opposing pitchers go deep as Pud Galvin for Pittsburgh and John Clarkson for Chicago hit homers in a 10-8 Pittsburgh win. Clarkson will match this in July, the only pitcher in history to do so twice.

Sam Thompson of Detroit becomes the first major leaguer to hit two bases-loaded triples in one game as the Wolverines (8-1) chew up Indianapolis, 18-2. The two bases-loaded triples also sets an NL and ML team mark (since tied).

9th  Ed Morris of the Alleghenies refuses to pitch today’s game and is suspended for 3 weeks. Morris is having trouble with the new rules limiting the movement of pitchers in the box. Bill Bishop takes his place and loses to Detroit, 10-3.

12th  The Browns score 12 runs in the 5th inning and beat the Orioles, who score 10 in the 8th, 22–14. The new 4-strike rule and the restricted pitching motion have generated a big jump in scoring.

13th Fred Dunlap has his 2nd 6-hit game in a week (walks are counted as hits) to help Detroit beat Chicago, 17–7. Sam Thompson has 3 triples. Both pitchers homer—Stump Wiedman for Detroit and Jimmy Ryan for Chicago (according to homerun historian David Vincent).

14th Pitching for New York (NL), John Roach tosses a 22-hitter with 4 walks in a complete game 17-2 loss to Philadelphia. This is Roach’s lone ML appearance. What makes it noteworthy is that he is a switch pitcher (ambidextrous), throwing equally poorly with either hand.

16th  St. Louis (AA) wins its 15th straight game, which will be the longest streak of the year in the ML, beating the Athletics 7–2. All the wins are at home.

Giants rookie Mike Tiernan makes 5 errors, tying the ML record for an outfielder. But he contributes a HR as New York beats Indianapolis, 11–8.

Fred Mann of Cleveland (AA) hits an 8th inning grand slam off New York’s Ed Cushman, but the rally falls short. New York wins, 9-8.

17th  Detroit’s Dan Brouthers hits a bases-loaded triple and a bases-loaded homer as the Wolverines outslug the Phillies 19–10.

The Giants slaughter the visiting Indianapolis club, 26-6 on 31 hits, 5 by O’Rourke. Everyone in the lineup has at least 2 hits for New York as the two teams combine for 50 hits. A day after making 5 errors, Mike Tiernan scores 5 runs while 4 others score 4 runs apiece.

The Beaneaters edge the Pittsburgh Pirates, 11–9, as player-manager John Morrill contributes a grand slam for Boston. He’ll have a career-high 12 homers this year. His homer comes against Pud Galvin in the 7th.

In a 14-6 loss to Washington, Chicago rookie Marty Sullivan hits 3 triples.

In the four games today, the National League establishes a league record with 101 runs scored.

18th  White Stocking rookie Marty Sullivan ties a record by making 5 errors in RF as Chicago loses its 3rd straight in Washington, 11–4, and 5th straight overall. Sullivan matches the 5 errors of Giants outfielder Mike Tiernan on May 16th. Sullivan is the last outfielder to make 5 errors in a game.

20th  Nearly 2 weeks after defeating the Falls Citys in their NCBBL opener in Louisville, the Boston Resolutes finally leave for home after earning enough money for train fare by working as waiters. Their departure, and the circumstances surrounding it, sounds the death knell for the second professional baseball league organized by African Americans. The league will fold in 5 days.

21st  Sam Thompson’s 3-run HR is the difference as Detroit beats Washington, 4–2. Thompson will be credited with 166 RBI for the season, a 19th-century high.

24th  Indianapolis 3B Jerry Denny saves a run by holding King Kelly by the belt as Kelly tries to tag up on a fly ball. The umpire misses the play and does not penalize Denny. But the ploy does not save the Hoosiers from an 8–7, 10-inning defeat in Boston.

In a 15-13 White Stocking victory in Boston, Fred Pfeffer clouts a homer, showing he doesn’t need Chicago’s 30-mile per hour prevailing winds to hit a four-bagger. It is Pfeffer’s first homer on the road after hitting 44 consecutive homers at home (as noted by John Pastier and confirmed by homerun historian David Vincent). Pfeffer hit his first homer on June 16, 1882 at home for Troy. He hit one for Chicago in 1883, and all 25 at home in 1884 All 5 were at home in 1885 and all 7 in 1886. In 1887, he hit his first 5 at home before today. Vincent confirms that for his career, Pfeffer hit 81 of 94 homers at home.

26th  The Louisville Colonels pile up a club record for runs in a 27–9 rout of the visiting Brooklyn Trolley Dodgers. Three Colonels have 5 hits in the match while Reddy Mack leads with six hits and five runs. Starter John Harkins goes 5 innings for Brooklyn, allowing 18 runs in the 4th and 5th innings. Adonis Terry finishes up. Toad Ramsay is the easy winner for the Colonels.

28th Recently suspended Tony Mullane sues the Reds over his lost pay. He will eventually settle out of court and rejoin the team in mid-June.

30th  In an a.m.-p.m. holiday game in New York, Chicago rallies, scoring 6 runs in the 9th, for an 12–11 victory in the morning. Giants P Bill George helps by walking 16 batters, including 4 in the 9th, to establish a ML mark (it will be tied in a month). Infielder Danny Richardson relieves in the 9th and walks one more to give Chicago a record 17 bases on balls. Although a walk requires, George finds this no handicap, as he walked 13 against Indianapolis on May 15 and will hand out another 13 passes against them on June 15. Chicago wins the nightcap, 3–2, with Clarkson winning over Keefe.

31st Bob Ferguson is removed as manager of the Metropolitan club, the Indians having gone 6–24 under his harsh leadership. Easygoing Dave Orr is elevated to the manager’s post.


1st  The St. Louis Browns offer to buy a partial interest in the rival Athletic club. The Athletics are losing money, and 2 of the 3 partners want out, but this deal will not come to fruition.

2nd “Watch” Burnham is fired as manager of the last-place Indianapolis club. Front-office man Fred Thomas takes over as interim manager.

3rd In his rain-delayed debut as Mets player-manager, Dave Orr has to be carried off the field after seriously injuring his ankle. Cleveland wins, 6-3, to send the Mets to a 6-25 record.

4th During a lull before the start of today’s Boston-Philadelphia game, leadoff batter Joe Hornung stands his bat on home plate and challenges P Charlie Ferguson to hit it. Fergy does it on the first try. Boston wins, 3-1.

5th  Today’s Chicago Tribune publishes NL batting figures through May 31st that show Fred Carroll (.476), Sam Thompson (.454), and Paul Hines (.438) leading the league. Walks are counted as hits this year.

7th After falling behind 8–0, the Giants roar back with a 12-run 3rd inning, and take a 14–8 lead. But the Phillies stage their own comeback and eventually prevail, 15–14.

9th  Mets RF Candy Nelson sets a ML record by starting 3 double plays, 2 on throws to home and one to start an infield rundown. Only 2 other ML outfielders will tie this record: Jack McCarthy (4/26/05) and Ira Flagstead (4/19/26). The Mets (AA) top Louisville, 8-4.

Detroit edges Indianapolis, 7-5, with the help of 13 walks by the Hoosiers John Kirby. There will be five games this year where the pitcher walks 13 or more batters; three of those instances will occur with Bill George in the box.

11th At the Polo Grounds, the Giants make it easy by scoring 11 runs in the opening inning en route to a 26–2 pasting of Washington. New York collects 10 hits in the big inning, including 2 hits apiece by Mike Tiernan, Buck Ewing, and Monte Ward. Danny Richardson is 6-for-7 for New York with 6 singles. This is the second time this season the Giants have scored 26 runs: in 4 days they’ll score 29. The starter and loser for Washington is Dupee Shaw, the inventor of the windup, according to John L. Sullivan (TSN obit 6/23/38). Ugly rumors will erupt about today’s big loss, and Washington will release Shaw in August. The Boston Globe will report on his release that he, “had shown lack of heart in his work and was sick of the club. it is said he never recovered emotionally from the effects of the accusation late last year that he was crooked in some of his work versus certain clubs.”

Detroit’s Fred Dunlap establishes a NL record by starting 4 DPs at 2B. He participates in 5 DPs in all to tie the existing ML mark and helps the Sluggers edge the Hoosiers, 7–6.

The Sporting News reports that, “Jerry Reardon, the St. Louis boy who fractured his right leg while running bases here, is still on the disabled list.”

13th  A day for pitchers. Chicago (NL) hurlers Mark Baldwin and Jimmy Ryan provide the offense as both pitchers hit homers in a 9-4 win over Indianapolis. Opposing pitcher Egyptian Healy also homers.

Sportswriter O. P. Caylor takes over as manager of the Mets. Caylor had managed Cincinnati in 1885 and 1886 while writing for the Cincinnati Enquirer, now he is with the New York Tribune and managing again.

Lev Shreve (Baltimore AA) tosses a 7-0 shutout against Cleveland and teammate Tom Burns helps with 3 triples.

14th  Before an overflow crowd of 15,000, the hometown Orioles score 8 times in the 8th inning to beat the Browns 15–12. St. Louis complains that substitute umpire Lew Daniels, an Oriole player, has robbed them of the victory.

15th  The Giants annihilate the Phillies 29–1, setting records for runs scored and allowed that still stand for each club. New York OF Mike Tiernan scores 6 runs, still untopped in the majors, as he collects two triples, three singles and a walk.

In another scoring spree, Lowell (New England L) whips Haverhill, 41–7, in a match that goes just 7 innings.

16th  Before a riotous Baltimore club, Curt Welch of the Browns topples Orioles 2B Bill Greenwood to prevent a DP and is promptly arrested for assault by a policeman on duty at the park. He will be fined $4.50 by a local judge tomorrow. The two teams tie, 8-8.

17th  Batting first at Boston in the a.m. game, the Beaneaters set a NL-record with 10 runs in the 10th inning to beat New York, 19–9. Relief pitcher Mike Tiernan takes the beating. New York comes back in the afternoon game to win, 6-1.

18th Chicago beats Detroit, 18–6, to win the series, 2–1. John Clarkson pitches both victories for the Colts.

The last-place Indiana Hoosiers (NL) rise up and trounce the visiting Pittsburgh Pirates, 18-1. Leading the way is Jack McGeachey who hits a four-run homer, off Bill Bishop in the 9th inning.

19th  During this Sunday battle with the St. Louis Browns, last year’s AA champs, Cincinnati draws a crowd of 10,542, its biggest of the season. However, the Cincinnati Enquirer notes that 15,086 fans attended the game. Judging from the Reds’ official attendance figures from 1886 to 1888, the Enquirer overestimated game attendance by an average of 45 percent per game. The official attendance average during this period was 1,970—1,511 on weekdays and 4,075 on Sundays and major holidays. Whatever the crowd, they are disappointed today as St. Louis wins, 23-4.

21st  Tom “Toad” Ramsey of Louisville strikes out 17 Cleveland Babies, a singular achievement under this year’s 4-strike rule, to match a mark he set last year. The Colonels win in a rout 21–1, as Cleveland makes 11 errors and totals 5 hits (2 of these are walks).

23rd  Tip O’Neill goes just 1-for-4 (the “hit” being a “phantom,” as sportswriters are calling bases on balls) against Cleveland’s Bill Crowell, dropping his AA leading batting average to .516. St. Louis wins, 11-3.

24th King Kelly draws a crowd of 12,000 as the Beaneaters make their first appearance of the season in Chicago. He makes three hits and 2 errors as Chicago wins, 15–13.

27th  Highly touted California hurler George Van Haltren makes his ML debut with Chicago and ties the month-old ML record by walking 16 batters while losing to Boston 17–11. Van Haltren will later star as an outfielder for the Giants.

With Detroit leading New York by a 6-0 score in the 3rd inning, New York captain John Montgomery Ward refuses to continue when George Gore becomes sick. Detroit argues that no injury has occurred and the umpire backs them up, forfeiting the game to Detroit. The National League will toss out the forfeit at its mid-August meeting. (noted by Frank Vaccaro).

28th Charlie Ferguson, on his way to his 4th 20-game season in 4 years, picks up an easy win as Philadelphia pounds Indiana, 24–0. Rookie Hank Morrison is the loser. The Phillies tally 18 singles, 3 doubles and another 11 walks, which are counted as hits this year.

30th Athletics manager Frank Bancroft is given a 3-day vacation to be with his ailing son. Before the month is over, however, he will be officially fired. Captain Harry Stovey is in charge of the team on the field and no new manager will be hired.

Cleveland (AA) finishes off a 13-4 win over Cincinnati with a 9th inning bases-loaded triple play. (courtesy SABR Triple Play database).

Toad Ramsey just misses tying his mark of 9 days ago, this time striking out 16 St. Louis Browns batters in an 11-4 win for Louisville. Nat Hudson is the loser. With 4 strikes needed to fan a batter, Yank Robinson goes down three times.


1st  The Phillies and Wolverines set an all-time record by scoring in 15 of the 18 half-innings played. Detroit prevails, 17-13.

3rd The Browns forfeit a game in Louisville by refusing to resume play after a rain delay.

4th  Dave Fouts of the Browns has a banner day at the plate, driving in 9 runs with 2 HRs and 5 hits in the afternoon game of a doubleheader against the visiting Mets after having hit a HR in the morning game. St. Louis wins both 15–2 and 20–3.

5th Although Fred Dunlap suffers a serious leg injury that will keep him sidelined for 2 months, Detroit beats Boston, 16-8, to push the Beaneaters into 3rd place.

6th  Alex McKinnon leaves the Alleghenies suffering from symptoms of typhoid fever. He has been having his best season, batting .365 (.340 not counting walks), but will die of the disease within 2 weeks.

7th Denny “Reddy” Mack of Louisville (AA) is called out at home for interference after apparently scoring the tying run in the 9th inning. He stays at home plate to prevent Brooklyn C Bob Clark from making a play, and umpire Wesley Curry calls him out for interference, despite the fact that no rule exists. The Colonels lose, 4–3.

10th  Enforcing a new law barring business on Sundays, St. Louis police stop today’s game and arrest owner Chris Von der Ahe. Within a week, however, a judge will rule baseball exempt from the law.

In Cincinnati, the Reds (AA) outkick New York, 21-7. The Reds score 8 runs in the 2nd inning.

11th  Horace Fogel takes charge of the Indianapolis team as manager. Like Ollie Caylor of the Mets, Fogel is a sportswriter by trade.

12th Veteran Cincinnati OF Charley Jones is sold to the Mets. He has been hurt by the new strike-zone rule, since he can no longer call for high pitches only.

14th  In Newark for an exhibition game against the International League Little Giants, Cap Anson refuses to allow his NL champion Chicago White Stockings to play against Newark’s Fleet Walker and George Stovey, the black battery. Newark caves in to Anson’s demands, and uses Hughes and Cantz as the battery. The Little Giants win, 9–4. Four years earlier, when Walker was playing for Toledo, Anson demanded that the catcher not appear in a game against Chicago or he’d pull his team. That time, it was Anson who backed down, and Walker caught the game.

The Alleghenies agree to the Giants’ offer of $2,000 for slumping P Ed Morris. But the deal would fall through because of fan indignation in Pittsburgh.

The International League’s Board of Directors meets in Buffalo and declares that no new black players will be allowed in the league. Although not strictly enforced this season, this action spells the end of the IL as a haven for black ballplayers.

15th  John M. Ward quits as captain of the New York Giants, now a disappointing 4th. Buck Ewing succeeding him at the post. Ward, a Columbia Law School graduate, is busy organizing the new players’ Brotherhood.

18th  Paced by George Wood’s 2 HRs, the Phillies beat the Wolverines 12–2, as the league-leaders suffer their first 3-game sweep.

21st Detroit manager William Watkins fines his 3rd string battery of Briody and Weidman. Dissension is rife throughout the team, but Watkins does not have the guts to fine the more prominent malcontents.

22nd  Master Jack Chapman, age 14, 4 months and 2 days short of 15, pitches for Philadelphia against Cleveland in a 9–0 forfeited game. This is his only ML appearance. Chapman is the only player younger than 15-year-old Joe Nuxhall who will appear in the majors in 1944.

26th  Philadelphia (AA) catcher John Milligan has 3 assists in the 3rd inning of a 3-2 victory over Cincinnati. Milligan sets a ML record that won’t be tied until 1914, by Les Nunamaker.

For the fourth time this season, opposing pitchers hit homers as John Clarkson for Chicago and Pete Conway for Detroit both hit fourbaggers. Chicago wins, 8-1.

27th  Led by Ned Hanlon’s grand slam off Mark Baldwin, the Detroit Wolverines (42-25) top the White Stockings (40-27), 10-4.

29th  Washington downs Indianapolis, 23–6 in a game called after 7 innings by mutual agreement because of the heat. After Frederick Fass is knocked out of the game with two outs in the first inning, outfielder Jack McGeachy takes the mound for 6 1/3 innings. Indianapolis ties it in the 3rd but McGeachy allows 17 runs, 8 earned to make Washington’s win an easy one.

30th  On Staten Island, the Mets defeat the visiting Cincinnati (AA) squad, 6–4, in 10 innings. Long John Reilly has three doubles for the Mets. Kid Baldwin of the Reds is quoted in the New York Times about his teammate Pop Corkhill, “He is the greatest outfielder who ever lived. He has dropped just 2 balls in 4 years.”


1st Elmer Smith of Cincinnati stops the New York Mets, 11-1, and also leads the Reds in hitting by collecting 4 hits, including 3 doubles. Lynch takes the loss.

4th St. Louis P Silver King feels ill, so he switches positions with RF Dave Foutz. After one inning, however, King returns to the box and beats Cincinnati, 7–2.

6th  Charlie Buffinton of the Phillies allows one real hit and 2 “phantoms” (walks) in shutting out Indianapolis, 5–0.

7th NL Secretary Nick Young issues stats that put Dan Brouthers at the head of the batting list with a .455 average.

9th  Charles Buffinton pitches his 2nd straight one-hitter (not counting walks), beating Chicago, 17–4. “Buff” is making a successful comeback after being given up on by Boston last winter. The only hit is Fred Pfeffer’s home run.

At Baltimore, the New York Mets and Baltimore (AA) play a nine-inning, 10–10 tie, called on account of darkness. In the 8th inning Baltimore leftfielder Joe Sommer records three assists, all on throws to home plate on base hits. His first throw is muffed by catcher Lawrence Daniels, but his next two nip runners.

At Pittsburgh, the Alleghanys whip the Beaneaters, 23-3.

10th  Tip O’Neill gets his 10th consecutive hit (including one walk but not including one HBP) before being retired by Cleveland pitcher John Kirby. Against the Babies, Tip will finish the season with an astounding .652 average (60-for-92) including 10 walks, or .610 without walks.

12th  At the Mets’ grounds on Staten Island, Philadelphia Athletic batter Gus Weyhing hits an apparent triple that RF Bob Hogan kicks into the stage of the play “The Fall of Babylon.” Since the ground rules at the park call for a double on hits into the theatrical set, the umpire orders Weyhing back to 2B. After a futile argument, the Athletics leave the field and forfeit the game, 9–7.

13th The White Stockings beat the Wolverines, 8–2, with Clarkson pitching and hitting a HR. Detroit’s lead narrows to 1 1/2 games.

14th  St. Louis P Dave Foutz suffers a broken thumb when hit by a line drive. When he eventually returns to pitching, he will be ineffective. St. Louis tops Cleveland, 8-1.

15th  John Clarkson and Chicago beat Detroit again, 6–4 this time. Since the NL has just thrown out a protested game previously awarded to the Wolverines, this leaves Chicago and Detroit tied for first place.

16th  Detroit bounces back and beats Clarkson and Chicago 5–3 with a 5-run 4th-inning rally to regain sole possession of first place.

17th  Managing from the press table costs Ollie Caylor and the Mets a game. With a Baltimore runner on 3B in the bottom of the 10th inning, manager Caylor yells last-second instructions to C Bill Holbert. Just as Holbert turns around to look at the press stand, P Al Mays begins his delivery. When Mays sees Holbert turned away, however, he stops, committing a balk that sends the winning run across the plate for the Orioles.

Boston and Washington play a regular game in Worcester, MA, hometown of Senator manager John Gaffney. Boston wins, 6–5.

18th Chicago C Tom Daly misses a 4th strike and drops a throw, costing his club a run each time and allowing Pittsburgh to win, 2–1.

19th After missing 3 weeks with malarial fever, Bob Caruthers returns to the Browns’ lineup with a 6-for-6 day (including 2 phantoms), as St. Louis thrashes Philadelphia, 22–8. St. Louis (70-24) boosts its lead over 2nd place Louisville to 17 games. The confident Browns allow the baseball editor of the Globe-Democrat to pitch and as his paper reports, “. . . Joe Murphy, the local amateur, baseball editor of the Globe-Democrat, pitched an excellent game, and after the second inning, received superb support. . . . “ Murphy had played 10 major league games before, all in 1886 (as noted by Steve Boren).

Roger Connor hits a 7th inning grand slam, off Charles Buffinton, to pace New York (NL) to an 8-6 win over Philadelphia.

Paul Hines hits a grand slam for Washington in the 9th inning, off Kid Madden, but it is not enough as the Senators fall, 8-6, to Boston.

20th Vet pitcher Jim Whitney pitches the Senators to 2 wins in Boston, the town where he achieved his greatest glory. Bill Stemmeyer picks up both losses for Boston, 3–1 and 4–3.

23rd Ned Williamson hits a HR over the distant CF fence in Boston’s South Ends Grounds, only the 2nd ball ever hit over that area in the park’s 17-year history. But the game and HR are washed out by rain.

25th In Philadelphia’s 8-6 win over host Cleveland, outfielder J.C. Carroll wears sunglasses. The Cleveland Plain Dealer notes that he wore “colored spectacles. ” The reporter writes that that Carroll is thinking of adopting them permanently and that the idea is a good one.

26th Although they make only 4 legitimate hits, the White Stockings take advantage of 10 Giant errors to beat New York, 5–2.

27th  Mike Kelly and Ezra Sutton score 6 runs each, a ML record for 2 teammates, as the Beaneaters trounce the Alleghenies 28–14. The score is the biggest ever yielded by a Pittsburgh ML team.

29th  Denny Lyons of the Athletics is held hitless for the first time since May 23rd, ending a 52-game hitting streak. In 2 of those games—July 22 and August 19, however, Lyons’s only hits were actually bases on balls, which are counted as hits this year. As noted by historian Bill Deane, Joe DiMaggio’s streak of 56 games in 1941 would actually be 74 under the rules of 1887.

30th  Blondie Purcell succeeds Tom Burns as the Baltimore Orioles’ captain. The high-strung Burns overstepped his bounds yesterday when he threw a ball at the opposing pitcher after grounding out in the 9th inning.

31st  The Mets use 5 pitchers while being bombed by Louisville (AA), 25-11, becoming the first team ever to use that many pitchers in one game. For Louisville, the victory is the 6th in a row, during which time the Colonels scored 92 runs. Pete Browning made 23 hits and stole 12 bases during the streak. Louisville beat New York yesterday, 23–5.


1st  Following a 3-game sweep at the hands of the Detroits, Boston removes King Kelly as captain and gives the job back to manager-1B John Morrill. It works as they beat the visiting Indianapolis squad, 9-3.

3rd  The Browns win a doubleheader on Staten Island to run their latest winning streak to 12 games and extend their lead in the AA race to 191⁄2 games. New York falls, 20–8 and 7–4.

4th The Mets and Browns try and stage a Sunday game at Monitor Park in Weehawken, NJ. But the field is in bad shape and the crowd is much too large for the facilities, so only an exhibition game is played. St. Louis CF Curt Welch is knocked out of action for a week when he is hit in the head with a bat that slips out of the hands of teammate Tip O’Neill.

5th  Chicago wins the opening game of their final series against league-leading Detroit 11–7. John Clarkson picks up his 9th victory over the Wolverines, the most ever by a pitcher over a pennant-winning team.

In New York, the Browns (AA) lose to the Metropolitans, 6-5. St. Louis star Tip O’Neill connects for an extra base hit in his 12th straight game: 14 doubles, 3 triples, 2 homers. According to historian Trent McCotter, this includes 12 straight games where he scored a run, had an RBI, and had an extra base hit. Bobby Abreau, in 2005, will do the same in 10 straight games. O’Neill consecutive extra-base hit skein will be topped in 1927 by Paul Waner (14 games).

7th  Detroit gets sweet revenge against Clarkson and the White Stockings, beating them twice, 8–2 and 8–4, while amassing 34 hits. The defeat pushes the 2nd-place Chicagos 7 games behind.

Billy Otterson hits a 4th inning grand slam, off Mike Morrison, as Brooklyn spanks Cleveland, 16-3 (as noted by David Vincent).

11th  The Mets successfully stage a Sunday “home” game in Weehawken, NJ, losing to the Colonels 10–6.

The St. Louis Browns players refuse to play an exhibition game versus the all-black Cuban Giants team, stating in a letter to the owner that “we will cheerfully play against white people at any time and think that by refusing to play [blacks] we are only doing what is right.” Arlie Latham is singled out as the leader of the recalcitrant players and is fined.

13th  Jimmy Ryan goes 6-for-6 for Chicago with a single, double, HR, and 3 walks. He also pitches the final 5 innings in relief of Lady Baldwin to get the win. The White Stockings rally to beat the Phillies, 16–13, overcoming 13 errors committed.

14th  Chicago whips the visiting Phillies, 17–12, for their 3rd win in a row over the Philadelphians. The Phils will not lose for the rest of the season. Adrian “Cap” Anson is 3-for-5, giving him 17 hits in the last 5 games. His hot streak will win him the NL batting title with an official .421 average (without walks, which are counted as hits, Sam Thompson would have won the title with a .372 mark).

15th For the 2nd day in a row, the Reds play a morning game in Staten Island, NY, against the Mets and an afternoon game in Brooklyn. The Mets play Cleveland in the p.m. game, losing both games. The Reds Tony Mullane pitches his 5th shutout of the year, winning 4–0, against the Mets to tie the ML season record of a pitcher against one team (Lady Baldwin, 1886). The Reds (AA) beat Brooklyn, 11–1, in the p.m. game.

18th Doc Bushong catches for the Browns for the first time since suffering a broken finger on July 1. But he’ll never regain the form that made him the best defensive catcher in the AA. The Browns win, 6-4 over visiting Cleveland.

22nd  Elmer Smith of Cincinnati shuts out St. Louis 6–0. The Browns will be blanked in only 2 regular season games, both times by Smith.

28th  Abner Dalrymple hits 2 dramatic HRs in front of his old fans in Chicago, one to tie the game for Pittsburgh in the 8th inning and one to win it 3–2 in the 10th. These are Dalrymple’s only HRs of the season.

30th  Connie Mack singles, steals 2B, and scores on John Irwin’s first NL hit to give Washington a 1–0 victory over New York. Jim Whitney and Tim O’Keefe each strike out 10.


1st  Matt Kilroy pitches and wins both games of a doubleheader to close the home season at Oriole Park. This duplicates a feat of July 26th. The fastballer finishes the season with a 46-20 record, the ML-season record for a lefthander.

5th  Washington’s Pat Dealy hits his only homer of the year, a grand slam, to beat his old team, Boston, 12-9. It comes in the 5th inning against Kid Madden.

7th  In an attempt to play off a tie, the Giants and Phils end in another tie at 5-5. The Phils score in the top of the 10th but the game is called on account of darkness.

8th  The Metropolitan franchise and player contracts are sold to AA rival Brooklyn for $15,000. Purchaser Charles Byrne has the Mets play today’s game in Brooklyn’s Washington Park, where the hapless Indians lose to the Orioles 10–0.

The Phillies finish the NL season with a 6–3 win over New York before 4500 at the Polo Grounds. The late spurt jumps them to 2nd place behind Detroit. The winner is Charlie Ferguson (22-10), who finishes his 4th 20-game season in a row. He has won 8 in a row to end the season. Ferguson, who also plays 2B, when not pitching, hits a team-high 337, and drives in 85 runs in just 264 at-bats. His teammate James Fogerty ends with league-high 82 walks and 102 stolen bases in just 126 games.

Tip O’Neill hits his 14th homer of the season as part of a 5-for-5 day in the Browns’ 11–5 win over Louisville. O’Neill is the only player in ML history to lead his AA league in all 3 categories of extra base hits: homers (14), triples (19), and doubles (52). Even without counting walks, his .435 adjusted average is 2nd on the all-time list.

Washington announces that Walter Harris will manage the team next year. Harris is a surprise pick.

9th  With a 6-2 win over Cleveland, the St. Louis Browns end their AA season with a 95-40 record, besting their 1886 record by 2 wins. This will not be topped until the adoption of the 154-game schedule.

Louisville batting and pitching star Guy Hecker sets a fielding record while playing 1B. He is the first player at the position to play a 9-inning game with no fielding chances. Cincinnati (AA) tops Louisville, 2–0.

10th  The best-of-15 game World Series opens in St. Louis with the Browns (AA) facing the Detroit Wolverines. The two teams agree to play all 15 games in 10 different cities with the champion being the first team to win 8 games. The teams will play three games in St. Louis, two in Detroit, two in Brooklyn, two in Philadelphia and one each in Pittsburgh, New York, Boston, Baltimore and Chicago. The Browns take the opener, 6–1, as P Bob Caruthers holds the Wolverines to 5 hits and has 3 safe hits himself.

11th Fumbling by the Browns gives the Wolverines 5 unearned runs and a 5–3 win in game 2.

12th  Game 3 is the most dramatic of the series, Detroit winning at home 2–1 in 13 innings. St. Louis squanders 13 hits against Charlie Getzien, while Caruthers limits Detroit to 6 real hits.

13th  The best-of-15 WS begins its tour of the other cities with a game in Pittsburgh, Detroit winning 8–0 behind the 2-hit pitching of Lady Baldwin.

15th After the Browns won yesterday in Brooklyn, 5–2, Detroit bounces back in New York today with a 9–0 win. Charlie Getzien takes a no-hitter (not counting walks) into the 9th inning but settles for a 3-hit game. Charlie Ganzel, playing 1B in place of the injured Dan Brouthers, leads with 4 hits. Brouthers is out for the series with a sprained ankle.
18th Boston’s Dartmouth Street Grounds ballpark, last used by the Union Association Reds of 1884, is the neutral site of a World Series game between Detroit and St. Louis. This is the last game in the park (as noted by historian John Thorn), which will be demolished. Sam Thompson does a bit of demolishing today, hitting two homers as the Wolverines win, 9-2, over the Browns.

19th  Detroit runs its lead in the WS to 7 games to 2 with a 4–2 victory at the Athletics’ Park. This follows a 3–1 win at the Phillies’ Park on the 17th and a 9–2 rout yesterday in Boston.

21st  Detroit clinches the World Championship with its 8th victory in game 11 this afternoon in Baltimore 13–3. With a rainout yesterday, this morning’s rescheduled game in Washington sees the Browns pull off a triple play in the 3rd and win, 11–4, to delay elimination. In the bottom of the sixth, Arlie Latham hits a solo inside-the-park homer to make it 6-3. The homer is scored as a triple and error by pitcher Charlie Getzien who botches the throw at home as Latham slides in. It is then changed to a four bagger.

26th  The World Series winds up with a game back at Sportsman’s Park in St. Louis. St. Louis wins the final game but loses the series, 10 games to 5. Sam Thompson leads all hitters in the series with a .362 average.

27th  The Brotherhood of Professional Base Ball Players holds a meeting and club representatives pledge not to sign standard contracts until negotiations are held concerning the wording of those documents.

29th  Ned Williamson and Silver Flint sign with Chicago for 1888 despite the Brotherhood pledge.


2nd  The Athletics are sold to a syndicate headed by Henry C. Pennypacker. The 3 long time partners, Sharsig, Simmons, and Mason, still hold a sizable block of stock.

3rd  The directors of the Omaha club agree to pay $3,000 per month to manager Frank Selee to bring his team from Oshkosh, where they won the Northwestern League pennant in 1887. Two top stars, outfielders Tommy McCarthy and Dummy Hoy, will spend 1888 in the ML, however, and Selee’s Omaha team will finish 4th in the WA race.

4th Washington sells veteran Paul Hines to Indianapolis for $5,000.

14th  Cleveland announces a new uniform design featuring dark blue stripes and piping. The new suit will inspire the nickname “Spider” because of the web-like pattern.

16th  The Joint Rules Committee does away with the 4-strike rule and with the scoring of walks as hits. Five balls for a walk remains the rule.

17th  The NL meets and officially recognizes the Brotherhood by meeting with a committee of 3 players, John Ward, Ned Hanlon, and Dan Brouthers.

18th  The NL adopts a new contract that spells out reserve provisions for the first time. The NL refuses to accept the players’ demand that the salary be written out on all contracts, however.

21st  The St. Louis Browns announce a trade with the Athletics that ships Bill Gleason and Curt Welch to Philadelphia for Fred Mann, Chippy McGarr, and Jocko Milligan, plus $3,000. This is multi-player trade in history and the first of a number of trades or sales, mostly to Brooklyn.


2nd  The International League disbands. Syracuse, Toronto, Hamilton, and Buffalo split off to form the International Association, while Newark, Jersey City, Wilkes-Barre, and Scranton become the nucleus of the Central League.

7th  The Arbitration Committee meets and grants reserve rights to minor league clubs for the first time. In the most prominent contract dispute, prospect Bug Hilliday signs with minor league Des Moines, despite the claims by ML St. Louis.

8th  In a controversial move the AA doubles its basic admission price to 50 cents. In late August 1888, the league, suffering from decreases in attendance and revenues, reinstitutes the old admission fee.

12th  A baseball reporters association is organized. It pledges to work to standardize scoring practices, especially in the gray area of stolen bases.

13th  Von der Ahe completes his biggest deal selling Bob Caruthers to Brooklyn for $8,250. The deal was delayed by Caruthers’s negotiations with Brooklyn, but he finally agrees to $5,000 for 1888.

15th The Texas League is organized at a meeting in Austin, thanks largely to the efforts of John J. McCloskey.

  • 1888


2nd  Fred Dunlap finally signs with Pittsburgh following the sale of his contract by Detroit. He agrees to a $5,000 salary and a $2,000 bonus, making him the highest-paid player to date.

15th The Texas League is organized when the following six cities are awarded franchises: Austin, Dallas, Fort Worth, Galveston, Houston, and San Antonio.

In San Francisco, George Van Haltran, pitching for the Giants, tosses a no-hitter against the St. Louis Browns in an exhibition game. The only solidly hit ball is a Tip O’Neill line drive caught by 1B Buck Ewing.

17th  Kansas City is admitted to the American Association to replace the Mets. Even though the Mets were bought out by Brooklyn, their franchise is only considered suspended until suitable playing facilities in Manhattan can be found.

23rd  Harry Spence is hired to manage the Indianapolis (NL) team.

27th  Brooklyn keeps 5 of the recently purchased Mets players and sells the rest of the squad and 4 Brooklyn players to Kansas City for $7,000.

28th In Chicago’s Lincoln Park, 350 fans brave the weather to watch a baseball game on ice at Lincoln Park. Fred Pfeffer, the only player who lives off-season in Chicago, plays wearing a top hat. After 2 hours and 5 innings of play, the game is called. The Spaldings defeat the North-Siders, 7–6.


2nd  Indianapolis announces that the roof of its new grandstand will hold 42 private boxes, to be sold to season subscribers only.

23rd James “Pud” Galvin signs with Pittsburgh for $3,000, including $1,000 in advance. The club offered him $3,500 with no advance money, but Galvin needs the $1,000 to tide him over the winter.

29th In a spring training game in New Orleans, Cincinnati C Kid Baldwin slugs the umpire during an argument and narrowly escapes arrest.


1st  The Washington NL club leaves on its southern tour a day earlier than scheduled, due to a superstition against starting a trip on a Friday.

2nd  The NL meets in New York and abolishes all discounts from the 50-cent minimum admission price. Despite the demands of the Brotherhood and the fact that the rule is practically a dead letter, the NL refuses to drop its $2,000 salary limit rule. The schedule committee recommends that the season go to 140 games from the current 126.

5th The AA meets in Brooklyn and votes to make use of turnstiles mandatory at all entrances to its parks.

20th  Albert Spalding announces a baseball tour to Australia next winter with his Chicago team and a squad of NL all-stars.

22nd Deacon White signs with Detroit after a prolonged battle with manager William Watkins, under whom White had said he’d never play.

25th  The St. Louis Browns open the training season with an exhibition game versus the St. Louis Whites, a new Western Association team. The WA will have clubs in 4 cities that also have NL clubs.


1st  The Texas League plays its first game, Houston winning at home 3–1 over Galveston before 3,000 fans.

2nd  The Browns beat Detroit 5–3 in New Orleans in the first game of a World Series rematch from last fall. The games are advertised locally as a “World Championship Series.”

3rd  Chicago sells pitching star John Clarkson to Boston for $10,000. He has said he doesn’t ant to play for Chicago but would rather play near his Boston home. With last year’s deal for catcher King Kelly, the Beaneaters have acquired a “$20,000 Battery” from the White Stockings.

7th The Washington Evening Star writes about Dummy Hoy, “When he bats a man stands in the Captain’s box near third base and signals to him decisions of the umpire on balls and strikes by raising his fingers.” Many years later, Hoy comments in The Silent Worker of April 1952, that “the coacher at third kept me posted by lifting his right hand for strikes and his left for balls. This gave later day umpires an idea and they now raise their right … to emphasize an indisputable strike.” (as noted by Bob Schaefer)

9th Matt Kilroy signs with Baltimore in the morning and then hustles back to Philadelphia to marry Fanny Denny in the evening. The honeymoon will be spent training with the Orioles.

10th Denny Mack dies after a fall down a stairs. Mack started with the Rockford team in 1871 and played for many NL teams, For the past 2 seasons he managed Wilkes-Barre.

13th Pittsburgh shuts out Boston twice, winning 4-0 and 6-0. Harry Staley and Pud Galvin apply the whitewash.

14th The Kansas City Cowboys (AA) beat the KC Blues (WA), 6–5, in 10 innings to clinch the best of 3 series and the local bragging rights. The 2 clubs will compete fiercely for support during the season.

16th  As reported in tomorrow’s edition of the Washington Post, Jacob Murphy; the temperance apostle, held a meeting at the Louisville baseball park this morning. Every member of the Louisville Club signed the pledge. Pete Browning was the first to put on the blue ribbon and was followed by Tommy Ramsey. The Louisvilles will now be known as the Blue Ribbon Club. (as noted by Clifford Otto).

18th  At Opening Day in the AA, umpire John Gaffney makes news by standing behind the pitcher with men on base, an innovation that will soon be adopted by all single umpires.

20th Opening Day in the NL. The inauguration of the new grandstand in Indianapolis is overshadowed by fights on the field involving Paul Hines and Dude Esterbrook of the Hoosiers and Dell Darling and Marty Sullivan of the Chicago Colts. Chicago wins, 5–4, with Terry Larkin beating Only Nolan.

23rd  The Athletics pile up 28 runs on 23 hits, 5 walks, and 13 Cleveland errors in making the largest score of the season.

The St. Louis Browns Tommy McCarthy performs a 1st in ML history when he reaches 1B on single, steals 2B and 3B. Then with 2 out and with 2 strikes on batter Silver King, he swipes home to win the game, 3–2.

27th  Detroit manager Bill Watkins fines captain Ned Hanlon $10 and suspends P Lady Baldwin without pay after Baldwin and the Wolverines are routed in Indianapolis 16–7, dropping the Wolverines’ record to 1-5.

28th The champion Wolverines rebound by beating the Hoosiers, 1–0, on Charlie Getzien’s 4-hitter and Sam Thompson’s HR.

29th  Phillie star Charlie Ferguson, 25, a 20-game winner in each of his first four seasons, dies of typhoid pneumonia at the home of Arthur Irwin. As a general ballplayer he had few equals.

30th Boston runs its record to 9-0 as Clarkson wins his 5th game. Batterymate Kelly scores 3 times including the game winner in the 10th of the 4–3 win.


1st  After holding out for a $4,000 salary, Tim Keefe wins his 1888 debut for the Giants, beating Boston 6–1.

3rd  In New York, George Gore goes to LF to start the game, but box-seat holders scream for Mike Slattery, and captain Buck Ewing makes the change before the game starts. It turns out wrong as the Gothams lose to Boston, 6–2.

Light-hitting George Shoch hits a grand slam in the 5th inning, off Kid Gleason, to provide the margin of victory as Washington edges host Philadelphia, 9-8.

5th  Gid Gardner plays for the Phillies after being traded from Washington for Cupid Childs. But when Childs refuses to play for the Senators, the trade and today’s game are nullified. Childs will end up in Kalamazoo for his recalcitrance.

6th  Long John Reilly hits 2 HRs, giving him 4 in Cincinnati’s 4-game series versus Kansas City. Reilly will finish the season with an AA-leading 13 HRs.

9th  Playing in the close quarters of Indianapolis’s Athletic Park, Roger Connor hits 3 HRs and the Giants total 7 (Gore, Keefe, H. Richardson, and Tiernan) to tie the existing records. Connecting for Indianapolis is Roger Denny: When Detroit belted 7 homers against St. Louis in 1886, Denny also homered for the losers. The Giants win, 18–4.

With an 18–6 lead after 7 innings, Louisville righthander Elton “Ice Box” Chamberlin (AKA Chamberlain) pitches the final 2 innings lefthanded, holding Kansas City scoreless. Chamberlin will reprise his righty-lefty pitching in a game on October 1, 1891 (as noted by Cliff Blau).

12th St. Louis RF Tommy McCarthy shows his savvy by sneaking behind a runner who had just singled and picking him off 1B on a throw from 2B. The Browns beat the Cowboys, 4–3.

15th The Athletics whip visiting Baltimore, 12-3, as Harry Stovey hits for the cycle (as noted in Total Baseball).

18th George Borchers pitches a 5-inning shutout in his ML debut, winning for Chicago, 13–0, over Boston, to up the Colts lead to 3 games.

19th  During Chicago’s 6–4 win over the Phillies, 2B Fred Pfeffer goes from 1B to 2B on a fly to LF. According to the Chicago Tribune, “Pfeffer has introduced a new slide. He throws his body away from the base-line and reaches one foot for the bag.” After a catch, George Wood, Phils LF, makes a perfect throw to Arthur Irwin, who is surprised to find Pfeffer’s foot on the bag.

Senator owner Robert C. Hewitt recalls acting manager Burkett to Washington after the team loses its 7th straight on the road. Jim Whitney and the owner’s son are left in charge.

20th The Athletics try and stage a Sunday game across the river in Gloucester, NJ, but the inadequate stands and field are overrun by a mob of spectators, and the game is called off.

22nd  Future Hall of Fame slugger Ed Delahanty makes his ML debut with the Phillies, going hitless and making 2 errors at 2B. His contract had been purchased from Wheeling in the Tri-State League for $2,000.

25th  Boston opens its new Grand Pavilion, an elaborate double-decked structure. Though the Pavilion seats 2,800, 12,000 see the Beaneaters lose their home opener to the Phillies 4–1.

26th With flawless fielding and 3 hits, Hardie Richardson of Detroit stars in a 9–8 win over Chicago. His last hit is a game-winning HR in the 9th.

27th  Bill “Adonis” Terry hurls his 2nd career no-hitter, beating Kansas City 4–0. Three men walk and 2 more reach on errors. Terry no-hit St. Louis on July 24, 1886.

30th  The Brooklyn Bridegrooms, so called because many players married over the winter, move into first place by winning 2 games from previous leader Cincinnati. The visiting Reds lose 4–3 and 10–6.


1st In a dandy matchup in the American Association, two unbeaten young pitchers face each other in Brooklyn. Both Leon Viau of Cleveland and Mickey Hughes of Brooklyn are unbeaten since the start of the season, but Hughes wins the duel today, 3–1. It won’t last long: Hughes will lose his next game on June 3, 6–4 to St. Louis.

2nd Kansas City caps a comeback from a 12–3 deficit by scoring 7 runs in the bottom of the 9th to beat Cleveland, 16–15. The victory lifts the Cowboys into 7th place ahead of the Louisville Colonels.

3rd The poem “Casey at the Bat” by Ernest Thayer is published in the San Francisco Examiner. Not until August 15, when actor Dewitt Hopper recites the poem with the New York Giants and Chicago White Stockings in the audience, will it become popular. When Hopper dies in 1935, it is estimated he recited the poem 10,000 times.

5th Jimmy Ryan makes a rare start for Chicago and edges Philadelphia, 3–2, thanks in part to 4 errors by the Phils’ Ed Delahanty. The Philadelphia Bulletin (as noted by Dixie Torangeau) reports that Delahanty makes 5 errors and gets hurt late in the game and is replaced by Bastian.

6th  Henry Porter of the Kansas City Cowboys (AA) pitches a no-hitter against Baltimore, walking one and winning 4–0.

Cleveland and Louisville (AA) combine for 50 hits as Cleveland outscores the Colonels 23–19. Louisville pitcher Guy Hecker neglects his pitching but not his hitting as he goes 5-for-6, including 3 doubles, and scores 3 times. It is the second time he has had 5 hits in a game.

7th Clarence Duval, a juvenile black actor appearing in the production “Starlight” has been adopted by the White Stockings as a mascot and will travel with the team.

8th  New Louisville owner Mordecai Davidson accepts manager John Kelly’s resignation and announces he will manage the club himself.

In the longest game in the NL this year, Detroit beats John Clarkson and Boston 11–5 in 16 innings.

In New York, the Chicago team makes quite a show when, before the game, they emerge from their carriages, form a line, and march onto the field in their swallow-coats, led by their young mascot twirling a baton. The Giants are not impressed and trounce Van Haltren, 19–2.

9th  In New York, the Giants make fun of yesterday’s Chicago entrance by marching onto the Polo Grounds wearing white plug hats and swallow-tail linen dusters. Jack Lynch, the old Mets pitcher, walks in the lead with a bat as a baton. Thirteen thousand fans are delighted. Chicago scores 4 times in the 1st and finishes with an 8–3 win.

The resurgent Wolverines hold off the Beaneaters 10–9 to post their 7th consecutive victory and move to within 2 games of first place.

Henry Porter follows up his no-hitter with a 12–4 loss to Louisville. He gives up 17 hits.

10th  The Athletics play their first official Sunday home game at Gloucester, NJ, or so they think. The AA secretary will later rule the game illegally rescheduled and throw it out of official records.

12th  OF Jimmy Ryan, who homered in the first inning, is brought in to pitch with the bases loaded in the 2nd inning. He shuts out the Giants as the Colts rally to win 4–2 to up their NL lead to 4 games.

13th  The last-place Senators finally get a legitimate manager when veteran Ted Sullivan arrives.

14th  St. Louis (AA) hurlers Nat Hudson and Tom McCarthy provide the offense as both pitchers hit homers off Toad Ramsey in a 13-7 win over Louisville.

Reds pitching star Tony Mullane suffers a broken nose when hit by a drive in Kansas City. The injury will keep him out of action for 10 days, but his famous good looks will not be permanently damaged.

15th Jim McTamany of Kansas City (AA) collects 6 hits—5 singles and a home run—off Elmer Smith and John Corkhill of Cincinnati.

16th The NY Giants trade Elmer Cleveland to Detroit for holdout 3B Art Whitney.

18th  Two AA umpires work the Cleveland-Athletic game, a 3–2 Philadelphia win. The 2-umpire system had worked well in last fall’s WS, but this is believed to be a regular-season first.

19th A 2-out, 9th inning collision between Washington fielders Walt Wilmot and George Shoch allows Philadelphia to score the winning run. It gives manager Sullivan his first loss after 4 wins.

20th  Future Hall of Famer 1B Jake Beckley makes his ML debut with Pittsburgh, with a double, triple, and stolen base. Beckley started the season with the St. Louis Whites.

21st  George Van Haltren pitches a 6-inning no-hitter beating Pittsburgh for Chicago 1–0. He also pitches a hitless 7th, but since the Colts cannot complete their half before the rain, the official score reverts to 6 innings.

22nd  In Chicago, the Colts overcome a 6–1 deficit by scoring 11 runs in the 6th inning to beat Pittsburgh 12–6. Fred Pfeffer drives home 4 runs in the 6th with a single and an inside-the-park homer.

Bierbauer of the Athletics establishes the record for second basemen by making 12 putouts in a 9-inning game. This record will not be tied until August 30th, 1966. Oddly, Bierbauer has no assists and 2 errors in today’s game, a 6–5 win over Baltimore.

25th   Jumbo Davis of Kansas City makes 5 errors at 3B as the Cowboys fall to the Browns 10–3. He will finish the season with 91 miscues at third base, the 2nd highest total in history behind the 107 that Bill Joyce will commit in 1890. Jumbo will add another 9 at shortstop, for an even 100 errors.

26th Hercules Bennett strikes out in all 4 of his official at bats in his debut with Louisville. Although he walks, steals a base, and cores a run to help the Colonels beat the Bridegrooms, he will not play another ML game until 1895.

29th The Beaneaters release vets Ezra Sutton and Jack Burdock. Both players have been in the NL since its start in 1876 and had been with Boston for a decade.

30th  With permission from the NL, the Phillies reduce admission to 25 cents. Twelve thousand fans turn out to see a one-hit 7–0 victory over Boston by Charlie Buffinton. After averaging 1,123 admissions at the 50-cent rate, attendance will now jump to an average of 4,010.


1st With the release of Dave Rowe, Sam Barkley takes the reins as captain-manager of the KC Cowboys (14-36).

2nd During a morning practice game at Recreational Park, Pittsburgh’s captain Fred Dunlap is struck by a hard hit ball and his right jaw is broken. He will be out of action for several weeks.

4th With the Reds trailing 2–0 in the 4th inning of an a.m. game against Brooklyn, John Reilly, Kid Baldwin and Jimmy Peoples delay the game with various stunts. They’ll get fined $25 apiece for their high jinx. They do succeed in holding the game up until the anticipated rain comes in the 5th to wash out the potential defeat. The weather improves in the afternoon and the Reds beat the Grooms, 9–3.

At Chicago, 20,000 fans watch the 2 games with Philadelphia, splitting 10–8 before losing 6–5. President Spalding has 2 ticket speculators arrested outside the grounds of the morning game and had them locked up for violating a law prohibiting the selling of tickets on the street.

Will Hutchison, a college star who has spurned numerous pro offers since leaving Yale in 1881, finally signs, inking a contract with Des Moines (Western Association). He will pitch his team to a pennant this year and later star with Chicago (NL).

5th  The AA meets in St. Louis and refuses to allow its clubs to reduce admission prices from 50 cents to 25 cents. It also adopts a system of double substitute umpires in case the assigned umpire fails to show up for a game, one substitute player from each club sharing the duties.

6th  The Brooklyn AA team, led by former Browns Bob Caruthers, Dave Foutz, and Doc Bushong, makes its first appearance of the series in St. Louis and is feted with a parade to the ballpark. The 3 pace the Bridegrooms to a 6–2 victory over the Browns to take over first place.

7th  The Southern League collapses under financial strain. The New Orleans club will join a truncated Texas League later this month.

Dave Foutz, ex-Brown, drives in the tying and winning runs with 2 outs in the 9th for the Brooklyn Bridegrooms to beat the Browns, 4–3. Foutz is popular in St. Louis and is carried off the field by the Mound City fans.

Kansas City (AA) finishes a 13-9 win over the visiting Baltimore Orioles with a 9th inning triple play. (courtesy SABR Triple Play database).

9th  With slugger Sam Thompson already sidelined with a sore arm, Detroit suffers another crippling injury when Hardie Richardson, Fred Dunlap’s replacement, breaks his ankle and is lost for the season. Detroit beats Washington today, 3–2.

10th Brooklyn scores 3 runs in the bottom of the 9th and 1 in the 10th to beat St. Louis, 5–4, and sweep the 4-game series. Bob Caruthers drives in the winning run and wins his 3rd game of the series.

New York’s Tim Keefe notches his 19th straight victory in beating Pittsburgh, 3–1.

12th The first place Chicago White Stockings play host to last place Washington and provide too much hospitality, losing 22-9. Ed Daily’s second career grand slam in the 6th inning is the big blow for the winners.

Bill Hulbert plays in his last ML game, a 3-1 loss to Kansas City. The veteran Brooklyn catcher has 2335 at bats without a homer.

13th The Pittsburgh Alleghenies shut out Boston 4–0 and 6–0 for the first double header shut out in history.

Cleveland announces the signing of Tom Loftus to replace manager Jimmy Williams, who resigned 3 days ago.

14th  The AA’s substitute umpire system proves a failure after Brooklyn sub Adonis Terry tells his teammates that he heard KC manager Sam Barkley order sub Jim Donahue to call a Bridegroom runner out in the 9th inning of a 5–4 game. The Grooms walk off the field in protest, forfeiting the game, 9–0.

17th  Tommy McCarthy’s 6 stolen bases pace the St. Louis Browns to 15 steals and a 10–3 victory over Kansas City. McCarthy also goes 5-for-5 at the plate.

18th Detroit defeats Chicago, 5–0, and climbs over the Colts into 1st place. Pete Conway twirls a 5-hitter for the Wolverines.

19th Chicago regains 1st place by beating Detroit, 4–3. LF Mark Sullivan saves the game by throwing out Count Campau at home in the bottom of the 9th.

20th  St. Louis regains the AA lead by beating Kansas City 18–5. The Browns will stay in first place the rest of the season.

21st In a game in which the lead changes hands 6 times, the Spiders take the decisive lead with 10 runs in the 8th and beat the Orioles, 17–11.

22nd  The Cleveland club stages its first Sunday game at Beyerle’s Park at Geauga Lake, Ohio, 20 miles southeast of town and just across the county line. A total of 4 Sunday games will be played here this summer.

24th Detroit moves back again into 1st place with a twinbill sweep of Pittsburgh. Pitcher Ed Beatin, subbing in the OF today, is 6-or-8 for Detroit with a HR and 2 triples.

25th  Toad Ramsey misses the Colonels’ getaway train in order to avoid a warrant for his arrest at the railroad station. He is arrested later on the complaint of Louisville saloon owners who charge that Ramsey is overdue paying considerable bar tabs.

26th  Ed Seward of the Athletics pitches a 12–2 no-hitter against the Reds. Seward steals 2 bases and scores 3 times himself. Four Cincy players walk and 4 reach on errors.

27th After having caught 29 consecutive games, Giants backstop Buck Ewing sits out today to nurse a sore ankle. After official figures through July 17 show him leading the NL with 37 stolen, the Buck will stop because of leg and ankle injuries, and he’ll end the year with 53 steals, well behind rookie Dummy Hoy’s total of 82.

28th  Jimmy Ryan hits 2 triples, a single, double and a HR and pitches 7 innings in relief to lead Chicago to a 21–17 slugfest over Detroit, dropping Detroit into a first-place tie with the Giants. The Colts trail by 21⁄2 games. Ryan is the first player to cycle and pitch in the same game. He also takes a turn in the OF and, after hitting a leadoff single in the 1st off of “one of Lady Baldwin’s shoots” (noted in the Chicago Tribune by Dixie Torangeau) he steals 2B and 3B. The Tribune box score notes erroneously that Ryan has 4 hits for the game, but gives him 13 total bases.

Ed Seward follows up his no-hitter with a strong performance, but loses, 2–1, to the Reds in 10 innings. He gives up 7 hits.

Taking advantage of a record-tying 6 errors by Joseph Werrick, Cleveland (AA) defeats Louisville, 12-1.

In Austin, Texas a wild bull chases the Austin outfielders abruptly ending a game.

31st  Gus Weyhing pitches the Athletics’ 2nd no-hitter in 5 games, stopping Kansas City 4–0. He walks one and hits another, but both are thrown out trying to steal.

The New York Giants take over first place by beating Washington 6–1 while Detroit is losing to Indianapolis 7–5 in 11 innings. New York will retain the lead for the remainder of the season.


2nd  Claiming illness, Brooklyn captain Dave Orr misses the practice session. But later in the day he is spotted at Coney Island, and owner Charles Byrne removes him as captain.

3rd  Cowboy rookie Billy Hamilton, recently purchased from Worcester, steals his first base in the ML. Before returning to the minors in 1902, Sliding Billy will amass 937 stolen bases, a record till 1979.

5th  The Athletics hold a Sunday game at Gloucester, NJ, across the river from Philadelphia, beating the Cowboys 6–0, behind Ed Seward’s 4-hitter and Denny Lyon’s 2 homers. Gloucester will be the site of 30 AA games through the 1890 season.

7th  At a stormy session in Philadelphia, AA owners finally vote to allow 25-cent admission again but drop the percentage system of paying visitors and replace it with a $130-per-game guarantee.

At Cincinnati, John Reilly lines a 14th inning inside-the-park homer to give the Reds (AA) a 4-3 win over Baltimore.

9th Detroit loses its 9th in a row thanks to a mental error by vet Deacon White. With the potential winning run on 3B in the bottom of the 9th for the Phillies, White fields a ground ball and throws the runner out at 1B, while the winning run crosses the plate uncontested.

10th  Tim Keefe wins his 19th consecutive game to break Hoss Radbourn’s 1884 record. The Giants nip the Alleghenies 2–1 to win their 10th in a row and 18th in 19 games. They now lead by 7 1/2 games.

12th  St. Louis’s Charles “Silver” King posts his 30th win of the season, besting the Athletics with a 2–0 two-hitter. The game is marred by the collapse of an elevated walkway at Sportsman’s Park, but there are no serious injuries.

14th  Tim Keefe’s winning streak is stopped at 19 games when Gus Krock and the Colts beat the Giants 4–2 before a crowd of 10,240 at New York.

15th After convincing Louisville owner Mordecai Davids onto lift his suspension, Colonel lefty Toad Ramsey pitches his first game in 5 weeks. Toad is bombed for 13 runs in less than 2 innings.

17th  Washington rookie SS Shorty Fuller sets a ML record by making 4 errors in one inning, allowing Indianapolis to score 6 runs. Fuller is replaced, and the Senators tie the game 7–7 before new SS George Shoch’s 2 errors in the 8th open the way for 4 runs and an 11–7 loss.

20th  St. Louis nudges past Brooklyn 1–0 on brilliant baserunning by Arlie Latham. He opens the game with a single, steals 2B, and scores from 2B on an infield out. Silver King wins the pitchers’ duel from Mickey Hughes.

21st  After making 6 errors in the final 2 innings to blow a 2–0 lead, Detroit loses to Indianapolis 8–3 for its 16th consecutive loss.

22nd  Two one-hitters in the AA today, Jersey Bakely of Cleveland stopping Cincinnati 3–0 and Silver King of St. Louis beating Brooklyn 4–2. King’s bid for a no-hitter ends in the 9th inning when Browns outfielders Tip O’Neill and Harry Lyons allow an easy fly to drop between them.

Baltimore manager Barnie is fined $100 for calling umpire Doescher a “stinker.”

24th  Cap Anson goes 5-for-5, and Jimmy Ryan is 4-for-5 with a HR as the Colts rout the Wolverines 14–4. Anson’s .344 batting average and Ryan’s 16 HRs will be league-leading figures for the season.

25th  New York’s Tim Keefe wins his 30th game of the season, beating the Phillies 7–0. This is the 5th year in succession that Keefe has reached the 30-win mark. Mike Tiernan helps with the first of 2 cycles in his career.

27th Unpopular William Watkins finally resigns as Detroit’s manager and is replaced by Bob Leadley. The Wolverines celebrate by losing to Harry Boyle and the Hoosiers, 6–0.

Tom Brown’s grand slam in the 7th off Mickey Welch provides all the Beaneaters scoring as Boston beats first-place New York, 4–2.

29th  Australian-born Joe Quinn makes his debut with Boston a memorable one by hitting a game-winning HR in the bottom of the 9th to beat the Gotham’s ace Tim Keefe, 2–1.


1st  St. Louis slugger Tip O’Neill hits a HR over the fence in the 8th inning and lays down a game-winning bunt single in the 10th inning to beat Athletics ace Ed Seward, 3–2. O’Neill will win the AA batting title with a .335 average.

2nd The Browns (AA) strengthen their pitching by purchasing Elton Chamberlin (14-9) from Louisville for $4,000, giving St. Louis a reliable alternate to take some of the burden off Silver King. Chamberlin will lose his first outing, 3–1, to Brooklyn on the 4th but he’ll finish with an 11-2 mark with St. Louis.

3rd  Tim Keefe pitches his 8th shutout of the season, the high mark in the ML this year, but he fails to win when Ben Sanders and the Phillies battle the Giants to an 11-inning scoreless tie.

5th Pittsburgh OF Billy Sunday is married to Helen Thompson of Chicago. They then go to the Detroit-Chicago game, sitting with the bridal party in a box donated by president Spalding. Chicago wins, 10–4.

6th  Indianapolis tries its 2nd experimental night game (the first was August 22nd) but the natural-gas illumination is inadequate, and the idea is dropped.

7th In Boston’s 11-9 loss to Chicago, Dick Johnston leads off with a home run for the second game in a row to tie the NL mark. The loss pushes Boston 2 1/2 games behind 2nd place Chicago.

8th The Cleveland Spiders (AA) win their 9th in a row, having climbed from 7th to 5th place during the streak. The Spiders edge Cincinnati, 2-1.

9th Brooklyn hosts the first Sunday doubleheader (the second game is a makeup game) splitting a pair with Louisville, winning 5-1 before losing, 3-1.

12th  New York forfeits a game in Chicago when Buck Ewing is injured and cannot continue. With no uniformed substitutes available, the Giants simply leave the field in the 5th inning.

13th In order to break their run of hard luck, Buck Ewing of the Giants has his players wear one maroon stocking and one black stocking; a white jersey shirt and black knickerbockers (pants). Half the team wears white hats and the other black caps. The White Stockings are unimpressed and beat the visiting Giants, 5–3.

14th  Ed Seward wins his 3rd game in 3 days as the Athletics defeat Brooklyn 4–2. Seward has allowed only 13 hits in the 3 games. He will try again tomorrow and allow only 4 hits but will lose to the Grooms 4–2.

Jocko Milligan belts a 9th inning grand slam, off Tony Mullane, as St. Louis rolls over Cincinnati, 14-2.

15th  Ed Morris of Pittsburgh pitches his 4th consecutive shutout, a record that will be unsurpassed in the NL until 1968. Morris’s gems include 1–0 and 2–0 victories over the Phillies, a 7-inning 2–0 win over the Senators, and today’s 1–0 win over New York.

17th  Pittsburgh’s Ed Morris’s streak is broken when the Gothams score in the 2nd inning on doubles by Ewing and Slattery. The run sends Morris to defeat 1–0.

18th  Ben Sanders of the Phillies loses his bid for a perfect game when pitching opponent Gus Krock singles with one out in the 9th inning for the Colts. Sanders wins 6–0.

20th  In a doubleheader pitching duel, Tony Mullane beats Ed Seward twice 1–0 and 2–1. The Reds total only 9 hits, while the Athletics get 10.

22nd NL umpire Jim Kelly gets to the ball park just minutes before game time, having spent the night in a Detroit jail on assault charges filed by a female companion. The Gothams lose to the host Wolverines, 6-3.

23rd  Cincinnati sells starting players Frank Fennelly and John Corkhill. Without them, the Reds will win 13 of their final 16 games. Fennelly set a since-tied, never topped record of 117 errors at shortstop for Cincy in 1886 and will make 106 errors this year, 100 for the Reds. He’ll make 6 more for the A’s.

27th  Little-used Ed “Cannonball” Crane pitches a 7-inning no-hitter for the Giants against the Senators, walking 6 and winning 3–0.

Anson’s Chicago Colts, on their way to Boston, stop to play a game with the Syracuse Stars, the IL champions. Con Murphy, ex-Phillie, pitches and loses to Chicago, 3–0. Anson only consents to play the game after Moses Walker, the Star’s “colored” player, is benched. Last season Anson refused to play against Newark unless Walker and Stovey were benched.

29th Bill Gleason, relegated to bench duty by the acquisition of Frank Fennelly six days ago, wins a game for the A’s with a two-out bases-loaded triple in the 9th to top the Cowboys, 10–9.

30th  With the WA season completed and the warring Kansas City clubs having agreed to merge, the Cowboys move their final home game to the Blues’ Exposition Park. The game is a 45-hit slugfest with the Cowboys beating the Athletics 26–14. Monk Cline scores 6 runs as the KC outfield scores 14 runs, an AA record. It will be matched in the NL, but not in the AL.


1st  When Indianapolis scores 3 runs in the top of the 9th inning to take a 4–2 lead at Washington, Senator C Connie Mack suddenly complains of a sore finger. The ensuing delay lasts until darkness and forces umpire Powers to call the game, and the score reverts to a 8-inning 2–1 Senator victory.

3rd  Both the New York Giants (NL) and St. Louis Browns (AA) clinch their respective pennants today. New York beats Chicago, 3–0, behind Mickey Welch, while St. Louis wins its 3rd straight AA pennant with a 14-5 victory over Kansas City.

4th  Ed Crane of the Giants strikes out 4 consecutive batters in the 5th inning, one reaching on a missed 3rd strike. Crane finishes with a one-hit 1–0 victory over rookie John Tener of the Colts.

5th Pud “Kid” Galvin becomes the first player in history to reach 300 wins as he beats the Washington Nationals, 5–1, for Pittsburgh. Galvin allows 4 hits. There are 14 errors in the game, 9 by Washington.

9th  With an 8-4 victory over Louisville, Ice Box Chamberlin pitches the Browns (AA) to their 10th straight win (one tie). St. Louis, winners of the AA pennant in each of the last three years, is two games behind the Bridegrooms, but they’ll get no close and end the year as bridesmaids.

11th  New York P Bill George bats leadoff, goes 3-for-6, and pitches a 3-hitter to beat Indianapolis, 13–0.

13th  The NL season closes on a prosperous note. The Giants finish with a season attendance of 305,000, a league record.

14th  With a 5-1 victory over Cincinnati, St. Louis ace Silver King notches his 45th win of the season, 10 more than any other pitcher will get this year. The 20-year-old righthander will also finish leading the ML in games pitched (66), innings (586), complete games (64), and ERA (1.64).

The story breaks that Detroit is selling its players and dropping out of the NL. The Cleveland AA club will join the league and get any leftover players.

16th  The 10-game World Series opens in New York with the Giants and Tim Keefe edging the Browns and Silver King 2–1. Each hurler allows only 3 hits.

17th  The Browns even the series when Icebox Chamberlin blanks the Giants 3–0 on 6 hits.

18th  In game 3, Keefe beats King 4–2 thanks to 3 costly errors by St. Louis C Jack Boyle.

19th  The series moves to Brooklyn, where the Giants win 6–3 behind the battery of Cannonball Crane and Willard Brown.

Ed Williamson throws a baseball 133 yards, 11 inches, just 8 1/2 inches behind John Hatfield’s record, set in 1872. The contest, held in Cincinnati, rewards Ed with $200 and a diamond locket.

20th  The largest crowd of the series, 9,124, sees a dramatic 6–4 Giant victory at the Polo Grounds. Trailing 4–1 in the bottom of the 8th, New York scores 5 times, the go-ahead run scoring as 2 St. Louis fielders collide under a pop fly.

22nd  With a 12–5 win in Philadelphia, the Giants take a commanding 5-games-to-1 lead in the World Series.

24th  In St. Louis, the Browns stay alive in the WS with a 4-run 8th-inning rally that beats the Giants 7–5. Bill White’s 2-run single caps the comeback.

25th  The Giants clinch New York’s first World Championship 6 games to 2 by trouncing the Browns 11–3. Tim Keefe gets his 4th win of the series.

27th  The WS ends with St. Louis getting its 2nd “consolation” victory in a row. The Browns choose to bat first at home. Tip O’Neill, who was just 5-for-29 in the first 8 games, hits a bases-loaded HR in today’s 18–7 romp after having won yesterday’s 14–11 contest with a 3-run HR in the 10th inning. Tommy McCarthy also homers for St. Louis, off Cannonball Titcomb, the Giants starter. Cannonball allows 6 runs, half earned, in 4 innings. Utility infielder Gil Hatfield throws the final 5 innings, allowing 12 runs, including the grand slam. He’ll return to the mound next season.


4th  Al Spalding’s Australia-bound baseball tour stages its first tour game in California, the All-Americans beating the Chicagos 14–4 before a crowd of 10,500 in San Francisco.

10th  Detroit organizes a club to compete in the International Association next season to take the place of the disbanded Wolverines, 5th place finishers this past season. The Wolverines sell off their stars, with Big Sam Thompson going to the Phillies, and Dan Brouthers to Boston.

15th The All-Americans beat Chicago, 7–4, in Los Angeles in the final game on the tour. On the 18th, Spalding’s group sets sail for Australia.

20th  The Joint Rules Committee reduces the number of balls for a walk from 5 to 4, establishing the 4 balls/ 3 strikes count that remains in effect a century later. It also eliminates an out on a foul tip if the catcher catches it within 10 feet of home plate.

21st  Cleveland is formally admitted to the NL to replace Detroit, creating a vacancy in the AA.

22nd  The NL adopts a salary classification plan that puts all players into 5 categories with a standard salary for each ranging from $1,500 to $2,500. The scheme is vehemently opposed by the players’ Brotherhood.

23rd  New York announces the sale of John Montgomery Ward to Washington for a record price of $12,000. But Ward, who is on tour, will eventually cancel the deal by refusing to play for the Senators.


5th  Columbus is admitted to the AA to replace Cleveland.

6th  The AA votes against adopting the NL’s salary classification system, to the surprise of the press and the delight of the Brotherhood.

10th The Tourists play in Auckland, NZ, during a brief stopover.

15th  The Tourists play their first game in Australia, drawing a crowd of 5,500 in Sydney.

17th  Former Detroit players Deacon White and Jack Rowe purchase a controlling interest in the minor league Buffalo club. Though their reserve rights have been sold to Pittsburgh, both men announce plans to play in Buffalo next year.

28th The Cuban Giants, the top colored team in the nation, announces its plans for 1889: Monday and Saturday games at Elysian Field in Hoboken, Wednesdays and Fridays in Trenton; and Sundays at Long Island Grounds in Maspeth, Queens.

  • 1889


1st  The Around-the-World touring squads play a New Year’s game in Melbourne, Australia. The Chicagos beat the All-Americas, 9–8.

4th The Tourists play their final game in Australia, with the Chicagos winning, 5–0.

15th The new Columbus club (AA) signs Spud Johnson, who had played with the defunct Kansas City (WA) team last season. That club was sold to Kansas City (AA), which vows to fight Columbus for Johnson’s playing rights.

16th Dallas catcher Charlie Bradley is shot dead by Tom Angus because Bradley had won the favor of Angus’s old girlfriend.

22nd  Facing over $30,000 in debts, the Indianapolis team goes bankrupt and surrenders its franchise to the NL.

25th Spalding’s world tour lands in Ceylon, where they learn that it will be impossible to play any games in India, as had been hoped. Tomorrow, they play a 5-inning, 3-3 tie, before departing for Egypt. They will arrive on February 7.

29th Veteran Joe Hornung is released by Boston after 8 years with that club. According to The Sporting News, “Ubbo’s unruly tongue was the principal cause of his release.”


2nd  A new Indianapolis group, headed by John T. Brush, is granted an NL franchise.

8th  In NYC, workers are dismantling fences at the Polo Grounds to cut a street through the property, leaving the Giants without a home for the coming season.

9th  All-America beats Chicago 10–6 in the shadow of the Pyramids outside Cairo, and Cap Anson feels compelled to apologize to the Sphinx for his team’s poor play.

15th Indianapolis, which has been without a manager since October, finally comes to terms with vet Frank Bancroft to manage in 1889.

16th Warrants are issued in Sacramento for the arrests of Joe Quest, Billy Alvord, and Harry Dooms for allegedly jumping their California League contracts. Alvord turns himself in and is released, but the Sacramento club is still seeking the other 2 players.

19th  The tour stages its first game in Europe, playing in Naples, Italy.

22nd  At the Villa Borghesi outside of Rome, the Chicagos edge the All-Americas 3–2 before a crowd that includes King Humbert of Italy.

25th The Tourists play their final game in Italy, with the All Americas winning, 7–4 in Florence.


1st  The Philadelphia Phillies head for Jacksonville, FL, for spring training. No other ML clubs will train in the Deep South this season.

3rd  Bobby Mathews goes to court to try and collect $600 that he claims is owed to him by the Athletics for his services as a “coacher” in 1888. If he collects, it will make him the first paid coach in history.

5th Both the NL and AA hold their spring meetings to adopt their schedules. The NL also hires a 5th umpire at a salary of $200 per month. The AA, to the surprise of many, does not adopt the NL’s salary classification system.

Detroit sells veteran Deacon White to Pittsburgh but the veteran reacts: “We are satisfied with the money, but we ain’t worth it. Rowe’s arm is gone [he is referring to Jack Rowe, sold by Detroit to Pittsburgh last October] I’m over 40 and my fielding ain’t so good, though I can still hit some. But I will say this, no man is going to sell my carcass unless I get half” (noted by Gerry Myerson).

7th Pittsburgh’s Billy Kuehne is arrested at his billiards parlor in Allegheny City and is charged, along with his partner Ed Morris, with running a gambling house. When the case comes to trial, the key witness fails to appear and the charges will be dropped.

8th  The touring teams play their only game in Paris, the All-Americas winning 6–2 at Parc Aristotique. Chicago SS Ned Williamson suffers a knee injury sliding on the cinder playing field, disabling him until August 14th and effectively ending his days as a top player.

12th  The Tourists play their first game in England at the Surrey County Cricket Club in Kensington Oval, London, in the presence of the Prince of Wales.

19th Columbus (AA) finally resolves its long-disputed attempt to sign 3B Spud Johnson by paying Kansas City $500.

20th A New York sporting goods house receives an order for bats, balls, and other baseball equipment from Mr. Hiroka of Tokyo. In his letter he says that baseball “has been played there for several months” and that a baseball association would soon be organized.

22nd  The All America team beats Chicago, 7–6, in England’s Old Trafford Cricket Stadium. The Manchester Guardian said the “general verdict of the more than 1,000 spectators was that the American game was ‘slow’ and ‘wanting in variety.’

23rd In front of 8,000 spectators in Liverpool, England, the traveling All Americas play a team from the Rounders Association of England in a baseball game mercifully called after one inning with the Americans ahead, 16-0. One account of the game states that there was another game played earlier that day that resulted in a tie after 5 innings (as noted by historian Dennis VanLangan who found it in the Elkhart Daily Review of March 25, 1889.)

John Ward arrives in New York, having left the world tour early, and says that he might consent to play with Washington if he receives a major portion of the $12,000 sale price. On April 2 he will kill the deal with New York by refusing to play for Washington.

24th  The minor league season opens with the California League in San Francisco and Stockton. This year’s new rules include the first legal substitution rule and the reduction of balls for a walk from 5 to 4. The substitution rule, which allows a team to designate one man to be put into the game at the captain’s discretion at the end of any inning, would soon be modified.

27th  The final game of the tour is played in Dublin. The group sails for America the next day after playing 28 games overseas.

28th Indianapolis trades P Jim “Egyptian” Healy to Washington for veteran P Jim Whitney.


6th The Tourists arrive back in NYC having staged 28 games overseas since leaving the U.S. on November 18.

8th The New York State legislature passes a bill closing the “old” Polo Grounds for “street purposes.” The field, between 110th and 112th streets, is home to the New York Giants. Giant President John Day appeals the decision. The legislature will pass another bill on April 19th, but the Governor will veto it, leaving the Giants homeless.

9th  Pete Browning, “The Louisville Slugger,” signs with Louisville for $1,600. Browning also delivers a signed pledge of abstinence sworn out before a local judge. A sober Browning will misfire, hitting just .256 this year, but next year will bounce back to lead the PA in hitting with a .373 average.

15th  Invited to the White House, the Chicago and All-America squads meet with new President Benjamin Harrison. Harrison proves to be quite a baseball fan and would attend many Washington games during his term in office.

16th The Athletics beat Boston in their final spring training exhibition game, thereby giving the AA an edge over the NL in pre-season competition, 24 to 23 with one tie.

17th The AA season opens with games in Cincinnati and Louisville and rainouts in Baltimore and Philadelphia.

20th The Around the World tour ends with a final game in Chicago. The All Americas win the finale, 22–9 to finish 26-23 (3 ties) over the Chicagos.

23rd New York governor David Hill vetoes a last-ditch bill from the state legislature designed to block NYC’s plans to force the Giants out of the Polo Grounds by cutting a street through the property.

24th  Opening Day in the NL. The New York Giants open their season in Jersey City’s Oakland Park (Home of the Atlantic League entry) losing to Boston 8–7 before a crowd of 3,042. The pitching matchups feature two future Hall of Famers, Boston’s John Clarkson and New York’s Mickey Welch. After tomorrow’s game in Jersey City, an 11–10 Giant win, the Giants will relocate at the Mets’ old grounds in Staten Island.

25th After spending the first week of the season on the road, AA contenders St. Louis and Brooklyn both stage their home openers. The Browns improve their record to 7–0 with a 10–5 win over the Reds before 10,000. With a crowd of 3,500, the Bridegrooms settle for a 9–9 tie with the Babies from Columbus, and remain at 1–6 for the year.

At Jersey City while the Polo Grounds is under construction, the Giants edge Boston, 11–10, overcoming a 9th inning ploy by Boston (as noted by JP Caillault). With 2 outs, Boston’s Hardie Richardson hits a ball over the fence, but stops at 3B instead of completing his home run circuit. Richardson’s move is intended to harass and disrupt the pitcher, Cannonball Titcomb, talented but notoriously erratic, as noted by historian David Nemec. This ploy—stopping at 3B on an apparent home run—was particularly used by Boston. In this instance, the Giants allow Richardson to stroll home and Titcomb gets Billy Nash for the last out and the win.

27th Chicago’s sale of Frank Dwyer and Dell Darling to Minneapolis (WA) is announced. But the deal doesn’t go through and Dwyer will post a 16–13 record for Chicago in 1889.

Charlie Duffee hits a 1st-inning grand slam, off Tony Mullane but Cincinnati rallies to beat St. Louis, 12-10.

28th Elton Chamberlin of St. Louis hurls a 5–2 six hitter and provides the Browns’ winning margin with a 3-run homer. Tip O’Neill adds a HR and RBI single.

29th  The New York Giants play and win their first game 4–2 at St. George Grounds on Staten Island. Art Whitney and Ed Crane supply 9th-inning HRs. This picturesque park, home of the AA Mets in 1886 and 1887, houses the Giants and a production of the play Nero. The right fielder is obliged to play out on top of the stage platform, necessitating the use of rubber-soled shoes in wet weather.

30th Jack Glasscock’s 3rd hit of the day, a 9th inning single, drives in the winning run as Indianapolis beats Chicago, 6–5. Glasscock, considered a weak hitter when he entered the league ten years ago, will reach career highs this year with 205 hits and a .352 average.


1st  As noted in 1998 by historian John O’Malley, Washington’s George Keefe sets the ML record by walking 7 New York Giants in the 5th inning. The mark will be matched by Tony Mullane in 1894, and Bob Ewing in 1902.

2nd  After a 5–1 loss to Louisville, the St. Louis Browns nearly go on a sit-down strike in support of teammate William “Yank” Robinson. Robinson had been suspended and fined after a shouting match with owner Chris Von der Ahe, and his indignant teammates had refused to go to Kansas City for their next series. At the last minute, the players board the train, but they would then drop 3 in a row to the Cowboys amid charges that they are losing on purpose. The Browns lose three in a row, 16-3, 16-9 and 18-12, when KC scores 11 in the final inning. St. Louis wins the final game of the series, 11-9. When the team returns to St. Louis, manager Comiskey placates Robinson and he rejoins the team for a May 7 game against Columbus.

Washington goes to 0-5 with a 16-3 loss to the New York Giants. George Gore hits a grand slam for the Gothams in the 9th inning off Hank O’Day.

4th  Indianapolis’s Jerry Denny goes 6-for-6 with 4 singles, a double, and a 7th-inning grand slam to lead the Hoosiers over the Pittsburgh Alleghenies 17–12. The hits come against Jim Galvin and Harry Staley.

5th  Brooklyn forfeits a game to the Athletics 9–0 when the unruly crowd at the Bridegrooms’ Sunday grounds in Ridgewood, Queens, overruns the field in the 6th inning with the visitors leading, 5–1.

6th With Robinson’s latest fine having been rescinded, the Browns (AA) win the final game of their series with Kansas City, 11–9. The winning runs come in the bottom of the 9th. A new rule for 1889 allows additional runs to score after the winning run in sudden death situations if the runners could score before the ball can be returned to the pitcher. This game demonstrates the problems with the rule, since the Brown’s Elton Chamberlin drove home the tying run on a hit through the second baseman’s legs and then circled the bases for a home run when the Cowboys left the field without chasing the ball down. The Browns were batting last since the home team chose to bat first, a prerogative that will stand till 1950 when the rules are codified.

7th Silver King is an easy winner as St. Louis (AA) drills Al Mays and Columbus, 21–0. Yank Robinson returns to action with a 4-for-6 day.

8th The new Olympic Park opens in Buffalo with a 6–2 Bison victory over Hamilton in an International association game. The opener is delayed slightly by the man barring the gate with a shotgun and demanding to be paid for work he had dome as a subcontractor during the park’s construction. Although its name will change over the years from Olympic Park to Buffalo Baseball Park, to Bison Stadium, and to Offerman Stadium, this site, at Michigan Avenue and Ferry Street, will remain the home of Bison baseball through 1960.

9th Ad Gumbert, a pitcher, plays LF and hits a 4th inning grand slam, off Pete Conway, to give Chicago a 7–6 win over Pittsburgh. Although he plays in just 41 games in 1889, Gumbert will hit 7 homers.

10th Arlie Latham goes 5-for-6 with a double and 2 homers to pace the Browns to a 15–6 win over Columbus. St. Louis leads the AA race with a 16–6 record. Brooklyn, the eventual chap, is in 4th place.

14th  Pittsburgh suspends sore-armed pitchers Ed Morris and Pete Conway so the club won’t have to pay their salaries while they’re disabled. Morris will return to action June 8th, but Conway is through as a ballplayer because of his injury.

15th  Brooklyn’s Dave Foutz connects for a 5th-inning grand slam, off Mike Smith ,as Brooklyn beats Cincinnati, 10-6.

16th It adds up. Called in from the outfield to face Phillie slugger Sam Thompson with the bases loaded in the 2nd inning, Ad Gumbert serves up a home run on the first pitch. Will Hutchison then returns to the box for Chicago and finishes the game, losing 16–12.

At American Park, Baltimore’s leadoff hitter Mike Griffin hits a homer and is matched by the Reds leadoff batter Bug Holliday. The Reds prevail, 4–2. Holliday, a rookie, will tie for the NL lead in homers with 19.

17th  Spud Johnson hits a grand slam in the 7th, off Scott Stratton, as Columbus tops Louisville, 9-4.

19th  Fire destroys most of the stand at Brooklyn’s Washington Park while the Bridegrooms are on a road trip. With young Charlie Ebbets in charge, rebuilding begins right away.

20th  The Kansas City Cowboys, after choosing to bat first, score at least one run in every inning against Brooklyn, winning 18–12. Mickey Hughes is the losing pitcher, going the distance. The Cowboys become the 2nd team in AA history to score in all 9 innings, Columbus having done so on June 14, 1883. The feat has not yet been accomplished in the NL.

23rd Lou Bierbauer carries the Athletics to a 9–8 win with a 2-run homer and a grand slam, and scores the winning run after a 9th-inning single. The slam comes in the 7th off Silver King.

24th  Willie Kuehne sets a new record by accepting 13 chances at 3B. Kuehne makes 3 putouts and 10 assists without an error, a ML record. His brilliant work enables Pittsburgh to best Washington, 9–7.

25th  Phillie 2B Ed Delahanty suffers a broken collarbone when he slides into Cleveland 2B Cub Stricker in the 5th inning. Delahanty will be out of action until July 30th. Cleveland wins, 4-3.

At Columbus, umpire Fred Goldsmith ejects Dave Orr and then forfeits the game to the visiting Brooklyn (AA) team when Orr refuses to leave the field. The two teams, however, refuse to abide by the forfeit, and the game is eventually completed with a sub playing in Orr’s place. Brooklyn wins, 6–3.

27th Scott Stratton, who served up a grand slam 10 days ago, hits one of his own in the 7th for Louisville, off Lee Viau, but Cincinnati wins, 10-9.

28th The Reds take a 8-0 lead over visiting St. Louis but the Mound City men rally to tie the match at 12-12. Cincinnati finally wins, 13–12.

30th  Brooklyn draws the largest crowd in AA history, 22,122, for the Bridegrooms’ afternoon game against the Browns. This may also be the largest standing-room crowd in history, since there were only 3000 seats erected in the 11 days since the fire at Washington Park. An additional 8,462 saw the morning game, as the teams split, the visitors winning the a.m. game, 8–4, and then losing in the afternoon, 9–7.


1st Coming into the game with a robust .454 average (according to unofficial statistics), Dan Brouthers goes 3-for-5 with a 3-run homer to lead Boston to a 7–2 win over Philadelphia.

2nd St. Louis takes the rubber game of the series with Brooklyn, 2–1, behind the brilliant performance of Silver King. King is 3-for-3 at the plate while pitching a one-hitter. The crowd of 11,745 brings the 3-game attendance to 42,329.

4th A two-run single by Dick Johnston in the 10th inning gives Boston a 4–2 win over the Phillies. The win is the 9th in a row and 16th out of 17 for the Beaneaters, who lead 2nd place Philadelphia by 5 1/2 games.

5th Cleveland rookie Jim McAleer hits a 2-run homer in the 10th inning to beat Chicago, 7–6 in first game of a twinbill. McAleer will hit only 13 homers in over 1,000 ML games. They complete the sweep with a 6-5 win in game 2.

6th  The White Stockings overcome a four-run homer by Charley Bassett, off John Tener in the 3rd, and defeat the Hoosiers, 11-10.

7th  Louisville slugger Pete Browning hits for the cycle, going 5-for-6, but the Colonels lose to the Athletics 9–7 in 11 innings for their 14th consecutive defeat. The game is staged in Philadelphia as a benefit for the survivors of the Johnstown flood one week before.

8th  Playing for Omaha in the small WA ballpark in St. Paul, Jack Crooks goes 5-for-5 with 4 HRs, 5 runs scored, and 13 RBI to lead Omaha to a 19–15 victory. Crooks will hit .344 with 197 runs scored before being sold to Columbus in late September.

9th  Darby O’Brien leads the way with 6 steals as the Bridegrooms steal 11 bases and win 12–2 over Louisville. The hapless Colonel battery is Toad Ramsey and Paul Cook.

11th New York’s Mickey Welch is the first pitcher to strike out Boston’s Dan Brouthers this season. Welch’s 2-hitter gives the Giants a 2–1 win over the Beaneaters. New York still trails Boston by 6 games even after 2 straight wins over them.

13th  After the Colonels lose for the 19th time, Louisville owner-manager Mordecai Davidson tells the players he will fine them $25 if they lose the next game. Six players, including Guy Hecker, Pete Browning and Harry Raymond, will refuse to play tomorrow against Baltimore.

14th  Louisville’s Davidson recruits 3 Baltimore area amateurs to replace his striking ball players. Baltimore takes a 5–0 lead in the 2nd when the game is stopped by rain.

At Indiana, Paul Hines and Jerry Denny hit back to back homers twice today, but the Hoosiers still lose to Pittsburgh, 13–9.

The Athletics win their 14th consecutive game, the longest winning streak in the major leagues in 1889. The 14th win is an 8–5, 10th inning decision. Denny Lyons hits a 1st inning homer and his single starts the 10th inning rally.

15th  Only 6 Louisville players show up for the game in Baltimore, the others out in protest against owner Davidson, who owes back pay and is now threatening them with fines. Using 3 local recruits, the Colonels lose their 20th in a row, 4–2, in five innings. The next day the striking players will consult with Baltimore manager Bill Barnie, who convinces them to return to the club by assuring them their grievances will be brought to the attention of the AA directors. Davidson’s fines against 8 players will total $1,435 and, in most cases, will result in the players actually owing the team money.

17th  With the pay and fine situations unresolved, the Louisville regulars return to the lineup and lose a doubleheader 10–6 and 10–0. Pitcher Toad Ramsey blows a 6–3 lead in the 9th of the opener, and the Colonels make 7 errors in the nightcap while managing just one hit. George Goetz is the Baltimore starter in the opener and, as noted by David Nemec, has the worst offensive performance of any player with a one-game career: 4 strikeouts in 4 at bats. Goetz is deprived of the win when he is lifted in the 10th after his team scores 4 runs.

19th  Washington CF William “Dummy” Hoy throws out 3 Indianapolis runners at home plate, setting a ML record that will be tied only twice in the next century: by Giants LF Jim Jones on June 30, 1902 and by Cubs CF Jack McCarthy on April 26, 1905. Hoy also has a single, 2 doubles, and a stolen base, but the Senators still lose 8–3.

20th  Jack Glasscock hits a 3rd-inning grand slam, off George Keefe, to pace the Hoosiers to a 6-4 win over Washington.

22nd  Louisville’s losing streak reaches 26 in a row, the all-time ML record, when the Colonels lose 2 heartbreakers to St. Louis 7–6, and 3–2 in 10 innings.

Boston’s John Clarkson raises his record to 20–2 with a 10 inning, 1–0, squeaker in Pittsburgh. The Beaneaters also win the 2nd game of a doubleheader to push their season record to 35–10 and a 5 1/2 game lead over Cleveland. Defending champ NY is in 4th place, 8 1/2 games back after losing to Cleveland, 8-6. Buck Ewing keeps it close with a grand slam in the 3rd off Cinders O’Brien.

Bid McPhee hits a grand slam, off Parke Swartzel, and a 2-run homer to pace the Reds to an 11–3 win over visiting Kansas City. Bid will total 5 homers this year.

23rd  The Colonels finally win, with Farmer Weaver scoring 3 times and Toad Ramsey pitching, Louisville defeats St. Louis 7–3.

24th  Louisville owner Mordecai Davidson resigns as team manager, giving doorkeeper Buck McKinney the title. Actual on-the-field authority remains in the hands of captain Chicken Wolf.

26th Paced by 2 homers and 2 singles by Jerry Denny, Indianapolis beats Boston and John Clarkson, 10–6. For the first time this season, Clarkson has lost 2 games in a row.

Dave Foutz connects for a 9th inning grand slam off Wild Bill Widner as Brooklyn beats Columbus, 10-3 (as noted by David Vincent).

28th Kansas City (AA) speedster Billy Hamilton hits 3 triples off Guy Hecker in the first game of a doubleheader and adds another triple in game 2, a ML record. Toad Ramsey serves up the nightcap triple. The Cowboys win both games with Louisville, 7–3 and 9–3.

30th  Jack Stivetts gets the first base hit and first pitching win of his ML career, pitching St. Louis to a 12–7 victory over Louisville. Stivetts would finish his 11-year career with a .297 batting average and 207 pitching victories. The Browns are led by Tip O’Neill, who drives in 5 runs with a single, double, and HR.


2nd  President Davidson surrenders his financially strapped Louisville franchise to the AA, unable to pay his players’ salaries. New local ownership is announced on July 5th.

4th Seven of 8 holiday matchups end in splits, with Chicago getting the only 2 game sweep, over Washington.

5th John “Sadie” McMahon wins his debut for the Athletics over Louisville, 9–1, on a 6-hitter. McMahon has been signed from the semipro Norristown club.

The Cleveland Spiders surge to within a game of the NL lead with a dramatic 2–0 win over front-running Boston. Pitchers Ed Beatin and John Clarkson lock in a scoreless duel until the 9th when King Kelly misjudges a long line drive by Chief Zimmer and follows with a wild throw, allowing Zimmer and another runner to score.

6th After having left the team to see ailing relatives in Worcester, John Morrill is released as player-manager of the Washington (NL) team. SS art Irwin is named as his successor, beginning what will be three terms as manager of Washington.

7th Jim White and Jack Rowe finally agree to terms and sign players contracts with Pittsburgh. The two had been holding out hoping they could play for minor league Buffalo, a team the pair bought in December. But the NL remained adamant with its threat of expulsion for all Buffalo players (and opponents) if White and Rowe were to play for the Bisons, so the veterans gave in. Management of Buffalo is turned over to Jim’s brother Will White.

8th  The New York Giants finally open the new Polo Grounds at 155th Street and 8th Avenue with a 7–5 victory over Pittsburgh. In 25 games in exile on Staten Island and in Jersey City, the Giants drew 57,000 fans. In 38 games in their new Manhattan home, they will draw 144,000.

9th The Reds outscore the visiting Baltimore team to win, 16–10.

10th Roger Connor goes 3-for-3 and hits the first home run at the Giants’ new park as New York finishes sweeping a series with Pittsburgh.

12th Although he is working on a no-hitter, John Clarkson is lifted after 5 innings to rest him for his next start. Boston reliever Bill Sowders allows just one Pittsburgh hit in finishing the 13–1 win.

13th St. Louis slugger Tip O’Neill has a perfect day at the plate, going 4-for-4 with 3 walks, scoring 5 runs, and driving in 4 to pace the Browns to a 25–5 rout of Baltimore and Bert Cunningham.

14th  A. G. Spalding’s plan for classifying minor leagues is printed across the nation. It calls for strict salary and draft-price limits according to the class of the leagues, features that will serve as the basis for a century to come.

15th A dramatic 2-out, two run home run in the top of the 9th by Danny Richardson lifts the Giants to a 7–4 win over Chicago, giving New York its 7th consecutive win in its new park. The string will snap tomorrow.

16th Indianapolis manager Frank Bancroft announces his resignation effective July 20. In the next 4 days he will stay and help Jack Glasscock, his successor, adjust to his new duties. Bancroft says he is retiring from baseball, but he will be back in 1891 and work as the Reds GM from 1892 until his death in 1921.

20th The Alleghenies run their losing streak to 12 games by dropping a pair to the Phillies, 4–3 in 10 innings, and 16–1. George Wood and Sam Thompson each hit 2 homers in the nightcap.

21st Dan Shannon wins his first game as captain of the Colonels, 3–1 over Kansas City (AA). Shannon took over yesterday from Chicken Wolf.

22nd Pittsburgh beats Cleveland, 7–2 to snap their 12-game losing streak.

24th  Joe Dowie of the Orioles goes 5-for-6 in a 17–3 plastering of Louisville. Dowie would wind up with only 17 hits in his big-league career.

25th  A fatigued Horace Phillips is given a vacation from managing the Pittsburgh club, captain Fred Dunlap taking over. On August 1st, Phillips would suffer a mental breakdown and eventually be placed in an asylum.

26th  Cleveland loses 8–4 despite a fluke grand slam HR by Jay Faatz, who hits a ball that ricochets off of Pittsburgh 3B Jim White’s foot and goes under a row of temporary seats behind third base. This gives Faatz time to circle the bases with arguably the shortest grand slam in history.

Brooklyn, the eventual AA winners, clobbers the visiting Cincinnati Reds, 20–6.

27th With 2 outs in the 9th, the Athletics score 6 runs on 2 errors, 2 doubles, a single and a home run by Henry Larkin to defeat the Cowboys (AA), 12–10.

29th  Poor baserunning by the pitcher costs Baltimore dearly against St. Louis. In the opener, Bert Cunningham is thrown out at home in the 9th inning as the Orioles lose, 4–3. In the 2nd game of a doubleheader, Matt Kilroy pitches a 7-inning no-hitter but has to settle for a 0–0 tie because he fails to touch 3B while scoring a run in the 3rd inning.

Boston wins a ten-inning, 7–6 decision over Philadelphia (NL), but the Phils claim they are robbed by Mike Kelly. When Phillie slugger Sam Thompson hits a ball apparently over the fence in right field, Kelly runs back and then fires a ball to the infield, depriving Thompson of his homer. The Phils claim Kelly used a hidden ball trick, but the umpire rules it is the game ball. Thompson does not score.

Young Willie McGill, 15 years old, pitching for Evansville (Central Indiana L) hurls a 3-0 no-hitter over Davenport.

31st The Athletics beat the Browns, 7–3, thanks mainly to the great work of catcher Lave Cross, who throws out 4 base stealers and saves pitcher Gus Weyhing from many wild pitches.


1st Charles “Pop” Smith, just purchased from Pittsburgh for $2,000, makes his debut for Boston in a 3–2 loss to Washington.

2nd An error in the 15th inning by Cleveland SS Ed McKean allows Chicago to win, 8–7. McKean will lead the NL in errors the next two seasons.

4th John Ewing of the Louisville Colonels (AA) stops the Philadelphia Athletics, 7-0, to give the Colonels their 20th win of the year. It is Ewing’s last victory of the season as he’ll go winless in his last 15 games to finish with 30 losses. The 20-67 Colonels will go 7-44 to finish the season at 27-111. Ewing will be released in November and will rejoin his brother Buck in the Players League.

The Dallas Hams beat the first-place Houston Babies for their 15th consecutive win in the fast fading Texas League. Dallas trails by only 1 1/2 games, but the league will fold by August 14 leaving Houston in the lead.

5th New York’s Mike Tiernan hits a pair of home runs, including the tie breaker in the 8th, to give the Giants an 8–7 win in Chicago.

7th Cleveland scores 14 runs in the 3rd inning, still the ML record for that frame, and beats Washington 20–6. Mike Sullivan, making his first start for the Senators after 5 relief appearances, takes the entire pounding.

8th Jack Glasscock is 5-for-6 and hits for the cycle against Mickey Welch as Indianapolis drubs New York, 14–1.

9th At Chicago’s West Side Park, John Tener defeats Boston’s John Clarkson, 9–0. Hugh Duffy has 2 HRs, both inside-the-park, to help in the win.

Boston manager James A. Hart signs a personal services contract with Chicago owner A.G. Spalding to become Spalding’s secretary starting in November. Hart will finish the season with Boston before spending 17 years with the Chicago club and serving as its president from 1891 until 1906.

10th Cincinnati’s (AA) Jesse Duryea coasts to a 20–0 laugher over visiting Baltimore. Frank Foreman is the loser. Hugh Nicols has 5 of the Reds’ 26 hits.

Leading Brooklyn by only .00025 coming into the game, St. Louis turns back the Bridegrooms in 10 innings, 4–2, on triples by Tommy McCarthy and Tip O’Neill.

11th Eighteen St. Louis hits and 10 Brooklyn errors add up to a 14–4 victory for the Browns (AA), to the delight of 14,000 St. Louis fans.

12th An 11–0 two-hitter by Elton Chamberlin completes a 3-game sweep for St. Louis (AA), boosting the Browns’ lead over the Bridegrooms to 3 1/2 games. Total paid attendance is 32,911.

13th Ned Hanlon makes his debut as manager of Pittsburgh, and beats Boston 9–0 to knock the Beaneaters out of 1st place in the NL for the first time since May 11. Hanlon will manage in the ML for 19 years, winning 5 NL pennants.

14th Chicago scores 10 runs in the 8th inning to whip Philadelphia, 19-7, at Chicago’s West Side Park. Ad Gumbert wins over Kid Gleason.

Three walks, an error, and a grand slam by Dave Orr in the 1st inning starts Columbus (AA) off to a 13–0 rout of St. Louis. Mark Baldwin pitches a 2-hitter.

15th  Larry Twitchell has a 6-for-6 day as he cycles at the plate with a single, double, 3 triples, and a HR off Mike Madden. The five extra-base hits tie a record set in 1885. Twitchell also pitches to 2 batters in the 3rd inning before returning to the outfield. His 16 total bases will be topped by Ed Delahanty in 1896. Cleveland wins 19–8 over Boston, and becomes the first team in NL history to score in all 9 innings in a game.

17th Jimmy Ryan hits a grand slam in the 6th off Mike Sullivan to provide half the runs in Chicago’s 8–4 win over visiting Washington.

18th The Sabbatarians having won a favorable ruling in the local courts, the Cincinnati police stop the Reds’ scheduled Sunday game. Losing the lucrative Sunday gate will add to the Reds incentive to jump from the AA to the NL with its higher admission price—$.50 to $.25.—but with its ban on Sunday games.

19th The Bridegrooms overcome an 8–1 deficit to beat the Colonels (AA), 9–8, and close with a half game of the Browns.

The Phillies beat up on Washington, whipping the last-place team, 14-1. Joe Mulvey hits a grand slam in the 6th, off Alex Ferson.

20th With a 10–4 decision, the Beaneaters beat the Giants for a second day in a row, increasing their NL lead to 3 1/2 games.

Pittsburgh tops Cleveland, 6–1, as Ned Hanlon hits his 2nd career grand slam. It comes in the 7th off Ed Beatin.

22nd After being given a life on a muffed foul in the 9th inning, Buck Ewing blasts a 2-run triple to key a 5-run rally that enables the Giants to beat the Phillies, 8–4.

The Reds whip visiting Brooklyn, 18–5.

In the AA, Kansas City whips Philadelphia, 8-3, using two bases-loaded triples to win. It sets an AA record and matches the NL mark.

24th Mike Kelly’s 2 hits and 4 stolen bases pace Boston to a 9–3 triumph over Washington.

25th In the AA, the last-place Louisville Colonels (22-82) triumph over Columbus, 8-5, as pitcher Paul Ehret helps by going 5-for-5.

The Reds (AA) try and play a Sunday game in Hamilton, Ohio, 12 miles north of Cincinnati, but are again stopped by the authorities.

26th In a play that foreshadows the ‘Merkle boner’ of 1908, Mike Kelly saves a 5–4 victory for Boston in the bottom of the 12th inning by crossing the plate with the winning run and then grabbing the ball from Sid Farrar so that the Phillies cannot throw it to 1B and retire the batter Dick Johnston. Johnston had the winning hit but failed to run it out. Kelly is attacked by a mob of fans and has to hide under the grandstand protected by players from both teams until extra police arrive.

27th Jocko Milligan of the Browns collects 4 hits and 6 RBIs in a 19–1 rout of the Cowboys. Milligan’s 3-run double in the 1st inning starts the scoring.

28th A 2-out homer in the bottom of the 10th inning by Jimmy Ryan—his 4th hit of the game—gives Chicago an 8–7 win over Cleveland.

The second place New York Giants spank the last-place Washington Senators twice, winning, 16-3 and 7-5. Acting the part of a Senator in game 1 is Harry Corson Clarke, a long-time thespian, who is 0-for-3 in his lone ML appearance. Clarke is in the circle of DeWolf Hopper, Digby Bell and possibly Ben Tuthill as Base Ball cranks among the theatrical community.

29th Throwing errors by NY pitcher Mickey Welch and 3B Whitney allow Boston to score 3 runs in the 8th inning to win, 6–4, in game 1 of the final head-to-head series between the 2 NL contenders.

30th A 2-run homer by Mike Tiernan and a steal of home by Jim O’Rourke are the highlites of a 5-run 7th inning by the Giants. New York beats the Beaneaters, 7–2.

31st The final game between Boston and New York ends in a 9–9, 8-inning tie before a paying crowd of 14,364 at the Polo Grounds. The Beans’ Billy Nash stars with 2 runs, 3 hits, and 3 RBIs. Boston leaves town 2 games ahead in the NL standings.


1st  After having led the AA race all season except for 3 days in April, St. Louis falls to 2nd place behind Brooklyn after losing to Columbus, 6–5, on a 10th-inning HR by Dave Orr.

2nd In the afternoon game of a Labor Day doubleheader in Boston, Hardie Richardson hits a leadoff homer and P John Clarkson (36-13) makes it stand up for a 1–0 win over Indianapolis. Henry Boyle takes the loss.

3rd Indianapolis (NL) gets a last-second reprieve in the 9th inning when the ump calls time just before Con Daily apparently makes the last out of the game. Batting again, Daily singles home 2 runs to cap a 6-run rally to beat Boston, 8–7.

4th Brooklyn maintains its 1.5 game lead in the AA as they beat up on Cincinnati, 12-1 Tom Lovett connects for a 4th inning grand slam off Mike Smith.

6th Three walks off Silver King and an error by 2B Robinson hand the game to the Orioles as the slumping Browns (AA) lose again, 3–2, in 7 innings. King will end the year with a 34–17 record, while teammate Elton Chamberlin will finish at 34–15 (both these numbers are revised figures after research in 2002 by historian JP Caillault. These numbers were accepted by 19th century historian David Nemec).

7th  In the most controversial game in AA history, the Browns walk off the field in Brooklyn while leading 4–2 in the 9th inning. They claim it is too dark to play, but the lighted candles in front of their bench by owner Chris Von der Ahe make umpire Fred Goldsmith determined to finish the game no matter what. Several St. Louis players are hit with bottles as they leave the grounds.

8th  Claiming they cannot count on their personal safety, the Browns fail to show up for the scheduled Sunday game with the Bridegrooms at Ridgewood. The forfeit pushes the Browns 41⁄2 games behind.

10th  Batting for Hank O’Day, New York Giants pitcher Mickey Welch strikes out as the first pinch hitter in ML history. This must have been an injury situation since a rule allowing pinch batters in non-injury situations will not be instituted until 1892. The first pinch hitter under that rule is generally agreed to be Jack Doyle, on June 7, 1892.

11th Rain prevents every scheduled game in both ML leagues. For the season the NL will have 62 rainouts and the AA 73.

12th  Clarkson pitches and wins both games of a doubleheader for Boston over Cleveland, allowing just 10 hits total in the 3–2 and 5–0 victories, which put Boston 2 games ahead of New York in the race.

13th  Hoss Radbourn pitches a complete doubleheader for Boston, too, but fails to win either game. After losing the opener to Cleveland, 3–0, he has to hit a HR himself in the 9th inning of the nightcap to salvage a 4–4 tie.

15th Brooklyn increases its lead over St. Louis to 7 games as the Browns lose, 8-1, in Philadelphia while Brooklyn takes a pair from Louisville, 6–5 and 7-2.

Sioux City (Western Association) sweeps a quadruple-header from visiting St. Joseph winning 6–1, 12–7, 12–5, and 5–4 (another researcher lists 6–1, 15–7, 12–5 and 7–4) The first three games are 5 innings apiece and the 4th regularly scheduled game is 7 innings, with two in the morning and two in the afternoon. The scheduling is to allow St. Joes to catch the train to Milwaukee. The next quadrupleheader is September 1903.

16th  With Boston losing, 3–2, to the Phillies, the Giants take over first place by a half game with a 12-4 win over the last-place Nationals. Monte Ward leads the way with a grand slam in the 8th off rookie Alex Ferson, the second off him in a month.

18th  The Browns Tommy McCarthy steals 2B, 3B, and home in the 7th inning of a 3–2 St. Louis victory in Kansas City.

19th  The New York Giants beat the Phillies, 12-5, to stay a half game ahead of the Beaneaters. Hank O’Day goes to 9-1 for the Giants, after coming over from Washington in a sale on July 26th. He was 2-10 in D.C. O’Day will make it to the Hall of Fame, but as an umpire.

20th Kelly and Nash, each of whom homered earlier in the game, combine hits in the 8th inning to beat Washington, 4–3, and keep the Beaneaters a half game behind the Giants.

21st Four St. Louis errors in the 9th inning give the Reds 4 runs, enabling Cincinnati to win, 5–4.

  1. Godfrey of the Keene Club while at the bat, is hit on the temple by a ball pitched by James Powers of the Staten Island Athletic Club, and dies several hours later on Staten Island (this is noted in an 1890 New York Clipper article, as pointed out by Peter Morris). In an inquest held on September 24 by Coroner Wood a jury will exonerate Pitcher Powers, the testimony showing that the injury was accidental.

23rd  An emergency meeting of the American Association Board of Directors reverses the St. Louis forfeit of September 7th, the game being ruled as a 4–2 Browns victory, although the forfeit of September 8th still stands.

25th  The Brotherhood of Professional Base ball Players’ organizational plan for a new Players’ League is leaked to the press in New York. It calls for clubs to be owned jointly by players and capitalists.

26th After Buck Ewing hurts his thumb, Giants sub catcher Willard Brown makes a critical throwing error as New York loses to Chicago, 4–3. New York is now tied with Boston for the NL lead.

27th  The Philadelphia NL club releases union activists George Wood and Dan Casey. Meanwhile, the Boston club announces the purchase of the entire WA champion Omaha team for 1890. This latter deal would not actually take place.

28th Jack Stivetts preserves a 2–2 tie for the Browns (AA) by striking out 3 Louisville batters in the 10th inning with a man on 3B.

30th Boston (NL) beats Cleveland 6–3 in 7 innings, while New York ties Pittsburgh 3–3 in 6 innings. This leaves Boston trailing by .002 with a record of 80-43 compared to New York’s 79-42. Each club has 5 games left.


1st Boston takes over first place in the NL with an 8–5 win over Cleveland, while the Giants lose 7–2 to Pittsburgh.

2nd  King Kelly shows up drunk and is taken by the police when he threatens umpire McQuade. Without him, Boston loses 7–1 and falls behind New York, which wins, 6–3. Sam Thompson of the Phillies hits his 20th HR of the season. The AA HR leader, Harry Stovey, hits 19 this season, considered a greater achievement because of the bigger parks in the AA.

3rd Brooklyn (AA) pitcher Bob Caruthers wins a 17–0 laugher against Philadelphia. Rookie Sadie McMahon (16–12) is the loser.

Both NL contenders win. Boston wins in Pittsburgh, 7–2, behind John Clarkson’s 49th win of the year. New York wins 9–0 in Cleveland behind O’Keefe’s 27th win.

4th  Both contenders win again, setting up the final day with New York in front of Boston by percentage points .656 to .654. Each team has the option of playing one or two games tomorrow, so NY manager Jim Metro is in Pittsburgh to watch the Boston game. He is ready to wire to Cleveland if the Beaneaters are going to play an extra game, so that the Giants can also play one.

5th  New York wins the pennant on the final day by beating Cleveland, 5–3, while Boston loses in Pittsburgh, 6–1. This makes doubleheaders unnecessary for either team. Mike Tiernan stars for the Giants with a two-run homer and a steal of home. For Boston, John Clarkson is wild and ineffective in pitching his 5th game in 6 days. By beating the Beaneaters, the Alleghenies move into 5th place ahead of the Spiders. Chicago beats the Phillies, 3–2, to clinch 3rd place.

6th  Brooklyn wins its last home game, 9–0, over the Athletics (AA) in 6 innings before a crowd of 2,488, bringing the Bridegrooms’ home attendance for the season to 353,690, a ML record. The win helps Brooklyn maintain a 2 1/2 game lead with 7 games to play.

9th  Princeton Charlie Reilly hits a record 2 homers in his ML debut with Columbus to lead the Babies to a 10–6 victory over the Athletics. Only Bob Nieman (9/14/51) and Bert Campaneris (7/23/64) will match this in the next century.

10th  Charlie Reilly hits another HR, giving him 3 in his first 2 games, as Columbus beats the Athletics, 5–0. Joe Cunningham will be the only player in the next century to hit 3 homers in his first two games (June 30, July 1, 1954).

11th Cincinnati announces the signing of Cleveland manager Tom Loftus to manage the Reds in 1890. The Reds (AA) will retain Gus Schmeltz for the remainder of this year, including the Ohio series against Cleveland (NL) and Columbus (AA).

12th Brooklyn P Bob Caruthers blows a 5–2 lead in the 9th and Columbus rallies for 5 runs to beat the Bridegrooms, 7–5. The defeat leaves Brooklyn with the same number of losses (44) as St. Louis, although the Grooms have 3 more wins (91).

13th Although held to 3 hits by Hank Gastright, Brooklyn edges Columbus, 2–1, behind the 4-hit pitching of Adonis Terry.

14th Terry beats Columbus for the 2nd straight day, allowing 5 hits in a 6–1 win. The Adonis has a pair of triples to key another meager 5-hit attack.

In Cincinnati, the Browns keep their AA pennant hopes alive by winning their 12th straight, 5–1. St. Louis will play a twinbill in Cincinnati tomorrow and then 3 makeup games in Philadelphia.

15th The Browns hopes for a 5th straight pennant end when the Reds win game 1, 8–3. St. Louis wins the 2nd game but they are eliminated from the race and will not play the planned makeup games in Philadelphia.

In Jersey City a large crowd of supporters meets the Bridegrooms train from Columbus and celebrates the pennant winners on the boat ride back to Brooklyn.

16th The Athletics beat the Phillies, 4–3, in the opener of the city series.

17th Cleveland (NL) shuts out Cincinnati (AA), 4–0, in the opener of the Ohio series.

18th  The best-of-11 World Series between Brooklyn (AA) and New York (NL) opens at the Polo Grounds with the Bridegrooms winning 12–10 in 8 innings. Oyster Burns is 4-for-5 with 3 RBIs, including the game-winning double in the bottom of the last inning.

19th  The Giants bounce back at Washington Park with a 6–2 victory behind the 4-hit pitching of Ed “Cannonball” Crane.

22nd  After an off day and a rainout, the WS resumes in New York. The Bridegrooms build up a 6–2 lead and then barely hold on to win, 8–7. Umpire John Gaffney calls the game because of darkness in the top of 9th inning with the Giants having the bases loaded and one out.

23rd  In a 6-inning game delayed by arguments, the Giants tie the score with a 5-run top of the 6th only to see the Grooms win it in the bottom 10–7 on a 3-run HR by Oyster Burns. New York’s Jesse Burkett walks 13. Brooklyn leads the series three games to one.

24th  The Giants pound the Bridegrooms’ 40-game winner Bob Caruthers for 11 hits and 24 total bases and win easily, 11–3. Batterymates Cannonball Crane and Willard Brown and 2B Danny Richardson all homer for the victors.

25th  New York evens the series when Hank O’Day beats Adonis Terry in a 2–1, extra-inning pitchers’ duel. The Giants tie the game in the 9th on a single and 2 steals by Ward and a hit by Connor. In the 11th, Ward singles Slattery home with the winning run.

26th Paced by an 8-run 2nd inning, New York takes the lead in the WS, 4 games to 3, with an 11–7 triumph. O’Rourke starts the big rally with a double and caps it with a home run.

27th It’s an off day in the WS, but in Missouri, St. Louis loses the final game to Kansas City but still wins the state championship.

28th  The Giants pile up 12 runs in the first 4 innings against Terry and trounce the Grooms 16–7. New York P Crane posts his 4th win of the series.

29th  The Giants win their 2nd consecutive WS by taking this year’s best-of-11 matchup in 9 games. After spotting the Bridegrooms 2 runs in the first, the Giants rally to win 3–2 behind O’Day’s pitching. Slattery scores the winning run in the 7th inning, coming in from 2B as C Doc Bushing misses a two-out 3rd strike.


4th  After a formal meeting of reps from all NL chapters, the Brotherhood issues a “Manifesto” in which it claims that “players have been bought, sold and exchanged as though they were sheep instead of American citizens.” This bold statement constitutes a declaration of war between the Brotherhood and ML officials which will soon explode.

7th  The Brotherhood and its backers meet to begin preliminary work on the organization of a Players’ League. The players believe “that the game can be played more fairly and its business conducted more intelligently under a plan which excludes everything arbitrary and un-American.”

11th The Joint Rules Committee of the NL and AA makes only minor changes in the playing rules, the most important of which is to allow 2 substitutes per team, up from one in 1889.

14th  Disgusted by the conduct of the Association and especially the perceived dominance of St. Louis president Von der Ahe, Brooklyn president Charles Byrne and Cincinnati owner Aaron Stern withdraw from the AA and join the NL. Both teams have been out of the NL for 9 years. Indianapolis and Washington refuse to resign from the league, and that organization decides to go as a 10-club circuit.

15th  Kansas City also drops out of the AA.

21st The NL issues its reply to the PL manifesto. Claiming that the League saved baseball in 1876 and that under the reserve rules players’ salaries had “more than trebled,” the NL denounces the Brotherhood movement as “the efforts of certain overpaid players to again control [baseball] for their own aggrandizement. . . to its ultimate dishonor and disintegration.”

23rd Before what one writer claims is “the largest gathering in California history” (15,000 – 20,000), Oakland wins the California League pennant by beating San Francisco amid much confusion on the final day of the season. San Francisco tied for the pennant by winning 3 in a row, so for the final game Oakland hires ringers Willard Brown, George Van Haltran, and Cliff Carroll. San Francisco refuses to play so the ump awards the game to Oakland. To appease the crowd, the clubs play a game with their regular nines. Oakland wins, 5–4, behind 32-game winner Bill Coughlan.

25th  Jack Glasscock, claiming that his pledge to the Brotherhood does not constitute a binding contract, signs with the Indianapolis NL club, thus becoming the first “double jumper.”

28th On Thanksgiving Day, Boston (NL) opens a California tour with a 8–3 win over San Francisco before a crowd of 7,000.

30th  Baltimore drops out of the AA and joins the Atlantic Association.


1st The California League meets and officially awards the pennant to Oakland on the basis of their final day 5–4 win over San Francisco. The forfeit is thrown out.

16th  The PL is formally organized with Colonel E. A. McAlpin of New York as president. The league will not allow player transfers without the player’s consent, excess profits will be split between the capitalists and the players, and prize money will be awarded to the teams in the order of their finish.

17th  The PL adopts some new rules, including the 2-umpire system and an increase in pitching distance from 55 1⁄2 feet to 57 feet. A lively ball is chosen, assuring high scores in the upcoming season.

18th  The Brotherhood meets and expels members who have signed NL contracts, including Jack Glasscock, John Clarkson, Kid Gleason, and George Miller. Among those expelled, Jake Beckley, Joe Mulvey, and Ed Delahanty would eventually jump back to the PL and be reinstated.

20th Toledo is admitted to the AA.

Papers are served on Charles Buffinton and Billy Hallman for allegedly breaking their contracts with Philadelphia (NL). This will be the first of many battles between the PL and NL.

31st Three players purchased from the disbanded Kansas City AA franchise by the NL are divided by lot among the bidding NL clubs. Billy Hamilton is assigned to Philadelphia, while Boston is lucky enough to get both Herman Long and Dan Stearns in the drawing. Long made 117 errors at shortstop this year for KC, and will top the 100 mark in both 1892 and 1893.

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