October 1875

4thCandy is Dandy. Arthur Cummings allows 4 hits as Hartford costs to an 18–0 over New Haven.

10thAt a meeting of the White Stockings stockholders, William Hulbert uses a proxy from George Gage’s widow to declare himself president of the club and to name Al Spalding as secretary.

13thCap Anson is 5-for-5 in leading the Athletics to a 10-inning, 8–7 win over Hartford.

14thOnly 200 fans are on hand but $10,000 is bet on the White Stockings against the host Philadelphias. The bettors are not wrong as Chicago uses 1st inning errors by McGeary and 4 hits for 5 runs. Chicago wins, 10–7.

24th  The Chicago Tribunecalls for the formation of an organization of major professional teams: Chicago, Cincinnati, Louisville, Philadelphia, New York, Boston, and Hartford. “Unless the present Professional Association leadership adopts rules to limit the number of teams allowed to participate in the Championship season, all clubs will go broke.”

30thThe Boston Reds beat the visiting Blue Stockings of Hartford, 7–4, to finish the season without a home defeat. Boston finishes the year at 48–7. Only 7 teams finish the season with a total of 185 games played between them. Eighteen teams a re signed on for next season.

December 1874

26th From Henry Chadwick’s column in the New York Clipper (as noted by Bob Schaeffer): “A vile habit which some catchers are prone to indulge in is that of growling at umpires and disputing their decisions or ill-naturedly questioning their judgment. . . . Aside from the fact that it is illegal and unfair, it is the worst policy a catcher can follow, for growling (complaining) only increases the prejudice of the umpire and confuses his judgment, and his errors are sure to tell against the grumbling catcher’s side.”

December 1879

3rd  The annual NL meeting convenes in Buffalo. A new Cincinnati club headed by Justus Thorner and O. P. Caylor is admitted to membership.

4th  NL owners again vote to retain the 50¢ minimum admission charge despite opposition from Troy and Buffalo.

The following rule changes are made:

  • the number of balls for a walk is reduced from 9 to 8.
  • the catcher must catch the 3rd strike on the fly to put the batter out (the first bounce no longer counting).
  • the final outs of the last half inning need no longer be completed if the team batting last is already ahead.

5th  The NL adopts a rule allowing a club to suspend a player for the remainder of one season and the entire following season for drunkenness or insubordination.

6th  The American College Baseball Association is founded in Springfield, MA. The six schools forming the group are Harvard, Yale, Princeton, Amherst, Dartmouth, and Brown, and they vote to exclude professional players from their teams. Yale, with the best team, will withdraw from the Association and only five teams will compete for the pennant in 1880. Princeton will win the 1880 season with a 6–2 record, though Yale will go 7–1. Yale will rejoin in 1881 and go 7–3, tops of the 6.

18thThe American College Base Ball Association is founded in Springfield, MA, at a meeting attended by 6 prominent eastern colleges.

21st  The Hop Bitters of Rochester, the first North American team to play in Cuba, beat a local team 21–7 in Havana before a crowd of 5,000.

November 1879

15thSpringfield hires John Chapman to manage a new team in 1880.

21stFrank Bancroft closes a deal with A.S. Soule of the patent medicine firm promoting its hop bitters to take a squad on a tour of Cuba and the South. The team will be called “Hop Bitters” but will consist mainly of Worcester players, not Rochester men.

24th  Although the club reportedly cleared $1,500 in winning the pennant, Providence offers player-manager George Wright a contract calling for a cut of about $300 from his 1879 salary of $2,000. Because Wright was reserved by Providence at the NL meeting, he will receive no offers from other clubs.

October 1879

1st  The financially strapped Cincinnati club releases its players, and will not pay them the final month’s salary.

2nd  Chicago’s announcement of the signing of Troy’s Fred Goldsmith leads to protests from Troy that the new reserve system has already been violated.

3rdAdrian Anson rejoins the White Stockings in Chicago as the club prepares to leave for California for a tour with a “Cincinnati” squad.

5thThe NL issues a circular stating that 1879 “was one of the most successful seasons financially in history.” But most observers believe that all but one or two NL clubs lost money.

7thWorcester beats Providence, 4–3, giving pitcher Richmond a 7–2 record versus NL teams for the season. Harry Stovey, having been signed with Worcester for 1880, makes his debut.

8thThe first pro game of the season takes place at the Union Grounds of Brooklyn with Providence beating Boston, 8–6.

10thProvidence beats Albany, 5–1, to snap Albany’s 18-game winning streak against all levels of competition.

13thAlbany beats the Nationals of Washington to clinch the NA pennant. The victors’ lineup includes three players, Tommy Burns, Fred Dunlap, and Ned Hanlon, who will be NL standouts in the 1880s.

16th  With the Cincinnati Reds folding, Mike Kelly signs with Chicago for 1880 while on tour with the Whites in California.

17thTroy beats Albany, 16-4, in the final NL versus AL game of the year. The NL has the edge in these games, 26-19, with 4 ties.

24thCincinnati formally resigns from the NL.

25thThe Nationals strike a blow for the prestige of the NA by signing Charley Snyder away from Boston.

28thFormer IF/OF Jimmy Hallihan dies of “inflammation of the bowels” at age 30.

July 1879

1stBuffalo’s Jim Galvin holds Cleveland to one hit this time and wins, 9–0.

2ndIn Chicago, umpire Bill McLean fines players on both teams and even walks off the field briefly before being convinced to complete the game, which is won by Cincinnati, 14–9.

4th  A holiday crowd of more than 5,000 turns out in Philadelphia to see a widely advertised game between 2 women’s teams, the New York Blue Stockings and the Philadelphia Red Stockings. The teams, connected with variety theaters, are playing for “the championship of the U.S.” The Blue Stockings win 36–24 in a loosely played game cut short when the unruly crowd gets out of control.

At Oil City, Pennsylvania, Tony Mullane throws a baseball 416 feet (according to a story in The Lethbridge (PA) Herald, June 26, 1939). The same article notes the distant record of Sheldon LeJeune who threw a ball 426 feet, 9 1/2 inches at Redland Field, Cincinnati, on October 9, 1910. (as noted by Dennis VanLangen). Mullane’s obituary in The Sporting News (May 4, 1944) mentions his ambidextrous pitching, saying, “Tony’s ambidexterity on the diamond was the result of a sore right arm that threatened to end his career, after he joined Detroit. The injury resulted from his efforts in a field meet, in which he was credited with throwing a ball 416 feet 7-3/4 inches.” no date is given for the field meet or even a site. Mullane had played for an amateur team in Akron that year before joining Detroit in late July (as noted by J.G. Preston).

5th  Ned Williamson is 5-for-5 with a triple and HR as Chicago snaps a 3-game losing streak with a 14–6 win over Boston.

8th  Cleveland’s Jack Glasscock drives home a run in the top of the 9thto break a scoreless tie, but then he makes a game-losing error in the bottom of the frame as Buffalo rallies, 2–1.

12th  Galvin pitches the Bisons to two victories over Troy, 5–3 and 5–4 in 12 innings. He also hits the game-winning triple in game 2.

14th  Chicago signs Jack Remsen of the recently disbanded Utica (NA) club.

15th  After having pitched complete games in all of Providence’s 73 NL games since he joined the club exactly one year ago, Monte Ward is relieved for the first time in the 4th inning in a 9–0 loss to Cincinnati.

16th  Frank Hankinson, who has taken over as Chicago’s chief pitcher because of Terry Larkin’s arm trouble, shuts out Troy for the 2ndtime in 2 days.

19th  Cincinnati gets homers from Barnes, Dickerson, and J. White, but still needs 11th-inning singles by McVey and Dickerson to edge Troy, 7–6.

At Cleveland, the first all-lefty duel in ML history takes place (as researched by David Nemec). Bobby Mitchell of Cleveland defeats Curry Foley of Boston, 8–2.

21st  Boston’s Tommy Bond, apparently fully recovered from his thumb injury, stops Cleveland, 9–0, on 4 hits.

23rdAfter having missed a month with a broken finger, Joe Start returns to the Providence lineup as the Grays beat Chicago, 13–4, to take the rubber game of the series from the league-leaders. The Grays still trail by 4 1/2 games.

24th  George Bradley pitches a 5-hitter as Troy beats Cleveland, 2–0. This will turn out to be the Trojans only win in a 19-game stretch.

26th  Syracuse’s Harry McCormick hits a HR in the first and then makes it stand up by beating Boston’s Tommy Bond, 1–0. This will be the only time in ML history that a pitcher wins his own 1–0 game with first-inning HR, a ML record likely to stand.

28th  Boston’s Jones hits a leadoff HR in the 1stinning as the Reds get sweet revenge against McCormick and the Stars with a 12–0 shutout.

29th  Billy Holbert succeeds Mike Dorgan as captain of the Stars, but Syracuse still loses 13-4 to Boston.

30th  Holbert is supplanted after just one game by Jim Macullar. The Stars lose again as their record slips to 17-28.

June 1879

2ndJ. Lee Richmond, star at Brown University, makes his pro debut with Worcester by no-hitting Chicago in a 7-inning game, 11–0. Richmond was 1–0 last year with NL Boston.

5thChicago scores 3 times in the bottom of the 9thto edge Providence, 6–5. Quinn, Williamson, and Larkin provide scoring singles plus errors by O’Rourke and Hines. This ups the Whites lead over the Grays to 5 games.

6th Charley Jones hits a tremendous home run, estimated to travel 500 feet, as Boston beats Buffalo, 7–4.

9th  Back with Brown University, Lee Richmond pitches his school to the College Championship by beating Yale 3–2. In the 9th, Yale puts runners on 2B and 3B with 2 out, but Richmond fans Ripley on a full count (8-2) pitch.

10th  Providence plays errorless ball for the first time this season and beats Cincinnati, 11–1.

12th  Boston shades Cleveland, 1–0, as Sadie Houck scores the winning run after colliding with SS Tom Carey as the fielder was going after a pop fly. The consolation for the losers is the fine performance of their latest catching recruit, Barney Gilligan.

13th  Will White sprains his ankle while horsing around with Mike Kelly before the game, and Cincinnati is forced to use Cal McVey in the pitcher’s box. McVey is pounded for 28 hits, as Providence wins 19–6.

14th  Chicago’s Frank “Silver” Flint hits a ball over the LF fence in the 9th inning in Troy. He takes only 3 bases on the hit because he wants to force the catcher to play close behind the next batter, giving the hitter a better chance. Flint eventually scores but Chicago still loses 10–9.

15th  St. Louis applies to join the IA (then known as the National Association) after having previously rejected offers to take over the NL’s Indianapolis franchise.

20th  Oscar Walker of Buffalo becomes the first ML player to strike out 5 times in a 9-inning game. Luckily, his teammates are able to hit George Bradley’s delivery enough to beat Troy, 8–3. Bradley will lose 40 this year, tops in the NL.

21stWith Joe Start out with an injury, Providence quickly recruits Bill White of Brown University to play 1B. He goes 1-for-4 with no errors in his only big league game as the Grays beat Cleveland, 5–3. White, whose father was a Southern plantation owner and his mother was a slave, is significant in that he is possibly the first African-American pro player (details of his life were discovered by a group of SABR researchers, headed by Peter Morris).

22ndThe New York Timesreports the death of a player named Alexander Taylor. Apparently this fatality took place on the field of play. The article says that Taylor, a catcher, got too close to the batter as he swung, smashing his skull.

23rdDan Brouthers makes his ML debut with Troy, contributing a single in a 6-run burst that beats Syracuse, 6–0.

26th  Boston edges Providence 3–2, due largely to a triple play started by C Snyder. He drops a 3rd strike with the bases loaded and begins the throws that result in three force outs. The rule eliminating the chance for double and triple plays on dropped 3rd strikes would not be adopted until 1887.

28th  John O’Rourke of Boston hits 2 homers as the Reds beat the Grays, 10–5. O’Rourke will finish the season with 6 homers, 2ndto teammate Jones’s NL-high of 10.

30th  Despite being outhit, 11-3, Cleveland beats Buffalo, 2–1.

October 1878

2nd  Buffalo beats Boston 9–5 in 12 innings, giving Bison P Jim Galvin at least one win over each NL club. He will finish 10–5 this year versus NL teams.

3rd  The Stars of Syracuse beat Lowell 12–1 and claim the IA pennant. They celebrate with a “grand collation” in the evening.

7thJim Devlin, barred by the NL, pitches a benefit game in Troy between the Haymakers and a picked 9.

8th  Buffalo beats Utica and also claims the IA pennant.

15thProvidence signs veteran stars Jim O’Rourke and Bobby Mathews.

18th  The Indianapolis club unaccountably finds itself short $2,500. The players are given $60 each in lieu of their salaries due, spelling the end of the Indianapolis Blues.

25th  The Buffalo club plays its final game in Jamestown, NY, finishing the season with an overall record of 81-32-3, including 10-7 versus NL teams and 24-8 in official IA games. P Jim Galvin racks up a 72-25-3 record.

September 1879

1st  Chicago beats Buffalo, 4–1, to briefly regain 2ndplace over Boston. The top 3 teams are tightly bunched: Providence (45-21), Chicago (43-21) and Boston 43-23).

3rd After spending 24 hours on the journey from Buffalo to Providence, the White Stockings are trounced by the Grays, 8–1, in the first game of a 3-game showdown.

4th  The required 10 days since his release having elapsed, Lew Brown is able to play for Chicago against his old Providence team. It’s not enough as the Grays win again, 10–3.

6th  Providence completes the sweep with an 11-5 win over Chicago. Boston, now in 2ndplace, is 3 games back.

7th  Despite a respectable .2274 average, Dan Brouthers is released by Troy. He’ll play 3 games for them next year.

8th  Boston shuts out Chicago, 4–0, as Tommy Bond strikes out 9.

9th  Tommy Bond of Boston shuts out Chicago again, 10–0 this time, for his 11th and final complete-game shutout of the season. Bond shut out Chicago yesterday, 4–0. This is the 3rd year in a row that he has led the NL in whitewashes.

10th  Facing bankruptcy, the Syracuse Stars fold after winning their final game. Having played Troy only 6 times, the official NL standings are adjusted so that only the first 6 games of the total each team played versus Syracuse would count. This adds a game to Providence’s lead.

12th  Ex-star Jack Farrell plays with Providence as the Grays beat Cleveland, 8–4. Farrell and Blondie Purcell will be the only Syracuse players to catch on with other NL clubs in the final weeks of the season.

16th  A single by Candy Nelson is the only Trojan hit off Bill McGunnigle who pitches Buffalo to a 2–1 triumph.

17th  Pitching for Troy after the breakup of the Springfield NA club, Fred Goldsmith posts his 1stNL win after many years of non-league ball.

18th  In a rematch against Richmond and the Worcesters, the Chicagos manage 4 singles and are again shutout. The White Stockings let acting captain Lew Brown go and put Silver Flint in charge for the remaining two weeks of the season. Cap Anson will be back at the helm next spring.

19th  Aided by 17 Cincinnati fielding and battery errors, Providence wins 15-5 to sweep a 3-game series.

20th  In a rematch against Richmond and the Worcesters, the Chicagos manage 4 singles and are again shutout. The White Stockings let acting captain Lew Brown go and put Silver Flint in charge for the remaining two weeks of the season. Cap Anson will be back at the helm next spring.

Boston beats Cleveland, 10–7, but still trails Providence by 4 games with just 6 left to play, all against the Grays.

23rd  With Bond injured, Boston manager Harry Wright hires Harvard C Joe Tyng to pitch against Providence. To the surprise of all, Tyng and the Reds win, 7–3.

25th  Providence jumps on Joe Tyng for 16 hits and wins 15–4 to clinch a tie for first place.

Chicago’s Terry Larkin finds enough in his lame arm to toss a 6–5 victory over Cleveland, the last decision of his career. Frank Hankinson will pitch the last 4 games of the year for Chicago.

26th  Providence squanders a 6-run lead, but George Wright scores a run in the 9th inning to beat Boston 7–6 and clinch the pennant for the Grays. The Providence crowd stages a wild celebration that delays the formal last out of the game.

In an International Association game between Albany and Worcester, Albany’s Lou Say pulls off the first hidden ball trick, but the umps deny him the out saying there was nothing in the record books to make the ploy possible. Lou will get his say in the record books, however, in 1884 when he becomes the first player to make 100 errors in a season playing shortstop for the UA Baltimore and Kansas City franchises. He makes 102 errors (as noted by David Nemec).

27th  Lee Richmond makes his NL pitching debut for Boston against Providence. He survives a shaky 5-run first and goes on to win 12–6.

29th  Will White pitches his 74th complete game of the season for Cincinnati, beating Cleveland 13–1. He will finish with 75 complete games and 680 innings pitched, establishing ML season records that will never be broken.

30th  The NL season ends with 3 games. Providence is the winner with a 55-23 record; Boston (49-29 is in second place after the standings are adjusted for only 6 games per team against Syracuse.

From the 2nd day of the NL meeting, word leaks out of a secret agreement among the owners allowing each club to “reserve” 5 players with whom the other clubs agree not to negotiate. This move is to keep their salaries at current levels or below. This represents the beginning of the reserve system that would develop into management’s chief hold over the players for the next century.

August 1879

2ndBond pitches his 3rdshutout of the week (out of 5 games pitched) beating Troy, 9–0.

3rdThe Syracuse club is reportedly 5 weeks in arrears in paying their players’ salaries.

5th  After Providence P Bobby Mathews gives up 6 runs in the first 2 innings, he switches positions with 3B Monte Ward, who pitches shutout ball the rest of the way to rally the Grays to a 7–6 win. Captain George Wright would successfully employ this pitching scheme several more times in the season.

6th  After the Trojans lose again to drop their record to 12-34, Troy hires Bob Ferguson to take over as manager and captain, succeeding Horace Phillips and George Bradley respectively.

7th  An unusual base-path occurrence is the feature in Syracuse. The Star runner from 2B, Mike Dorgan, passes the man from 3B, Hick Carpenter, and crosses the plate before Carpenter is tagged out. There is as yet no specific rule about passing preceding runners, but the umpire calls both men out. The Stars beat Boston 6–5.

11th  Providence posts its 3rdconsecutive extra-inning victory and 8thstraight overall, beating Syracuse, 3–2, in 12.

12th  McCunnigle of Buffalo shuts out Cleveland for the 2ndday in a row, both final scores being 2–0.

13th  Chicago and Cincinnati try to play a makeup game, but the home team Reds refuse to play after a downpour of rain. The visiting Whites then appoint one of their traveling party as umpire, and he declares the game a 9–0 forfeit victory for Chicago. It will be declared a legal Chicago victory at the NL meeting in December.

14th  Troy snaps a 12-game losing streak, the longest this year in the NL, by beating Providence, 6–2.

15th Providence takes over first place from Chicago in the NL with a 16–7 pasting of Troy.

Cap Anson plays his final game of 1879 for Chicago as they lose for the 6thtime in 8 games since the Dubuque trip. The player-manager will leave the club to recuperate from a liver ailment, and Silver Flint will take over. Anson’s illness, coupled with P Terry Larkin’s lame arm, will doom Chicago to a 4th-place finish.

20th Chicago club president William Hulbert “puts some ginger in the boys” with a pregame pep talk, and the Whites respond with an 8–1 victory over Buffalo.

21st Dan Brouthers tries pitching for Troy and is roughed up for 17 hits by Boston. Tommy Bonds (8 innings) and Curry Foley (1 inning) combine to shut out Troy, 16–0.

26th Paul Hines is 5-for-6 and saves the game in the 10thinning with a fine catch as Providence beats Troy, 8–6. Joe Start finishes the game with a 10thinning inside-the-park homer.

27th The Chicago team leaves on an eastern road trip without Cap Anson. Anson will go to his father’s home in Marshalltown, Iowa, to recover his health.

29th Recently signed Lew Brown joins the Chicagos in Rochester and takes over as captain.

30th Troy beats Boston, 4–2, to snap the Bostons 10-game winning streak, which is tied with previous streaks by Buffalo (July 19-August 6) and Providence (July 30 – August 13) for the longest in the NL this year.

May 1879

1st  Opening Day in the NL with 4 games, including the first league games ever in Buffalo and Cleveland.

Cap Anson, in his debut as Chicago’s manager, collects 2 singles and a RBI to help beat Syracuse 4–3 in the season opener at Chicago’s Lakefront Park.

2ndCincinnati 2B Ross Barnes suffers a sprained neck when Troy’s Mike Mansell deliberately runs into him as he attempts a double play. Collisions on the basepaths and “breaking up the double play” are not yet accepted parts of the game. Mansell is severely censured for his actions.

3rdMike Kelly hits a 3-run homer in Cincinnati as the Reds beat Troy City, 13–12. For hitting the first HR of the season, Kelly receives a bat from the Cincinnati Inquirer.

8thBuffalo nips Providence, 3–2. In the top of the 9th, CF Dave Eggler cannily juggles a fly ball and is able to force the speedy John Ward out at 3B. In the bottom of the inning, the Bisons score the winning run on throwing errors by Grays catcher Jim O’Rourke.

10thBuffalo P Jim Galvin twists his ankle in the 3rdinning, and Providence jumps on reliever Bill McGunnigle for 13 runs, including 9 in the 8thinning, to win 16–10.

12thTroy, 0-6 in NL play thus far, wins an exhibition game in Detroit at the opening of Recreation Park.

13thCincinnati’s Mike Burke is the goat twice in a 3–2 loss in Boston. In the top of the 9th, he overruns 3B and is tagged out, and in the bottom, he makes the error to allow the winning run to score.

15thChicago losses the toss for choice of innings for the 7thtime in 8 games, but beats Providence, 7–2. The White Stockings now lead the NL at 7–1.

16thTroy (1–7) posts its first victory by beating Buffalo, 1–0. Captain George Bradley pitches the shutout and Bison’s 2B Bill Crowley’s 2 errors allow the only run to score.

17th  Plagued by catching injuries, the Cleveland Blues give Fred Gunkley a trial. He finishes the game with 10 errors (including passed balls) even though he is shifted to the OF midway through the game. The Blue Stockings lose to the Syracuse Stars, 11–3.

20th  Boston catcher Charley Snyder suffers a cut hand in the 8thinning, forcing relief pitcher Tommy Bond to ease up on his delivery and allowing Chicago to score 4 runs in the 9thto win, 9–5.

22ndProvidence rallies from a 9–2 deficit in the 7thinning to beat Cincinnati, 10–9, in 10 innings.

24th  Providence scores 10 runs in the 1stinning and rout the Cincinnati team, 17–1. Two Providence runners are thrown out trying to steal in the big inning.

28th  Home openers are staged in Boston, Providence, Syracuse and Troy with Boston the only loser.

30th  John Ward of Providence beats Buffalo 4–0 and saves his own shutout with the innovative tactic of backing up home plate on a throw from the OF.

31stChicago runs its record to 14–1 with a 4–2 triumph in Boston. Providence is 2ndwith a 10-5 record.

January 1879

1stIn A meeting in Rockford, Illinois, the Northwest League is proposed. Rockford, Dubuque, and Peoria are represented at the meeting, and Davenport, Milwaukee, Cedar Rapids and Marshalltown are invited to join.

An article in the Chicago Daily Tribuneon square bats states that the League is considering a rule change to “allow the batter the privilege of using a square or flat bat.” It further states that “(t)he idea was originally put forth in the Boston Herald, the base-ball department of which is understood to be ‘inspired’ by Harry Wright.” It then quotes from the article and notes that the rule would not be changed “without at least a year’s notice in advance, in order that players might practice at leisure moments and become accustomed to the flat bat. . . .” The notion will be discarded in February 1880.

26th  Troy receives notification of its admission into the NL. The Trojans are already committed to salaries totaling $10,240 for 11 players and a manager.

Decmber 1878

4th  The full NL meets and admits the Stars of Syracuse, Buffalo, and Cleveland. Indianapolis resigns, and the Milwaukee club is given 20 days to pay its creditors and resign honorably or be expelled. The also deny the appeals of reinstatement from Bill Craver and Edward Nolan.

New rules include the following:

  • Nonplaying managers are barred from the bench (a rule aimed at Harry Wright of Boston).
  • The pitcher’s box is narrowed from 6 feet wide to 4 feet wide.
  • Every pitch is called either a ball, a strike, or a foul and 9 balls are required for a walk, as opposed to the old rule in which every 3rd bad pitch was a called ball and 3 called balls gave the batter his base.
  • A system of fines is established against pitchers who hit batsmen with pitches.
  • Pitchers are barred from turning their backs completely to the batters during delivery.
  • Batting-order rules are altered to make the first batter in a new inning follow the last batter in the previous inning.

5th  In its final session, the NL votes to abolish all outs on the first bounce, both on fouls and 3rd strikes. The league also institutes a reserve clause (as noted by Cliff Blau) and each team is allowed to designate five players who cannot be signed by other teams. This will increase to 11 players in the next few years. In 1892, following the mergers of the two major leagues, each team will be allowed to reserve 15 players.

10thThe Troy City Base Ball club applies for membership in the NL.

29th  The Professional Baseball League of Cuba is founded in Havana. In the first league game ever played, the Havana Reds edge Almendares, 21-20.

31st  It is reported that 8,000,000 bats were sold in the United States during 1878.

November 1878

1st  Boston beats Providence in an experimental game with 6 balls for a walk and no outs on foul bounds.

8thThe Providence club meets and votes to expand its capital stock from $3,800 to $10,000.

9th  The official NL averages give Milwaukee’s Abner Dalrymple the batting championship with a .356 average. These figures do not include tie games, however, and counting ties, Providence’s Paul Hines would have the lead .358 to .354. The calculations giving Hines the batting crown, as well as research showing he led in RBIs, were not made until long after his death in 1935, so Hines did not know he was the ML’s first triple crown winner.

10th  Nearly 8,000 come out to the San Francisco National Trotting Park to see the deciding game of the Pacific Coast championship season. The Athletics beat the Californias 9–7 in a game marred by terrible field conditions.

September 1878

2nd  A benefit game played in Chicago raises $682 for yellow fever victims in Memphis.

3rdCincinnati scores 3 in the 9th to beat Boston, 3–0. Charley Jones cracks a 2-run triple and completes the circuit on an error.

4th  Monte Ward shuts Chicago out for the 2nd day in a row, winning 9–0 on 4 hits this time.

5th  Catcher Jim “Deacon” White picks 2 runners off and throws out 3 more trying to steal to lead Cincinnati to a 5–2 victory over Boston.

7thCincinnati staves off elimination again by completing a 3-game sweep over the league leaders. Boston still leads with a 37–16 record, while Cincinnati is 35–22.

8thImpressed with his hitting in the recent sweep over them, Boston signs Cincy star Charley Jones to a 3-year contract for 1879-82.

11thCincinnati beats Chicago 2–0 for their 9th win in a row, tying Chicago for the longest win streak of the year. Boston clinches a tie with a 2–0, 10-inning win over Indianapolis.

12thBoston clinches the pennant with a 4–2 win over the Blues, while Cincinnati finally loses, 9–2, to Chicago.

13thBoston’s Tommy Bond pitches his 9th shutout of the year, beating Indianapolis, 3–0.

14th  The Red Stockings and Blues play an exhibition game in which they experiment with calling every pitch a ball or a strike and allowing only 6 balls for a walk. The reaction is favorable.

19thProvidence announces its roster for 1879, including Boston’s star SS George Wright, who will captain the Grays next year.

23rd  The “Chicagos of 1879,” including Ned Williamson and Silver Flint of this year’s Indianapolis 9, lose an exhibition game to the Blues 9–7.

26th  In the first league game in 12 days, Boston’s Tommy Bond beats Providence, 4–1, for his 40thwin of the year. Bond won 40 last year and will win 43 next season, pitching more than 500 innings in each of the 3 years. At 40-16, Bond has all but one of Boston’s decisions. He’ll lose his next 3 all by one run over the next 3 days to Providence, as the two teams are the only ones playing.

30th  The NL season ends with a Providence win over Boston, their 3rdover Boston in 3 days. For the first time ever, a league completes its entire schedule. Boston (41-19) is the leader, followed by Cincinnati (37-23) and Providence (33-27) in the top 3 of 6 teams.

August 1878

1stBoston edges Milwaukee, 3–2, with the aid of an “astonishing muff” in the 8th inning by LF Abner Dalrymple.

3rdA home run by Jim O’Rourke gives Boston another 3–2 win over Milwaukee.

7th  John Montgomery Ward allows 2 hits as Providence beats Indianapolis, 5–0.

8thErrors by 2B Bill McClellan and 1B Joe Start enable Boston to score in the 9th and edge Chicago, 2–1.

9th  Paul Hines and Monte Ward star as Providence wins 2 from Indianapolis 12–6 in the morning and 8–5 in the afternoon. Ward pitches both games, and Hines amasses 7 hits and 7 RBIs.

10thBoston completes a 3-game sweep of Chicago by winning 2–1 in 11 innings. Morrill scores the winning run by stealing 2B and continuing home when the catcher’s throw gets by the second baseman and center fielder.

13thPaul Hines is 3-for-4 and pulls off his second unassisted DP of the year, but Providence settles for a 4–4 tie with Chicago.

14th  The Indianapolis club expels “The Only” Nolan for leaving the team to attend a fictitious funeral.

19th  The NL loses 3 out of 4 exhibition games on this date, Boston beating Rochester 4–2 in 14 innings for the only victory.

21stChicago scores 5 in the bottom of the 9th to beat Cincinnati, 7–4. After Frank Hankinson’s 2-run single wins the game, two more runs score on an error by SS Bill Geer.

25thThe IA certifies Bill Craver to play for the Troy Haymakers (IA). Craver was recently expelled from the NL for failing to cooperate with an investigation into his selling of games. By NL rules, the League could then expel every player who played against Troy. The NL will take no action, however, but will not grant Craver a hearing.

26th  The Manchester IA club plays an exhibition at the state reform school, and during the game their dressing room is robbed of jewelry and $48 in cash.

29thBoston pulls another out of the fire, coring 4 in the bottom of the 10th to beat Chicago, 8–7. Bob Ferguson, catching for the Whites, makes 5 errors and passed balls in the final frame. Ezra Sutton caps the scoring with a game-winning homer, his only HR of the year.

31st  Al Spalding comes out of retirement to play 2B for Chicago. He goes 2-for-4 but makes 4 errors as the Whites lose to Boston 5–2.

February 1879

14th  The Milwaukee NL club’s property (Cream Citys) is sold to satisfy a bankruptcy judgment of $125.61.

18th  At the International Association meeting, the 1878 pennant is awarded to Buffalo with a 24-8 record; Syracuse was 23-9. With no Canadian clubs in attendance, the league changes its name to the National Association.

20thThe Troy City club hires a contractor to build a new grandstand seating 1200 to accommodate the crowds at NL games this coming season.

July 1878

5th  Cincinnati wins to move ahead of Boston in the standings with 17 games won. Boston has won 16 but has lost 4 fewer games.

2ndBoston (15-7) moves into first place in the NL by beating Milwaukee, 4–1. The Reds (15-11) are 2nd and Chicago (14-13) is 3rd.

4thCincinnati snaps a 6-game losing streak by beating Indianapolis, 5–3, before a crowd of 5,194.

5thCincinnati wins a gain and moves into 1st place with 17 wins. Boston has 16 wins, but 4 fewer losses.

7thUnofficial figures compiled by Cincinnati sportswriter O.P. Caylor put Lew Brown of Providence as the top hitter at .375. Following are Shaffer (.373), Anson (367), Allison (.361), and Abner Dalrymple (.359).

9th  Indianapolis begins a transferred “home” series in St. Louis, losing to Boston 6–3 thanks to 4 errors in the 2nd inning by 2B Joe Quest. The 3-game series will total 1,594 in paid attendance.

At Avenue Grounds, the Cincinnati Reds down the visiting Providence Greys, 12–4, using a 15-minute “heat delay” because of the sweltering temperature. The itinerant Cherokee Fisher, 4-20 for the Reds last year, is the starter and loser for the Greys in his only appearance this season. It is his last in the NL.

11th  Blues pitcher Jim McCormick suffers a broken bone in his forearm in the 7th inning and gives up 3 runs in the 8th and 4 in the 9th to lose to Boston 8–4. He will be out of action until the end of August.

15th  John Montgomery Ward makes his NL debut pitching for Providence in Cincinnati. The first game is a fiasco, the Grays losing 13–9 thanks to 17 battery errors by Monte Ward and Brown. But on July 18 and 20th he’ll toss consecutive shutouts and the 18-year-old rookie will pitch every inning of every league game for the Grays for the rest of the season.

16thJohn Montgomery Ward doubles home a run and posts his first win, beating Indianapolis, 4–2.

17thThanks to the heroics of Jack Remsen, Chicago nips Milwaukee, 6–5. Remsen drives in the game-winner in the 9th after earlier making a spectacular catch. The White Stockings now lead the pennant race with 22 wins.

18thDaring base running by rookie Mike Kelly leads Cincinnati to a 4–1 win over Boston.

20thJack Manning, back with Hubbites after being on loan to the Queen City for 1877, scores the lone run on a double steal as Boston edges Cincinnati, 1–0.

22ndCal McVey and Jim White combine for 6 RBIs, but their errors in the 9th allow Boston to score the winning run. The final is Boston 8, Cincinnati, 7.

23rdMaybe they should change their name to the Cream Puffs. The Milwaukee Cream Citys loses its 14th straight game, the longest losing streak of the year, 5–4 to Providence. The winners steal 5 bases and score 5 runs in one inning as they run on C Charlie Bennett’s sore arm.

25thBoston uses a triple play in the 8th inning and a triple in the 11th to edge Cincinnati, 10–9.

26thAt the Union Grounds in Brooklyn, Providence hosts Milwaukee before a disappointingly small crowd. The Grays prevail over the Cream Citys, 4-1.

31st  Lip Pike, recently released by Cincinnati, goes 4-for-5 with 3 RBI for Providence, as the Grays beat his old team 9–3.

April 1879

1st  The Northwest League is formed with Davenport, Omaha, Dubuque, and Rockford. This league refuses to affiliate with the NA or NL, setting its sights at limited attendance and salary standards. In this sense, it is the first minor league.

3rdThe annual Fast Day opener in Boston draws more than 1,000 fans to the Boston Grounds despite the rainy weather. The Bostons play a hand picked nine, defeating the latter, 3-0. All businesses are closed today.

4th  The Providence Grays vote to establish a “bull pen” in CF for which 15¢ admissions can be purchased starting in the 5th inning. This would be a very popular ticket, with a daily rush in the 5th.

16thWorcester manager Frank Bancroft sends out a notice to other clubs stating, “that it is useless to accept the promises of guarantees from D.L. Foutz” of Baltimore. Young Foutz, the player-manager of the Baltimore B.B. Club, had guaranteed Worcester $50 for a game on the 15th. But the visitors had arrived 35 minutes late, and poor weather had kept the crowd to a minimum. So when the Worcester squad finally arrived, Foutz refused to play the game or pay the guarantee. The damage from Bancroft’s announcement would cause Foutz to decamp to Colorado for a few seasons.

24th  The NA season opens with the Capital Cities losing to their crosstown rivals the Albanys 3–0.

March 1879

8thThe Worcester club reorganizes with Frank Bancroft and Jim Mutrie, both of last year’s New Bedford club, among the prominent men involved.

21st  Entry into the NA pennant race is closed with 9 clubs, including 2 in Albany.

24th  The NL meets in Buffalo and adopts an 8-team, 84-game schedule.

25th  Despite some vocal opposition from some members, the NL votes to retain its 50¢ minimum admission price. It also reinstitutes the rule making outs of fouls on 3rd strikes caught on the first bounce.

30thBoston ups its season ticket prices from $10 to $14.

June 1878

1stMcKelvey hits a 3-run homer off Reds lefty Bobby Mitchell to pace the Blues to an 8–5 win.

4thLarkin allows 7 hits and knocks in 2 runs to give Chicago a 2–1 win over Providence.

6th  Boston cannot hold a 15–6 lead but is able to push across a run in the bottom of the 9th to edge Milwaukee 16–15.

11thJack Manning scores a run and drives in 2 in a 3–0 Boston win over Indianapolis.

12th  A great throw for a CF and catcher DP by White Stocking OF John Cassidy in the bottom of the 10th inning saves a 1–0 decision over Milwaukee.

15thLeague-leading Cincinnati improves its record to 15–5 with a 11–3 romp over Providence.

17th  After he is awarded 3B in a collision with Cal McVey, Johnny Morrill scores the winning run on a double steal. Boston beats Cincinnati in their first meeting of the year 4–2.

19thCF Paul Hines makes 2 great catches to save 7 runs as Providence beats Indianapolis, 9–3.

22ndCap Anson is 5-for-5 with 5 RBIs as Chicago rolls over Milwaukee, 14–3.

25thAnson is 3-for-3 but makes a critical error in LF as Chicago loses to Boston, 7–2.

26thMilwaukee C Charlie Bennett, still trying to recover from a sore arm and his latest eye injury, breaks his nose when hit by a foul tip in an exhibition game in Waukesha.

27thRed-hot Cap Anson is 4-for-6 and Start is 5-for-6 as Chicago tattoos Tommy Bond for 24 hits in beating Boston, 16–5.

29thIndianapolis P Jim McCormick finishes his first week in the NL by beating the Reds for the third time.

May 1878

1st  A crowd of 5,500 turns out for the Opening Day game at the brand-new Messer Street Park in Providence, but the Boston Reds (NL) spoil the festivities by nipping the Grays 1–0.

4th  Providence returns the favor and spoils Boston’s home opener by winning 8–6. Dick Higham hits a 3-run HR over the cozy LF wall at the South End Grounds.

6th  Chicago makes one error and turns 4 DPs to beat Indianapolis 3–1. The losing Blues make 7 errors.

8th  Providence CF Paul Hines pulls off a spectacular and perhaps unassisted triple play. With men on 2B and 3B and none out in the 8th inning, Boston’s Jack Burdock lines one over SS as both runners go. Hines, racing in, catches the ball at his shoe tops and keeps going to touch 3B. This retires the runner who started on 3B, but did it retire the runner who started on 2B but had already rounded 3B? To make sure, Hines throws back to Charley Sweasy to touch 2B. This touches off a lively debate over whether the triple play was unassisted or not, a debate that still continues over a century later. In the May 4, 1901 issue of The Sporting News publishes letters by four of the game’s participants in which they all agree that Hines threw to 2B to complete the TP. Two of the letter writers are Sweasy, the second baseman, and E. B. Sutton, the runner at 2B.

9th  Sam Weaver pitches a no-hitter to lead the Milwaukee Cream Citys to their first NL win, beating Indianapolis 2–1, one run scoring after a walk. One scorer gave a hit to John Clapp of the Blues, but Weaver is generally credited with a no-hitter.

10th  Indianapolis scores its first NL win, beating Milwaukee 6–1.

11th  Indianapolis edges Milwaukee 1–0 when the Reds are able to field Will Foley’s long drive beyond the carriages parked in the LF corner in time to nip Foley’s bid for a game-tying HR.

14th  A crowd of 1,500 attends the first NL game in Milwaukee and sees the Grays end the Cincinnati Reds’ 6-game winning streak with an 8–5 decision.

15th  Providence beats Boston 24–5, pounding out 25 hits for 34 bases and running up the score with 12 runs in the 8th inning and 7 more in the 9th.

20thChicago’s Terry Larkin allows only a first-inning single, to Orator Shaffer, to beat Indianapolis, 3–1.

21st  Ed “The Only” Nolan of Indianapolis sets Milwaukee down with just 2 hits, but he barely wins a 6–5 game because of 11 errors and passed balls by his team.

25thWith starter Fred Corey disabled in the 1st inning by arm trouble, Providence reliever Tricky Nichols has to stay in the box despite suffering a dislocated finger in the 3rd inning. He is hit hard and loses to Boston, 17–10.

28th  After starter Fred Corey gives out, Providence is forced to try its catchers as pitchers. Backstops Lew Brown and Doug Allison pitch the final 6 innings in a 12–4 loss to Milwaukee.

30thIndianapolis hitter Russ McKelvey strikes out 4 times against Cincinnati right Will White as the Reds beat the Blues, 4–1.

March 1878

8th  “Being unable to secure a team sufficiently strong to cope with the other nines,” Louisville submits its resignation from the NL, reducing the circuit for 1878 to 6 clubs: Boston, Providence, Cincinnati, Indianapolis, Chicago, and Milwaukee.

9th  The Cincinnati club puts president J. M. Neff “in full charge of the club.” There will be no manager, just a captain from among the players.

13th  The Pittsburgh Alleghenies mail their $50 entry fee to the International Association to join, beating the deadline by 2 days. Despite the increase in the price from $10 last year, 13 clubs are entered for the championship.

21st  Milwaukee hires Jack Chapman as manager. He had run the Louisville NL team for the previous 2 seasons.

27th  The National Association of Amateur Base Ball Players disbands. This organization had traced its roots back to the first National Association founded in 1858.

February 1878

6th  Providence becomes a member of the NL, bringing membership to 7 if the shaky Louisville franchise is counted.

9th  Official averages compiled by the IA list Rochester’s Steve Brady as first-ever minor league batting champion with a .373 average.

12thFred Thayer is granted a patent for the catching mask, which was first used last April.

l9th  The 2nd annual meeting of the IA is held in Buffalo, 28 clubs attending.

20thThe Tecumsehs of London, Ontario, are officially declared 1877 pennant winners in the IA with a record of 14–4.

January 1978

5th  Milwaukee signs SS Johnny Peters. With 4 years of experience, Peters will be the closest thing to a veteran the new Cream Citys have in the coming season.

The annual stockholders meeting of the pennant- winning Boston club shows that the team lost money despite a league-leading attendance of 51,204 in 1877. Salaries totaling $22,000 more than offset revenues.

16th  The Grays, a new club that Benjamin Douglas put together in Providence, is finally organized with Henry Root as president, Douglas is hired as manager, and veteran Tom Carey is signed as captain.

21stProvidence applies for membership in the NL.

25th  The Boston club is reported to be backing a Massachusetts bill outlawing gambling on ball games.

November 1877

4thCraver issues a denial of any wrongdoing and denounces the Louisville club for not allowing him the chance to answer any actual charges. The only “proof” offered by the club against him was his suspicious attitude and his refusal to allow the club to examine his telegrams in September.

12th  The champion Boston Red Stockings play a game against the club’s stockholders. The players play lefthanded as a handicap but still win 28–18.

17th  The Chicago club secures a lease to Lake Front Park, located downtown at Randolph Street and Michigan Avenue. That is the site used before the Great Chicago Fire of 1871. The White Stockings have been playing at 23rd Street since 1874.

24thLooking beyond the grim state of baseball, the New York Mercuryforetells a dynamic future: “The baseball mania is getting so bad that every city will soon have a mammoth structure like the Roman Coliseum to play in. This will be illuminated by electric lights so that games can be played nights, thus overcoming a serious objection at present existing.”

30th  At Boston’s South End Fair, Andy Leonard wins a gold watch valued at $300 for being voted the league’s “most popular player.”

May 1877

1st  In a preseason game in St. Louis, the Browns and the Syracuse Stars play a 15-inning scoreless tie, the longest scoreless game yet played by professional clubs. It is suspected that the new “dead ball” used by the NL is partly to blame, as were pitchers Tricky Nichols and Harry McCormick.

2nd  The Allegheny (IA) club of Pittsburgh upsets the Boston Red Stockings behind the brilliant work of Jim Galvin. Not only does he pitch a one-hit shutout, he hits a HR said to be the first ball to clear the fence at Pittsburgh’s Union Park.

5thIn London, Ontario, the Brooklyn “Hartfords” beat the 1876 Canadian champion Tecumsehs, 6–2.

8th  The Chicago White Stockings, the defending NL Champs, edge Hartford 6–5 in their home opener. Cap Anson and John Glenn each have 3 hits, while batting champ Ross Barnes adds 2 hits, despite the new foul rule that makes a ball that goes foul before reaching 1B or 3B a foul ball. The old rule, under which any ball that bounced in fair territory first was fair, enabled Barnes to hit many a safe “fair-foul” past the third baseman.

10thThere’s no dead ball in evidence as the Reds open their season with a 15–10 win over Louisville. The game was supposed to be in Cincinnati, but 3 days of rain washes out the plans. In a first, the Reds team travels by boat down the Ohio River to play the game. Jim Devlin, loser of last year’s opener, takes another loss with Bobby Mathews the winner. Five Reds collect at least 3 hits. A new rule this year puts the home team at bat first (rather than toss for ups). But even with the Grays scoring one in the 9th, the Reds are unable to finish batting in the 9th and the score reverts to the 15–10 after 8 innings.

11thHarvard College and the professional Manchesters play an unprecedented 24-inning scoreless tie. The ball is blamed, being “dead enough to be buried.”

12th  Chicago makes 21 errors, including passed balls and wild pitches, and loses to Boston 18–9. The winners make 11 errors.

14thLouisville buries Cincinnati, 24–6, under a 32-hit attack. Hall and Bill Hague each have 5 hits, as the Grays score a dozen runs against both Bobby Mathews and Jack Manning.

17th  At a special league meeting, the NL adopts a livelier version of the Spalding ball for all games.

Umpire John Draper walks off the field in the 8th inning of the Cincinnati-Boston game. John Brockway comes out of the stands to finish the game, but the incident underscores the hazards of having amateurs officiate for the NL.

23rdHartford edges Cincinnati, 5–4, thanks to a grounder that goes through the legs of 2B Jimmy Hallinan, allowing 3 runs to score.

25thPitching sensation Edward “The Only” Nolan of Indianapolis shuts out the White Stockings, 3–0.

26thChicago’s Cal McVey is 5-for-5 to lead the Whites to a 12–7 win over Cincinnati. McVey’s last hit starts a tie-breaking rally in the 9th.

31st After having played the A’s in Philadelphia and Brooklyn the previous 2 days, Hartford hosts the Athletics and win, 5–2.

Charley Jones is 4-for-4 with a 3-run HR to lead Cincinnati to an 11–6 win over St. Louis.

April 1878

1st  The NL meets at Buffalo and adopts a schedule. Then the league owners sign an agreement with 6 of the stronger IA clubs agreeing to drop their demand of a $100 guarantee for exhibition games and to split the gate receipts 50/50.

2nd  The NL announces the selection of a staff of 18 umpires for the coming season. The individual clubs will arrange which ones will work which games.

10th  Ben Douglas is fired as manager of the Providence Grays for incompetence and insubordination.

13th  Three NL teams begin practice, the Indianapolis Blues, the Milwaukee Grays, and the Cincinnati Reds. Ed Nolan of the Blues is given a cap with 2 feathers in it to help the fans pick him out.

20th  Chicago’s new Lake Front Park is opened with a practice game. This field with its very short RF fence will house the White Stockings (NL) for 7 years.

22ndThe first IA game of the season takes place in Manchester, NH, with the hosts beating Rochester, 9–0.

24th  John “Bud” Fowler, a young black hurler with the Chelsea team, wins a 2–1 exhibition game from the Boston Nationals, the 1877 NL champs. Fowler will sign with the Lynn Live Oaks of the International Association. There are claims that Fowler played professionally in New Castle, PA, as early as 1872.

December 1877

4th  At the formal meeting in Cleveland, the NL directors meet and confirm the expulsions of the four Louisville players. The directors also vote to throw out all Cincinnati games from the standings on the grounds that Cincinnati never paid its $100 dues.

5th  The NL confirms the actions of the directors and accepts the resignation of the St. Louis club. The Cincinnati Reds are readmitted for 1878. The Indianapolis Hoosiers and the Milwaukee Cream Citys are also admitted.

6th  William Hulbert is reelected NL president and Nick Young NL secretary. Hartford is stripped of its membership. The NL puts limits on the games its clubs can play against non-league opponents, possibly to avoid as many defeats as they suffered this past year.

9th  August Sloari, operator of the Grand Avenue ballpark in St. Louis, announces that he will take down the stands and stack the lumber now that the pro team has folded. Sportsman’s Park would eventually be built at the Grand Avenue site.

15thThe signing of Ross Barnes by the IA champion Tecumseh club is announced. Word out of Barnes’ hometown of Rockford is that he agreed to terms back in February.

September 1877

1stJim Galvin and the Alleghenies edge St. Louis in 15 innings, 1–0. Two days earlier, they beat Milwaukee by the same score in 12 innings.

3rdWill White of Boston shuts out Cincinnati to win easily, 14–0. Except for 3 games against Cincinnati, all of brother Will’s pitching this year is against non-league opponents.

5th  Louisville’s Jim Devlin and George Hall allegedly agree to throw their next game in Cincinnati for $25 apiece. If true, they cut it pretty fine, losing 1-0.

6th  Sam “Buck” Weaver of Milwaukee no-hits the Mutuals of Janesville, to win the Wisconsin state championship. The Janesville battery consists of future stars John Montgomery Ward and Albert Bushong.

Bobby Mitchell of Cincinnati, the first southpaw to pitch in the NL, wins a 1–0 victory over Jim Devlin of Louisville, the first shutout in Reds history. Teammate Lipman Pike, described as the first Jewish player in the NL, provides the margin with a HR, hitting it over the RF fence, also a first. Serving up the homer is Jim Devlin.

8thChicago snaps Boston’s 12-game winning streak—6 of which came against Cincinnati—with an exciting 1–0 win behind George Bradley’s 3-hitter. Ross Barnes plays but shows “none of his old vim.”

14thA 2-out error by Ross Barnes opens the gates for a 4-run Hartford rally, giving the Dark Blues a 5–2 win over Chicago.

15th  A 3-team tournament in Pittsburgh, featuring the top 3 non-NL pitchers in the game, Galvin of Allegheny, Nolan of Indianapolis, and McCormick of Syracuse, ends in a tie, with each team 2-2. The tournament moves to Chicago.

19thYoung Harry Stovey of the Athletics shuts out St. Louis, 6–0, on 2 hits. The gentlemanly athlete plays under the name ‘Stovey’ instead of his given name ‘Stowe’, so that his mother will not see his name in the box scores. Stovey will become a star slugger, not pitcher, in the next decade.

22nd  Hartford plays Chicago in an NL championship game in New Haven before a crowd of 700. Hartford wins 11–9 with 2 runs in the bottom of the 9th. Yesterday’s game between these team took place in New York.

23rd  The Chicago Times denounces the Syracuse-Indianapolis-Allegheny tournament as a “swindle” with the outcomes fixed by gamblers, especially the deciding game won yesterday by the Stars.

24th  Two Allegheny players confirm that the Chicago games were “sold” by 2 other players. They add that 3 of the Allegheny club’s directors bet upon Syracuse.

25thLouisville newspaper reporter John Haldeman charges Devlin and Hall of the Grays with throwing yesterday’s game in Indianapolis. The two will later admit this to the club’s directors.

27thBoston clinches a tie for the NL pennant with a 13–2 win over Hartford. The NL’s top hitter, Jim White, leads the offense with a 4-for-4 game. On defense, Harry Schafer racks up 4 outfield assists, the first player to do so, and accepts 11 chances, both ML records. As Cliff Blau points out, there is some question about Harry’s (and other 4-assist) mark: Schafer played in just 2 games in 1878 and the Macmillan Encyclopedia credits him with no OF assists.

29th  Boston completes its league schedule with its 20th victory in its last 21 games, beating Hartford 8–4. The Reds’ final record is 31-17—42-18 counting Cincinnati games. Manager Harry Wright puts himself in the lineup for this final game.

30thThe battered Browns return to St. Louis after a disastrous 5-week, 19-stop road trip in which they played every day except Sundays and rainouts. Against non-league opponents, they were 11–4, but only 2–10 against NL teams. Despite the heavy schedule, the team lost money.