1890 January

9th  Brooklyn is selected by the AA as a new franchise. Syracuse, Rochester, and Toledo were selected earlier. However, the Brooklyn team will be transferred to Baltimore before the end of the season.

16th  Samuel Gompers, president of the American Federation of Labor, and three other labor leaders pledge support for the PL at a league meeting in Philadelphia.

25th  M.P. Betts, secretary of the National League of Great Britain, asks for the addresses of American players living in Great Britain who might be interested in playing in the new league. Few respond.

1890 February

st  The NL Schedule Committee meets in Pittsburgh and decides on a schedule, but for security reasons does not release it. Pittsburgh president Nimick comments that, “If I had my way, I would duplicate all the home games of the Brotherhood clubs.” Hence the reason for security.

17th  New York NL officials fail in an effort to woo star player and Brotherhood officer Buck Ewing to rejoin the Giants. Although he has rejected an offer reported at $33,000 for 3 years, Ewing is later accused by some players of spying for the NL.

24th  A syndicate not associated with the PL offers $1 million for all NL property, but the NL dismisses the offer as a bluff.

1890 March

6th  The NL releases a schedule with 10 teams, including the Brooklyn and Cincinnati franchises formerly in the AA. Since the NL is expected to trim back down to 8 teams, the release of this schedule is seen as a ruse to throw off the PL.

11th  The official PL schedule is released. According to a PL official, “No attention whatever was paid to the schedule of the NL. . . . “

27th  The application of an all-black club made up of ex–Cuban Giants is rejected by the Inter-State League.

1890 April

6th Sacramento (California League) beats visiting Stockton, 36–1, in just 7 innings, taking 2:10 to do it. Sacramento CF Goodenough is 5-for-8 and scores 6 runs. Stockton commits 16 errors.

10th In a California League game at San Francisco, Oakland defeats Stockton, 23-21, as Oakland SS Stickney is 5-for-6 with 5 runs scored (as noted by Ted Turocy).

11th At Galveston, Texas League Galveston beats Fort Worth, 26-7. Sand Crabs 2B Ward is 5-for-6 and scores 5 runs. Sand Crab baserunners steal 16 bases.

15th  A Philadelphia judge refuses to grant an injunction against former NL player William Hallman.

17th A Players League is launched, with each club run by an 8-man board of 4 players and 4 backers. Gate receipts will be divided evenly between the home and visiting teams. The first $10,000 profit will go to the backers, the next $10,000 will be shared by all the players, and anything over that will be divided between clubs and players. It all becomes academic; nobody will make anything and many players will end the season with unpaid salaries owed to them. Criticized by Henry Chadwick, editor of the Spalding Guide, the PL is supported by The Sporting News and Sporting Life.

The AA, crippled by the loss of Cincinnati and Kansas City, requiring the addition of minor league cities Syracuse, Rochester, and Toledo, and the jumping of many players to the NL and PL, opens what will become a disastrous season financially for all clubs.

A new rule allows two subs to be put into the game at any time. The Players League moves the pitcher’s box back two feet, but uses a livelier more tightly wound ball in the early part of the season.

John “Sadie” McMahon, 22, pitches the Phils (AA) to an 11–8 win over Rochester for the first of his league-leading 36 wins and 55 CG in 57 starts, 509 IP and 291 strikeouts. The 5’9” RHP will win 70 games in two AA years before becoming a mainstay of the Orioles NL champions.

Spud Johnson opens the season for Columbus (American Association) with a 5-for-5 hit spree against Toledo. In last year’s Opening Day game against Baltimore, Spud fried the ball with a 4-for-4 effort. In 1891, playing for Cleveland (NL) in the opener, Johnson will cool down to 2-for-4.

19th  The NL’s biggest Opening Day crowd, 6,311 at Cincinnati, watches 30-year-old righthander Wild Bill Hutchison (aka Hutchinson) beat Cincinnati 5–4, in bitterly cold weather. Bug Holliday homers for the home team. This is the first of Hutchinson’s 41 wins and 65 complete games out of 66 starts. He’ll work 603 innings and relieve 5 times while sporting a 2.70 ERA. Bill will be even more wild when a win on the 23rd of May is tossed out because the umpire wouldn’t let Philadelphia make a legal substitution in the middle of the game. He’s later given credit for the win.

Boston backs John Clarkson with 15 runs to beat Brooklyn, 15–9. The offense is needed as Clarkson commits 9 errors. Herman Long makes his NL debut with a HR in the 3rd and 8th innings, off Bobby Caruthers and Bill Terry. Putting his name in the record books is Pop Smith who is the first player to reach base six times (5 BB, 1 HBP) with no at bats. Walt Wilmot will do it next year with six walks.

Cupid Childs of Syracuse (AA) has 4 hits, including a 5th inning grand slam to pace the Stars to an 18-12 win over Brooklyn. Rasty Wright also has 4 safeties for the Stars, including 2 doubles and a triple.

The newly formed Players League opens the season with Buffalo rolling over Cleveland 23–2, then follows with a 15-8, 19-7 and 18-15 victories. In the opener Cleveland’s LHP Henry Gruber goes the route, giving up 17 hits and a ML-record tying 16 walks. Not discouraged, he will finish the season 21-23 for the 7th placers. Despite the auspicious start, Buffalo will finish in the cellar, 20 games in back of Cleveland.

The Players League opens in Boston at the same time (3:30 p.m.) as the Nationals game and draws 10,000 (according to historian Dixie Tourangeau). Boston wins, 3–2, on Harry Stovey’s homer. The Players league outdraws the NL by two to one and reportedly 10 to 1 in Pittsburgh. In New York, the Giants pull in 4,644 at the Polo Grounds, while 12,013 show up at the Brotherhood Park. Both New York teams lose to Philadelphia.

On Opening Day in Pittsburgh, there are two street parades, one each for the Pittsburgh NL team and the PL team. The PL parade features two brass bands and a group of local club bicyclists, while the NL has just one band. The PL parade includes a wagon for the Musical Mutual Protective Union, which has a streamer stating “Patronize the Brotherhood Ball Club, the only employers of union labor and union musicians.” The NL team beats Cleveland, 3-2, while the PL Chicago team wins, 10-2.

21st  Louisville RHP Scott Stratton beats St. Louis (AA), 17–4, to start a 34-14 season in which he will lead the AA with a 2.36 ERA.

22nd  Philadelphia and Syracuse (AA) combine for a ML record 21 stolen bases in a single game. Rookie C Grant Briggs allows a record 19 Athletic stolen bases as Syracuse loses, 17-6.

24th With the score tied 2-2 in the 7th between Boston and New York, pitcher Mickey Welch gets into such an argument with umpire McDermott that the ump forfeits the game to host Boston. 2300 cranks go home early. Mike Tiernan, who will lead the league in homers with 13, hits one for New York.

25th Buffalo (PL) C Connie Mack throws out 3 would be base stealers in a 10-8 loss to Chicago. He also gets an umpire to change a decision. With 2 outs Buffalo P George Keefe is hit by a pitched ball, and then tries to steal 2B before the ball is returned to the pitcher. When he is thrown out, the Chicagoes leave the field but Mack persuades the ump that the ball was not yet back in play, so the runner could not be called out.

26th Boston catcher Charlie Ganzel tags out two runners at home to complete a triple play in a 3–1 loss to the NL New Yorkers.

27th  St. Louis (AA) P Jack Stivetts strikes out the first 7 Columbus batters he faces. He finishes the game with 12 K’s. Tom Gettinger backs Stivetts with a 2nd inning grand slam, off Hank Gastright, as St. Louis wins, 14-1.

29th  On the island of Malta, baseball teams from Atlanta and Boston treat British military officers and their families to an exciting and hotly contested game on the polo grounds. Atlanta wins, 20–15.

In a Players League slugfest between New York and Boston, Jim O’Rourke hits a 6th-inning grand slam, off Boston’s Bill Daley, but Boston prevails, 15-13.

1890 May

1st  The ML record 577 consecutive-game streak of 3B George Pinckney of Brooklyn (NL) comes to an end when he is spiked in a game in Boston, which is later rained out. He has played every inning of the 577 games (almost all of them with Brooklyn, AA) since September 21, 1885, including 2 games as SS and one as 3B-P. The every-inning record will last until surpassed by Cal Ripken, Jr. of Baltimore in 1985, while Ev Scott will break Pinckney’s consecutive game streak.

3rd   In this issue of the New York Clipper, covering the 2nd week of the season, AA game reports and box scores are omitted, indicating the lack of interest in the AA in the wake of the NL-PL war. For the rest of the season AA fans will have to settle for line scores and occasional league summaries.

4th Promising Buffalo (Eastern League) pitcher Bill Thomas apparently falls to his death while his team is taking the night boat Richard Peck from New Bedford to New York City following a series of games in Providence. Thomas left word with his roommate and the night porter that he wanted to be awakened early so he could see the New York skyline at sunrise. Thomas, a well-known sleepwalker while in the PCL where he won 79 games in 3 years, was not in his bunk and was never seen again.

5th  For the first time in this busy litigation season an injunction is granted against a player, John Pickett. The judge rules that Pickett’s acceptance of advance money from his Kansas City club bound him to that club.

8th  Now you know why they’re called the Infants. Cleveland’s Willie McGill hurls a complete-game 14–5 victory over Buffalo (PL) at age 16, the youngest ever to perform the feat. The Buffalo lineup includes Connie Mack, Dummy Hoy, and Deacon White, at 42 the oldest player in the ML.

At West Side Park, Chicago scores 12 runs in the 6th inning and tops the Reds, 18–9. The big blow in the inning is Howard Earl’s grand slam off Lee Viau, which lands on Congress Street.

9th  In an era when 320 errors is the fewest made by any ML team, and over 10,000 are charged in the three leagues (with walks, WP, PB, and HPB counted as errors), it’s a rare day when a team commits no errors of any kind. But the NL New York squad does it, beating Boston, 16–3, behind Amos Rusie’s 6-hitter. Boston commits 8 fielding errors and 11 battery errors.

12th  A scoreless pitching duel between future Hall of Famers Amos Rusie of New York and Charles “Kid” Nichols of Boston at the Polo Grounds is broken up by a tape measure one-out solo HR by the Giants Mike Tiernan in the 13th inning. The ball clears the OF fence and high dirt embankment and lands in the middle of a Boston-New York Players League game going on at the adjacent Brotherhood Park. [news accounts of the time have the ball landing in the alley between the two parks.] Fans from both parks cheer Tiernan’s homer. Tiernan is in the middle of a 20-game hit streak that will end May 27th. Nichols gives up just 4 hits, while Rusie allows only 3. Attendance for the NL game is reported as 687 while the crowd at the PL game is 1,707.

13th  New York PL first baseman Roger Connor hits 2 homers in a 9–5 win over Boston. The PL will total 311 homers, more than the NL or AA, but the total is spread over many players. Connor will lead with 13, one less than the NL leader Walt Wilmot.

17th  Pittsburgh (NL) wins today at Brooklyn, 6–4, but it’s all downhill from here. In their next 23 games, they will win just one, heading to a record 113 losses and .169 PCT, the lowest since the NL’s first year when Cincinnati was .138 in a 65-game schedule. The loss record will be claimed by the 1899 Cleveland Spiders.

19th  New York PL SS Danny Richardson gets an assist by foot. With Buffalo P George Haddock on 1B, Clark grounds to short. Richardson accidentally kicks the ball to Shannon at 2B who throws to first for the out. A 9-run 3rd for Buffalo wins it, 12–11.

20th  Buffalo plays a 4-game series at Brooklyn during which an attendance of 80 is recorded at one game. Today the Brooklyn PL team wins, 8–3.

In a Northwest League game, Seattle edges Tacoma, 6-5, in 22 innings.

22nd Without warning Phils manager Harry Wright is struck blind. On May 31, he will be able to at least distinguish between light and dark. He’ll return to the field July 18, sitting in his carriage in the centerfield parking area with “smoked glasses” and waving a white handkerchief out the side window every time a Phillie player makes a great play. On August 6, after missing 55 games, he will return as manager. In the interim catcher Jack Clements will run the team while rookie shortstop Bob Allen counts the money and sets up team travel. Allen is listed as the manager in today’s encyclopedias. Interestingly, Allen’s own career suddenly (effectively) ends in 1897 when a fastball shatters his cheekbone and gave him permanent vision problems. (as noted by Frank Vaccaro).

Philadelphia (AA) uses a record-tying 6 errors by Toledo’s third baseman William Alvord to defeat the Maumees, 12-3.

23rd  Chicago’s 10–8, 10-inning win at Philadelphia is thrown out by NL directors when umpire McQuaid admits he made an error in not allowing Philadelphia to send OF Billy Grey in as a sub during the game.

In a 17–10 New York victory, New York and Pittsburgh (NL) combine for an NL-record 20 stolen bases in a single game. New York swipes a NL record 17 against the battery of rookie Crazy Schmit and Doggie Miller. Joe Hornung gets 6 of the thefts. Crazy gives up 19 hits, and 17 runs.

24th  Amos Alonzo Stagg, later a longtime football coach, brings his Yale nine to Princeton and loses a 1–0 battle. Young pitches a 2-hitter over the Eli before 2,575.

25th  After a Louisville-Syracuse game played in Three Rivers, NY, part of the grandstand collapses, throwing 50 or more people to the ground. No deaths are reported, but many are injured.

30th  In an a.m.-p.m. doubleheader, Chicago pitcher Bill Hutchinson pitches both games against Brooklyn winning, 6–4 and 11–7. Only three of the runs allowed by the former Yale star are earned as he bests Adonis Terry and Bob Caruthers.

Cincinnati’s 3–1 and 1–0 sweep at New York pulls them into a 3-way tie for the NL lead with Brooklyn and Philadelphia.

Cleveland sweeps a pair from the host Phillies, winning 8-4 and 4-1. George Davis hits a grand slam in the 3rd of the opener for Cleveland.

Philadelphia PL OF Joe Mulvey makes a “simply wonderful” catch with his left (gloved) hand. Even though almost all players wear gloves now, a one-handed grab is still cause for celebration. Philadelphia sweeps Chicago, 4–2 and 9–3.

31st  In a 23-3 win over Pittsburgh, New York PL players George Gore, Buck Ewing, and Roger Connor hit consecutive HRs in the 8thinning. It is a ML first. This feat will not be matched until May 10, 1894.

PL secretary Frank Brunell sends a letter to PL umpires notifying them about complaints of “the monotony of games in several cities caused by the apparent apathy of the players.”

1890 June

1st  Professional baseball is born in England as 4 teams—Derby, Preston, Stoke, and Birmingham—form a league. Four Americans are imported to provide instructions for the teams, made up mostly of English pro footballers. Derby, using 3 pros, including an American pitcher, clinches the championship without a loss in the first month. The other teams protesting, Derby agrees not to use the pitcher in any games except against Birmingham, the only team to beat him. But the American pitches against Preston, and a formal protest follows, resulting in Derby resigning from the league. Birmingham is declared the winner with a 20-9 record.

NL pioneer manager Harry Wright, in his 7th year at Philadelphia, is taken ill and temporarily loses his sight. Club owner Al Reach takes over.

2nd  Ed Delahanty of Cleveland (PL) goes 6-for-6 with 5 runs as his club crushes Chicago 20–7. Tomorrow in the NL, Brooklyn will beat the New York Giants by the same score.

3rd Brooklyn (11) and New York (5) combine for a record (for the 5th) 16 runs as Brooklyn rolls to a 20-7 victory.

4th Tim Keefe becomes the 2nd pitcher in history to win 300 games as his New York (PL) team whips Boston, 9–4. Keefe allows 8 hits, strikes out 7 and makes 4 errors. The two teams combine for 14 errors.

5th  Rookie RHP Billy Rhines, 21, pitches Cincinnati to a 9–1 win over Pittsburgh (NL), starting a 13-game winning streak that moves the Reds to a 33-13 record and 4-game lead over Brooklyn.

Despite a grand slam from Oyster Burns off Kid Gleason in the 5th, the first-place Bridegrooms lose to the Phillies, 6–5.

The Boston Beaneaters beat the Giants, 13-2, as Boston catcher Charlie Bennett hits a homer over the LF fence at the Polo Grounds, the first time that has been done this season.

At Cleveland (NL), Chicago is batting in the 3rd when a sudden downpour sends the teams to cover. Lightning strikes the grandstand; a shower of fire and splinters forces spectators to flee into the rain.

At Chicago (PL), Pittsburgh’s Jocko Fields leads the Burghers to a 12-6 win over the Chicago Pirates. Fields marshalls a grand slam in the 8th and an IPHR; it won’t be done in the same game again until Charlie Gehringer does it in 1930 (according to homerun historian David Vincent).

6th  Hugh Duffy, playing for the Chicago Pirates (PL) lines an game-winning inside-the-park homer in the 10th inning to beat Pittsburgh, 6-5.

Harry Wright, manager of Philadelphia (NL), is now said to be able to see while wearing colored glasses. A serious illness 5 days earlier had blinded him temporarily, making him the only blind manager in ML history.

7th  Rookie John McFetridge, 20, wins his ML debut, a 5-hit 4–1 win over Brooklyn in a game 2 of a doubleheader at Philadelphia (NL). He then disappears until 13 years later when he is 1-11 for the Phils. The Phils lose the opener, 4-3, but remain in first place by a half game over the Reds.

Down 3-1 going into the 9th, the New York Giants finally figure out Pretzels Getzein and score 8 runs to win, 9-3, over Boston.

9th  Brooklyn beats Syracuse, 13–7, as the AA club begins playing the rest of its home games at the Polo Grounds, except on Sundays when Ridgewood, a Long Island park is used.

10th  St. Louis AA pitcher Jack Stivetts hits two homers (and strikes out 10), the 2nd a grand slam in the top of the 9th, off Fred Smith, with his team down by 3 runs to win, 9–8, over visiting Toledo. He later duplicates this batting feat on August 6, 1891, and on June 12, 1896, making him the first pitcher to achieve this. The only two pitchers to match this achievement are Wes Ferrell (who had 5 such games) and Don Newcombe.

14th Cincinnati’s Long John Reilly strokes a ML-record 3 triples in a 9–0 win over visiting Cleveland.

Former Brooklyn Atlantic great Dickey Pearce is said to be doing an excellent job as groundskeeper for the Brooklyn PL team. Pearce is an all-too-typical example of a former player dependent on the kindness of fellow sportsmen for employment, however menial.

15th  Lefthanded 2B Bill Greenwood plays SS for Rochester versus Syracuse today and becomes the only lefthanded throwing SS to participate in a triple play. Syracuse beats the Hop Bitters, 11-8.

The first Sunday game is played at the Driving Park, on the Washington and Southern Railroad, between Washington and Wilmington (Atlantic Association). The Commissioners in Washington, D.C., refused to let the game be played at Atlantic Park, so arrangements were hastily made to play at the Driving Park and “there was no time to level the field, which was somewhat smoother than a cabbage patch, but could not be compared with a first-class diamond. The infield abounded in little hillocks that rendered judgment of a ground hit extremely difficult, while daisies grew so deep that the ball was lost once on a fly hit to center field, and everyone trotted home, while a large contingent of the home nine was searching for the lost ball.” (Washington Post). Washington wins, 22-14 (as noted by Clifford Otto).

16th  Pittsburgh manager-pitcher-1B Guy Hecker gets one of his 2 wins of the year, 4–3, over Chicago in the 2nd game of a twinbill. Chicago takes the opener, 7–3, handing Pittsburgh its 22nd loss in 23 games. Hecker will hang up his manager’s hat at the end of the year.

18th  Pittsburgh’s Kirtley Baker wins his first game of the year, 3–0, over Cleveland, after losing his first 7. Baker will end up at 3-19, with 2 shutouts.

Billy Shindle’s 3rd-inning grand slam, off Ed Crane, is the difference as Philadelphia (PL) tops New York, 12-8.

19th  Pittsburgh splits a pair with Cleveland, winning 9-2 before losing 7-1. Winning pitcher Billy Gumbert, making his debut in game 1, homers to help his cause.

21st  Charles “Silver” King of Chicago (PL) pitches an 8-inning no-hitter, but loses to Brooklyn 1–0 on a two-base error by SS Dell Darling. King’s no hitter is preserved by a 9–3 putout at 1B. Chicago bats first and King does not pitch the last of the 9th. This will be the only no-hitter in the PL, marking King’s no-hitter as the only one thrown at 51 ½ foot distance. The PL had moved the distance back 18 inches from the 50 feet used in the other two leagues.

More than 10,000—the greatest crowd ever seen at a college baseball game—turn out in Cambridge for the Harvard-Yale match. Harvard trails, 3–1, after 7 innings, but rallies to win, 4–3, in the 9th. But Yale wins the season series, 3–2.

23rd  In field games, New York (PL) C Harry “Farmer” Vaughn makes a throw of 402 feet 21⁄2 inches, beating John Hatfield’s 400 foot 71⁄2 inch record of 1872 and winning a $25 purse.

Rochester and Brooklyn (AA) play an exhibition at Elmira; the players are served with warrants for breaking the Sunday laws. In 3 days Rochester will start a 9-game losing streak that will drop them to 4th place.

Mike Griffin (Philadelphia PL) reaches base 4 times by errors for a ML record. Philadelphia tops Pittsburgh, 6–3.

24th  The Brooklyn Bridegrooms (NL) drop to 3 games behind the leaders when they are upended 22-3 by Chicago. Chicago plates 13 runs in the 4th inning. They will match that mark on August 16.

25th  St. Louis (AA) beats Louisville, 10–7, starting a run of 11 victories in 12 games that lifts them into 3rd, where they’ll finish. They buy out the releases of Count Campau, Jake Virtue, SS Bobby Wheelock, Bill Higgins, and C Jake Wells from Detroit. Campau is named captain, replacing Chief Roseman. Two days later, Campau hits a HR to beat Louisville, 8–6, for the 3rd straight time. Virtue can’t be bought, and neither can Wheelock, neither of whom play for St. Louis.

26th  No way to treat a lady. Philadelphia (PL) scores ML-record 14 runs in the 6th inning against Buffalo on the way to a 30-12 win. The 28 hits in the game come against 1887 world series hero Lady Baldwin, but only 6 of the runs are earned. Lady’s teammates manhandle 10 chances for errors.

Visiting Brooklyn loses at Chicago, 11-5, as the Colts are paced by a 1st-inning grand slam by rookie Howard Earl, off Tom Lovett. It is his second of the year.

In an AA game, Syracuse beats Brooklyn, 4–3, when Tim O’Rourke drives in the tying run and then scores the winner by stealing home.

28th Against first place (NL) Cincinnati, New York’s Mike Tiernan cycles for the 2nd time in his career. He did on August 25, 1888. It’s not enough as the Giants fall, 12–3. Bid McPhee has 3 triples for the Reds.

Jimmy Knowles of Rochester hits a 3rd-inning grand slam off ,Jack Stivetts of St. Louis, but the Hop Bitters do little else losing, 10-5.

30th In a PL game, New York’s Ed Crane serves up his second grand slam in two weeks as Cleveland’s Paul Radford hits a 4-run homer in the 5th. It is the difference as the Infants win, 14-10.

1890 July

1st  For the second time in 4 days Jack Stivetts serves up a grand slam to a Rochester hitter, but again he escapes with a win as St. Louis downs the Hop Bitters, 7-5. Deacon McGuire hits the grand slam in the 1st inning.

2nd  Home runs frowned upon? Phillie (NL) OF Billy Hamilton, the team’s leading hitter at .325, hits one of his 2 homers of the year in a 7–5 win at Chicago. The Spalding Guide comments: “This (only 2) is to be said to his credit as it shows he is working hard for his club; his idea being to get on first base and thus increase the chances for runs rather than fatten his own record for long hits.” Hamilton will hit 40 homers in 13 years, topping .300 in all but his last year. He’ll be elected to the Hall of Fame in 1961.

At Toronto (IL), Detroit wins a 16-inning 2–1 battle, considered the finest contest ever seen in Canada. Toronto outhits the winners, 12–8, but 2 of Detroit’s hits produce the winning run.

4th  After taking two from Columbus, 4–1 and 9-7, the Philadelphia Athletics lead the AA with a 40-20 record. But they will fade fast going 6-15, while Louisville is 16-4 to take the lead.

7th  Brooklyn begins a 15–3 run that brings them closer to PL-leading Boston as Gus Weyhing, the Human Hatpin (Ernie Lanigan), beats Chicago 4–0 for one of his 30 wins. Boston is never caught and finishes 61⁄2 games in front. Boston will also lead the PL at the gate with a reported 197,346. But it has become apparent that the daily expense of just over $1,000 will not be met by any team on the 50-cent admission.

8th  Make it count. Count Campau slugs a 6th inning 4-run homer, off Dan Casey as the St. Louis Browns top Syracuse, 13-5.

11th  Chicago’s Cap Anson is awarded an intentional walk, one of the earliest ever recorded (as noted by historian Dixie Torengeau), by Jouett Meekin of the Giants. With the score tied in the 11th, Bill Dahlen doubles, and a wild pitch sends him to 3B. Lange is semi-intentionally walked on 4 pitches, and Meekin allows him to steal 2B. Then he pitches four wide ones to Wilson (NY catcher), who stands ten feet to one side of the plate. He permitted Lange to steal second without opposition, and then pitched four wide ones to Wilson (NY catcher), who stood ten feet to one side of the plate. “Capt. Anson (the batter) was aggravated at this deprivation of a chance to win the game by making a hit, and sought to reach one of the curves that Meekin was putting so far away from him.” ChicagoTribune. “The spectators laughed at Anson’s impotent rage and the Captain was forced to walk to first, filling the bases.” Meekin then retires Ryan, who had doubled in a run in the 4th, Decker, and Pfeffer to preserve the 2-2 tie. Chicago’s other run was a leadoff homer by Everitt, the leadoff hitter. Meekin loses the game in the 12th when Donohue hits a leadoff double and botched sac bunt leaves Friend safe at first. Meekin winds up and fakes a throw to 1B without stepping out of the box. Anson gets a balk call from ump Bob Emslie and wins 3–2.

Brooklyn moves into the NL lead by beating the Reds 9–2 for its 9thwin in a row. The team finishes 6 games in front as the Reds fall to 4th. Monte Ward continues his hit streak he started on June 26thand will continue through July 26th, a string of 28 games.

12th  A local boy named Lewis, whose first name is unknown, shows up at the Brooklyn (PL) ball grounds and is given a tryout by Buffalo, which is suffering from injuries to George Andrews and Dave Orr. He works 3 innings, is battered for 13 hits, walks 7, and retires to LF trailing 20–5. Lou Bierbauer hits 2 homers in the 3rdoff Lewis. Ed Beecher relieves. Buffalo rallies but loses 28–16. Lewis leaves a 60.00 career ERA in the ML record books.

15th  New York (NL) owner John B. Day tells other NL owners he must have $80,000 or sell out to the PL. Spalding, Anson, Brush, and others come to the rescue to prevent New York’s withdrawal from the league.

16th  Behind the pitching of Ad Gumbert, Boston (PL) shuts out Buffalo, 19-0.

Sam Thompson hits his 2nd career grand slam in the 1st inning off Charlie Heard to pace the Phillies (NL) to a 15-3 win over visiting Pittsburgh.

In St. Louis, the Browns (AA) triumph, 9-8, over Philadelphia behind the pitching and hitting of Tom Ramsey. Ramsey is 5-for-5 at the plate.

19th New York sweeps a pair from Cleveland, winning 18-4 and 7–5. In game one, the Giants score a ML high for the 2nd inning when they tally 13 off Jack Wadsworth. With a 16-1 lead after two innings, pitcher Mickey Welch goes to right field for the rest of the game, and right fielder Jesse Burkett finishes up. Burkett will go 3-10 in 21 games this year, but hit .309 as an outfielder.

20th  After Rochester beats Columbus in a Sunday game 8–3 at Windsor Beach, both teams are arrested. A week later the police are there to prevent a game against Louisville but a higher authority intervenes and the game is rained out.

21st  John Reilly scores 5 runs as the Reds (NL) run over visiting Brooklyn, 20-11. Cincinnati scores 8 runs in the 8th inning.

Al Myers hits his second career grand slam to pace the Phillies to a 20-7 pasting of the visiting Pirates. The 4-run homer comes off Charlie Heard, who was touched for a grand slam five days ago.

22nd  Today’s edition of the Brooklyn Daily Eagle mentions a night game to be played tomorrow in Hartford against visiting Baltimore. The article states that the local electric company is going to put six large arc lights on the field in an attempt to get patronage from those fans who could not attend day games because of work. The article mentions the need to use a dead ball because the ball will be lost in the shadows of the lights on high flies.

23rd  Harry Stovey, the leading slugger of the Boston Players’ League club, hits his 100th career home run. He is the first ML player to attain this milestone. Boston rolls over Chicago, 22–5.

1B Jake Raatz of Cleveland (PL) moves to Buffalo to replace SS Jack Rowe as captain. Rowe was one of the original owners of the franchise.

In a 13-8 loss to Columbus (AA), Mike Morrison of Syracuse uncorks 7 wild pitches (as noted by Ernie Lanigan, 1923).

26th  Philadelphia (NL) beats Cleveland, 5–2, running their win streak to 16 games, tying a club record set in 1887.

At West Side Park, Brooklyn bombs Chicago rookie Pat Luby, beating him 9–3. Luby’s record is 3–9 but he will not lose a game the rest of the year, winning a ML-record 17 in a row.

27th  Brooklyn (AA) leads Columbus 13–8 in the 8th at the Long Island Grounds in a Sunday game when they run out of baseballs and are forced to forfeit the game.

28th At Chicago, Philadelphia (NL) loses, 12–4, ending their club record win streak at 16 games.

Mickey Welch becomes the second pitcher this season to win 300 career games, as the New York Giants beat Pittsburgh, 4–2. Welch, 31, will win just 7 more. Welch makes 3 errors while striking out 3. There are just 147 fans on hand in Pittsburgh for the match (according to author Rich Westcott).

After losing 6-2 at Brooklyn, Columbus (AA) fires non-playing manager Al Buckenberger and brings in Gus Schmelz, who sports a big bushy beard which he uses to give signals by pointing with it. Schmelz has recently been fired by Cleveland NL. Buckenberger will be the man Connie Mack replaces as manager at Pittsburgh in 1894.

30th The Cleveland Spiders purchase Cy Young from Canton of the Tri-State League and he will make his NL debut in a week.

1890 August

1st Oyster Burns becomes the first Brooklyn player to hit for the cycle when he collects 4 hits in the 2nd game of a twin bill with Pittsburgh. The game is called after 7 1/3 innings with Brooklyn on the front end of 20–1 score.

2nd  Chicago PL second baseman Arlie Latham is sold by his former team, St Louis (AA), to the Cincinnati Reds for $2,500. When Arlie is given $500 of it, he leaves the Brotherhood and joins the Reds.

3rd  When Rochester tries to entertain St. Louis at Buffalo for an AA game, both police and the rain show up again. Meanwhile, Syracuse takes Louisville to the Iron Pier Grounds outside the city limits, where police appear. This time Louisville forfeits the game.

5th  The Cleveland Spiders drop a 10-6 decision to the Chicago Colts, but it is not Bob Gilks’s fault. Gilks drives in 6 runs on two three-run doubles to set a ML record for most 3-run doubles in a game. It will be tied but not topped. His doubles come in the 2nd and 8thinnings.

6th  Long John Reilly, hitting for the cycle for the 3rd time in his career, leads Cincinnati (NL) to a 16–3 romp over Pittsburgh. This cycle record would later be equaled in the 20th century by Bob Meusel and Babe Herman.

Cleveland’s Cy Young makes his ML debut, beating Chicago, 8–1, on a 3-hitter, in the first of two with Chicago. Cleveland loses the second game, 7-1, to rookie Pat Luby.

Phils manager Harry Wright returns to active managing after being struck blind (possibly by diabetes) on May 22. The 2nd place Phillies lose to New York, 9–5.

7th Chicago (Players League) romps over Cleveland, 18–4, with Jimmie Ryan leading the way. Ryan swipes 4 bases and hits a home run to pace the winners.

In Cincinnati, Pittsburgh scores 9 runs in the 9th inning but still fall to the Reds, 23-17. Bid McPhee has two triples, a double and single as he scores 5 runs.

8th  In Cleveland. The Chicago Colts win, 7-0. Chicago Colt pitcher Bill Hutchinson loses a no-hitter in the top of the ninth inning (the home team batting first) when Cleveland third baseman Will Smalley stops Hutchinson’s effort with a dinky popup hit, per the Chicago Tribune: “That one hit was hardly worthy of the name. It was struck in the ninth, when Chicago infielders were playing close. A little, low fly was struck back of first by Smalley, and Anson could not get it. Earle also missed it after trying his best to get it, and Smalley was safe on first.” (as noted by Frank Vacarro).

12th William “Farmer” Weaver of Louisville (AA) hits for the cycle, collecting 2 singles, a double, 2 triples off Ezra Lincoln and Ed Mars of Syracuse. Weaver will go 4-for-5 tomorrow against Titcomb of Syracuse.

Charlie Bennett homers in the 12th inning off Philadelphia’s Phenomenal Smith to give Boston a 1-0 victory.

In Cincinnati, John Reilly homers in the 10th inning to give the Reds a 2-1 win over Cleveland.

16th  It’s a bad day for Pittsburgh’s Bill Phillips as he becomes the first pitcher in ML history to give up 2 grand slams in one inning. Tommy Burns and Malachi Kittredge each hit one as Chicago scores 13 runs in the 5th inning en route to an 18–5 victory at Chicago’s West Side Park. Chan Ho Park will tee up two slams to Fernando Tatis in 1999 to match Phillips. It is the second time this season that Chicago has scored 13 runs in an inning.

The Phillies tighten the NL race with a 10-3 victory over the host Bridegrooms, cutting Brooklyn’s lead to two games. Bob Allen hits a grand slam in the 9th inning off Bob Caruthers.

Host Philadelphia (Players L) loses to Brooklyn, 4-1, when rookie Bill Joyce hits a 2-on 2-out 9th inning drive to CF for a three-run homer. Umpire Gaffney decides all 3 runs can score even though only one is needed to win. The ump will be overruled and the homer will be disallowed. The score will revert to 2-1.

18th In one of the earliest pinch hitting appearances noted, Pittsburgh’s Silver King hits for Pud Galvin, fouling out in Pittsburgh’s 9–3 loss to Chicago (The Sporting Life, as noted by Cliff Blau, with additional information from David Ball and John Lewis). King finishes the year with a .169 average, up a point from last year.

In Philadelphia, Dave Orr, playing for the Brooklyn Wonders (PL), belts a homerun over the left field fence, a distance of 400 feet. Brooklyn wins, 11-8.

20th Bert Cunningham, pitching for last-place Buffalo (Players League) tosses 2 complete-game victories over Chicago, winning 6–2 and 7–0.

21st Pittsburgh loses to Brooklyn, 4–1, and doesn’t look like it is going to get much help from rookie Mike Jordan, who debuts today. Jordan will go 12-for-125 with no homers. His .096 batting average is the lowest ever for a player at bat more than 100 times.

In a PL game at New York, the Giants spank the Cleveland Infants, 13-1, pinning the loss on Jersey Bakley. For Jersey, it is his 20th loss this season, and matches his 20-loss seasons in the UA, AA and NL. No other pitcher has ever lost 20 games in four different leagues.

22nd The dismal Pittsburgh Alleghenys trade Billy Sunday to the Phillies for two rookies, Eddie Burke and Bill Day, and $1100. Sunday will finish the season with the Phils and then chose the pulpit by next March.

23rd  Jim Field ices the game for Rochester with a 9th-inning grand slam, off Ed Seward, as Rochester beats Philadelphia, 9-2.

24th  Count Campau hits his second grand slam of the season as he connects in the 6th off Louisville’s Red Ehret. St. Louis wins the Sunday game, 10-4.

25th  Brooklyn (AA), losers of 17 of its last 18 games, disbands; the team (26-73) moves to Baltimore where it finishes the season.

The Baltimore club of the Atlantic Association finishes the season in first place.

26th  Plans are made to organize a league of women’s baseball clubs.

28th  Sid Farrar of Philadelphia (PL) hits 3 triples and knocks in 6 runs in a 15–2 stampede of Buffalo.

29th Boston (AA) mauls Pittsburgh 18–0 as Hoss Radbourn picks up the easy win over Al Maul.

In a PL game, William Brown connects for a 4-run homer off Lady Baldwin and New York beats Chicago, 11-5.

30th In the first of two games, Hardy Richardson connects for a 5thinning grand slam off John Tener as Boston (PL) beats Pittsburgh, 16-4. They complete the sweep with a 5-2 win in game 2.

31st  A game between the “Chicago Female Base Ball Club” (a.k.a. Black Stockings or Black Stocking Nine) and the Allertons at Monitor Park in Weehawken, NJ on draws a crowd of 7,000– 10,000, as noted by historian Deb Shattuck. This is the largest crowd to watch a women’s game in the 19th century, according to Ms. Shattuck. The Black Stockings lose 8-11 in seven innings, when a mob of fans rush the field stopping play. The Decatur Morning Review writes that There were 10,000 people present and they were a rough lot. The game began all right, but it ended in a riot. The boats from this city only run every hour but they were crowded to the water’s edge for hours before the game was called. The opponents of the fair ones were the members of a crack amateur team, known as the Allertons.”

1890 September

1st  In a first, Brooklyn wins 3 games in one day, feasting on Pittsburgh 10–9, 3–2, and 8–4. In the first game, a morning single admission contest, the losers are down 10–0 with 2 out in the 9th, then score 9 runs. The game ends as Doggie Miller hits a bases-loaded triple and is out trying to make it a game-tying homer. The two games in the afternoon are a single admission doubleheader. The three losses extend Pittsburgh’s losing streak to 22; it will reach 24 before they win again. Baltimore and Louisville will next play a triple header, on September 7, 1896, and Pittsburgh and Cincinnati will do it on October 2, 1920.

2nd In the 4th at Brooklyn, Dave Foutz hits a grounder to Pittsburgh 1B Guy Hecker and then stops halfway down the line. Hecker waits for him, not tagging the bag, then appeals to umpire Strief. The ump calls Foutz out for not running, apparently unaware that the rule requiring the batsman to run to first after a fair hit was repealed in 1888. Hecker then throws the ball back to the pitcher and Foutz runs the first. An argument follows but Strief ignores the rules and calls an out. Brooklyn wins, 5–4.

5th Chicago rookie Pat Luby continues his winning streak, winning ugly over the Reds, 12–8. Luby hits three batters in the 5th in the victory, which will reach a record 17 straight games by the end of the campaign.

6th  Toledo plays at Baltimore (AA) and one player from each side is picked to umpire. With the score 2–2 after 7, the Toledo ump calls the game because of darkness, whereupon the Baltimore ump forfeits the game to the Orioles.

Pat Friel connects for a 4-run homer in the 6th inning, against Toad Ramsey, as Syracuse rolls over St. Louis, 20-4 (as noted by David Vincent).

8th  The Colts’ Elmer Foster, who hit his first ML homer two games ago, connects for his 2nd, a grand slam, to pace Chicago to a 7-3 victory over visiting Pittsburgh. Foster, in his 4th season, will hit three more homers before the season’s over.

12th  OF Billy Sunday is 3-for-4 for Philadelphia in a 12–6 win over Boston. After playing for Pittsburgh most of the year, Sunday plays the last 31 games at Philley, then retires to become a fulltime evangelist, leaving a .248 batting average.

14th  When Buffalo (PL) captain Jay Faatz and VP Frank disagree, Connie Mack is appointed captain for the rest of the season, unofficially marking the start of his managing career. At season’s end he will be one of the players who is unpaid, and one of the backers who loses his $500 investment.

15th  Lefthander Ledell “Cannonball” Titcomb, 24, pitches a no-hitter for Rochester over Syracuse (AA) 7–0. It’s his only shutout of the year in his last ML season.

Bert Cunningham of Buffalo (Player’s League) uncorks a ML record 5 wild pitches in the first inning of the second game of a doubleheader. The unfortunate catcher is Owen “Spider” Clark, who played the outfield in game 1 when Connie Mack caught. Cunningham throws no more wild pitches in the 7–5 loss to Chicago, called after 6 innings. Chicago wins the opener as well, 9-4.

17th  Out of money, the AA Athletics disband, releasing or selling all players and finishing out the schedule with a pick-up team that loses its remaining 21 games. Among players sold are OF Curt Welch, P Sadie McMahon, and C Wilbert Robinson to Baltimore.

18th  In the 8th inning of a NL game in Canton, Ohio, Cleveland turns a 9-8 deficit against Pittsburgh into a lead when Buck West hits a three-run homer against Bill Phillips. Cleveland eventually hangs on for an 11-10 win. The Buck shot is West’s 3rd career homer and comes in his last ML at bat. Chief Zimmer contributes a grand slam off Phillips in the 8th inning of the Cleveland uprising.

23rd  Against Philadelphia, St. Louis (AA) Browns 1B Ed “Jumbo” Cartwright becomes the first major league player to drive in 7 runs in an inning when he hits a 3-run homer and a grand slam in the 3rd in support of Ed Nicol’s no hitter. Both homers by the 30-year-old rookie come against 40-year-old rookie Ed Green. St. Louis scores 11 runs in the inning and is leading, 21–2, after 7 innings when darkness ends the game. Nicols (spelled Nichols in Lanigan’s Cyclopedia) walks 9 in the no-hitter. He’ll end his ML career at 5-7. The woeful Athletics are in the middle of a year-ending 22-game losing streak in which they will score 60 runs to their opponents 278 runs.

At Pittsburgh, the Giants sweep a pair from the Alleghenies, winning 7-5 and 8-6. Jesse Burkett walks 13 in game 2, but allows just 4 hits. The Alleghenies are now 21-109 and are 62 ½ games out of first place.

27th Jack Glasscock of the New York Giants collects 6 hits, all singles, off the Reds Tony Mullane. The visiting Giants win, 15-3.

29th The Buffalo Bisons (PL) turn back the Boston Red Stockings, 7-4, with a 9th-inning triple play. (courtesy SABR Triple Play database).

30th  In Chicago’s 6–4 win over Boston at West Side Park, Walt Wilmot of Chicago, is called out twice while running the bases when he is hit with batted balls. Rookie Pat Luby wins his 16thstraight, beating Boston ace John Clarkson.

1890 October

1st At Buffalo, Boston’s Matt Kilroy picks off a base runner at first by running from the pitcher’s box over to first and tagging him out. Kilroy wins, 12-5, as Buffalo (PL) sags to a 35-95 record.

For the second day in a row, Columbus (AA) scores 14 runs against Philadelphia, this time winning in a shutout by Frank Knausse. Jack Crooks hits his first ML homer, an inside-the-park grand slam off William Stecher. Stecher will tack on one more loss to his record to finish his one-year ML career with the Athletics at 0-10. His 10 decisions with an ERA over 10 will not be matched until the unlikely name of Roy Halladay does it in 2000.

2nd  Chicago (PL) P Mark “Fido” Baldwin beats New York, 4–0, for his 34th win versus 24 losses. For the 2nd straight year he pitches 54 complete games and over 500 innings. Baldwin will pitch until 1896, then study medicine and become a professor at Johns Hopkins.

In a doubleheader, the host Reds take a pair from St. Louis, winning 12-10 and 4-1. The second game had been scheduled for Monday, but was moved up.

3rd  Chicago’s rookie Pat Luby (NL) wins his club-record 17thconsecutive game of the season, a 3–2 victory over Amos Rusie and the Giants, to finish the season at 20–9. He’ll lose in his first game next year.

9th  Cincinnati (NL) owner Aaron Stern sells his club to PL owners for $40,000. Committees from the 3 leagues meet to begin negotiations toward a settlement of the war. PL owners from Cleveland, Brooklyn, and New York seek consolidation with the NL. A truce, during which all contracts will be respected, is agreed upon. It is left to owners in each city to arrange their own deals.

12th  Henry Gastright (Columbus, AA) hurls an 8–inning no-hitter against Toledo, winning 6–0.

Led by Hank Simon’s 4-for-4 with a homer and 2 steals, Syracuse (AA) trims the Philadelphia Athletics, 12-2. This is Simon’s last ML game; he has 12 hits in his final 3 games to finish with a .270 batting average.

17th  The AA and NL refuse to permit the PL champion to take part in a World Series. Interest in the post-season meeting of league champions is lukewarm as Brooklyn wins a 9–0 opener over Louisville behind Adonis Terry (26-16). After breaking even in 7 games, with one tie, the teams abandon the series. Snow falls during some several of the games and the final game is postponed until the next spring as the weather and attendance had been very bad in both cities due to cold weather. When spring comes around Brooklyn refuses to play the game as the American Association and National League had become engaged in another Baseball War. Louisville will claim the championship when the Dodgers refuse to schedule the final game. As noted by Bob Bailey, just about all references list this as a 3-3-1 tie and ignore the Dodgers electing to not play the final game.

20th  Upset over PL backers seeking deals without consulting them, the Brotherhood meets and votes to add a players’ committee to the three league committees for the next meeting. John M. Ward, Ned Hanlon, and Arthur Irwin are elected. Ward makes a long, spirited plea for the players’ participation. Al Spalding, eager to split the PL backers and players, argues against them. The original 3 league committees vote 2–1 against the players’ involvement. Each PL backer is now out to make his own deal and the PL is dead.

1890 November

22nd  At the AA annual meeting in Louisville, the Athletics are expelled for violating the constitution. A new team in Philadelphia is admitted, plus entries from Boston, Washington, and Chicago, replacing Syracuse, Toledo, and Rochester.

1890 December

29th  After the New York and Pittsburgh PL clubs combine with their NL rivals, Spalding buys out Chicago’s PL backer Addison for $18,000, some of which goes to pay off unpaid salaries and reimburse players half of their investments. Spalding gets the club’s grandstand, equipment, and player contracts. PL secretary Frank Brunell lays part of the blame for the PL failure on 3 business mistakes: clubs should have raised $50,000 each instead of $20,000 to start; each should have had a non-playing business manager; The NL fought harder to get back players who returned to it. Ten years later NL president Nick Young will say the fight cost the NL $1.5 million.

1891 January

2nd  The owners of the new Athletic franchise in Philadelphia hire the old A’s manager Billy Sharsig.

13th  Committees from the American Association and the National League hold a joint session in New York to distribute players who had jumped to the PL.

14th  The NL votes to allow the AA to place a team in Boston, despite the vehement opposition of the owners of the Boston NL club.

15th  The AA finally reaches a settlement with the ousted Toledo, Syracuse and Rochester clubs, clearing the way for an 1891 circuit in St. Louis, Chicago, Louisville, Columbus, Washington, Baltimore, the Athletics, and Boston.

16th  The NL, AA, and Western Association sign a new National Agreement calling for the creation of a 3-man Board of Control to settle disputes between clubs and leagues.

17th  In an effort to bolster the “weak sisters”, the AA votes to split admission receipts evenly between the home and visiting clubs.

19th  Louis Bierbauer, who played with the Athletics in 1889 before jumping to the Brooklyn PL club in 1890, signs with the Pittsburgh NL club, much to the consternation of the Athletics and AA.

1891 February

4th  The Athletics purchase Elton Chamberlain’s contract from Columbus for $2,000.

5th  Harry Stovey, who played with the Boston Reds in 1890, and like Bierbauer, was not claimed by that club through a clerical error, signs with the Boston NL club for 1891.

6th  The New York Giants’ salary list is leaked to the press. It shows a total player payroll of $54,600 with Buck Ewing’s $5,500 salary topping the scale.

14th  The National Board of Control “reluctantly” awards 3 disputed players (Lou Bierbauer, Harry Stovey, and Connie Mack) to the NL clubs that signed them despite the prior claims of the AA. Philadelphia (AA) assumed that with the disbanding of the Players League, Lou Bierbauer would return to play with them. They call the signing of the 2B by Pittsburgh a “Piratical” move, and the nickname “Pirates” will stick.

17th  The AA meets and indignantly unseats President Thurman, then withdraws from the National Agreement. This means “war,” and the AA’s first move is to switch its franchise from Chicago to Cincinnati to compete with the NL in the Queen City.

21st  The National Board of Control, with Thurman still acting as chairman, declares all AA players fair game for contract raiding.

23rd  Columbus pitcher Mark Baldwin tells the AA club that it “can depend on me,” even though subsequent events would prove that he had already signed with Pittsburgh in the NL. Pittsburgh also pirated 3B Charles Reilly from Columbus.

1891 March

1st  Pittsburgh and Cleveland are the 2 NL clubs making the heaviest raids against AA player contracts. Pittsburgh further earns its new nickname of “Pirates” by signing Pete Browning and Scott Stratton away from Louisville.

5th  At the NL meetings at the Fifth Avenue Hotel in New York, the owners enthusiastically adopt the 1891 schedule drawn up by Brooklyn owner Charles Byrne and his secretary Charles Ebbets. They adopt it with no changes and ask Ebbets to send memoranda to the NL office to help with future scheduling. Under the new schedule, Chicago will be doing the most traveling with 11,220 miles. Despite the efforts of Cleveland, Pittsburgh and Cincinnati to raise the visitor’s share of gate receipts to 50%, the vote is to keep it at 40%, but to reduce the home share from 60% to 50%. The remaining 10% will go to the league office to cover expenses, eliminating the need for assessments.

Mark Baldwin is arrested in St. Louis on conspiracy charges sworn out by AA club owner Chris Von der Ahe, who claims that Baldwin is trying to bribe players into reneging their legal contracts.

10th  The NL strikes a telling blow by buying out Al Johnson, who has been granted the AA franchise in Cincinnati. The AA vows to keep its club there.

25th  Albert G. Spalding retires from active participation in the affairs of the Chicago club and the NL. James A. Hart will assume the club presidency.

1891 April

3rd  The Cleveland Spiders beat Pittsburgh 6–3 in St. Augustine in the first spring training game between two ML teams ever played in Florida.

John M. Ward returns from Paris with the announcement that he has reconciled with his wife, actress Helen Dauvray. The stormy marriage between stars of baseball and the stage is one of the most publicized in America.

4th  ”Kelly’s Killers”, as the new Cincinnati AA team managed by King Kelly is called, draw 7,000 for the Fast Day exhibition opener in Boston against the AA Boston Reds.

6th  The International League changes its name to the Eastern Association because it no longer has any Canadian clubs.

8th  Opening Day in the AA with 4 games. In St. Louis, the Cincinnati Kellys walk off the field in the 9th inning after new umpire Billy Gleason makes several questionable decisions in favor of his old Browns teammates. Gleason will be fired in 2 days, and the game will be replayed.

In Denver, the Chicago club beats Denver, 9–8, in a spring training game. Chicago’s last game is on April 12th and they will barnstorm East after that.

9th  Baltimore loses to Boston, 8–7, on 8th-inning errors by C Wilbert Robinson and SS George Van Haltren. Shortstop will be a trouble spot for Baltimore all year, and the lefthanded Van Haltren will play 59 games there.

11th  Clark Griffith, 21 years old, makes his ML debut, pitching the St. Louis Browns to a 13–5 victory over Cincinnati. After spending much of 1892 and 1893 in the minors, Griffith will return to remain active in the majors as a pitcher, manager, and club owner until his death in 1955.

In an unusual move, Louisville AA uses 3 pinch hitters in 7–3 loss to Columbus. Daily, Cook, and Reeder are the pinch hitters, with Cook drawing a walk. (as noted by Cliff Blau with some additional information from David Ball and John Lewis).

13th  The Washington Statesmen (AA) open their new National Park before a crowd of 4,365 as Boston wins, 6–0. This site at 7thStreet and Georgia Avenue, N.W., will serve ML baseball in the nation’s capital through 1961, except for one 4-year period (1900–1903). Initially hewn from a forest, in this first year of play the field is surrounded by overhanging trees that cause many drives that would have been homers to rebound back onto the playing field.

20th  Against Baltimore (AA), Washington 2B Fred Dunlap, once considered the greatest in the game, suffers a career-ending broken left leg. The injury occurs in the 1st inning after Dunlap walks, steals, 2B, and, following a single, circles 3B and attempts to return to the bag when he sees he can’t get home. As noted by Bob Schaefer, it is the 2nd time that Dunlap has broken a leg in a game: the first occurred on July 5, 1887 when he collided with Sam Thompson in the 7th inning.

22nd  Opening Day in the NL. The largest crowd (17,355) is in New York, where the Giants lose to the Boston Beaneaters 4–3 on a 9th-inning muff by CF George Gore. The game is the first NL game in last year’s PL Polo Grounds at 157th St. and 8th Avenue, immediately north of the old NL Polo Grounds. This site will serve the Giants through 1957 and the Mets in 1962-63.

23rd With no outs and the bases loaded in the 9th, Brooklyn’s Darby O’Brien hits into a triple play against Philadelphia’s John Thornton to end the game, a 3-1 loss. New York’s Mickey Welch will match Darby next month.

25th  The Senators blow 3-run leads in both the 9th and 10thinnings and lose to the Athletics, 12–11. Washington manager Sam Trott is fired after the game and replaced by veteran catcher Charley “Pop” Snyder.

In his debut for the Reds, veteran Hoss Radbourn is peppered as Cleveland wins, 23-7. George Davis has 3 triples for the winners, including one in the 7th inning when he adds a homer.

In an AA game, John Carney of Cincinnati hits a 3rd inning grand slam, off John Doran, but Louisville wins, 11-9.

26th  Local Cincinnati authorities allow the Kellys to play their Sunday game, which is won by the Louisville Colonels (AA) 12–6, but then arrest all the players on charges of violating the state’s Blue Laws.

27th  The Bridegrooms play their home opener at Eastern Park in the East New York section of Brooklyn, a 6-5 loss to New York. The park was used by the PL club in 1890, and the NL club will occupy it for 7 years. It is located near a complex of streetcar and suburban railroad lines, forcing fans to “dodge trolleys” to get to the gates. This spawns the name “Trolley Dodger” or “Dodgers” for the ball club.

Chicago pitcher Pat Luby finally loses as Cincinnati beats him, 1–0. Luby finished the 1990 season with a club-record 17 straight wins. He’ll win his next two starts, but will finish the year at 8–11.

28th  The new rule allowing for an unlimited number of substitutions gives managers new flexibility. Today, Beaneater manager Frank Selee gives rookie Jim Sullivan a chance to pitch in the 9th inning with Boston leading, 11-2. But when the youngster walks 5 men and allows 4 runs, Selee brings in Kid Nichols to save the victory.

29th  Baltimore (AA) beats Washington, 19-3, as Sadie McMahon runs his record to 7-0. No other ML pitcher will win 7 games in April.

30th  Although a small grandstand fire was extinguished during the game, the heated action in Cincinnati comes immediately after the Reds lose to Cleveland, 4–3. Reds pitcher Tony Mullane charges umpire Phil Powers and punches him in the face. Mullane will not end up being suspended, and rumors will have it that the NL president will rescind his fine.

The Boston Reds (AA) run rough shod over the host Philadelphia Athletics and win, 22-6, but lose veteran Hardy Richardson for much of the season. Richardson cracks an inside-the-park homer but breaks his right leg sliding home (as noted in David Vincent’s book Home Run). The RBI leader (146) in the Player’s League last year, he appear in just 74 games this year.

1891 May

1st  Cleveland opens new League Park at 66th and Lexington with Cy Young pitching the Spiders to a 12–3 victory over the Reds before a crowd of about 9,500.

Paced by a grand slam from Oyster Burns off John Clarkson, Brooklyn beats first-place Boston, 13-6.

2nd  Baltimore’s Sadie McMahon takes his first loss of the year as Philadelphia (AA) wins, 5-4. No other pitcher in history will be 7-0 by May 2nd. Jered Weaver, in 2011, will lose on May 2nd to go 6-1.

3rd  With the team in 7th place, Manager Billy Sharsig of the Athletics is fired. Captain George Wood will be put in charge on an interim basis, but then take over as the regular manager.

4th Tommy McCarthy of St. Louis hits a grand slam in the 4thinning, off Baltimore’s Sadie McMahon, to pace the Browns to a 12-1 win over the Orioles.

5th  Pittsburgh’s Pete Browning bunts into a triple play in the top of the 6th inning and makes an error to allow a run in the bottom of the frame, causing Pittsburgh to lose to the Chicago Colts 1–0.

7th  King Kelly’s drive over the fence in Boston gives Cincinnati (AA) a 10-9 decision in the 14th inning. Since Kelly’s blast came in the bottom of the last frame with the score tied and a man on base, he is only credited with a triple. Tom Brown has 3 triples for Boston, all in the first 9 innings.

11th  After having played 14 home games this season at Oriole Park, the Baltimore club inaugurates its new Union Park on Huntington Avenue and Barclay Street with an 8–4 victory before 10,412 fans. The Orioles’ new home will serve through 1899.

The Louisville Courier-Journal announces that yesterday the John Chapman Club—a top Louisville semi-pro team named for the Colonels’ manager—defeated the Mafia Ball Club.

15th  Led by George Davis, the Spiders down the Giants, 8-3. Davis has his third consecutive 4-hit game, the first major leaguer to accomplish the feat.

16th  Chicago boosts its league lead to 2 games over Boston with a 10-inning 11-9 win against Brooklyn. Jimmy Ryan paces the Colts with 5 runs and has 5 hits, including 3 doubles and a triple.

18th  Ed Delahanty refuses to play today after Phillie manager Harry Wright denies him permission to bring a young boy on the team omnibus from the hotel to the ball park. Delahanty is suspended and fined $100, although the fine will be reduced to $25 after he apologizes.

19th  Chairman Nick Young of the Board of Control rescinds the new scoring rule requiring scorers to compile “runs batted in.” This rule, adopted last winter, will still be used by the AA, however.

20th  Jim Fogarty, 26, dies in Philadelphia of consumption. He arrived East from California in February with a heavy cold. The versatile and popular outfielder, who also pitched a few games and managed some games last season, was on the Spalding World Tour of 1888-89.

22nd Against Cincinnati’s Billy Rhines, New York’s Mickey Welch hits into a game-ending triple play, and Reds down New York, 8-3.

26th Billy “Yank” Robinson has a perfect day and sets a world record (according to historian Ernie Lanigan) while playing 2B for Cincinnati (AA) against Boston. Yank has 7 fielding chances and makes 7 errors, but John Dwyer still wins, 21–16.

27th Third baseman James Burke of Milwaukee sets an AL record in the 4th inning by making 4 errors, and Philadelphia scores 7 times on their way to an 8-3 win. The NL mark for third sackers will be set in three weeks.

28th With Colts pitcher Tom Vickery pressed into service as umpire behind home plate, Chicago edges the visiting Giants, 3–2.

30th  Jack Stivetts wins both the morning and afternoon games for the Browns, although he leaves both games early when St. Louis gets out to big leads in both games. The Athletics lose 17–2 and 15–3.

1891 June

2nd Hoss Radbourn, 36, wins his 300th game, pitching Cincinnati to a 10-8 win over Boston’s John Clarkson. Hoss scatters 11 hits. He’ll win 9 more games before hanging up his spikes at the end of the season. Radbourn will contemplate a comeback in 1894 but will get shot in a hunting accident (as reported by Fred Ivor-Campbell), which will leave him half blind and semi-paralyzed.

3rd The AA holds an emergency meeting in Cincinnati to discuss the future of the shaky franchise there, which plays far from the center of town and may not be able to stage Sunday games pending several legal actions.

4th  The Browns Tommy McCarthy slugs a 4th-inning grand slam, off Sadie McMahon, as St. Louis rolls over Baltimore, 12-1.

6th  St. Louis beats Boston, 11–10, in 10 innings to supplant the Reds as leaders in the AA race. Tommy McCarthy stars in the end, saving the game by throwing out a man at home in the bottom of the 9thand driving home the winning run with a long fly in the 10th.

7th  The Boston Reds regain the AA lead by edging the Browns 6–5 before a St. Louis crowd of 17,439, the largest of the AA season.

8th  Walt Wilmot hits a pair of 2-run homers, and Bill Dahlen adds a solo shot to power the Colts to a 5–3 win over the Beaneaters. The defeat pushes Boston under the .500 mark and 5 ½ games behind first-place Chicago.

9th  The Giants win their 10th in a row, beating Pittsburgh, 7–3. New York now trails Chicago by one game.

10th  Cleveland Spiders C Chief Zimmer makes 6 errors, and the opposing Brooklyns steal 10 bases. The Bridegrooms win by only 9–8.

11th  Herman Long goes 6-for-6 with 4 runs scored as the Boston Beaneaters climb back over .500 with a 14–6 rout of the Chicago Colts.

12th  A grand slam in the first inning by George Gore, off Bill Hutchinson, and a tie-breaking, 3-run homer by Roger Connor gives the Giants a 9-6 triumph over the Colts. The Giants have a one-game lead in the NL race.

13th  A new ML attendance record is set as 22,289 jam the Polo Grounds to see the Giants nip the Colts 8–7. This crowd surpasses the old record of 22,121 set in Brooklyn on Memorial Day 1989.

15th  Although they nearly blow a 13-2 lead, the Giants hang on to beat the Colts, 14-13, thanks to a great catch in the 9th by CF Mike Tiernan.

16th  Amos Rusie’s three-hit, 5–0 shutout gives New York a 4-game sweep and a 4-game lead over Chicago.

17th Washington (AA) and Baltimore start the game with a bang—several, in fact. Paced by Gil Hatfield’s grand slam, off George Van Haltren, Washington scores 14 runs in the 1st inning and Baltimore answers with 5 runs, a ML record 19 for the opening frame. Washington’s Larry Murphy has 3 at bats in the frame as Baltimore loses, 20-19.

Washington signs veteran Ed Daily, released recently by Louisville. He will be team captain and play RF, not pitcher, but he’ll hit poorly and be released in July.

19th  Playing on a muddy field, NY third baseman Lew Whistler sets a NL record by making 4 errors in the 4th inning as the Giants lose to the Phillies, 11–4. The four errors in an inning will be tied three times in the 20th century, but never topped. The AL mark was set on May 27th.

22nd  Tom Lovett of Brooklyn no-hits New York 6–0, giving up 3 walks. Amos Rusie is the losing pitcher.

25th  Tom Brown and Bill Joyce of the Boston Reds (AA) become the first pair in ML history to open a game with back-to-back HRs, starting Boston off to a 13–5 defeat of Sadie McMahon and the Baltimore Orioles. Brown continues his hit streak, which will reach 21 games before being stopped on June 30.

27th  Six innings of strong relief work by Clark Griffith enable St. Louis to beat Columbus, 12–6, and move back into first place. Griffith helps his cause with a 7th inning grand slam off John Dolan.

29th Chicago pitcher Bill Hutchinson beats Pittsburgh, 8-3, for his 13th straight win over them. The streak started on April 30th of last year.

30th In a 4–1 10-inning loss at Brooklyn, Boston’s Harry Stovey strikes out 5 times versus George Hemming. No Brave will fan five times in a game until Bob Sadowski matches Stovey on April 20, 1964.

Hugh Duffy’s 2nd inning grand slam kick starts Boston’s 16-4 win over Washington, The homer is hit against Kid Carsey.

1891 July

1st In Chicago’s 9–3 win over visiting Cleveland, Jimmie Ryan hits for the cycle.

2nd  The Boston Reds (AA) down Washington, 9–4, to maintain their half game lead over the St. Louis Browns, also winners today. Bill Joyce helps the win by reaching base in his 64th consecutive game starting on April 8, but is injured and will not appear again until the last game of the year when he goes 0-for-2. (as noted by Trent McCotter). Joyce plays only 65 games this year. Joyce will also have CGOB streaks of 54 in 1894 and 56 in 1896; only Ted Williams will have 3 streaks over 50 games.

3rd  The Columbus Buckeyes release Jack O’Connor for habitual drunkenness. He will resurface with Cleveland next year and remain an active player through 1907.

4th  New York regains the NL lead by winning 2 games in Cincinnati while Chicago loses a pair at home to Brooklyn. Will Hutchinson loses the afternoon game for the Colts, making his record at the South Side Park just 2–2, compared to 11–1 at West Side Park and 8–6 on the road. The Colts play on the West Side on Mondays, Wednesdays, and Fridays, and on the South Side on Tuesdays, Thursdays, and Saturdays.

7th  Baltimore (AA) sets a ML record by leaving 18 men on base in an 8–2 loss to the Cincinnati Kellys. This record of runners left on base will be tied but not broken until September 21, 1956.

8th  Jack Stivetts yields 7 runs in 5 innings before being relieved. He stays in the game in the OF and drives home the winning run with a fly ball in the bottom of the 9th as the Browns edge the Reds, 8–7.

9th  Tip O’Neill’s RBI double caps an 8th inning rally for St. Louis that beats Boston, 4–3, and moves the victors into first place in the AA race.

11th  Powered by Duke Farrell’s 3-run home run, Boston beats St. Louis, 5–2, to regain the AA lead. The Reds will hold it for the rest of the season.

Bob Leadley, who has made himself unpopular with the players by banning three-card poker in the Cleveland clubhouse, is fired as Spider manager and replaced by captain Patsy Tebeau.

14th  Billy Hamilton’s 3 triples help Philadelphia (NL) down the Reds, 9-1. It is Billy’s 2nd three triple game.

15th  The Washington club releases Ed Daily, its team captain signed in June. The Post will report on August 3 that Daily is opening a saloon, but then it is reported on October 22 that he died the night before of “quick consumption.” The Post will report that when he played for the Senators his health was not good.

Hardy Richardson returns to the Boston AA lineup after being out since April with a broken foot. The Reds beat Cincinnati, 15–12, as reliever George Haddock’s grand slam off Frank Dwyer highlites a 10-run seventh-inning rally.

16th  After Louisville falls into last place in the AA, a Louisville Courier-Journal headline asks that someone “Give Them a Commercial Name to Advertise Something Outside the City.” This headline reflects the relationship between baseball and business in the 19th-century city.

Chicago squeezes by Boston, 8–7, with 3 runs in the bottom of the 12th to complete a 3-game sweep. The Colts move into first place when the Giants lose to Cleveland, 12–6.

18th  After the AA grants Boston the right to lower its admission price from 50 cents to 25 cents, 4,723 pay to see the Reds beat the Colonels 9–0. Only 986 had attended yesterday’s game.

20th  In a 13-4 Columbus win over Philadelphia, Bill Kuehne smacks a 1st inning grand slam off Gus Weyhing.

21st  The Giants give pitcher Tim O’Keefe the required 10-day notice of his release.

23rd  The Boston Reds win their 11th game in a row, beating the Washington Statesmen 6–1 in a 5-inning affair featuring two HRs by captain Hugh Duffy. Both are inside-the-park—the 2nd time in his career he’s legged out a pair of homers in one game. The 11 victories constitutes the longest winning streak in the AA.

24th  The Browns score in all 8 innings in which they bat, as they trounce Cincinnati 20–12. Frank Dwyer pitches the entire game for the losing Kellys.

25th  An over-the-fence drive by Cliff Carroll caps a 4-run rally in the bottom of the 9th to give the Chicago Colts a 15–14 victory in Cleveland. Although the ground rules at this park call for a HR on balls hit over all OF fences, the winning run scores from 2B, so Carroll gets credit for only a double.

26th  Louisville snaps its 15game losing streak, the longest losing streak in the majors this year, by beating host Cincinnati, 9-5 behind Jouett Meekin.

Judging that newly acquired Jesse Duryea to be the better pitcher, St. Louis releases Clark Griffith. Griff will sign with Boston in a week.

27th  Future Hall of Famer Joe Kelley makes his ML debut with the Boston Beaneaters, singling off of Mickey Welch in his first at bat.

30th  Two ML clubs change managers. Bill McGunnigle takes the reins in Pittsburgh, Ned Hanlon being demoted from manager-captain to just captain. And Dan Shannon replaces Charley Snyder in both capacities with Washington.

31st  New York Giants P Amos Rusie hurls a no-hitter against Brooklyn, winning 6–0, over Bill Terry. He walks 8, hits one, and fans 4. Rusie lost on a no-hitter last month.

1891 August

1st Two home runs by Farrell pace Boston to a 7-3 triumph in St. Louis in the first game of a critical four-game series.

3rd  Scott Stratton shuts out the Philadelphia Athletics on one hit, 6–0, to snap Louisville’s losing streak at 15 games, the longest in the major leagues this year.

4th  Tip O’Neill goes 4-for-4 for the 2nd day in a row to lead the Browns to an 8-0 victory over the Reds. St. Louis wins the series 3 games to 1 and now trail Boston by just 4 percentage points.

5th In St. Louis, Athletics pitcher Ben Sanders uses just 91 pitches in an 11-inning game with St. Louis, in which the A’s win, 4–3. He walks one, gives up 7 hits, and strikes out 4. (as noted by Cliff Blau). The Sporting Life of August 15 estimates he may have thrown 15 called balls and strikes, excluding the walk and strikeouts.

6th  Jack Stivetts of the St. Louis Browns (AA) hits 2 HRs and strikes out 10 against the Athletics, but loses the game, 7–5. It is Stivetts’ second 2-homer game.

7th  A run-scoring wild pitch by John Clarkson allows Chicago to beat Boston 6–5 in 10 innings. This makes 4 straight games (dating back to the series in July that the Colts have beaten the Beaneaters in extra innings.)

8th  Boston edges Chicago 4-3 in 9 innings. The Colts now lead the Giants by 2 games and the Beans by 2 ½.

9th  Unofficial averages in the Chicago Tribune show Billy Hamilton leading the NL with a .343 average. Mike Tiernan is 2ndat .338.

10th   Philadelphia’s Tommy Corcoran connects for a grand slam in the 4th inning off Willard Mains and Philley wins, 16-8, over Cincinnati (as noted by David Vincent).

11th   The Boston Reds beat Kelly’s Killers 9-3 for their 7th straight victory since leaving St. Louis. The slumping Browns have fallen 5 ½ games behind.

13th  Bob Barr, recently acquired from Buffalo, has his Giant debut ended in an abrupt and bizarre manner when he is accidentally hit on the head by a ball thrown back over the grandstand after it is fouled out of play. The Giants lose 7-4 to Cincinnati and are now in 3rd place, 2 games behind Chicago.

17th  The underfinanced AA franchise in Cincinnati folds. Milwaukee of the Western Association is elected to take its place, a move that dooms that minor league. The Brewers sign 4 of the Kellys and several players from other WA clubs. “The King of Ballplayers,” Mike Kelly, joins the Boston Reds (AA) and is appointed captain.

18th  Milwaukee is victorious in its first AA game, beating the Browns in St. Louis 7–2. Back in Cincinnati, the NL game is enlivened by Cleveland’s Jimmy McAleer chasing the Reds’ Arlie Latham around the field with a baseball bat. Latham had tripped McAleer as the runner rounded 3B. No blows are struck as Cleveland wins, 6-2.

Hardy Richardson hits a grand slam in the 2nd off Egyptian Healy as the Boston Reds beat Baltimore, 13-9.

19th  In Boston, when deposed captain Hugh Duffy comes to the plate in the 2nd inning. He is presented with an elegant cane and a testimonial speech. When play resumes, he bangs out a two-run single to help the Reds to a 6-2 win over the Orioles before the largest crowd of the season (11.201).

21st  George Hemming, who fanned Harry Stovey 5 times on June 30th, fans Stovey 4 times today as the Bridegrooms beat the Beaneaters, 8–1.

Jim McTamany and Henry Larkin, the first two batters for Philadelphia (AA) crack homers off Boston’s Darby O’Brien. Darby shrugs it off and Boston wins, 11-4.

22nd  In six plate appearances, Walt Wilmot of the Chicago Colts draws 6 bases on balls from Cleveland Spider pitchers Lee Viau and Cy Young to set a ML record for walks in a game. Jimmie Foxx (6/16/38) and Andre Thornton (5/2/84) will be the only players to tie this record in the 19th and 20th centuries. Wilmot also ties a record set last year by Pop Smith’s who reached base six times with no at bats (5 BB, 1 HP). Chicago wins today, 11–9.

24th  A peace conference between club owners from the AA and the NL opens in Washington.

25th  The Boston NL club shocks the baseball world by announcing the signing of King Kelly away from the rival Boston AA club, thereby wrecking peace talks between the leagues. Kelly signs through the 1892 season for a total of $25,000, a figure that will not be topped by any player until the Federal League war of 1914 and 1915.

Chicago beats up on visiting Brooklyn, 28–5. Walt Wilmot starts swinging, collecting 4 hits, Cap Anson has 5, and Jimmy Ryan has a leadoff homer in the first of 8 plate appearances. Chicago collects 13 extra base hits and 15 singles off George Hemming, who goes the distance for Brooklyn.

26th  With a 9-8 win over Brooklyn, Chicago starts to show some daylight between themselves and the second and third-place teams. Boston is 5 games in back of the Colts, New York 5 ½.

27th  In what is called the “longest short game of the season” St. Louis beats Washington 10-8 in a game called due to darkness after 6 innings. The “marathon” takes 2 hours and 15 minutes, longer than most 9-inning games.

28th  Philadelphia beats Chicago 8-5 to snap the Colts’ winning streak at 11 games. Chicago leads Boston by 4 games.

31st  In the season’s best pitching duel, Chicago’s Bill Hutchinson and New York’s Amos Rusie battle to an 11-inning scoreless tie. A great throw from CF to home plate by Jimmy Ryan saves the day for the Colts.

1891 September

4th  “Old Man” Cap Anson answers the critics who have been calling for his retirement by showing up for today’s game wearing a wig and a long white beard much to the delight of the Chicago crowd. Anson wears this costume throughout the game, which his Colts, 5–3, win over the Beaneaters, stretching Chicago’s lead to 7 games over Boston.

Sparked by a 7th inning grand slam by Duke Farrell off Jack Leiper, Boston beats Columbus, 14-4.

5th  Boston salvages the final game of the 3-game series in Chicago, 3-2. Billy Nash scores the winning run in the 8th on a double steal. Boston is in second place in the NL, 6 games behind Chicago and 2 game ahead of the Giants.

7th  Anson sleeps through the morning game of a Labor Day bill in Brooklyn and his Colts lose, 21-3. Burns, Dailey and Collins each collect 4 hits. But he has 3 hits, including a homer in the p.m. game, which Chicago wins, 9-8.

8th  Boston (AA) beats St. Louis 9-2, scoring 4 runs on one play as a bases-loaded single is followed by three throwing errors by the Browns. With a 9 ½ game lead, the Reds seem assured of the AA pennant.

9th  Disgusted with owner Von der Ahe’s constant criticism, St. Louis stars Tommy McCarthy and Jack Stivetts sign with the Boston Beaneaters (NL) for 1892.

Boston (NL) outslugs visiting Cleveland to win, 14–10 and 10–8. Tommy Tucker has a grand slam in the opener, connecting in the 3rd off John Shearon.

10th  In its first AA home game, after taking the Reds’ place in the league, the Milwaukee Brewers blasts out a 30–3 triumph over Washington to the delight of 2,450 fans. The Brewers will log a record of 14-5 home record by the season’s end.

12th  That’s no lady. Mark Baldwin of Pittsburgh pitches 2 complete-game victories in Brooklyn, winning 13–3 and 8–4 while allowing a total of 11 hits. This gives him 4 wins in 6 days.

14th  Wild Bill Hutchinson posts his 40th win of the season, beating Boston, 7–1. Chicago now leads the Beaneaters by 5 ½ games.

15th  Chicago wins the second game of the series with Boston, 8-4, to extend its NL lead over the Beaneaters to 6 ½ games with just 16 playing dates remaining.

16th  Last place Louisville (AA) wins their 2nd game in a row beating Washington, 7-0, to move out of last place. Their streak will reach 12 wins. Washington drops to last place and will soon get replace manager Dan Shannon with Sandy Griffin, the 4th manager this year.

Boston salvages the final game of the series, 7-2, as Kid Nichols beats Chicago for the first time after 9 losses to the Colts.

18th  Billy Hamilton steals 4 bases to pace the Phillies to an 11–6 decision over the Cincinnati Reds. Sliding Billy will finish the season with a league-leading 115 steals, breaking the 100 mark for the 3rd year in a row.

19th  Boston takes a pair from Pittsburgh, winning 11-3 and 11-2. Joe Quinn has a grand slam in game 2 off Mark Baldwin.

Amos Rusie beats Chicago, 8-0, for the second time in 3 days as the Giants complete a 3-game sweep of the Colts. Boston, having meanwhile won 3 from Pittsburgh, closes to within 2 ½ games of first place.

21st  Brooklyn loses to Boston 6-1 as the Bridegrooms 2B John Ward makes 2 key errors in the 5-run 8th inning.

The Giants lose to the Phillies, 11-9, as John Ewing (21-8), younger brother of Buck Ewing, makes his last start of the year for New York. His 2.27 ERA will lead the league in this, his last season. Ewing is the first pitcher to win 20 games in his final season: four will do it in the 20th Century and Mike Mussina will accomplish the feat in the first decade of the 21st. Ewing will die in 1895 at the age of 35.

23rd Aided by sloppy fielding and suicidal baserunning of Brooklyn, the Beaneaters win a doubleheader, 5-1 and 9-2, to edge within two games of the Colts.

25th  The Boston Reds clinch the AA pennant with a 6–2 victory in Baltimore.

The Boston Beaneaters win their 10th in a row, beating the Phillies, 6–3, thanks in part to 3 errors by 3B Ed Mayer. Boston is now just 2 games behind Chicago.

      The Topeka Daily Capital observes thatThe ballplayer is as ticklish about his age as the maiden–of discretion–who has passed through many summers and hard winters, and that is perhaps the reason that there is an unwritten rule banishing beards from the baseball field.” (as noted by Graham Womack)

26th  Amos Rusie wins both ends of a doubleheader, 10-4 and 13-5, in Brooklyn for the Giants. He is then given the final week of the season off, so he will not pitch against Boston.

Tim Shinnick of Louisville hits a 4th-inning grand slam, off Harry Burrell, in a 7-2 Colonels victory over St. Louis.

27th  Louisville wins a pair in St. Louis, 6-3 and 11-0, to extend its winning streak to 11 games, tying the best streak in the AA this year.

28th  The 3rd-place Giants arrive in Boston without their two best pitchers (Amos Rusie and John Ewing) and their best hitter (Roger Connor) and arrange to play 5 games in 3 days. They lose the first one, 11–3, as the Beaneaters move to within one-half game of Chicago, which loses to Cy Young and Cleveland, 4–2.

29th  Dan Shannon resigns as Washington’s manager. Sandy Griffin will finish the season in charge of the last-place Senators.

30th  The Beaneaters complete a 5–game sweep of the Giants and vault into first place in the NL race with just 3 days to go. Chicago president James A. Hart protests the extra makeup games played by the Giants in Boston. Several sportswriters are convinced that the eastern clubs have purposely let Boston win the recent games, especially after four Giants are retired at home plate in the final game, which Boston wins, 5–3.

The Athletics sign Orioles manager Billy Barnie to manage their club in 1892. Barnie will finish the season with the O’s including 3 games against the A’s.

1891 October

1st  Boston clinches the NL pennant with its 17th consecutive victory, 6–1, in Philadelphia, while Chicago is losing to Cincinnati by the same score. Herman Long stars in the clincher with 5 double-play pivots and a tie-breaking hit.

Ice Box Chamberlain switch pitches against Baltimore (AA) in a 16-4 Philadelphia win. Ice Box did the same thing in 1888 against KC.

2nd  In the first-ever ML game in Minnesota, the Milwaukee Brewers beat the Columbus Buckeyes 5–0 in Minneapolis’s Athletic Park. Winning pitcher Frank Killen had starred for the WA Millers before the club folded in August. Jack Crooks is 3-for-3 for Columbus. This was scheduled to be part of a three-game series, but weather intervened and this is the only game played. The next ML game here will be with the Twins, in 1961.

Boston wins its 18th in a row beating Pittsburgh 5-3 as Kid Nichols becomes a 30-game winner for the first of 7 times in his career.

In a laugher called after six innings on account of darkness and loose play, the visiting Reds edge Chicago, 17-16.

3rd At Chicago, Cincinnati rolls to a 15–9 season-ending win over Chicago, their 3rd in a row in the Windy City and their 7th overall. The Reds are led by John Reilly, who hits 2 triples and 2 singles. The Reds escape the cellar and finish 2 percentage points ahead of Pittsburgh, which ended the season with 8 straight losses.

Tom Brown of the Boston Reds is voted the team’s most popular player by a local newspaper. Brown receives a watch.

4th  Browns rookie Ted Breitenstein gets his first start on the final day of the season and hurls a no-hitter versus Louisville. He wins 8–0 while walking one and facing the minimum 27 batters.

5th  A fiasco in Washington: After the Senators tie the game with 3 in the top of the 6th, The Orioles refuse to make put outs in the hopes that they can delay for darkness and have the score revert. But after 22 runs have crossed the plate, the umpire forfeits the game to Washington.

6th  The AA season closes with Baltimore winning 2 games in Washington to capture 3rd place, one-half game ahead of the Athletics. There will be no all-Boston World Series because of the intransigence of the Beaneater owners.

10th The Louisville club announces that it lost $10,516.75 on the season. Most clubs apparently lost money.

14th Former Chicago pitcher Larry Corcoran dies in Newark at the age of 32 of Bright’s Disease and alcoholism. Corcoran’s best year was 1884 when he went 27–12.

17th  A New York judge rules that the Giants do not have to put a roof on their bleacher seats, despite a recent ordinance passed by the Board of Aldermen.

20th Billy Hallman of the A’s announces that he has signed with the Phillies, opening a wave of player jumps.

21st As reported in the Washington Post, veteran pitcher Ed Daily, who captained the Senators earlier this year, dies of “quick consumption.” Third baseman Will Smalley, 20, who played poorly for Washington and was also released, died 10 days ago.

26th The Colts rookie star Bill Dahlen signs with the AA Milwaukee club for next season for $3500, including $500 in advance. Although the club would not field a major league team in 1892, it will be able to recover the $500 after a long court battle.

1891 November

3rd Giants stalwarts Roger Connor and Danny Richardson jump to the Athletics.

4th  Charlie Comiskey, having had enough of Browns owner Chris Von der Ahe, signs to manage and captain the NL Cincinnati Reds.

11th  The NL meets and dismisses the charges of collusion and game throwing against the eastern clubs brought by Chicago, thereby formally giving Boston the pennant. The league also plans its strategy for conquering the association by consolidating the 4 strongest AA clubs into a 12-team league for next year.

16th  The Louisville Colonels club is sold at auction to satisfy a $6,359.40 mortgage. The new ownership is headed by Dr. T. Hunt Stuckey.

26th  A series for the championship of the Pacific Coast begins between the champions of the California League (San Jose) and the Pacific Northwest League pennant winners (Portland). San Jose wins the opener, 8–6. The series will last until January 10 with San Jose winning 10 games to 9. All the games are in played in San Jose.

28th  AA president Zach Phelps announces that the rumored 12-club consolidation is impossible. He does not realize that the NL has already begun to win over individual AA owners to the plan.

1891 December

11th  George Wagner, one of the owners of the Athletics, agrees to terms which will allow him to purchase the Washington club, thereby clearing a major stumbling block in Philadelphia.

15th  The AA and NL meet together in Indianapolis to settle the matter with the “frozen out” AA members: Milwaukee, Columbus, Chicago and Boston.

17th  The American Association passes out of existence after ten years as a settlement is finally reached. Four AA clubs (St. Louis, Louisville, Washington, and Baltimore) join with the NL 8 in a 12-club league formally styled “The National League and American Association of Professional Base Ball Clubs.” The other 4 AA clubs are bought out for about $130,000. The NL will allow Sunday games for the first time but will retain its 50 cent minimum admission price.

19th  Today’s issue of Sporting Life reports on a proposal for a designated hitter in an article headlined ‘Messrs. Temple and Spalding; Agree That the Pitcher Should be Exempt From Batting’:

In a recent conversation with J. Walter Spalding, of the New York Club, President Temple, of the Pittsburgs, brought up the question as to what disposition should be made of the pitcher in the batting order. President Temple favored the substitution of another man to take the pitcher’s place at the bat when it came his turn to go there. Mr Spalding advocated a change in the present system and suggested that the pitcher be eliminated entirely from the batting order and that only the other eight men of the opposing clubs be allowed to go to bat. Both gentlemen saw the necessity of some change, and Mr. Spalding intimated that his idea should prevail. The matter will in all likelihood be brought to the attention of the committee on rules, and either a substitute player take the pitcher’s place at bat or the pitcher be relieved from the necessity of going to bat at all.

Every patron of the game is conversant with the utter worthlessness of the average pitcher when he goes up to try and hit the ball. It is most invariably a trial, and an unsuccessful one at that. If fortune does favor him with a base hit it is ten to one that he is so winded in getting to first or second base on it that when he goes into the box it is a matter of very little difficulty to pound him all over creation.

(as noted by John Thorn and Mike Lynch, who point out that William Chase Temple is the originator of the designated hitter concept.)

1892 January

9th  “Slide, Kelly, Slide,” by George Gaskin, makes the popular music charts, the first baseball song to do so.

Cap Anson is quoted in the New York Clipper as saying that “I don’t care if they can’t field a little bit. In my experience I have found that a man can be taught to almost stop cannon balls, but it is a very difficult task to teach them to line ’em out.”

14th  Former Chicago star Frank “Silver” Flint dies of consumption.

1892 February

9th  Dan Brouthers, batting champion of the AA while with the Boston Reds in 1891, signs a contract to play with the Brooklyn Nationals. It will be his 5th team in 5 years.

1892 March

4th  The first meeting of the united NL and AA takes place in New York. Only 4 teams from the collapsed 1891 AA are invited to join the NL, which will expand to 12 teams with a 154-game schedule split into 2 championship series.

12th  A bill before the New York State Assembly seeks “To prohibit the employment of females as baseball players.”

Speaking to his local papers upon his return from the spring meeting of the new 12-team National League, new Pittsburgh Pirates President William Chase Temple comments on the designated hitter, saying: “We came very near making it a rule to exempt the pitcher from batting in a game, under a resolution which permitted such exemption, when the captain of the team notified the umpire of such desire prior to the beginning of a game. The vote stood 7 to 5 for. I looked for it to be the reverse, but Von der Ahe, whom I depended on, voted otherwise.” (as noted by John Thorn)

15th In Ocala, Florida, the Phillies, powered by Connor, Delahanty, Hamilton and Thompson beat Brooklyn in the opening of the spring training exhibition season.

30th At Georgetown College in Washington, the Senators beat the collegians, 6-1, in a seven-inning exhibition game. Senators third baseman Tommy Dowd, who attended Georgetown Law School last winter and lived at the college, scores the game’s first run with a home run. The crowd of 1,000 cheers him each time up with, “What’s wrong with Tommie Dowd?” then answering with the cheer “He’s all right.”

1892 April

5th Cap Anson trades 2B Fred Pfeffer to his hometown Colonels so that the 32-year-old veteran can finish his career in Louisville. Chicago gets $1000 and Pfeffer’s replacement Jim Canavan. Canavan will end up hitting just .166, the worst average in history for someone with 400 at bats.

12th  Inaugurating the first 12-team NL season, Amos Rusie of the New York Giants outpitches Tim Keefe of the Philadelphia Phillies, 5–4.

The famous Boston Beaneaters battery of John Clarkson and King Kelly is too much for the Nationals in Washington. Clarkson helps his cause with a HR in a 14–4 victory, and Herman Long adds a 7thinning grand slam, off Frank Killen.

16th  Ohio governor William McKinley participates in the WL opening game in Columbus, which defeats Toledo 8–5. Ironically, McKinley would never attend a ML game as president.

17th  The first Sunday game in NL history features the hometown Cincinnati Reds defeating the St. Louis Browns, 5–1. Bid McPhee contributes a HR.

19th  Cincinnati’s Tony Mullane surrenders only a bunt single in a 3–0 win over the Chicago Colts, in the 2nd game of a twinbill. The Reds win the opener, 5–2.

22nd  The Pittsburgh Pirates score 12 runs in the first inning against Ted Breitenstein and Bob Caruthers of St. Louis. Elmer Smith of the Pirates gets 2 bases on balls, marking the first time a player is walked twice in one inning. Pittsburgh wins, 14-3.

23rd  Bill Shindle of the Baltimore Orioles has 5 errors at shortstop in a 19–9 loss to Boston in the 2nd game of a twin bill. He also makes 2 in the opener. He will make 78 errors by the end of the season, an improvement over his record 115 miscues in 1890 while playing for Philadelphia (PL).

24th  Notre Dame defeats Michigan, 6–4, in the first intercollegiate varsity game for the Irish. The Notre Dame winner is pitching and batting star “Ringer” Willie McGill, a former student at the elementary school in the college. Though only 18 years of age, McGill is now in his 4th professional season, and will play for the Cincinnati Reds later in the year.

25th  Germany Smith, connects for a grand slam in the 6th, off Bob Caruthers, in an 8-2 win for the Reds over St. Louis.

29th  Cleveland Spiders SS Ed McKean accidentally shoots himself through the “fleshy portion” of his finger with a revolver. He will recover within a week and go on to drive in 93 runs, albeit with the lowest batting average and HR total of his career to date.

30th  Dr. S. B. Talcott, superintendent of the State Lunatic Asylum in New York, declares in the New York Clipper that “I believe that baseball is a homeopathic cure for lunacy. It is a kind of craze in itself, and gives the lunatics a new kind of crazing to relieve them of the malady which afflicts their minds.”

Pitcher Elton Chamberlain of Cincinnati hits a grand slam off Frank Foreman of Washington in the 8th to ice the game. The Reds win, 7-2.

1892 May

4th  Cincinnati players Billy Rhines, Jerry Harrington, and Eddie Burke are disciplined after getting involved in a fight the previous evening. Harrington and Burke are each fined $100, but Rhines—who won 45 games for the Reds over the last 2 years—is suspended without pay for the rest of the season. Nevertheless, Rhines will throw 84 ineffective innings this year.

5th At Pittsburgh, the Phillies lose, 5–2, to the home team. (as noted by Frank Vacarro) The Phils lineup is different than that listed on the pre-printed scorecard and ump Gaffney rules “batting out of order” in a key situation.

6th  John Clarkson and Elton “Icebox” Chamberlain pitch a 14-inning scoreless tie, finally called by Jack Sheridan because the angle of the sun was blinding both the batter and pitcher. Clarkson limits the Reds to 4 hits, one fewer than the Beaneaters can manage off of Chamberlain. The Cincinnati Enquirer states that calling a game “on account of the sun” a good one. “His decision, while it may appear ridiculous on the face of it, was, strange to relate, a just and sensible one.”

St. Louis southpaw Ted Breitenstein’s no-hitter is broken up in the 9th, when 2 singles produce the Bridegrooms’ only runs in a 14–2 loss.

7th  Bill Hutchinson hurls a one-hitter, permitting only a Jim O’Rourke 9th-inning single, to lead the Chicago Colts to an 8–0 win over the Giants.

10th  The Browns sweep a pair from the Phillies, winning 8–4 and 9-8. Perry Werden hits a grand slam in the 2nd game for St. Louis. It comes in the 5th inning against Kid Carsey.

11th  Baltimore defeats St. Louis 5–3 in a game in which, according to the New York Clipper, the only “curious feature was the fact that all of the runs scored were earned.” St. Louis OF John Crooks hits a leadoff HR for the 2nd time in a row.

14th  Tom Daly of Brooklyn, pinch hitting in the 9th for the ill Hub Collins, ties up the game with Boston by hitting the first pinch homer in major league history. He then singles in a run in the 10thbut Boston wins, 8-7. For the ailing Collins, this is his final ML game. He will succumb to typhoid fever in a week.

16th  A Supreme Court decision permitting the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad to give reduced rates to groups of 10 or more is a boon to ML baseball teams, who can expect to save 25 percent on transportation costs.

17th  Bill Hart of Brooklyn becomes the 3rd pitcher in less than 2 weeks to lose a no-hitter in the 9th inning in a 7–0 victory over Boston.

18th  John “Sadie” McMahon loses a no-hitter—and the game—when New York’s Denny Lyons singles in the only run in Baltimore’s 1–0 loss.

21st  George “Hub” Collins, 28-year-old Brooklyn OF and leadoff batter, dies of typhoid fever after a brief illness. He had led the AA in doubles in 1888 and the NL in runs in 1890.

Behind Bill Hutchinson, Chicago wins its 13th straight game, 1–0, over Pud Galvin and the Pirates. Galvin surrenders only 2 hits in the loss, none before the 8th inning. The streak will stop tomorrow.

24th  Brooklyn makes good use of its 14 hits in a 24–4 rout of the Washington Senators. Oyster Burns typifies his club’s attack by scoring 4 runs without the benefit of a hit.

26th  Boston’s John Clarkson loses a no-hitter with 2 outs in the 9thinning, as Hughey Jennings of the Louisville Colonels comes through with a single. Clarkson wins, 7–0.

28th  In the Players’ League, Jimmy Ryan helps Chicago defeat Amos Rusie and New York, 10–4, by drawing 5 walks—half of Rusie’s total for the game.

29th  A benefit All-Star game for Hub Collins, who died of typhoid fever on May 21st, is played at Brooklyn’s Eastern Park. The game between the Collins’ Brooklyn Bridegrooms and the St. Louis Browns (AA) raises $2804.90 for Collins’ widow.

30th  That’s no lady. Mark Baldwin of Pittsburgh hurls two complete game victories over Baltimore, by scores of 14-4 and 8-4.

31st In a New England League game at Salem, Pawtucket tops the host team, 17-9. Pawtucket first baseman Daniel F. Cronin is 4-for-4 with 4 home runs, 12 RBIs and scores 5 runs. Salem fielders help with 10 errors (as noted by Kevin Saldana).

1892 June

3rd Three NL homers are hit by pitchers to set a league record. The AL will top this by one in 1935 when two pitchers club 2 homers apiece on July 31st.

6th  President Benjamin Harrison watches Washington go down to a 7–4 defeat to Cincinnati in 11 innings. It marks the first visit to a ML game by a U.S. president.

7th  Henry Larkin of the Senators collects 6 hits, including a triple in a 20–2 victory over Cincinnati. Washington pounds out 32 hits in the game.

Pinch hitting for pitcher George Davies, Cleveland Spider Jack Doyle singles against Brooklyn. By some accounts, this is the first official pinch hit in ML history, though Daly’s pinch hit on May 14 precedes this under the new rule allowing pinch hitters in non-injury situations. Other historians cite the Phillies Charles Reilly on April 29, 1892, while others cite Mickey Welch, September 10, 1889. Brooklyn wins today, 2–1.

10th  Though Baltimore fails to score after the 6th inning, the host Orioles explode for 25 hits off Pretzal Getzein and two relief pitchers and swamp St. Louis 25–4. Wilbert Robinson, Orioles catcher, goes 7-for-7 (6 singles and a double), a ML record, and bats in 11 runs, also a ML mark. Whaling Wilbert scores once. He’ll finish the season with a team-high 57 RBIs. George Shoch has 5 hits and scores 4 runs for Baltimore; pitcher Sadie McMahon, on the other hand, goes 0-for-7, tying the since-broken 19th C. ML mark. Baltimore continues in game 2, winning 9–3.

In a doubleheader sweep of visiting Pittsburgh, the Brooklyn Bridegroom second baseman Monte Ward has 12 assists, a ML mark that won’t be tied in a single game until Jim Gilliam does it in 1956. Brooklyn wins 4–3 and 5–4.

13th  NL club owners meet in New York to work out league financial problems. The club assessment is increased from 10 percent to 121⁄4 percent of the receipts of each game. Team rosters are reduced to 13 players, one below the reserve limit, thus allowing the weaker clubs to sign some of those released. With improving economics, the roster limit will be set at 18 in 1899, with a rise in the reserve limit as well.

14th  Washington, scoring each of its runs with 2 outs, records a 12–7 win over St. Louis with the help of 5 hits from Patrick “Patsy” Donovan. Despite this performance, Donovan will soon be traded to the Pirates, with whom he will enjoy five .300 seasons en route to a career mark of .301.

The Pirates acquire infielder Cub Stricker from St. Louis for Pud Galvin. Stricker won’t even appear in a game for Pittsburgh but will be traded in 3 days to Baltimore for Adonis Terry.

24th  Cleveland and St. Louis aces Cy Young and Ted Breitenstein battle to a 3–3, 16-inning tie.

Philadelphia wins its 15th consecutive game, 6–3, over New York and ties Brooklyn for 2nd place in the NL race. Despite extending the winning streak to 16 four days later, the Phillies will fall back to 3rd on that day and will remain there for the rest of the first half of the season.

25th The first-place Beaneaters trip the host Giants, 9-7, overcoming a grand slam hit by Denny Lyons. Lyons connects in the 1st off Jack Stivetts.

29th At Philadelphia, the Phillies lose to Boston, 9–1, ending their win streak of 16 games. This ties the club record of 1887 and 1890.

30th  Tony Mullane of Cincinnati and Ad Gumbert of Chicago pitch 20 innings in a 7–7 standoff. All 14 runs come in the first five innings. At 3 hours 20 minutes it is the longest game in the 19thcentury. It is finally called to allow Chicago to catch a train.

Baltimore hurler Charles Buffinton refuses to take a salary cut from $100 a week to $75 a week and is released by the club. Only 31, he will never pitch again in professional ball.

1892 July

1st Chicago Evening News reporter George Bechel criticizes the play of outfielder Jimmie Ryan. Ryan responds by beating up the journalist in a clubhouse altercation, with one newspaper account accusing him of “using him up pretty badly.”

Duke Farrell legs out an inside-the-park homer in the 10th inning to give the Pirates an 11-9 victory over the visiting New York Giants.

3rd Baltimore signs 80’s star Harry Stovey, released by Boston.

4th  Tony Mullane is the only member of the Reds to object to a salary cut and is given a 10-day notice of his release. Switch pitcher Mullane will throw both hands up in tomorrow’s game, pitching both left and right handed. (as noted by historian Cliff Blau). The release will be rescinded but Mullane will start just one more game this year for Cincinnati.

6th  Sparked by a four-run homer by Lave Cross, off Ice Box Chamberlain, the Phillies top the host Reds, 11-5.

7th  Pete Browning’s five hits contribute to the Reds’ 21–2 rout of Baltimore.

8th  After losing 4-2 to Baltimore in game one, the Reds respond with a 12-5 victory in the second game. Player-manager Charles Comiskey hits a first inning grand slam off George Cobb to spark the win.

9th  John Clarkson, signed by the Cleveland Spiders after his release from Boston, responds immediately with an 8–2 win over Tim Keefe and the Phillies.

11th  Boston, having clinched the first-half championship, plays an unusual game at Chicago with team members, led by King Kelly, dressed in outlandish costumes and wearing beards. The large crowd is delighted, and the game, a 3–2 win for Boston, is surprisingly well played.

Down 8-6, the Reds Bid McPhee hits a 6th inning grand slam off Ed Crane as the Reds win the first game of a doubleheader, 12-8. The host Reds sweep by winning game two, 4–2. According to TheSporting Life, “With two men on bases, in the ninth inning, and one hand out, [Chicago player-manager Cap] Anson refused to take a base on balls. Nichols lined the ball over the plate. Anson met it and shot it to [second baseman Joe] Quinn, who caught it, and, touching second base, completed a [game-ending] double play.” (as noted by Bill Deane)

13th  Chicago pitcher Pat Luby shows another flash of brilliance as he records his only ML shutout, beating Philadelphia 1–0 at South Side Park. Luby had a streak of six straight wins in May followed by seven straight losses.

15th  NL president Nick Young watches the 2nd-half opener in Washington as Cleveland loses 3–1. A major dispute erupts between umpire Charles Mitchell and Cleveland manager Patsy Tebeau, who is fined $10. Tebeau says, “Make it twenty.” The fine is increased by installments to $50 “before Tebeau would quiet down.”

The St. Louis Browns stun the champions of the first season, the Boston Beaneaters, with a 20–3 bombardment in Boston.

19th  In losing 1–0 and 13–0 to the Bridegrooms, St. Louis extends its scoreless streak to 35 innings. The Browns, who have totaled only 15 hits in their last 4 games, will finally score after 38 innings, against New York.

21st  Tim Keefe of the Phillies outpitches veteran Jim Galvin of St. Louis, 2–0. It is Keefe’s 326th ML win against 211 losses. Galvin’s career mark is 360-306. It is the 4th and last match-up—all in July the past three years—between these two 300-game winners. The next match-up of 300-game winners will be between Don Sutton and Phil Niekro on June 6, 1986; the next NL match-up won’t come until Maddux and Clemens pair off on April 29, 2005.

Newly signed Harry Stovey smacks 3 triples and drives in 6 runs in the Orioles’ 10–3 win over Pittsburgh.

22nd  Female baseball players are not exactly accorded respect in the South. A Louisville Courier-Journal article about a mass murderer is tellingly titled “Alice Mitchell Played Ball.”

26th  Ed Delahanty gets 5 of Philadelphia’s 29 hits, including 3 doubles and a triple, in a 26–6 massacre of Cincinnati.

27th  Baltimore OF George Van Haltren, who collected 4 straight hits the day before, goes 5-for-5 against St. Louis in a 12–0 romp.

28th  The Orioles are embarrassed when an Elkton, MD, amateur hurler named Bill Hawke, signed by St. Louis, defeats Baltimore, 2–1.

30th  Boston’s 11-7 win over the Phillies leaves a three-way tie for first in the second-half race. Hugh Duffy hits a grand slam for Boston off Tim Keefe.

1892 August

3rd  Following a 4-2 loss to visiting Boston, Baltimore releases Jocko Halligan who had been obtained from the Reds to put some punch into the lineup. But instead he gets into a fight with newly acquired Cub Stricker and fractures his jaw sending him to the hospital. Despite driving in 43 runs in 46 games, Jocko is handed his release by Ned Hanlon, the club’s 3rd manager.

5th  Substituting in LF, pitcher Jack Stivetts breaks up a scoreless tie with a 2-run HR for Boston in the 12th to beat Brooklyn.

6th  Pitching for Boston, Jack Stivetts tosses an 11–0 no-hitter over Brooklyn. Stivett again stars at the plate, connecting for a double and triple.

Cincinnati manager Charles Comiskey reaches a temporary salary compromise with P Tony Mullane, who returns to the club but pitches poorly in a 6–1 loss to Chicago. He would soon leave the club to pitch in Butte, MT.

8th  Boston gets its 3rd straight shutout, 7–0 over Washington, and moves into a first-place tie with Cleveland. Tomorrow Washington will snap the Beaneaters’ 33-inning scoreless streak with an 8–3 win.

10th  Baltimore rookie P George Cobb walks on all 5 trips to the plate in his 7–2 victory over Washington. In his only ML season Cobb will record a dismal record of 10-37.

In a 6-3 win over visiting Boston, Billy Hamilton hits a 2nd-inning grand slam for the Phillies. Jack Stivetts serves up the homer.

11th  At Chicago, Jimmy McAleer hits a 1st inning grand slam, off Ad Gumbert, to pace Cleveland to a 12-3 victory.

12th  The Orioles remove OF posts, around which ropes holding back overflow crowds would be wrapped, after a ball hit by Harry Stovey strikes a post and bounces back toward the infield, forcing Stovey to stop at 2B. Another factor in the decision was an incident 3 days ago in which Oriole RF Frank “Piggy” Ward missed a sure catch when he ran upon a post. It doesn’t help today as visiting Philadelphia wins, 9–6.

15th  Jimmy Ryan of Chicago goes hitless against George Stephens after connecting in 29 consecutive games dating back to July 9th. The team makes 10 errors while losing to Baltimore 9–2 for Stephens’ only win. Stephens will be 1–1 this year and 1–7 lifetime. He’ll die on August 5, 1896, 4 years to the day of his debut (as noted by Dixie Tourangeau).

18th  In the course of a 13–4 win over Baltimore, Browns LF Cliff Carroll attempts to field a ground ball, but he misjudges it, and the ball becomes lodged in his shirt pocket. Before he can extricate it the Oriole batter makes it to 3B. St. Louis owner Chris Von der Ahe is so outraged that he fines Carroll $50 and suspends him without pay for the rest of the season. Carroll appeals the fine and the suspension at the end of the season but is turned down.

The Bridegrooms overcome 5 hits by Cap Anson, including 2 triples and a double, to defeat Chicago 7–5.

20th The Browns Kid Gleason hits a HR and single and pitches St. Louis to an 8–4 win over the Orioles.

22nd  Louisville’s Ben Sanders no-hits Baltimore, winning by a 6–2 count. The Orioles runs score on walks and errors.

James “Bug” Holliday hits 2 HRs and drives in all 6 runs in Cincinnati’s 12-inning 6–5 win over Washington.

26th  The Colonels’ Ben Sanders follows up on his August 22nd no-hitter with a 1-hit 4–0 win over Boston.

After Pittsburgh defeats Philadelphia, 11–3, the Phillies accuse the Pirates of doctoring the ball with a greasy rag found in the OF. Pittsburgh denies the accusation.

1892 September

1st  Recently released Pirate P Mark “Fido” Baldwin is arrested in his hometown of Homestead, PA, for alleged complicity in the recent strike and ensuing riot. Baldwin posts $2,000 bail and claims that he was merely a spectator. He will soon rejoin the Pirates and finish the season with a 26-27 record.

Rookie P Bill Hawke of St. Louis loads the bases with the Phillies in the 6th, but then fans the next 3 batters on the way to a 4-1 win. Tim Keefe takes the loss.

5th  Jack Stivetts, having his best year with Boston, tosses 2 complete game victories over Louisville, 2–1 and 5–2. The first game, a 3-hitter in the morning, goes 11 innings. In the p.m. game, Stivetts gives up 7 hits in nine innings.

9th  Mike Tiernan’s 4th-inning grand slam, off Ice Box Chamberlain is the difference in a 5-4 Giants win over the visiting Reds. Tiernan led the NL in homers the past two seasons but will hit just five this season.

13th  Boston shuts out Washington 9–0. Senator OF Patsy Donovan does his best to stave off defeat with 4 hits, but is thrown out at the plate 3 times.

16th  Tim O’Rourke hits a bases-loaded, 2-out, bottom-of-the-9th, 2-strike triple to give Baltimore a stunning 6–5 win over the Pirates.

17th The lowly Browns lose to the host Phillies, 9-1, as the Quakers are helped by an errant throw in the 6th by 2B Bob Caruthers on a grounder by Dummy Stephenson. The target of the throw, SS Jack Glasscock, accuses Caruthers of trying to kill him and demands a trade within 10 days by owner Chris Von der Ahe (reported in the New York Times, September 21, 1892). Glasscock plays in the next game as apparently cooler heads prevail.   Caruthers, possibly coincidently, is given his release next March.

19th  P Charles “Kid” Nichols, Boston’s premier hurler, hits a grand slam in the 5th off Tom Vickery and a bases-loaded triple in the 6thto give the Beaneaters a 14–0 lead over Baltimore. In the bottom of the 6th he has to leave the mound when hit by a batted ball. The Orioles quickly score 11 runs, but still lose 14–11.

21st Pitching for the Cleveland Spiders after Boston had traded him, John Clarkson beats Pittsburgh, 3–2, for his 300th win. The Spiders manage just 2 hits off Adonis Terry, winning in the 9th on 2 walks, a sac, and a single, good for 2 runs. Clarkson allows 4 hits. The win avenges a similar loss yesterday to Pittsburgh.

26th  Following an 11–0 pasting of Chicago, a fire destroys the Louisville Colonels’ ballpark and much of the team’s equipment, including all bats and many uniforms. Only the bleachers survive, but a home twinbill against Chicago on the 28th is played and is well attended.

28th  Bill Hutchinson pitches both games for Chicago against Louisville, winning the first 5–4 and losing the second 5–3. It’s emblematic of his season as he’ll finish 36–36.

In Philadelphia’s 11–1 victory over Washington, lefty Jack Clements gets a triple on a ball that lands on top of the RF wall and must be retrieved by Senator OF Larry Twitchell. Despite the three bagger, Clements is the only 19th century player (minimum 1000 games) with more homeruns than triples.

29th  The Beaneaters overcome 14 errors, including 5 by 2B Joe Quinn, to defeat Washington 12–8. Quinn led the NL’s second basemen in fielding percentage with a mark of .951.

30th  Willie Keeler makes his ML debut by singling and scoring for New York, but his efforts cannot prevent a 5–4 loss to Philadelphia.

1892 October

1st  Cincinnati captain Charles Comiskey, interviewed in the New York Clipper, states that “the days of the twelve club league are numbered. The double season plan is a failure…as the public will decide that a team that are [sic] champions up to the Fourth of July ought to be champions all season.”

4th  Amos Rusie of the Giants pitches 2 complete- game victories over Washington at the Polo Grounds, winning 6–4 and 9–5.

5th  Cy Young of Cleveland hurls his league-leading 9th shutout, beating Cincinnati 6–0.

As noted by historian Allan Wood, The New York Times reports “A Scheme On Foot to Reduce The Salaries of Players: There is a movement on foot for the reduction of salaries. Club officials claim that some of the stars are receiving wages far in excess of they ought to be and there will be a general cut. The players have been expecting this. The probabilities are that a salary limit will be adopted. This was done a few seasons ago, but all of the club officials broke the compact. It is barely possible that they will gladly live up to it now.”

7th  Light hitting Tom McCarthy hits a double, triple, and 2 home runs off Silver King of New York in a 9-2 Boston victory.

11th In undramatic fashion, Cleveland clinches the 2nd half championship by playing a tie game with Pittsburgh as Boston loses the 2nd game of a twin bill with Brooklyn.

12th  In an 11–3 loss to Louisville, Browns C Dick Buckley breaks his arm in a home-plate collision with Colonel OF Tom Brown. Opposing pitchers Pink Hawley for the Browns and Ben Sanders for Louisville each hit homeruns.

Washington (NL) loses to Philadelphia, 8-5, despite having Washington Nationals bench player Tom Dowse behind the plate umping. For the Irish-born Dowse, it is his last ML appearance. He set a NL record this year when he played for four teams: Louisville, Cincinnati, Philadelphia and Washington, all in 63 games.

In a 9-4 Baltimore win at New York, slugger Harry Stovey hits a grand slam for the Orioles off Silver King.

14th  The scheduled Boston-Washington game is postponed because the Senators’ field has already been reserved by the Columbia Athletic Club for a football game against Princeton.

15th  Charles “Bumpus” Jones of Cincinnati, making his ML debut, pitches a no-hit game over Pittsburgh, winning 7–1 on the final day of the season. Jones, who won 16 games in a row in the minors, will have a tough time the following season when the pitching distance is increased. He will go 1-4 with a 10.93 ERA and never pitch in the majors again.

In a 7–1 win at Philadelphia, rookie Wee Willie Keeler, a lefthander, plays 3B for the Giants and collects 3 hits in 4 trips.

Boston’s Jack Stivetts hurls a 5-inning no-hitter against Washington, winning by a score of 6–0.

Cleveland beats visiting Louisville, 11-3, using a pair of bases-loaded triples to win. The two bases-loaded triples ties the NL mark. It will be tied again, but never topped.

The Chicago White Sox end their season with a 1–0 victory over the St. Louis Browns before 1,500. The game was originally scheduled for St. Louis, but is moved to Kansas City after president Spears (of KC) and a local banker offer $1,000 for the transfer. Chicago wins the coin flip and, batting last, scores an unearned run in the first inning. Bill Hutchinson allows just two hits to win over Pink Hawley. “It was a stupid affair, and the spectators sat through it like professional mourners at a funeral,” grumbles the ChicagoTribune. It will be more than 100 years before Chicago’s NL club reappears in Kansas City.

17th  To settle the championship of baseball’s first split season, Boston, the first-half winner, starts a 5-game series with Cleveland, the 2nd-half champ. Jack Stivetts and Cy Young battle to a memorable 11-inning scoreless tie. Darkness ends the game a 5 p.m.

18th  In Cleveland, 6,700 fans see Boston nip the home team 4–3 with Harry Staley beating John Clarkson. The latter had pitched for Boston in the first half before joining Cleveland. Hugh Duffy has a single, double and triple and drives in 3 runs. Down 4-2, in the 9thwith 2 outs and with a runner on, Chief Zimmer comes to the plate and is “offered various sums of money by different spectators to put the ball over the fence. He nearly earned the money by hitting for three bases, the ball striking the top of the left field fence” (New York Times).

19th  In front of 5,000 spectators in Cleveland, Boston wins another one-run contest 3–2 as Jack Stivetts bests Cy Young. Cleveland scores 2 in the top of the 1st for all their scoring.

21st  The winless Cleveland Spiders move to Boston where Kid Nichols shuts them out 4–0 before 6,547.

22nd  The close contests are over as Boston beats Cleveland, 12-7. Clarkson is unable to hold a 6-0 lead and loses to Stivetts.

24th  After a Sunday rest, the Boston Beaneaters sweep the series with their 5th victory 8–3, overcoming a 3-0 deficit. Only 1,812 fans show up on a cold day.

25th  Although Boston fans showed little interest in the playoff, the directors give the team $1,000 to split among the 13 players. Hugh Duffy is the batting star, collecting 12 hits in 6 games, including 2 doubles, 2 triples, and a HR.

1892 November

1st  Averages for the first 154-game season show that Dan Brouthers of Brooklyn was the top hitter at .335, and Cy Young the top pitcher with 36 wins and 11 losses.

17th  NL magnates conclude a 4-day meeting in Chicago where they agree to shorten the 1893 schedule to 132 games and drop the double championship concept. They also pledge to continue to reduce player salaries and other team expenses.

1893 January

7th  Mike Kelly will appear on stage in blackface this week in Boston.

9th  In Boston, former ML pitcher Jack Cattanach defeats heavily favored Jimmy Doherty in a boxing match at the Metropole. The 30-year-old pitched briefly in 1884, compiling a 1-1 record for St. Louis (UA).

12th  NL owners, led by Pittsburgh’s A. C. Buckenberger, form the National Cycling Association. They hope to build bicycle tracks in at least 8 of the 12 NL parks.

14th  The Cuban Giants, perhaps the nation’s best black baseball team, announce their desire to join the proposed Middle States League. Their application is rejected.

25th  Cincinnati business manager F. C. Bancroft reminisces about “the time when police had to escort the umpire to the depot, and when cannons were fired when a game was won. That’s the sort of baseball you want.”

28th  It is announced that Bancroft is spending the remainder of the off-season serving as the manager of Linda Gardner’s Mastodon Minstrels.

The New York Clipper states that “an attempt will be made to change the rules so as to compel outfielders to discard gloves.”

1893 February

4th  The first recorded version of “Casey at the Bat,” as sung by Russell Hunting, hits the music charts. DeWolf Hopper’s more famous version will not be released until October 1906.

1893 March

1st  John Pickett wins $1,285.72 in a lawsuit against Baltimore, his most recent team. Baltimore had claimed that they did not owe him this sum —Picket’s entire 1892 salary—because he “was slow in his movement, and had a sore arm which incapacitated him from being of service to the club.”

4th  Andrew Carnegie donates a plot of land for the construction of a ball field in Braddock, PA.

7th  In arguably the most significant rule change in ML history, the NL eliminates the pitching box and adds a pitcher’s rubber 5 feet behind the previous back line of the box, establishing the modern pitching distance of 60 feet 6 inches. In addition, bats flattened on one side to facilitate bunting are banned. In 1893, the League-Association batting average will jump 35 points and teams will score an average of 1.47 more runs per game. (As noted by David Nemec in The Great Encyclopedia of 19th Century Major League Baseball).

11th Jack Boyle is traded by the New York Giants, along with cash and Jack Sharrott, to the Phillies for Roger Connor. Connor, the future Hall of Famer, will have a solid year and half in New York before being traded to St. Louis.

16th St. Louis hands Bob Caruthers his release. The sore-armed Caruthers, who twice won 40 games in a season, was 2-10 last year, and had not adjusted well to the new pitching distance.

25th  Louisville is forced to transfer its only three Sunday games because the suburb of Parkland, in which the Colonels’ new ballpark is located, does not permit Sunday play.

1893 April

13th  Louisville owners refuse an offer from Milwaukee businessmen for their franchise. Nevertheless, many baseball officials believe Louisville is not a good baseball town and hope that the team is transferred to a bigger, more responsive city like Buffalo.

In an exhibition game, Bumpus Jones and the Cincinnati Reds beat St. Louis, 12-3.

27th  With rain washing our the schedule in the East, all the action is out west. Cleveland wins, 7-2, over host Pittsburgh with Cy Young picking up the victory. The Browns host Louisville and win, 4-2, in front of 12,230 fans.

29th  On the third day of the season, the Brooklyn Bridegrooms score 5 runs in the bottom of the 9th to tie the host Philadelphia Phillies, then add 2 more in the 10th to win 11–10.

1893 May

5th  Ed Stein hurls a one-hitter to lead Brooklyn to a 3–1 win over the Philadelphia Phillies.

6th  Cincinnati wins its second consecutive extra-inning game over St. Louis, winning 3–1 in 13 innings.

7th  St. Louis star southpaw Ted Breitenstein throws a two-hit shutout to defeat Chicago, 8-0.

8th  The Reds third straight extra-inning game proves unlucky as Pittsburgh wins in 10 innings, 9-8. after tying the game with 2 runs in the bottom of the 9th with 2 out.

10th  Brooklyn’s joy over beating the New York Giants in the bottom of the last inning, 7-6, for the 2nd straight day is partially dashed as youngster Willie Keeler fractures a bone while sliding. Keeler will miss nearly 2 months of action.

Led by Tom Dowd’s 5 runs scored, the St. Louis Browns whip the Chicago Colts, 14-2.

11th  George Davis goes 5-for-5 with a HR and a triple to lead New York to a 15–9 win over Philadelphia.

The Beaneaters edge Brooklyn 9–8 with the help of Bobby Lowe’s 5th inning grand slam, off George Haddock.

12th  Philadelphia gains revenge, scoring 11 runs in the 4th inning en route to an 18–6 rout of New York.

Baltimore rallies with 4 runs in the bottom of the 9th to disappoint Washington, 7-6. Cleveland matches this feat by scoring 4 runs in the 9th to edge St. Louis, 8-7.

13th Baltimore blows a 10–2 eighth inning lead to Washington and falls, 12–10.

14th  After allowing Chicago to build a large lead, Cincinnati storms back with 11 runs in the final 3 innings, including 4 in the bottom of the 9th, to triumph 13-12.

15th  After tagging out St. Louis Browns OF Steve Brodie in a collision at the plate, Cincinnati Reds C Harry “Farmer” Vaughn throws a bat at Brodie, hitting him on the shoulder. Vaughn is ejected and fined $25 as St. Louis wins 10–6 and moves past the Cleveland Spiders and the Pittsburgh Pirates into first place.

16th  The idle Cleveland Spiders slip into first place as St. Louis loses to Cincinnati, 9-6.

17th  At Philadelphia, the Phillies down Washington 11-9, behind Billy Hamilton. Hamilton starts the game a leadoff homer and ends the game with a two-run blow. Hamilton will hit just five homers all season but lead the league with a .380 batting average and .490 OBA. Vic Power, in 1957, will be the next hitter to start and end a game with a homer.

19th  Held scoreless for the first 8 innings, both Brooklyn and the Boston Beaneaters score 3 runs in the 9th to send the game into extra innings. Boston’s Billy Nash hits the ball over the LF fence in the bottom of the 9th, but he stays on 3B “to bother the pitcher.” The tactic works, as Nash does score. Both teams score one run in the 10th—Boston scoring on another Nash blow over the LF fence, which he runs out this time. Boston finally claims the game after a 12-inning struggle 5–4.

22nd  In the first game at the Louisville Colonels’ new Parkland Field, “played by mutual agreement with the pitcher under the old rules,” Cincinnati wins 3–1.

In a pair of similar games, Philadelphia and Baltimore each score 5 runs in the 9th inning to edge Boston and New York, respectively. Philadelphia wins 9-7, Baltimore edges New York, 8-7.

23rd  The Brooklyn Bridegrooms sign veteran slugger Harry Stovey, released by the Orioles three days ago. He will hit .251 with a homer, but have an OBP of .402. Stovey is the only player in history to twice lead a league in homers and triples in the same year.

24th  Catcher Connie Mack “misses“ a short popup in front of home plate and starts a triple play in the 4th inning. He also drives in the winning run in the bottom of the 8th to lead Pittsburgh to an 8–7 win over St. Louis.

26th  Baltimore makes good use of a triple play and a 5-for-5 performance by Tim O’Rourke in downing Brooklyn, 6-1.

27th  Despite losing at home to Cincinnati 4–1, the Pirates back into first place as the Cleveland Spiders fall to St. Louis 3–2.

29th  New York pitcher Mark “Fido” Baldwin wins a three-hit shutout by driving in the games lone run to slip by Cincinnati.

30th  Jake Beckley successfully pulls the “ancient” hidden-ball trick on Baltimore Oriole Joe Kelley, as Pittsburgh wins, 9–1. He hides the ball under a corner of first base.

Brooklyn’s William “Brickyard” Kennedy allows a total of 8 hits in a doubleheader as he beats Louisville, 3–0 and 6–2.

1893 June

1st  Harry Staley hits 2 HRs with 9 RBIs while pitching Boston to a 15–4 victory over Louisville. Billy Rhines takes the pounding from his fellow pitcher.

6th Cleveland explodes with 8 runs in the 9th to shock Boston, 13-11.

7th Washington edges Cleveland, 4-3, for what will be their only victory against the Spiders in 1893. Cleveland will finish 11-1 vs. the Senators.

Baltimore trades Tim O’Rourke to Louisville for Harry Taylor and light-hitting shortstop Hughie Jennings. Jennings is something of a throw-in—and what a throw-in!—since Taylor cannot report to Baltimore till he finishes his law studies at Cornell late this month. Taylor will play just 88 games for the Orioles this year, then retire to become a full-time lawyer. He will later become the lawyer for the Players Protective Association, an early ballplayers union, and it will be his legal opinion that the reserve clause in the National League’s standard player contract had “no legal value.”

8th  Billy Hamilton gets his 8th consecutive hit as Philadelphia beats Louisville 6–2. In defeat, Colonels 1B Willard Brown sets a ML record for assists with 6.

The Baltimore Orioles whip the Chicago Colts, 12-7, behind the hitting and pitching of Sadie McMahon. Sadie is 5-for-5, with a double, and scores a run.

9th The Washington Nationals Jim O’Rourke legs out an inside-the-park homer. At the age of 42 year, 9 months he’s the oldest ever to accomplish the feat. When Wagner does it in 1916, he’ll be 5 months younger.

12th  Brooklyn outslugs Cincinnati 14–13 to move into first place.

13th  Despite losing Connie Mack with a serious injury in the first inning, Pittsburgh beats Boston 9–7. Mack will be out for 10 weeks.

Philadelphia doubles St. Louis, winning 10–5, with the help of a grand slam from Bob Allen in the 2nd inning off John Dolan.

14th  In the 2nd inning Boston’s Cliff Carroll makes a phenomenal catch to rob a St. Louis player of a HR. In the bottom of the 9th, Carroll knocks in 2 runs and scores the 3rd and decisive run to propel Boston to an 11–10 win.

George Davis becomes the first player in ML history to hit a HR and a triple in the same inning as his Giants overcome the Chicago Colts 15-11. Davis’s feat will not be matched until 1931, when the Detroit Tigers’ Bob Fothergill turns the trick.

Bill Rhodes makes his ML debut a good one, pitching the woeful Colonels to a 9-5 win over the Giants. Louisville is now 5-25.

15th Jesse Burkett hits a 2nd inning grand slam but Cleveland falls way short losing to Brooklyn, 14-6.

16th Playing in a pouring rain, the Baltimore Orioles pile on the Cincinnati Reds, beating them 19-7 in 6 innings. John McGraw hits his lone career grand slam, off Mike Sullivan, for the O’s. After the game the Orioles trade Frank “Piggy” Ward, who got on base his last four times up in the game, to the Reds for pitcher Tony Mullane. This is the start of Piggy Ward’s record consecutive on-base streak (as noted by Trent McCotter).

The Chicago Colts edge the New York Giants, 10-9, in 11 innings as New York batters absorb a record 6 hit by pitches. This sets the record for the new pitching distance and will be tied in 1897.

18th  After a day off Cincinnati starts matters off by scoring 14 runs in the first inning, then cruises to a 30–12 victory over lowly Louisville. Farmer Vaughn and James “Bug” Holliday lead the way with 9 hits, including 5 extra-base hits, between them. Holliday includes a grand slam in the 1st inning off Bill Rotes. Piggy Ward, with 2 singles, 5 walks, and a hit by pitch goes into the record books as the only man in major league history to reach base 8 times in a 9-inning game. He has now reached base safely 12 straight times. Bid McPhee and Arlie Latham have a record 8 plate appearances. The Reds tally 19 singles, 4 doubles, 5 triples, and 3 homers off Bill “Dusty” Rhodes, making his 2nd start in his only ML season. Rhodes sets a NL record by allowing 23 total bases in the first inning, a mark that will be matched in the AL in 2005 by Travis Harper. With the score at 14-0 in the 4th inning, manager Comiskey lifts his starting pitcher Icebox Chamberlain and brings in sore-armed Bumpus Jones. Despite giving up 6 walks and 12 runs, Bumpus is awarded the win, the second and last of his career. His other ML win came last year when he threw a no-hitter in his first ML start. Jones will be released and sign with the Giants in mid-July.

19th Philadelphia defeats Baltimore, 6–3, to move into first place.

The Reds outslug Louisville to win, 13-10. Playing against the team that traded him three days ago, Piggy Ward has a walk and four singles to run his consecutive on base streak to a ML record 17 at bats.

21st Pittsburgh races past Cleveland 6-5 by scoring 5 runs in the bottom of the 9th.

With Steve Brodie hitting a grand slam off Bill Rotes, St. Louis tops Louisville, 9-6. It is the second slam in three days that Rotes has served up,

22nd Jack Clements has a grand slam, off Mark Baldwin in the 8th, to lead the first-place Phillies to a 12-5 win over the Giants.

23rd New York’s Roger Connor becomes the 2nd man ever to hit 100 HRs in his career with his 3rd of the season in an 11–5 win at Philadelphia.

Boston moves into first place as Philadelphia loses. However, a Philadelphia victory the next day brings them into a first-place tie with Boston.

24th From the Sporting Life, June 24 issue a comment on the effect of the increased pitching distance: “Knocking pitchers out of the box is not a common an occurrence now as it was a month ago. It will probably be even less common another month from now.”

26th  New York and Cincinnati battle 17 innings to a 5–5 tie, the first ever game to go 17 innings.

Jack Glasscock is traded by the St. Louis Browns to Pittsburgh in exchange for Frank Shugart and $500. Glasscock with 48 RBIs for the Browns, will total 66 at Pittsburgh; He is the first player to be traded during a season in which he has 100 ribbies.

30th In a wild game, Pittsburgh strands 14 runners, while Brooklyn leaves 16, a major-league record. Brooklyn bangs out 18 hits and scores 9 runs in the 6th inning to win 22–16. Pittsburgh outhits Brooklyn, collecting 19 safeties, in the loss.

1893 July

1st  Boston forges into the NL lead by beating St. Louis 12–5. Philadelphia loses to Cleveland 13–6, as the Spiders stage their 2nd8-run 9th-inning rally in the last month.

Despite getting only two hits off of Chicago rookie Hal Mauck, New York wins, 1-0.

3rd Boston falls into a tie for first as Chicago’s Bill Hutchinson limits them to 2 hits in a 3-0 win.

4th  The Los Angeles and Stockton clubs of the California League play their 2nd game in 3 days under electric lights.

6th  Jack Boyle’s 6 hits off Bill Hutchinson go to waste as Chicago tops Philadelphia 11–10 in 11 innings. Meanwhile, Boston blows its chance to claim first as it allows Pittsburgh to win 10–9 with 5 runs in the 9th.

7th  Philadelphia reclaims first place with a 13–10 win at Chicago.

Louisville officials, frustrated by their inability to sell alcohol or play Sunday baseball in their new ballpark located in the suburb of Parkland whose laws proscribe such activities, get permission from the Kentucky Legislature to annex the land on which the ballpark is located without the consent of Parkland residents. Alcohol sales and Sunday baseball commence almost immediately.

8th  Behind the pitching of Red Ehret and a grand slam by George Van Haltren, off Bill Coyle in the 4th, the Pirates roll over Boston, 13-0.

9th  Cincinnati scores all its runs in the bottom of the 9th in a 3-2 win over Baltimore.

10th  Philadelphia holds onto first place by scoring five runs in the bottom of the 9th to edge St. Louis, 8-7.

11th After Louisville scores 8 runs in the 1st, Brooklyn storms back with 10 in the 5th inning and holds on to win, 13–11.

Bill Lange hits a 5th inning grand slam, off of Jess Duryea, as Chicago tops the visiting Nationals, 15-5.

13th  After Baltimore’s Joe Kelley hits a HR in a game with Chicago, his bat disappears. The game is delayed at Kelley’s next at bat until his bat is found—along with the bats on the Chicago bench. After that, Kelley lugs his stick to the outfield every inning. Baltimore wins, 7–3.

14th  Right-handed pitcher Tony Mullane, losing to Chicago, the team he played for earlier in the season, pitches the 9th inning lefthanded. Chicago adds 3 more runs to their total and whips Baltimore, 10–2. Mullane switch pitched once before, in 1882, losing then as well.

In his lone start for the New York Giants, Bumpus Jones walks 10 batters and loses to Cy Young and the Cleveland Spiders, 6-2. The Giants signed Jones after the Reds cut him last month, and New York will do the same. He finishes his ML career with a 2-4 record and is the last pitcher to throw a no-hitter from the pitching distance of 55 feet. He is the first pitcher to toss a no-hitter in his ML debut.

15th  Jake Stenzel hits a HR and a triple, both with the bases loaded, along with 3 other hits as Pittsburgh (NL) annihilates Washington, 19–0. Jesse Duryea is the loser: last year he was on the long end of a 20–0 rout. Stenzel will compile 10 straight base hits before being stopped.

17th  Cleveland outslugs visiting Pittsburgh, winning 16-13. Jack O’Connor has a grand slam for the Spiders, off Red Ehret in the 4th.

18th  The Giants squash the Beaneaters, 18-7. Eddie Burke hits a grand slam for New York, off Jack Stivetts in the 6th.

Jake Stenzel has his third consecutive four-hit game but it is not enough as Pittsburgh falls to Cleveland, 14-5.

19th  Pittsburgh uses 19 hits—all singles—to win in Cleveland 10–6. Pittsburgh is further aided by the defense of LF Elmer Smith, whose use of green glasses to fend off the sun “greatly helped him in his fielding.”

20th  Baltimore uses a triple play to spark a 5-3 win over Brooklyn. It is Baltimore’s 2nd TP this year against Brooklyn.

22nd  Boston’s Tommy Tucker ties a ML record by hitting 4 doubles, including 2 in one inning, in a 13–8 win over New York.

24th  Washington scores 9 runs in the last 2 innings, including 5 in the 9th, to hold off rallying Boston, 17-15.

27th  Boston takes the NL lead for good by defeating Baltimore 6–2.

31st  The Philadelphia outfield records no chances in a 7–4 loss to Boston.

New York’s Mark Baldwin surrenders only 3 hits, but is out dueled by Ed Stein, who pitches his 2nd one-hitter of the season to lead Brooklyn to a 3–0 victory.

1893 August

1st   Pittsburgh crushes hapless St. Louis, 25-2 in game 1, then wins the second game, 6–1 on 17 hits, just 3 fewer than they garnered in the earlier match. Frank Killen wins both games en route to a 34-win season.

At the Polo Grounds, New York beats Brooklyn, 8-3 behind Amos Rusie. Ward’s triple with the bases loaded is the big support.

In the Ball Players Sweepstakes at the Pelhamville Gun Club, dark horse Mark Baldwin outshoots all the competition to win. Les German, who club members felt had the best form, was a close second, losing only when a shot bird landed one foot out of bounds. Captain Ward, the favorite, finished last with just two birds shot. Before today, Ward had been considering challenging Cap Anson, one of the best amateur shots in the country.

2nd  Philadelphia snaps Boston’s 9-game winning streak with a 7–4 victory.

Baltimore rallies for four runs in the bottom of the 9th for an 8-7 win over Washington.

4th  Washington suffers yet another late inning shock as Philadelphia erupts for 7 runs in the 10th for a 14-7 win.

5th  Brooklyn unveils its new cleanup hitter—5 foot 4 inches Willie Keeler—against first place Boston. Despite hitting .313 in this role for his new team, Keeler is released to the Binghamton, NY, team of the Eastern League on August 26th. The Beaneaters are unfazed, winning 6-3 and 12-5.

Bill Hallman scores 5 runs to pace the Phillies to a 21-8 thrashing of Washington.

While traveling between Cleveland and Chicago at 10:20 p.m., the Lake Shore train carrying the Chicago team derails. Three people are killed and several team members are bruised but CF Jimmy Ryan is hurt seriously and he will remain in the hospital for the rest of the season. The 1894 Reach Guide states “ . . . it is doubtful whether his recovery will be entire while he lives. So bad were his injuries, that the railroad company compromised by paying him $10,000.” According to the Chicago Tribune account, Ryan was put out with ether and “had the wounds on his legs reopened and sewed up a second time. A gash on his right leg seven inches long and two inches wide was inflicted.” The train was traveling fast to get to Chicago Sunday morning in time for a Sunday afternoon game. As noted by historian Dan Levitt, the Reach Guide also mentions the deaths of three umpires killed in train accidents: Ben Young, a “well-known umpire” in a rail collision in Oregon in 1890; NL ump Tom Zacharias, run over in his hometown of Homestead, PA; and Southern League ump William Nelson who died after he fell under a moving train.

7th  Facing a lefthanded Brooklyn pitcher, New York 1B Roger Connor bats righthanded for the first time in his career and slugs 2 HRs and a single in a 10–3 win.

In his final career game, Phillies rookie Frank O’Connor, a Dartmouth College recruit, gives up 2 runs in one inning, allowing 3 walks, in the Phils 14-9 loss at Baltimore. O’Connor will retire with an 11.25 ERA, (as noted by Bill Deane) but with a 1.000 batting average. With a single in his previous at-bat, O’Connor slugs a three-run homer in the 3rd inning in his final plate ML appearance. His slugging average in 2.500.

8th Sam Dungan of Pittsburgh starts the game against Chicago by scoring from 1B as George Van Haltren’s wild throw rolls into a rat hole under the grandstand. Pittsburgh finishes up by scoring 5 runs in the top of the 9th and hanging on for a 9–8 win.

11th  Philadelphia collapses at the end, allowing 6 runs in the last 2 innings to lose 10-7 to New York.

12th  After making 3 errors in a 9-3 first game loss in Cleveland, St. Louis LF Jesse Burkett is criticized for forgetting to follow Elmer Smith’s example and wear sunglasses. Cleveland wins game 2, 4-3.

14th  The Phillies’ Billy Hamilton is diagnosed with typhoid fever, and will miss the remainder of the season.

16th  Bill Hawke of Baltimore pitches a 5–0 no-hitter against Washington.

At Philadelphia, the Phillies lose a shutout to Boston and Kid Nichols. They won’t be shutout at home again until October 3, 1898, a record 367 games.

19th In the first game of a twinbill with Pittsburgh, four Boston batters get hit by pitches in the 2nd inning to set ML record. Boston wins 13-10 with game 2 ending in a 5-5 tie.

Amos Rusie fires a 2-hit shutout to lead New York to a 2-0 win over Cleveland.

20th  Chicago C Malachi Kittridge allows a Washington player to score as he sweeps off the plate without calling time out. Chicago still prevails, 11–7.

At Boston, the Reds Frank Dwyer takes a 7–5 lead into the bottom of the 9th. After two singles, Bobby Lowe walks, and a wild pitch follows, leaving 1B open. Dwyer hands out an intentional walk to Hugh Duffy to get to cleanup hitter and future Hall of Famer Tommy McCarthy (as noted by Clifford Blau). Two singles follow giving Boston the game.

21st  Visiting St. Louis frustrates Philley fans for the 3rd straight time by winning in the bottom of the last inning, 9-8.

24th  After incessant rains, the Polo Grounds OF is flooded with nearly 2 feet of water. Officials respond by moving the diamond 45 feet closer to the grandstand. Chicago handles the conditions better and defeats New York 10–4.

25th  Lowly Louisville upends Philadelphia with a 4-run rally in the bottom of the 9th to win, 8-7.

Fan-favorite outfielder Steve Brodie is sold by the St. Louis Browns to the Baltimore Orioles (estimates are $800 to $2500) where he’ll blossom.

29th  Baltimore scores 5 runs in the 9th to turn back Cleveland, 9-7.

1893 September

2nd  In a lengthy interview in the New York Clipper, John Ward describes in detail Boston’s invention and use of new strategies like the hit-and-run and the delayed steal.

3rd Mal Kittridge breaks a 4-4 tie with a 5th inning grand slam off of Baltimore’s Tony Mullane and Chicago holds on for a 9-8 victory at West Side Grounds.

4th Baltimore explodes for 10 runs in the 2nd inning, but host Chicago responds back to win, 15–10.

Philadelphia scores 5 runs in the bottom of the 9th to tie Cincinnati, then wins in the 10th, 11-10.

5th A week after his first ML homer, rookie Parke Wilson parks his second, a grand slam, as the Giants are victorious over the Phillies, 13-6. It comes in the 5th inning off Gus Weyhing.

8th Cleveland shrugs off a first inning triple play and whips Washington, 7-0.

10th  Chicago mauls the last place Washington Senators, winning 12-3. Jiggs Parrott paces a 7-run 4th inning with a grand slam off of Al Maul.

11th  George Davis’s 33-game hitting streak is broken as his Giants lose at Cleveland 8–6.

13th  Boston star Tommy McCarthy dislocates 2 toes sliding into 3B against Chicago. His loss is felt as the game ends in a 5-inning 8–8 tie.

Another tie takes place between Cincinnati and Philadelphia, 1–1 in 15 innings.

18th Preceding the Reds home game, a 7–6 win over Baltimore, Cincy’s assistant grounds keeper, Louis Can, marries his fiancé in a ceremony at home plate. After the game the newlyweds leave for a honeymoon at the World’s Fair in Chicago.

Louisville pitcher George “Old Wax Figger” Hemming walks the first 4 New Yorkers he faces, but with a DP and a failed steal he escapes with no runs scored. Louisville wins, 8–6.

Cleveland pitcher John Clarkson hits a game-ending inside-the-park homer in the 10th against Boston, to give his team a 7–6 win.

19th Louisville’s Scott Stratton gives up 13 hits but still shuts out New York, 3–0. Stratton’s generosity is a 19th century mark.

21st  John “Bid” McPhee, the Reds’ star 2B, tries a glove for the first time. However, he ends the experiment before the end of the season, but will convert in two years.

26th  Baltimore rallies for 5 runs in the bottom of the 9th to topple St. Louis, 8-7.

28th  After moving into the lead with 3 runs in the top of the 9th, Philadelphia players allow themselves to be retired quickly in order to finish the game before it is called on account of darkness. However, Cleveland foils their plans by scoring 4 runs in the bottom of the 9th to win 11–10.

30th  On the last day of the season St. Louis takes two from the NL champion Boston Beaneaters, winning 17-6 and 16-4. In game 2, St. Louis rookie Duff Cooley goes 6-for-6 while teammate Frank Shugart scores 5 runs. It’s a good day for Joe Quinn. In pre-game ceremonies, the St. Louis second baseman is honored by The Sporting News as the most popular baseball player in America, and receives a gold watch. The Aussie-born Quinn then collects 8 hits in the doubleheader, the first player to accomplish that feat.

1893 October

14th  Baseball legend Harry Wright suggests that umpires keep the ball-strike count a secret until the at bat is concluded. He feels this rule change will increase offense.

1893 November

4th  John Ward comments that a professional football league “may eventually come, but . . .the game is so complicated that . . . the general public does not understand it.”

17th  The Reds trade Mike Sullivan to the Washington Nationals in exchange for Dummy Hoy.

18th  Baseball officials continue to discuss the possibility of abolishing the bunt, or at least call foul bunts strikes, in an effort to reduce the art of place hitting.

21st  Ban Johnson is named president, secretary, and treasurer of the recently reorganized Western League. Under Johnson’s leadership the Western League will prosper.

1893 December

15th  In Oakland, a mostly Boston Beaneater team edges Oakland, 10-9, with a late rally. Kid Nichols pitches for Boston, while Tom Parrott goes the distance for the locals. Jake Beckley hits a 6thinning homerun for the major leaguers.

1894 January

1st Happy New Year, Baltimore. The Brooklyn Bridegrooms trade two Hall of Famers, Willie Keeler and Dan Brouthers, to the Baltimore Orioles in exchange for Billy Shindle and George Treadway.

9th  Boston’s veteran catcher Charlie Bennett loses both legs in a horrific train accident. In 1900, Detroit, Bennett’s first team, will name its ballpark Bennett Park in his honor.

24th In Jacksonville, Florida, Gentleman Jim Corbett successfully defends his crown in a heavyweight boxing championship match scoring a disputed third-round knockout of Englishman Charlie Mitchell. Reffing the fight is “Honest John” Kelly, a former major league player, manager, and umpire. Kelly will referee two more championship fights, in 1896, and 1899.

1894 February

26th  In a series of rule changes designed to help pitchers, foul bunts will now be called strikes, and the infield fly rule is instituted.


1894 March

5th  Browns’ owner Chris Von der Ahe, unable to hire either Harry Wright or P.J. Powers as manager, announces that he will manage the club himself. Von der Ahe will eventually name starting infielder George “Doggie” Miller as manager.

12th  Pittsburgh issues free season tickets for ladies good for Tuesday and Friday games.

14th  U.S. Immigration Inspector De Barry will ask the Treasury Department if baseball is a “recognized profession” in order to determine if Buffalo has violated the alien contract labor law by signing two Canadians. Before De Barry gets a reply, Buffalo decides to play only Americans.

1894 April

12th In the Opening Day game of the National League’s first 12-team season, two future Hall of Fame pitchers, Amos Rusie of the Giants and Tim Keefe of the Phillies, square off. Rusie wins, 5–4.

20th  The Reds open their new League Park with a 10-6 win over Chicago. Rain delays start of play as less than 6,300 fans are in attendance. The new park’s configuration puts home plate where left field was the previous year. Home runs will increase from 40 to 88, many reportedly over the fence. Reds pitcher Tom Parrott hits a homer—a grand slam in the 6th—and serves up a homer to opposing pitcher Bill Hutchinson. That won’t happen again in the NL until 1950. Frank Motz has four hits, including three doubles, while Bug Holliday hits a grand slam, the first of a record 23 the NL will total this year: this won’t be topped until 1929 in the league.

23rd  Batting first, St. Louis scores two runs in the 9th to edge Pittsburgh, 4-3. Bones Ely, who debuted in 1884, hits his first homer, a two-run four bagger off Red Ehret. Bones will hit 12 homeruns this year for St. Louis.

24th  In a game atypical for 1894, Cy Young throws a 2-hit shutout at Cincinnati 1–0, as the Cleveland Spiders score the winning run in the 9th inning on McAleer single following Ewing’s double.

Losing 3–1 to the visiting Boston Beaneaters in the 9th inning, the Baltimore Orioles rally for 14 runs in the top of the 9th to top the defending NL champions, 15–3. The 14 runs by one club in the 9this a ML record. The beating starts against Charley Nichols and continues against Jack Stivetts, although just one run is earned. 8,500 fans go home happy.

Cincinnati manages just 2 hits off Cy Young and loses, 1-0, to Cleveland. Jimmy McAleer’s single in the 9th drives home Ewing, who had doubled.

At Brooklyn, visiting Philadelphia rolls to a 22–5 victory, led by Lave Cross, who hits for the cycle and adds two walks. He starts the game at 3B but ends up as catcher when lefthanded catcher Clements is injured in a home plate collision. Mike Grady takes over, then Cross moves behind the plate, becoming the first catcher to hit for the cycle.

28th  The Reds double the Pirates, 10-5, scoring 5 runs in the first inning off Adonis Terry, who tosses 2/3 of an inning and walks four. That’ll be it for Adonis in Pittsburgh as the Buccaneers quickly ship him to the Colts.

1894 May

1st  Brooklyn wins a 9-0 forfeit over Washington when the Nationals, ahead 2–1 after 6 innings, refuse to return to the field in protest over an umpire’s decision which allows the sole Brooklyn run to score.

5th  In the 5th inning of the St. Louis–Pittsburgh game, Pirate SS Jack Glasscock, thinking opposing Browns P Emerson “Pink” Hawley deliberately threw at him, hurls his bat at the pitcher and then confronts Hawley on the mound. Glasscock remains in the game and helps Pittsburgh to a hard-fought 6–5 victory.

Baltimore turns the first triple play of the season in a 9-2 victory over Washington.

6th  Star Boston SS Herman Long accidentally flicks hot ashes from his cigar into his eye, causing him to miss several games.

7th  Baltimore (NL) routs the Washington Senators 17–0 for Baltimore’s only shutout of the season. Tony Mullane is the winner over Al Maul, the 2nd time Al has been on the short end of a lopsided mauling (8/29/90).

The Reds score 8 runs in the first two innings and keep going to beat the Pirates, 17-6. Bug Holliday is 5-for-6 for the Reds.

Kid Nichols’ three-hitter beats Amos Rusie, 1-0, in New York as Triple Crown Rusie allows fellow Triple Crowner Hugh Duffy a 1-for-4 day. Pitcher Jack Stivetts plays CF and his double, a pop up muff by 2B John Montgomery Ward, and a double steal plates “Happy Jack” in the first inning. Duffy played SS for Herman Long who was injured by flicking cigar ashes in his own eyes. Long’s error was flipping lighted cigars and catching them in his mouth. Long will start tomorrow’s game wearing an eye patch, but after booting his first play, he leaves the game to much ribbing.

10th  For the 2nd time in ML history teammates combine for 3 straight HRs, as Frank Shugart, George “Doggie” Miller, and Heinie Peitz of St. Louis hit consecutive roundtrippers in the 7th inning. In all, Shugart hits 3 HRs and Peitz 2, giving St. Louis a total of 6. However, their heroics are to no avail as their club falls to Cincinnati, 18–9. The last occasion where 3 teammates homered consecutively happened on May 31, 1890.

11th  In the course of a 12–7 loss to Philadelphia, Baltimore’s star SS Hughey Jennings is hit by 3 Wilfred “Kid” Carsey pitches, establishing a ML record for HPB.

14th Philadelphia’s Tuck Turner drives in Ed Delahanty in the 9th to tie New York and sends Delahanty home again in the 11th to give his club a 5-4 win.

15th   In the aftermath of a fierce fight between Baltimore’s John McGraw and Boston’s Tommy Tucker in the 3rd inning, a devastating fire probably caused by a tossed cigarette, starts in the RF stands at Boston’s South End Grounds during the 3rd inning with Boston up, 5–3. The fire destroys $70,000 worth of equipment as well as the park, the only truly double-decked grandstand Boston would ever have. The fire spreads to adjacent blocks and eventually destroys or severely damages 170 buildings and leaves 1,900 homeless. The team moves to the Congress Street ballpark for several months before returning to the rebuilt Walpole Street Park. Boston will play one game at CSG tomorrow against Baltimore (win) and then go to Philley in switch of schedule for three games to get field ready. At the time it was thought South Ends Grounds were lost for season.

16th  A fire at Boston South End Grounds forces the use of Congress Street Grounds by the Beaneaters. CSG was used by Boston 1890 Players Leaguers (Champs) and Boston’s only American Association team (Reds, Champs) in 1891. It was unused in 1892-3. The cozy dimensions result in 4 homers in Boston’s 10–7 win over Baltimore. Wilbert Robinson almost hits a 5th.

Losing to Cincinnati 6–4 in the 8th inning, Louisville’s William “Farmer” Weaver hits a grand slam, and Danny Richardson follows with a solo shot—the last HR of his 11-year career—to spur a 9–7 win.

21st At Boston’s Congress Street Park, Kid Nichols manages a nifty shutout, 3–0, over New York. Nichols will lead the NL in shutouts this year with 3.

Pittsburgh outscores Chicago 9-6 in the last two innings to earn an 11-10 victory.

26th  Pittsburgh leads at Cleveland 12–3 in the 8th inning when the home spectators start a seat cushion fight that spills onto the diamond. Pittsburgh is awarded a 9–0 forfeit victory.

Boston scores 6 runs in the 9th to defeat Washington, 10-8.

28th  In a slugfest in Boston, the Beaneaters explode for an 18-12 win over visiting Washington. Boston’s Bobby Lowe and Harry Staley both hit grand slams to match the ML mark set by Chicago in 1890. Both are served up by Charlie Petty, one in the 3rd and one in the 8th. (as noted by David Vincent).

29th  Washington breaks its 17-game losing streak by whipping Louisville 12–2.

Pittsburgh moves past Cleveland into first place by edging Baltimore 3–2 as the Spiders, held to 3 hits by Jouett Meekin, lose to New York 2–0.

30th  In the afternoon game, Boston 2B Bobby (Link) Lowe hits HRs in 4 consecutive at bats, including 2 in the 3rd inning, to lead his team to a 20–11 conquest of Cincinnati and a sweep of the doubleheader. The homers came off Ice Box Chamberlain, and all are lofted over the 250-foot LF wall of Boston’s Congress Street Grounds, the Beaneaters’ temporary home. Lowe also adds a single to total 17 bases for the game, a record tied but not beaten until Joe Adcock in 1954. After Lowe’s 4th homer, the crowd showers him with $160 in coins. There are 9 homers hit in the opener with the Reds Bug Holliday hitting two and Farmer Vaughn adding a 7thinning grand slam, off Tom Lovett. Lowe is 0-for-6 in the opener, a 13-10 win that Boston secures with 9 runs in the top of the 8th[Boston batted first]. In the two games, Lowe’s teammate Herman Long sets a ML record by scoring 9 runs (5 runs in game 1), which has since been tied only once. Lowe, who used the time between games of the twinbill to help himself to the shore dinner at the North Boston Railroad Station, will try the same meal tomorrow, but will go hitless.

1894 June

1st  Philadelphia explodes for 7 runs in the 12th to beat Louisville, 10-3.

Cleveland mauls Boston 22-8 and jumps 2 percentage points in front of Pittsburgh in the NL race. Jack O’Connor has a grand slam off Jack Stivetts for Cleveland.

2nd  Ed Stein throws a 7-inning no-hitter, as Brooklyn edges Chicago 1–0. The previous day the Bridegrooms held Chicago to one hit in a 5–0 win.

Cleveland falls to 2nd place for the first time in a month as Boston scores 5 runs in the bottom of the 9th to win, 11–10.

Sam Thompson of Philadelphia undergoes surgery on the little finger on his left hand and is expected to miss up to a month. Baltimore takes over the top spot with a 13–6 win over the Reds.

4th  Baltimore’s Heinie Reitz hits a pair of bases-loaded triples, one in the 3rd and another in the 7th, to lead the first place Orioles to a 12-4 victory over Chicago. The pair of sack-filled triples equals the mark set by Sam Thompson in 1887 and ties the team mark.

5th  Baltimore shows why it is in first place as veteran Dan Brouthers sends the game with Chicago into extra innings with a 9th-inning RBI. His younger teammates follow his example in the 10th to take the O’s to an 8-5 win.

6th  Pittsburgh erupts in the 3rd inning against Boston when Jake Stenzel hits 2 HRs and Denny Lyons and Lou Bierbauer hit one each, setting a ML record for HRs in an inning next tied in 1930. Pittsburgh hits 7 HRs in all. Bierbauer scores 5 runs in the Bucs’ 27–11 win. It is a franchise record for most runs against Boston and the 21 runs scored in consecutive innings (12 in the 3rd, 9 in the 4th) is a ML record.

7th  Jack Taylor pitches a 2-hit shutout to defeat Cleveland 6–0 and to push his Pittsburgh team ahead of Cleveland into 3rd place.

On a rainy day St. Louis Browns southpaw Ted Breitenstein walks 13 men as Boston avenges a humiliating loss the previous day with a 19–8 rout.

11th  After Chicago claims the lead with a seven-run rally in the top of the 9th, Boston counters with two to win 15–14.

12th  Brooklyn’s 10-game winning streak is ended when Cincinnati triumphs 5–3. Brooklyn is now in 6th place with a 22-16 record.

13th At Washington, the Nationals beat visiting St. Louis, 12–3. The Nationals are led by Bill Hassamaer, who hits for the cycle.

15th  Philadelphia SS Bob Allen is hit in the face with a pitch in a 21-8 victory against Cincinnati. Allen will require surgery to save his sight, and his career is all but ended.

16th  Ed Delahanty goes 6-for-6 with a double, as Philadelphia tops Cincinnati 19–9.

Despite scoring 26 runs in the 3-game series, Louisville is swept by Boston, extending its losing streak to 18 games. The streak will reach 20 games before the Colonels manage to win. Tomorrow, Fred Tenney, star catcher of Brown University, “volunteers” to play for Boston. He gets his first hit, drives in 2 runs and scores, before breaking his finger while catching in the 5th inning. He’ll return to action in 5 weeks (as noted by Dixie Tourangeau).

18th Some days it just doesn’t pay to get out of bed. On Bunker Hill Day in Boston, in the a.m. game of twinbill, Baltimore’s Tony Mullane digs himself a record hole by giving up 16 runs in the first inning to Boston. Mullane walks 7 in the inning to tie the ML record. He also “vaccinates” one batter. Boston scores a ML record 16 runs in the first inning. Batterymate Wilbert Robinson takes himself out of the game after the inning to rest for game 2. Mullane is lifted in the 7th for Bert Inks as Boston wins, 24–7, avenging a pummeling on April 24. In the first frame Lowe is 2-for-2 with the HBP; Long is 2-for-2 with a walk; Duffy is 1-for-1, a homer, and 2 walks; McCarthy is 1-for-2 with a walk; Kid Nichols then gets beat in the afternoon game, 9–7, despite the help of Bobby Lowe’s 12thhomerun in his last 21 games at Congress Street Grounds. It is the Kid’s only loss (8–1) at CSG. Bobby Lowe has his third consecutive four-hit game to tie the mark set by George Davis and Jake Stenzel (as noted by Trent McCotter.)

19th Brooklyn starts its game with Washington by scoring 9 runs in the 1st inning. Washington responds with 8 runs in the 3rd but Brooklyn survives to win, 11-9.

20th  Denny Lyons scores the winning run in the 9th inning to lead Pittsburgh to a 7–6 win over Washington. Lyons gets into scoring position by running from 1B to 3B—across the pitcher’s mound—on a fielder’s choice. The umpire did not see Lyons’s transgression, a common one in the 1890s.

Cleveland’s John Clarkson stops the visiting Colts, 7–3. Chicago’s Bill Dahlen, hitting .257, goes 1-for-4 to start his hitting streak.

At Boston, the Beaneaters play their last ever game at their temporary Congress Street. When the Beaneaters return from a month road trip, South End is repaired well enough to finish season. With five runs in the eighth, Boston takes a 10–7 over Baltimore (1894 Champs). The Orioles then scored five in the ninth on a single, double, walk, hit-by-pitch, walk, 2-run wild pitch, and a fly ball to lead 12–10. Boston scores one in the 9th and puts runners Lowe and Long to third and second. Hugh Duffy then hits McMahon’s pitch over the left field fence goes and the game is won 13-12 because the rule only allows for winning run to score. Duff gets a single and two RBI. The crowd explodes as the last hit at Congress Street wins the game. Duffy also homered in the game before the fire and at the first game back at South End Grounds on July 20 (plus the next two) when they blasted Amos Rusie (Triple Crown pitcher that year) 12 to 1. In the 27 games at CSG, Boston and their opponents each hit 43 homers, enabling Boston to top the 100-mark by the season’s end, only the 2nd team to do so until Ruth’s 1920 Yankees.

21st The Colts beat the Pirates, 10–7, with Bill Dahlen collecting 2 hits and an RBI.

Brooklyn, eager to get at the Giants, bats first at home and builds a 14-0 lead after three innings. The final is 16-1.

22nd  Washington scores in every inning to whip Boston 26–12. Boston scores in 6 innings as the teams total 15 half innings scored in, a ML record. In the course of the rout, George “White Wings” Tebeau scores 4 runs without the benefit of a hit.

23rd Icebox Chamberlain throws a two-hitter as Cincinnati shuts down Louisville, 5–1.

24th  The Chicago Colts score 5 runs in the top of the 9th to take the lead over Baltimore, but the NL leaders respond with 3 runs in the bottom of the inning to claim an 11–10 win.

25th  Batting first, the Colts take a 3-0 lead and never let up, beating visiting Baltimore, 15-8. The Orioles make it respectable when Joe Kelley hits an 8th inning grand slam off Bill Hutchinson.

27th  For the first time in nearly a month, covering 24 games, Baltimore fails to score at least 7 runs, losing to Chicago 13–4.

Veteran Louisville 2B Fred Pfeffer tags out Boston’s Herman Long on an attempted steal of second by making a leaping grab of a high throw with his bare throwing hand and tagging Long with the same hand. Nevertheless, Boston wins 13–3.

28th  Louisville P George Hemming throws an 11-inning 25-hitter, as the Colonels edge Boston, 11–9.

29th  The Louisville Colonels trade Scott Stratton to Chicago Colts for Sam Dungan. Stratton had pitched in over 300 innings in both 1892 and 1893, but totaled just 43 innings this year while going 1-5. He’ll go 8-5 in Chicago.

30th  Future Hall of Famer Fred Clarke sets a record by going 5-for-5 with a double in his first ML game, but Louisville squanders his performance in a 13–6 loss to Philadelphia’s Gus Weyhing. Philadelphia’s Lave Cross matches Clarke with 5 hits as well. Clarke will be appointed manager in just three years.

The Reds Tom Parrott allows one single in 8 innings in a 12-0 whipping of Washington.

1894 July

1st  Baltimore is shut out for the first time all season, losing a 6–0 decision to Louisville, of all teams.

2nd Philadelphia wins a 17-15 slugfest with Chicago by scoring 2 runs in the 9th.

4th Two teams win 12-11 thrillers in the bottom of the 9th. New York outfielder Mike Tiernan’s one-out homer with the Giants batting last downs host Cleveland. The afternoon attendance is only 4,000 as the holiday parade in downtown Cleveland prevents many trolleys from running. New York also wins the morning contest in Cleveland, 4–3, behind Jouett Meekin’s six-hitter. Meekin clubs three triples, a major league record for a pitcher that has not been equaled. Philadelphia edges Chicago, this time with a 3-run rally in the nitecap, to win, 12-11. Chicago takes the morning game, 16-10.

At League Park, Arlie Latham hits a 2nd inning grand slam off Brickyard Kennedy and the Reds win the holiday opener, 14-7. Cincinnati takes the second game as well, 13-8.

5th Bill Dahlen continues his hot hitting, leading Chicago to a 13–10 win over Washington with a 4-for-5 hitting exhibition. Dahlen bangs three doubles, scores 5 runs, and drives home 3.

7th  Boston completes a 3-game sweep of Cleveland, outscoring the Spiders by a 57–23 margin. Every Boston starter got a hit in each of the 3 games, totaling 69 hits in all. Jack Stivetts, pitching and playing RF, homers in each of the games for Boston.

At Pittsburgh, the Phillies easily win, 12-0, behind the pitching of Gus Weyhing. Lave Cross adds a grand slam in the 2nd , off Red Ehret.

9th  Every Brooklyn player commits at least one error, for a team total of 10, helping Louisville to a 20–8 laugher.

New York wins its 11th consecutive game, defeating Cincinnati 13–6, as the Giants soar from 7th place into 3rd.

Baltimore OF Steve Brodie goes 6-for-6 with 3 extra-base hits off Frank Killen in a 14–10 victory over Pittsburgh. Pittsburgh took a 9-run lead into the 5th inning.

10th  Cleveland rolls to a 23-4 win over Washington, scoring 19 earned runs, all of Duke Esper. Cy Young is the winner.

Pittsburgh beats first-place Baltimore, 19-9, as Jake Beckley scores 5 runs.

The Phillies lose 17-8 to St. Louis as the Phils Ed Delahanty has 2 hits to run his batting streak to 28 games. He is leading the NL with a .428 average.

Brooklyn makes 10 errors to hand host Louisville a 13-7 victory. In the 5th Fred Clarke is knocked off his feet when he collides with Brooklyn catcher Con Daily. When Clarke regains his feet Daily punches him in the mouth, earning him a $20 fine from Hurst and a thumb out of the game. A policeman wants to arrest Daily but the Louisville players restrain him.

11th  Cleveland catcher Charles “Chief” Zimmer matches Brodie’s performance of 2 days ago by recording 6 straight hits off Win Mercer in a 15–10, 10-inning win over Washington.

12th  Boston beats Cincinnati 6-4 to move into a virtual tie with Baltimore for first place.

Batting first, the Cleveland Spiders score in every inning to beat visiting Philadelphia, 20-10. They are the second NL team to accomplish the feat.

13th  Boston claims first place with a 22–7 bombardment in Cincinnati as Baltimore falls to St. Louis 11–10.

14th  A Boston loss and a Baltimore win give both teams a winning percentage of .667 and an equal share of first place.

In New York’s 9-5 win over Pittsburgh George Davis has 3 triples for the 2nd time in his career.

With its 14–7 win over Philadelphia, Cleveland scores in double figures for the 7th consecutive game, and at least 14 runs for the 6thstraight time. By winning 6 of these 7 games, Cleveland maintains its 7th-place standing.

15th  Baltimore retakes the NL lead with a 9–8, 11-inning victory over St. Louis.

17th  The Reds experience a power outage at League Park, connecting for five homers to beat Cleveland, 17-8. Jim Canavan (2), Tom Parrott, Arlie Latham and Farmer Vaughn hit the roundtrippers.

19th  Down 6-1 to Pittsburgh, the host Reds score 3 runs in the bottom of the 7th and 4 more in the 8th on Bid McPhee’s grand slam, off Tom Colcolough. The Reds top Pittsburgh, 8-6.

New York comes back twice from deficits with Washington scoring 5 runs in the 5th and 4 runs in the bottom of the 8th to win, 13-12. Duke Farrell hits a grand slam for New York in the 5th, off Mike Sullivan.

20th  Cincinnati benefits from bottom-of-the-10th-inning HRs by “Farmer” Vaughn and George “Germany” Smith, the latter with 2 outs, to squeak past Pittsburgh 7–6. Pirate OF Elmer Smith is prevented from retrieving the game-winning hit in the LF bleachers, as he is allowed to do according to Cincinnati ground rules, by overzealous Reds fans. One of them draws a revolver on Smith after he hits several other spectators in a desperate attempt to reach the ball.

Reopening burned-down South End Grounds, Boston celebrates by whipping New York’s pitching ace Amos Rusie, 12–1. Hugh Duffy walks twice and hits a home run.

21st  In a 14–3 Boston win over New York, returning rookie Fred Tenney belts a HR off Jouett Meekin.

After St. Louis sends the game into overtime by scoring twice in the bottom of the 9th, Chicago strikes with 5 runs in the 10th to win 16-11.

23rd  Once again Boston draws into a first-place tie with Baltimore, again with a .667 percentage, after a 9–5 victory over New York.

24th Boston moves into first place as Baltimore begins a 7-game losing streak by falling to Amos Rusie and New York, 1–0.

25th Chicago’s Jimmy Ryan scores 6 runs in a 24-6 rout of Pittsburgh. Walt Wilmot has a homer and 2 doubles, Cap Anson has 3 doubles as host Chicago collects 26 hits. The game is called after 7 innings to allow the visitors to catch a train.

27th Chicago pitcher Scott Stratton hits two homeruns, but still falls to Cincinnati, 14-12 after handing them a 12-2 lead. The Reds score 8 runs in the 2nd inning, half coming home on a grand slam by Bug Holliday, his second of the year.

28th Philadelphia ties New York in the 9th when Sam Thompson hits a bases-loaded triple. They score again the 12th, but New York evens it on a HR by pitcher Joett Meekin. The Giants finally win in the 13th, 11-10.

Louisville scores 6 runs in the 9th to beat St. Louis, 8-4.

Down 11–2, the Cincinnati Reds rally to defeat Chicago, 19–13. The Reds score 8 runs in the 8th to take a 15–13 lead. Farmer Vaughn has 2 home runs and scores 5 runs.

29th Chicago outslugs the Reds, 16-9, as Walt Wilmot connects for a grand slam off Cincinnati native and rookie Carney Flynn in the 8th(as noted by David Vincent).

30th  By winning 5-2, Boston completes a 3-game sweep of Baltimore to build a 4-game lead in the NL race.

At Philadelphia, the New York Giants score 7 in the bottom of the 1st and 6 in the 5th to beat the Phillies, 13-7. Duke Farrell hits his second grand slam of the month. It comes in the 1st inning off Jack Taylor.

1894 August

st  Cap Anson and George Decker each go 5-for-7 with a HR, and Jimmy Ryan and Walt Wilmot each score 5 runs, as Chicago massacres St. Louis 26–8. Anson’s homer is a grand slam. Bill Dahlen adds 3 hits, 3 runs and 3 RBIs as he hits in his 38th straight game.

New York earns its 2nd one-run victory over Boston the hard way. The Giants tie the game in the 9th with 2 out on a walk and 2 errors, and score with 2 out in the bottom of the 11th to top the NL leaders, 5-4.

2nd  Down 8 runs in the 5th, New York strikes back with 9 runs to take the lead against Boston, but must fight back again to knot the score at 13-13 in the bottom of the 9th, when the game is called on account of darkness.

4th  New York takes a pair from Brooklyn, winning 16-8 and then staging yet another come-from-behind win, this time scoring 4 times in the bottom of the 9th to frustrate Brooklyn 9–8. The win keeps the Giants 1 ½ games ahead of Baltimore.

Boston beats the visiting Washington Nationals, 11-5, as Charlie Ganzel returns to the lineup with 2 hits and 2 RBIs. In the 6th, Bobby Lowe accomplishes the rare feat at South End Grounds by hitting a homer inside-the-park, while teammate Herman Long hits one under the fence for a HR. Seven Boston players steal 9 bases.

Philadelphia takes a 7-0 lead into the 5th inning and then watches Baltimore roll to a 19-12 win. Frank Bonner connects for 4 consecutive doubles for the Orioles.

5th  With Anson at bat in the 6th, a fire breaks out in the grandstand of Chicago’s West Side Grounds. Hundreds are injured as the 10,000 fans stampede, tearing down barbed wire fencing that had been put up to prevent the 25-cent bleacher fans from mobbing the umpire. Jimmy Ryan and Walt Wilmot help rescue hundreds by hacking down a barbed wire fence with baseball bats and allowing fans to escape on to the field. The game is called with Chicago winning, 8–1, over the Reds Frank Dwyer. Bill Dahlen collects a single to run his batting streak to 41 games.

6th  Bill Dahlen is 2-for-4 against George Cross as Chicago outhits the Reds to win, 12–9. Dahlen’s streak is now at 42 games.

Fire again strikes the major leagues as sparks from a plumber’s torch starts a blaze that destroys the grandstand at Philadelphia’s Huntingdon Grounds. It will be rebuilt with a concrete and steel structure, but in the meanwhile, the Phillies will play six games at the University of Pennsylvania’s Varsity Grounds. It helps that the Penn’s coach is the Phillies manager Arthur Irwin.

Jimmy Bannon cracks a grand slam, off Al Maul, as Boston scores 12 runs in the 7th to beat the Nationals, 15-7.

7th  Boston’s Jimmy “Foxy Grandpa” Bannon becomes the first player to hit grand slams in consecutive games, connecting in Boston’s 19-8 win over Philadelphia at Varsity Grounds. Bannon’s feat will not be matched until September 24, 1901 and next by Babe Ruth, in 1927. Bannon is in the middle of a 25-game hit streak that started July 30 and will end on August 29.

In the fire-damaged West Side Grounds, Chicago SS Bill Dahlen, batting second, goes 0-for-6 to break his 42-game hitting streak. However, his teammates cover for him by defeating Cincinnati 13–11 on 20 hits. Leading the way is leadoff hitter Jimmy Ryan with 5 hits, and the 3rd batter, Walt Wilmot, who also has 5 hits and steals 4 bases for the 2nd straight game. During the streak Dahlen was 74-for-186 (.398) and drove in 44 runs: tomorrow, he will start a 28-game hit streak.

The NL totals 159 runs scored, a NL record not topped in the 20thcentury.

8th  Led by Billy Hamilton, who scores 5 runs, the Phils outslug first place Boston, 18-10. Baltimore sweeps two from Brooklyn to move a game behind the Beaneaters.

9th  Batting first, Boston scores 5 unneeded runs in the 9th, 4 on a grand slam by Billy Nash off Jack Taylor. Boston beats Philadelphia, 11-2.

10th Baltimore beats New York, 12-9, to stay two games behind first-place Boston and two ahead of New York. Joe Kelley scores 5 runs.

11th James “Bug” Holliday hits a 2-run HR with 2 out in the bottom of the 9th to carry the Reds to a 7-6 win over St. Louis.

Emulating Holliday, Brooklyn’s Candy LaChance slugs a homerun in the bottom of the 9th to overcome Boston, 11-10.

Chicago needs a 5th-inning grand slam from Charles Irwin, off Nig Cuppy, and 2 runs in the top of the 9th to top the stubborn visiting Spiders, 11-9.

John Tanner, a pitcher at Hebron, Kentucky, is struck by lightning and killed while trying to catch a fly ball.

14th  Taking advantage of the unusually small University of Pennsylvania field, visiting Louisville tags 6 HRs, including 2 by Tom Brown, to beat Philadelphia, 13–7.

Cy Young wins a duel with Win Mercer as Cleveland gets a sac fly in the bottom of the 10th to win 1-0.

15th  After executing a triple play in the 9th to preserve the tie score, Boston defeats Pittsburgh in the bottom of the 11th, 6-5.

17th  Philadelphia, still smarting from Louisville’s 6-HR assault 3 days ago, mauls the Colonels 29–4 beating Bill Wadsworth. Sam Thompson leads the stampede by spraying 6 hits and hitting for the cycle in 7 at bats. Three teammates—Hamilton, Sullivan and Grady—get 5 hits each, a ML record, as Philadelphia chalks up 36 hits, including 28 singles, both ML records. John Boyle and Lave Cross have 8 plate appearances. Ed Delahanty scores 5 runs as all 11 Phillies who bat have hits. The Phils end at a 5–1 record at Varsity Grounds, returning to newly rebuilt Huntington Grounds tomorrow with a victory over Cleveland.

18th  Baltimore retakes the NL lead from Boston with a 17–2 rout over Pittsburgh, while Boston is flattened 19–6 by Cincinnati.

Who would’ve seen that one coming? An article in The Sporting Lifeincludes this quote: “The games are entirely too long.  They are averaging close to two and a half hours.  Something will have to be done to shorten them.” (as noted by Bill Deane)

19th  The Orioles fall back into 2nd place by 4 percentage points with a 7–5 loss to the Pirates.

20th  Washington’s Bill Joyce smacks 3 HRs in an 8–7 win over Louisville. Joyce will finish the season with 17 HRs to place 2nd in the NL.

21st At Boston, Cincinnati pitchers allow a ML record 43 runs in a doubleheader loss to Boston. The Reds lose 25–8 and 18–3 with pitchers Chauncey Fisher, Tom Parrott and Bill Whitrock on the hill. Boston does all its damage in just 14 turns at bat, as the 2ndgame is called after 6 innings due to darkness. Tomorrow, Parrott is suspended for two weeks for “indifferent play.”

A day after beating St. Louis, 20-4, Brooklyn beats them again, 20-11, as Ted Breitenstein has an off day, allowing 24 hits and walking 6. Led by Burns with 5 hits, every Brooklyn player has a hit and a run. Brooklyn has 9 steals in the contest.

Eddie Burke of New York connects for a grand slam in the 7th, off Scott Stratton, and the Giants hold on to beat the Colts, 13-11. Chicago pitchers give up 11 hits and walk 11.

22nd  With the Giants up by 6 runs in the 8th, Chicago’s Bill Lange comes to the plate wielding a 5 foot 10 inch bat that had been given to Jimmy Ryan by a New York theater manager. Neither the umpire, John McQuaid, nor the Giants object, and Lange, who had struck out twice against Jouett Meekin, hits a soft grounder to 1B Jack Doyle, who mishandles it. New York wins, 8–5.

24th  Brooklyn’s Billy Shindle hits a 3rd-inning grand slam in a 15-9 victory over the visiting Cincinnati Reds. Chauncey Fisher serves up the 4-run homer.

25th  Settling a bet between Cap Anson and H.P. Burney, chief clerk of the Arlington, Chicago C William “Pop” Schriver becomes the first to catch a ball dropped from the top of the Washington Monument. He makes no attempt on the first ball, dropped by “Wild Bill” Hutchinson, and catches the second ball before a guard chases the group away (as noted in Jack Kavanagh’s The Heights of Ridiculousness). Outfielder Paul Hines was one of the players who tried to catch a ball dropped from the monument years earlier. Later today Washington defeats the visiting Colts, 9-4, and Schriver is 2-for-3. Kip Selbach’s 3-run homer in the 9th seals the win for Mercer, pitching in relief.

Led by George Davis’s two doubles, a homer and 4 scores, New York rings up a 18-6 win over Louisville’s Phil Knell in game 1. In an 8-inning game 2, Amos Rusie pitches a one-hitter to win, 5–1, and hand Louisville its 10th straight loss. John Grim has the lone hit.

Philadelphia wins its 10th straight, defeating Pittsburgh, 13–6. The Phils are led by Sam Thompson who has a homer, triple and two singles.

27th  In Philadelphia, the Reds sweep the Phils, 19–9 and 9–5, but game 1 will be protested by the Phils and end in a 0-0 tie. Billy Hamilton is hitless in game 1.

29th  New York wins its 9th straight game, 6-4, over Cleveland, and is now breathing down Baltimore’s neck for 3rd place.

30th  Baltimore edges Louisville, 9–8, and moves into first place as Boston falls to St. Louis. The Orioles will hold on to the lead for the rest of the season.

31st  Billy Hamilton ties George Gore’s ML record by stealing 7 bases in an 8-inning game against Washington. Hamilton’s heroics against the battery of pitcher Bill Wynne (in his only ML appearance) and C Dan Dugdale help Philadelphia to win 11–5 and, therefore, to sweep the doubleheader. Hamilton will swipe 100 bases this year.

1894 September

3rd  Joe Kelley becomes the second man in ML history to get 9 hits (9-for-9) in a doubleheader, as Baltimore sweeps Cleveland, 13-2 and 16-3, to strengthen its hold on first place. It will be 32 years until another player matches Kelley’s achievement. In the 6-inning game 2, against Cy Young, Kelley ties the ML record with 4 doubles, and his 9 straight hits sets a ML record, which will be broken in 3 years. In the first game, the two teams combine for a ML record 11 triples, with Baltimore racking up 9 of them against Mike Sullivan. Baltimore will hit 150 triples in 129 games this year.

New York takes a pair from Cincinnati, winning game 1 by a 16-2 score. George Van Haltren hits a grand slam, off Henry Fournier, in the seven-run 3rd inning. New York wins the 2nd game, 6-4.

This is easy. Connie Mack takes over from Al Buckenberger as manager of Pittsburgh and leads his team to a 22–1 pasting of Washington, Mack’s old team.

The Louisville Courier-Journal, in describing Cap Anson as a “wholesome example to the young ballplayers,” states approvingly that “he smokes three cigars a day.”

4th  New York rallies for 3 runs in the bottom of the 9th to slip by Pittsburgh 14–13 and edge closer to 2nd place in the NL race.

6th  For the 2nd time in 3 days, New York beats Pittsburgh by scoring in the bottom of the 9th, allowing them to pass Boston—which loses to Louisville, 15–10, in the Colonels’ first victory in 19 games—and move into 2nd place. Pitcher Jouett Meekin clubs a home run in the 9th to give the host New Yorkers a 6–5 win.

In the first of two games at Philadelphia, the Phils beat the Reds, 14–7, but the game will later be declared a no decision. It is ruled to have been illegally transferred from the Reds park. The Phils win the regularly scheduled 2nd game by a 16-2 score as Sam Thompson clubs his 3rd career grand slam. He is now tied with Bug Holliday for the ML career mark.

10th  That’s a complete game, Skip. Pitcher Adonis Terry goes the distance against the Beaneaters as the Colts lose, 25-8. It is a franchise-record for most runs an opponent has ever scored against the team and, of course, the most runs scored against a Chicago pitcher in a game.

11th  Pittsburgh stops Philadelphia twice, winning 9-7 and 9-8. In game 2 they are stopped by an 8th inning triple play by the Phils, but they plate 2 in the 9th for the victory.

15th Future Hall of Famer Bobby Wallace makes his ML debut, pitching for the Cleveland Spiders. He gives up 14 hits in a 6-inning game, called on account of rain. Wallace will be 18–22 as a pitcher over the next 4 years, but will sparkle for two decades as the shortstop.

16th  Cincinnati beats Baltimore 4–3 in the 2nd game of the doubleheader and snaps the Orioles’ 18-game winning streak.

At Chicago’s West Side Grounds, George Decker connects for 2 HRs and hits for the cycle in leading Chicago to a 13–5 win over Brooklyn.

18th  At St. Louis, Boston outhits the Browns but loses, 5-4. Hugh Duffy does his best for Boston by collecting three triples, a double and a walk.

20th  Chicago rolls over Philadelphia, 20-4, as Bill Dahlen plates 5 runs for the 2nd time this season.

22nd  After pitching 12 innings the previous day, Pittsburgh P Philip “Red” Ehret throws a 4-hitter to defeat 2nd-place New York, 4–1. For his efforts against New York Ehret wins $100 offered by Baltimore’s Wilbert Robinson for the win.

23rd Reds 2B Bid McPhee makes 3 errors in one inning as Cincinnati loses the opener of 2 to Brooklyn, 10–9. Tom Parrott, scheduled to start game 1, doesn’t arrive until the 5th inning. He gets the start in game 2 (as noted by Rhodes and Snyder), but walks off the mound in the 2nd inning after Arlie Latham criticizes him for a lack of effort.

24th  Phillies pitcher John Johnson wins his only ML game as the Phillies make it easy, beating host St. Louis, 21-1. Every Phillie plates 2 or more runs except Delahanty.

Baltimore manager Ned Hanlon admits in the Boston Globe that he offered the St. Louis club $200 if they won two games against Boston in their recent series. They won all three games by a run.

      The Washington Post refers to John Montgomery Ward as a “Baby Ruth,” a reference to Grover Cleveland’s new daughter, Ruth.

25th  Baltimore clinches the NL pennant by beating Cleveland, 14–9.

26th  In the Phils 12–6 loss at St. Louis, Billy Hamilton is 0-for-5, snapping his batting streak of 26 or 36 games. Researcher Trent McCotter, in 2004, discovers that Hamilton was hitless in the first game on August 27, a protested 0-0 game. Since the stats counted, Hamilton’s 10-game hitting streak, which began on August 15, was stopped in that game.

27th Cleveland bombards the Phillies, 26-4 with 25 hits, 5 by Ed McKean. Cupid Childs scores 5 runs. The league sets a ML record with 32 games in which 20 or more runs are scored.

28th In the Reds 9–8 loss to New York in Cincinnati, Cincy’s Tom Parrott, playing at 2B, hits for the cycle.

29th  Plans for the establishment of a new ML, to be called the National Association, are revealed in the New York Clipper. NL officials counter with a plan to shrink back to 8 clubs and to create a 2nd club of young players for each NL team to play at home when the parent club is on the road.

30th  Losing to Cincinnati 16–1 in the bottom of the 6th, Cleveland stages a furious comeback, including an 11-run outburst in the 7th, to conclude the season with a 16–16 tie. This is a ML record for the largest lead without getting a victory.

In the final of the season in Chicago in a game that goes just 8 innings, no doubt called because of some mercy rule, Baltimore trims the Colts, 20-9. Heinie Reitz hits a grand slam in the 7th off Adonis Terry as Baltimore finishes as the NL champion. Chicago completes the year with a club-record four players driving in 100 or more runs: Anson & Irwin (100); Dahlen (108) and Wilmot (130).

1894 October

8th  New York whips NL regular season champion Baltimore 16–3 to sweep the best-of-7 Temple Cup series.

1894 November

1st  Former Providence P Charles Sweeney is convicted of manslaughter in San Francisco.

8th  Mike “King” Kelly, probably the most popular baseball player of the 19th century, succumbs to pneumonia in Boston. Like his hard-living teammates, Ned Williamson and Silver Flint, of the 1886 championship Chicago White Stockings, Kelly dies at age 36.

15th  Sporting Life erroneously claims that “Bid McPhee will hardly discard the glove next season now that he is accustomed to wearing it.”

16th  Managers Al Buckenberger (Pittsburgh) and William Barnie (Louisville) and Louisville star Fred Pfeffer are expelled from the NL for planning with officials of the proposed American Association (previously called the National Association). The 2 managers are reinstated before the end of the year, but Pfeffer must wait until the end of February 1895 before he is welcomed back into the fold.

1894 December

15th  Veteran manager John Chapman expresses his support of a proposed rule change forbidding all but catchers and 1B from wearing gloves. Citing Cincinnati’s Bid McPhee as an example of one of the few remaining outstanding gloveless fielders, Chapman remarks that “as it is now, inferior players with big gloves can get into the game and force good men out.”

1895 January

14th  Baltimore’s grandstand burns to the ground.

17th  The St. Louis Browns trade workhorse pitcher Pink Hawley to the Pittsburgh Pirates for Red Ehret and $3000.

25th  Cap Anson notes that “nobody likes to see a play made with the aid of gloves.” He is of the opinion that only catchers should be permitted the luxury of wearing gloves.

26th  Baseball officials discuss the possibility of reinstating the old pitcher’s distance. They are dismayed by the explosion of offense, which resulted in “long drawn out and uninteresting contests…. Besides the brainy pitcher of former days would be given another chance to display his ability in the science of the game.”

1895 February

2nd  The New York Clipper and the Cincinnati Times-Star both express disapproval of the proposal of putting numbers on uniforms as a means of identifying individual players. The Times-Star advocates a return to the use of “distinctive colors in club uniforms,” or the practice of assigning to each position a specific color pattern, first enacted in the early 1880s.

9th  New York owner Andrew Freedman institutes reserved grandstand seats to attract businessmen.

27th  Responding to the complaints of senior citizens like Cap Anson, the NL restricts the size of gloves for all fielders, save catchers and 1B, to 10 ounces, with a maximum circumference of 14 inches around the palm—in other words, less than 41⁄2 inches across. The NL also rescinds the rule forbidding “intentional discoloring” of the ball, thus allowing players to dirty the baseball to their satisfaction.

1895 March

16th  John Brush, owner of the Cincinnati Reds and the Indianapolis team of the Western League, transfers 6 Reds to his minor league team. This sort of exchange becomes increasingly common in the 1890s as owners of more than one team shuttle their players between their teams throughout each season in an attempt to stock their most profitable team of the moment. This strategy causes much distrust among fans, who feel that their loyalties are being trampled.

1895 April

12th  In a rare matchup between a ML team and a black team, Cincinnati beats the Page Fence Giants for the 2nd consecutive day.

18th  With more than a thousand rooters on hand from Philadelphia, the Phillies score 5 runs in the 9th for a 7-6 victory over Baltimore. The game is marred by rowdy behavior and at one point, pitcher Jack Taylor punches Hugh Jennings in the mouth when the shortstop tries to shoulder Taylor out of the basepaths.

19th  Holy Cross defeats Brown University 13–4 in a game between two of the top college teams of this period. The Crusaders have 5 future ML players in their lineup, while the losers have 2. Lou Sockalexis bats 7th and plays LF for the victors, and has 6 stolen bases.

20th The Cincinnati Times-Star sees the ML policy of “farming out promising players to the minor league teams” as detrimental to the minors.

23rd Louisville breaks a tie with 8 runs in the 8th inning and holds on to defeat Chicago, 18-14.

24th Reds slugger Bug Holliday comes down ill with what will be diagnosed as acute appendicitis. Holliday, who led the league in homers twice in the past 4 years, will recover but never play full-time again. He will retire at age 31.

20th  The Cincinnati Times-Star sees the ML policy of “farming out promising players to minor league teams” as detrimental to the minors.

29th  At Louisville, “Tebeau’s Terrors” top Louisville, 19-8. Cleveland now is at 5-4.

1895 May

1st The Western League season opens. At Milwaukee, Minneapolis is a 4–3 winner before 5,000 fans. At Kansas City, St. Paul wins by the same score. St. Paul is managed by Charles Comiskey and its first baseman is pitcher Tony Mullane.

Bill Hart throws a one-hitter to lead Pittsburgh to a 4-1 victory over Cincinnati.

2nd The rebuilt grandstand at Philadelphia Park is reopened following a fire that destroyed the old stands last August. The cantilevered iron structure is called “the finest in the world.” Mayor Warwick throws out the first ball in front of 20,000 fans and the Phillies lose to the Giants, 9-4, the same score they lost to them yesterday in New York. The visitors score 4 runs in the 1st inning as Jack Taylor walks the first three batters and gives up a single to Jack Doyle. There is an overthrow of first base by Joe Sullivan on the single, and when a fan touches the ball the “block ball rule” is invoked. All four runners score. The rule states that when a non-player touches the ball the ball must be returned to the pitcher in the pitcher’s box. The runners can keep going until that occurs. George Davis hits the first home run in the new ball park, hitting a ball over the right field fence in the 7th.

Chicago wastes a triple play as Louisville scores in the bottom of the 10th to win, 5–4.

3rd  Bobby Lowe scores 6 runs and registers 5 hits, while teammate Herman Long has 2 hits and 5 runs in leading Boston to a 27–11 rout of Washington. Long’s first homer clears the LF fence and is reportedly the longest hit at South Ends Grounds. His 2nd homer almost duplicates it. After Hugh Duffy receives an intentional walk in the 2nd, Tommy McCarthy clears the bases with a grand slam. off Win Mercer. For Washington, Jack Crooks has no hits and 4 runs scored.

Philadelphia beats New York, 8-5, on Sam Thompson’s 3-run homer in the 9th. One player from each team acts as umpire.

4th  Philadelphia, in yet another 9th-inning comeback, strikes for seven runs to edge New York, 10-9. A tired Amos Rusie, the starter, gives up all 7 runs.

5th  Heinie Peitz goes 5-for-5 with 3 extra-base hits, but somehow fails to score. St. Louis manages to whip Cincinnati, 11–4.

6th  The Philadelphia-Louisville game is postponed on account of the running of the Kentucky Derby.

9th Chicago’s Bill Hutchinson, on his way to a 21-loss season, loses to the Giants for the 10th straight time.

Player-manager Buck Ewing has a single, double and 2 triples to pace the Reds to an 11-8 win over Brooklyn.

10th  During the course of a 14–4 win over St. Louis, Philadelphia slugger Sam Thompson becomes the 3rd man in NL history to hit 100 HRs in a career.

11th     Ted Breitenstein gives the Browns their lone shutout of the year, stopping the visiting Phillies, 12-0. Duff Cooley provides a comfort margin with a four-run homer in the 2nd inning, off George Hodson.

12th In an Eastern League game at Buffalo, Bill Bottenus of the Bisons collects 4 homeruns in an 18-13 victory over the Wilkes-Barre Coal Barons (as noted by Bob McConnell).

13th In a Western Interstate League at Terre Haute, the hosts score 14 runs in the 8th inning en route to a 43-4 shellacking of Aurora. Led by rightfielder Mitchell, who is 6-for-8 with 6 runs, and centerfielder Eiteljorg, who is 5-for-9, Terre Haute totals 32 hits. Aurora chips in with 22 errors, led by leftfielder Wood who has 6 errors in 9 chances (as noted by Kevin Saldana).

17th The Reds Arlie Latham has 5 hits and scores 5 runs in Cincinnati’s 15–6 win over Washington at League Park.

19th  Toward the end of the Washington-Cincinnati game the “open seats” collapse “mixing up about 300 spectators but injuring none.

20th  Chicago P Clark Griffith collects five hits as he and his teammates rout Philadelphia 24–6. Rookie 3B Bill Everitt contributes with 4 hits and 5 runs. It is the third time this month a player has scored 5 runs in a game. Ace Stewart adds a grand slam for Chicago, connecting off Kid Carsey in the 8th.

22nd The Reds score 10 runs in the 8th inning en route to a 21–8 pounding of Boston at League Park. It is the Reds 10th straight win and, with Pittsburgh losing, it moves them into first place. Frank Dwyer is the winner over Kid Nichols.

23rd The Louisville Colonels drop a game to Brooklyn because they have run out of baseballs. The home team is responsible for supplying balls, but the game begins with just three baseballs on hand, two of them practice balls borrowed from Brooklyn. By the 3rd inning, the balls are worn out and a messenger sent for new ones does not arrive back in time. Louisville is forced to forfeit the game.

The first baseball game in Venezuela is played between members of the El Caracas Base Ball Club. The 22 members divide into two groups and play in front of 2,000 spectators. The game was introduced into Venezuela by Cubans.

24th  Philadelphia makes 13 errors and allows the Reds to score 6 runs in the 9th inning, but nonetheless wins, 14-13, in 10 innings.

26th  Ted Breitenstein walks 11 men but still manages to gain the victory as St. Louis beats Washington, 23-7. Atoning for a NL-record 4 errors in one inning on the 24th, Doggie Miller drives in eight runs for St. Louis, four on a grand slam in the 9th off John Malarkey. In Doggie’s next game, on the 28th, he’ll drive in another six.

28th   For the second time this month a minor leaguer hits 4 homers in a game. Hercules Burnett, of the Evansville Black Birds hits 4 in a 25-10 win over the Memphis Giants (Southern League) (As noted by Bob McConnell).

After playing 22 of their first 25 games on the road, the Phillies return home to beat the Reds, 8-2.

29th  The Boston Herald box score credits Jake Beckley with a 3-run HR to give Pittsburgh an 8–6 win over Washington. Under the rules of the era, which do not allow a team batting in the bottom of the last inning to win by more than one run, Beckley should be credited only with a triple making the score 7-6. Apparently the rule is not strictly enforced.

30th  After an estimated 18,000 spectators squeeze into Philadelphia’s ballpark, the enormous overflow crowd shrinks the size of the outfield. Taking advantage of the unique circumstances, Cincinnati RF Charles “Dusty” Miller throws out a ML record (since tied) 4 runners—all at 1B in game 2, but Philadelphia wins in 11 innings, 9–8. The 2 teams combine for 16 doubles, 9 by Cincinnati, most resulting from balls hit into the crowd. Dusty’s mark is a ML record for extra innings. Philadelphia also wins the opener, 9–1.

New York edges Chicago, 7-6, as Charles “Duke” Farrell hits a HR in the bottom of the 11th inning.

31st  John Heydler umpires his first NL game, a 10–5 Washington victory over Pittsburgh.

1895 June

1st  St. Louis 1B Roger Connor gets six of his team’s 30 hits in a 23–2 burial of New York. All the runs come off Jouett Meekin, pitching with a sore arm. Connor has 9 straight hits going back to game 1 of May 30th.

Today’s issue of The Sporting Life (as noted by Bob Schaefer) reports that “The Minneapolis team now on its uniforms advertises a brand of flour made in Minneapolis. The other clubs should follow suit—Kansas City advertising canned beef, Milwaukee [advertising] beer, and St. Paul, ice wagons.”

3rd  Roger Connor becomes the ML’s all-time HR leader, passing Harry Stovey with his 4th round-tripper of the season, and the 122nd of his career. This historic HR drives in St. Louis’s only 2 runs in a 5–2 loss to Brooklyn.

4th  Billy Nash drives a grand slam, off Bill Phillips in the 8th, to power Boston to a 9-5 victory over the host Reds.

5th  New York makes the debut of new manager Jack Doyle a happy one as it scores 4 runs in the 10th to beat Louisville, 7-3.

6th  Brooklyn takes a 12-11 verdict over Louisville on account of the Colonels “stupid playing.”

10th  For the second time in six days, a 9-5 Boston win features a grand slam. This time Hugh Duffy clouts it to provide the margin over Louisville, connecting in the 2nd inning off Mike McDermott.

11th  Boston whips Louisville, 11–0, and takes first place from Pittsburgh, which has held the top position since the beginning of the season.

In a Western League game at Hiawatha Park, Minneapolis, Millers third baseman William J. Kuehne hits 4 home runs in a 16-5 win over the Indianapolis Indians. (as noted by Bob McConnell). Kuehne played 10 years in the NL, Players and AA.

13th  The first place Boston Beaneaters roll over Chicago, 20-3. Hugh Duffy scores 5 runs.

15th  Future novelist Zane Grey makes his minor league debut playing LF for Findlay, OH, against Wheeling (Tri State League). The Pennsylvania University athlete, playing under the name Zane, fails to get a hit, but walks and scores on a grand slam by brother Romer “Reddy” Grey.

With Pittsburgh losing, Boston moves into first place with a 6-5 win over Cleveland, overcoming a grand slam by Cupid Childs. Cupid connects off Cozy Dolan in the 5th.

16th  Following a 15-10 win over Louisville yesterday, the Beaneaters improve that by a run today, winning 16-10. Lefthanded catcher Fred Tenney makes his debut, having received a phone call in Providence yesterday asking him to fill in for Boston’s injured catchers. The recent Brown graduate readily agreed and arrived this morning by train. A foul tip in the 5th fractures a finger on his throwing hand, but manager Frank Selee likes what he sees and offers a contract to Tenney. He joins the team in mid-July after his finger heals, and hits .395 in 27 games.

17th  For the second time in two days, a Cleveland player hits a grand slam in a losing cause against Boston. This time it is Ed McKean as Cleveland loses, 9-7, in the second game today. In the opener, Chief Zimmer hits a grand slam, off Kid Nichols in the 8th, and Cleveland holds on for a 10-9 win.

18th  Against the visiting Louisville club, Boston wins 24-7, then drops game 2 by a 9-7 score. The loss leaves Boston a game and a half behind Baltimore.

23rd In the middle of a game in Chicago, the “Sunday Observance League” has the entire Cubs team arrested for “aiding and abetting a noisy crowd on a Sunday.” Prior to the game, the umpire informed the crowd that the game would be delayed for about five minutes following the third inning. Cubs owner John Hart, who had been tipped off that the group had secured a warrant, posts bond and secures an order for the game to continue. The Cubs defeat Cleveland, 13–4. The players are scheduled to make court appearances within a week and each will be fined $3.

25th  John McGraw hits a 2-out 2-strike single to drive in a pair of runs and give the Orioles an 8-7 win over Washington.

26th  Washington loses again as Brooklyn wins, 1-0, in 13 innings.

1895 July

1st In Philadelphia, first place Boston loses a hard fought game, 5–3, in 13 innings. Kid Carsey bests Kid Nichols as both starters go the distance. Clement and Sam Thompson each have 4 hits for the Phillies, with three of Big Sam’s going for doubles. He now has six doubles in two games (June 29), tying a ML record. Thompson will have 4 hits tomorrow as well, but all will be singles.

2nd  Louisville takes advantage of a 7th-inning fight to score 2 runs amidst the confusion, but still loses to Cincinnati 6–5.

Pittsburgh rolls over Cleveland, 12-1. Pink Hawley loses his bid for a shutout when he heeds the yelled advice of Cleveland coach Patsy Tebeau to throw to first and inexplicably throws to an empty base, Jake Beckley being way out of position, allowing Ed McKean to scamper around to score.

St. Louis hits a ML record four triples and scores 11 runs in the first inning off Scott Stratton on its way to a 15–9 victory over Chicago. Heinie Peitz has two triples in the frame. The Browns are the first team to collect 4 triples in an inning. For Stratton, it is his last ML game.

3rd  Baltimore beats New York, 5–4, in 10 innings to move past Boston into first place. For the first 4 innings, the plate umpire is Ben Tuthill, prompting The New York Times to state, “just where Nick Young, President of the Baseball Players, found Ben Tuthill no one knows. . . . for he doesn’t know the difference between a ball and a strike.” Finally Bob Emslie, who was umping at 1B, replaces Tuthill. Tuthill will ump at 1B tomorrow, getting suckered on two plays by the players.

At Louisville, the Cincinnati Reds down the locals, 15–9. Arlie Latham is nearly arrested by two constables in the middle of the game, but the Reds manager pleads with them to wait till the game is over. Latham is then arrested for owing $81 to a Louisville whiskey company for an unpaid purchase made four years ago when he owned a saloon in Cincinnati.

In a game played under 25 electric lights in Chattanooga, the host team beats Little Rock, 10-4. The light was “not as light as day by any means” and the pitchers did not try and put anything extra on the ball. Only six baseballs are required to complete the game.

4th For a twinbill with the visiting Reds, Chicago shortens the OF playing area by 100 feet to accommodate the crowds. The umpire rules that balls hit into the crowd are homers and Cincinnati pitcher Frank Foreman takes advantage in the 2nd game by hitting 2. Not till 1945, when Bucky Walters does it, will another Reds pitcher match this. But Foreman is punched for 6 homers as Chicago wins, 9–5. Chicago also takes the opener, 8-7.

Before a crowd of 22,918, the largest in the NL this season, the Phillies edge the visiting Washington team, 4-3. The Phillies are tied with Brooklyn and Cincinnati for 6th place in the NL, but all three are just 4 games in back of first-place Baltimore. The Phillies will end the season drawing 473,255 fans, the highest attendance of the 1890s (as noted by historian Bob Tiemann).

5th Tommy Dowd hits a two-out, two-run triple in the 9th to give St. Louis a 6-5 win over Louisville.

6th The Reds take a 8-0 lead in the 2nd inning against Brooklyn and then holds on for a 16-15 win.

8th  Approaching the midpoint of the season, Baltimore leads 8th-place Philadelphia by only 31⁄2 games. The top 4 teams (Baltimore, Boston, Chicago, and Pittsburgh) are within one game of each other.

15th  Chicago collects just 2 earned runs but beats the Phillies 16-8. Bill Dahlen has 1 hit, a homer, and scores 4 runs. Cross has a homerun for Philadelphia.

In front of the largest crowd of the season, Newport beats the Cuban Giants 5-4 in 11 innings.

17th  Cleveland surges into a first place tie with Pittsburgh on the strength of a sweep of a doubleheader with Baltimore, winning 13-9 and 6-3. Just 2 days ago the Spiders were in 6th place. Chief Zimmer has a grand slam for Cleveland, his second of the year. It comes against Dad Clarkson in the 8th (as noted by David Vincent).

In the tight NL race, the Reds bake the visiting Beaneaters, 12-1 and 6-1. In the first-game thrashing, Tom Parrott completes a consecutive hitting streak of 10 safeties (as noted by historian Trent McCotter). The Reds are now tied for 3rd place, a game out. The Giants are in 9th place, 5 ½ games out of first place.

In Chicago, the Nationals scores 12 runs in the 4th inning to overcome the Phillies, 12–7. The game is called after 6 innings, with rookie Walter Thornton victorious over Jack Taylor.

21st  Baltimore’s 10–6 win in Cincinnati, coupled with a Cleveland loss, puts the Orioles back into first place.

In Boston, the Beaneaters whip the Giants, 14-3. Rookie catcher Fred Tenney hits his first ML homer, off Jouett Meekin, for Boston. The Beaneaters are virtually tied for first place, just 5 percentage points back.

22nd  Not for long. Baltimore splits a doubleheader with Pittsburgh, winning 12-0 and losing 9-8, and Cleveland tops Washington 8–6 to reclaim first place by one percentage point. Nine teams are still within 6 games of the Spiders. Cleveland is helped by rookie Patsy Tebeau, who debuts when Harry Blake becomes ill during the game. Patsy is 1-for-1 with a steal and two runs scored. Pitcher Nig Cuppy also falls ill and Cy Young wins the game in relief.

23rd First-place Cleveland takes a pair from visiting Washington, winning 9-8 in 11 innings and 6-3 in a 5 ½ inning game shortened by darkness. When Cleveland scores 5 in the first inning in game 2, Washington resorts to stalling tactics by throwing the ball high and playing one inning with the outfielders sitting in the infield. Cleveland answers by striking out and refusing to run out hit balls. Bill Joyce has a pair of homeruns off Cy Young in the losing effort.

Perry Werden becomes the second Millers player to hit 4 homers in a game as he connects at Hiawatha Park in Minneapolis in an 18-5 win over the Detroit Tigers (Western League). The National League veteran joins William Kuehne who hit 4 in a game last month.

24th  Cleveland shows how it got into first place by scoring 6 runs in the bottom of the 8th inning—after which the game was called—to beat Washington 12–8.

25th  Fred “Bones” Ely and Joe Quinn each get 5 hits to propel St. Louis to a 20-3 rout of Brooklyn.

The Reds roll over the visiting Phillies, 19-3.

27th  Not satisfied with a 5-run 8th inning margin, Baltimore scores 11 runs in the 9th to clinch a 22-6 victory over Louisville. Six of the runs come against Bill Childers in his only ML appearance. He retires 0 batters and retires with an infinity ERA.

29th  Philadelphia outscores Boston, 7-4, in the 9th inning to earn a 12-10 decision.

30th  Before a crowd of 920, Louisville pounds the St. Louis Browns, 18-2. Louisville scores 8 runs in the 5th with the help of Frank Shugart, who has two triples in the inning. Shugart has 4 hits and three triples in the game.

At Washington, the New York Giants vote down the Senators, 17-5, with the help of Amos Rusie, 23 hits, some poor officiating, and poor play by the Senators. “It was an exhibition of yellow ball from beginning to end,” sniffs the Washington Post. Young umpire Hunt, who took the blame for the poor calling, was assisted on the basepaths by a local amateur John Heydler, who the Postcomments called an excellent game. A ladies day crowd of 2800 fans watched.

31st  St. Louis suffers its 2nd ninth-inning burial in 4 days as Louisville adds 10 runs to claim a 15-7 come-from-behind win. Ted Breitenstein gives up the ten spot.

1895 August

1st  The Pirates top Cleveland 2–0 to move into a virtual tie with the Spiders, who lead the NL with a percentage of .59770, compared to Pittsburgh’s .59756.

Baltimore stays two games behind the NL leaders with a 15-5 win against Boston. Pitcher George Hemming hits three doubles to establish the NL record for pitchers.

In a Western League game, Harry Hulen of Minneapolis scores 6 runs against Grand Rapids without an official plate appearance. Hulen is walked 6 times by pitchers George Borchers, Tommy Niland, and Jimmy Callopy (according to historian Ernie Lanigan). Hulen also steals 5 bases.

2nd Louisville frustrates a Reds comeback by scoring 4 runs in the 9th to win, 9-8.

3rd  Pittsburgh edges Cleveland 5–4 to claim first place outright. Unfortunately, it is also Pittsburgh’s last day in first place this season, as Cleveland retakes the lead tomorrow.

Boston tops the Phillies, 9-6, as Bobby Lowe provides the winning margin with a grand slam. Lowe connects off Ernie Beam in the 3rd. This is rookie pitcher’s last game.

The Capital Colored All-Americans set sail for England with a team of players from Western League clubs.

7th Pittsburgh, angry at having lost the NL lead, takes out its frustration on St. Louis by scoring 11 runs in the 3rd and pounding them 18-1.

9th Nig Cuppy, Cleveland’s starter/reliever, scores 5 runs as the Spiders beat the Colts, 18-6, in Chicago.

12th  Heavyweight boxing champion Jim Corbett, a good ballplayer and a great gate attraction, plays 1B for the Scranton team in an Eastern League victory over Buffalo. Corbett collects 2 singles and knocks in 2 runs. His brother Joe, who will become a ML pitcher, plays SS. The champ will appear another 3 dozen times in minor league games.

14th  Baltimore moves past Pittsburgh into 2nd place as the Orioles top Boston 9–3 and Pittsburgh falls to Cincinnati.

15th  Hughey Jennings handles 20 chances flawlessly at SS as Baltimore triumphs over Boston 11–10 in 15 innings.

New York star George Davis gets 6 hits off 3 pitchers, but cannot generate enough offense to lead the Giants to victory as Philadelphia mauls them 23–9. The 3rd pitcher for the Quakers is Al Orth, “the Curveless Wonder”, making his ML debut. Orth allows no runs in two innings and hits a double on the first pitch in his initial at bat.

16th At St. Louis, Tom Dowd hits for the cycle to lead St. Louis to an 8–5 victory over Louisville.

20th  Cleveland scores 4 runs in the bottom of the 8th inning in near-total darkness to defeat Washington 8–7. Three of those runs come on a HR the Washington CF does not see.

23rd  Baltimore sweeps a doubleheader with the Senators to claim first place from Cleveland. The Orioles have now won 13 consecutive games,

24th The Orioles win their 14th straight, trouncing the Cincinnati Reds, 22–5. The streak will end tomorrow. Willie Keeler scores 5 runs for Baltimore.

Brooklyn rolls over St. Louis, 18-4, as Candy LaChance hits a grand slam off rookie Dewey McDougal in the 4th.

Jimmy Ryan’s grand slam in the 1st off Varney Anderson is the margin of difference as Chicago edges host Washington, 9-8.

In Cleveland’s 14-8 win over Philadelphia, Jesse Burkett scores 5 runs.

28th At Baltimore, the first place Orioles win a pair from Pittsburgh, 9-0 by forfeit when the Pittsburgh team fails to appear on time. They win the second game, 11-5, giving up the 5 runs in the last two innings helped by 6 errors.

30th  In an 11-4 win over the Reds, New York SS William “Shorty” Fuller sets a ML record with 11 putouts in a 9-inning game.

Louisville snaps Brooklyn’s 11-game winning streak by scoring 3 runs in the 9th to win, 6-5.

31st  Fred Clarke of Louisville has his 35-game hitting streak broken in an 8–4 victory over Washington.

At Boston, the Beaneaters Otis Stocksdale survives a 7th inning grand slam by Eddie Burke to beat the visiting Cincinnati Reds, 12–6.

1895 September

1st  Aaron B. Champion, president of the renowned 1869 Cincinnati Red Stockings, the first pro team, dies in London.

2nd Dusty Miller belts an 11th inning homer as the Reds win game 1, 4–3, over Boston. Boston takes game 2 by a 7–3 score.

3rd The New York Giants beat Chicago, 6-3, handing Bill Hutchinson his 10th straight loss to the Giants. The streak began in 1893.

6th  At the Polo Grounds, the Giants edge the 8th-place Pirates 7-6 in a seesaw game, with George Davis scoring the winner in the 9th. With the score 3-3 in the last of the 5th Davis leads off with a drive to right field that Patsy Donovan runs down and throws to 2B. Hank O’Day, the lone umpire, who is right at the bag calls Davis safe, prompting a long and loud argument from Pirates manager Connie Mack. Finally O’Day thumbs Mack out of the game, the only time in his career as player and manager that Mack is ejected. A police escort is called for as Mack will not leave the field willingly.

Brooklyn’s Ad Miller throws a one-hitter to down Cleveland, 2–1. The only Cleveland hit is a double by Burkett.

9th  For the 2nd time in 10 days, last-place Louisville breaks an opponent’s winning streak this time by beating the Phillies 9–8, snapping their 12-game streak. On August 30th the Colonels halted Brooklyn’s 11-game streak with a 6–5 win.

10th  Cleveland is again limited to one hit, this time by Baltimore’s Sadie McMahon, in a 6-2 loss before 8200. McKean has the only hit. Baltimore (73-38) leads Cleveland (74-45) in the pennant race.

In an 8-4 win over the visiting Browns, Boston rookie Joe Harrington homers in his first at bat, the first National Leaguer to accomplish that. Purchased from his home town Fall Village (New England League), Joe will hit another homer this year, and one more next season before getting his release.

14th  In the 8th inning of the Baltimore-Brooklyn game a foul tip shatters the mask of umpire Tim Hurst, driving a wire into his forehead which strikes an artery. Amazingly, Hurst remains in the game despite the blood. Baltimore wins, 14-5. as Willie Keeler scores 5 runs for the second time in a month.

15th  The second place Spiders sweep a pair from St. Louis, winning 19-9 and 8-5. Jesse Burkett scores 5 runs in game 1 for the second time in a month.

16th  In Washington, Charlie Abbey hits a 4th inning grand slam off Brickyard Kennedy in game 1 as Washington outslugs Brooklyn, 16-12. Abbey scores 4 runs and has 4 hits, while Deacon McGuire has a single, triple and homer. Mike Griffin has 5 hits for the Bridegrooms. Brooklyn wins the second game, 11-3, as “the home team fielded like amateurs all the way through” (New York Times).

21st The Reds score 8 in the 8th and beat Louisville, 19–8.

Harry Davis debuts with the New York Giants and has three hits and 5 RBI to help beat Boston, 13-12.

23rd If a tree falls in the forest? Arlie Latham his a grand slam in the 8th off Dewey McDougal to pace the Reds to a 15-6 win over St. Louis. But only 100 fans are on hand at Sportsman’s Park to see it.

With the help of two homers by Jack Crooks, both off Amos Rusie, Washington downs New York, 9-7.

27th  At Philadelphia, Norwegian-born John Anderson hits a grand slam for Brooklyn off Deke White in the 9th with 2 outs as the two teams battle to a 14-14 tie., ended by darkness. Hamilton has 5 hits for Philley. They will play two tomorrow.

28th  Two days before the end of the season Baltimore finally clinches the NL pennant with a 5–2 victory over the New York Giants. Cleveland’s 9–8 win in Louisville goes for naught.

At Philadelphia, Brooklyn whips the Phils twice by 6-3 scores. Al Orth takes the first-game loss and ends his rookie year at 8-1.

29th Center fielder Hercules Burnett, playing in his 6th and last game, lives up to his nickname with a single, double, and 7th inning homer to pace his Louisville Colonels to a 13–8 win over Cleveland. The game is stopped after 8 innings because of darkness.

30th Washington ends the season by splitting a friendly pair with Boston. The Nationals win 15–7, then lose 10–8. Ed Cartwright hits for the cycle for the Nationals while Jim McGuire gets a gift homer in the opener when Hugh Duffy refused to pick up the ball till McGuire circles the bases. McGuire gets another gift in game 2, a silver tea set, for being the most popular Washington player. Duffy wins the prize for the most Boston franchise records in a season as he finishes with a batting average of .438, OBA of .502, SA of .694, 81 extra base hits, 50 doubles, 374 total bases, 160 runs and 236 hits.

At Chicago, the first-place Orioles pour it on, winning 20-9 over the Colts. Heinie Reitz hits a grand slam for the O’s.

In Philadelphia’s 10-9 10-inning win over Brooklyn, Billy Hamilton scores 5 runs for the Phils. Teammate Ed Delahanty has 5 hits and a running catch.

1895 October

2nd  Cleveland wins the first game of the Temple Cup series over Baltimore 5–4 with 2 runs in the bottom of the 9th.

3rd  Legendary manager Harry Wright dies suddenly of pneumonia in Atlantic City. The English-born Wright managed teams for 23 years, finishing with Philadelphia in 1893.

5th  The Sporting News reports that “the final vote in the score card contest for the most popular player on the Philadelphia team was Sam Thompson, Thompson therefore gets the $150 silver cup.” (as noted by John Odell).

8th  Cleveland takes the Temple Cup by beating the Baltimore Orioles for the 4th time in 5 games. The lack of respect accorded the Cup is reflected in the “very cold reception” Cleveland receives after returning from Baltimore on October 9.

12th  Sporting Life notes that “there has never been a negro player in the National League. Though the colored brethren have turned out some excellent players, the color lines have been drawn very closely around the major body, and no colored man ever got into the ranks.”

1895 November

5th  Cap Anson makes his stage debut in A Runaway Colt. Aside from forgetting a few lines Anson does quite well.

18th  Boston sells veteran outfielder Tommy McCarthy, a Boston native, to Brooklyn for $6000. The future Hall of Famer, just 30, but aging, will play one season in Brooklyn. When his wife dies in February 1897, McCarthy will turn down a contract offer from the Bridegrooms and return to Boston to raise his three young daughters.

21st In the first major trade in their history, the Reds trade Arlie Latham, Tom Parrott, C Morgan Murphy and minor leaguer Ed McFarland to the St. Louis Browns. The Cardinals send C Heinie Peitz and P Red Ehret to Cincinnati. Ehret, 6–19 in ‘95, will bounce back with one good season before fading. Heinie will play 9 seasons in Cincy. The veteran Latham will play just 8 games for the Browns, but manage them for 3 games (0-3). The Browns will use 5 managers in 1896, up from 4 in 1985.

29th Former minor leaguer Pacer Smith is hanged in Illinois for the murder two months ago of his daughter and ex-sister-in-law. Smith played for a number of teams including Baltimore, Decatur and Nashville. A former Monmouth teammate Frank Harris, scheduled to be executed today for another murder, is pardoned by Illinois governor John Algeld.

1895 December

28th  Star Chicago SS Bill Dahlen breaks his left arm in a fall. He will recover and play 125 games this coming year, hitting .352.

1896 January

3rd  Pittsburgh acquires SS Fred Ely from St. Louis for P Bill hart, SS Monte Cross and $1500.

4th  A portion of the fence surrounding the Polo Grounds blows down in a fierce storm.

14th  A Chicago jury acquits OF Walter Wilmot of charges of violating the Sabbath law by playing Sunday baseball on June 23 of last year. Charges against other players are subsequently dropped, and the way is cleared for future Sunday ball in Chicago.

18th  John Ward, who has not played or managed for the last 2 seasons, objects to being reserved by New York. At the NL meeting in February his appeal is upheld, and Ward is a free agent.

1896 February

1st  NL umpires oppose the proposed rule giving them the authority to eject “obstreperous players.” They claim that the imposition of fines is a more effective form of discipline.

15th  The Louisville infield is being rebuilt with base lines of blue clay. In addition, blue semicircles will radiate out from 1B and 3B, joining at 2B to form, along with the bottom half of the diamond, a heart.

16th  New York City Parks Commissioner McMillan announces a plan to cut a street through the Polo Grounds leading to the Speedway, a new privately constructed horse track. The street is never built.

24th  The NL adopts changes in the National Agreement. The minor leagues are divided into 6 classifications based on population, and new draft fees are instituted.

The NL forbids players from deliberately soiling baseballs, declares that “a ball cutting the corners of the home plate, and being the requisite height, must be called a strike,” and empowers umpires to eject players.

29th  Western League president Ban Johnson asserts that “the Western League has passed the stage where it should be considered a minor league…it is a first-class organization, and should have the consideration that such an organization warrants.” Four years later Johnson will act upon this belief, taking the first steps toward moving the WL—renamed the American League in 1900—to ML status.

1896 March

7th  A Chicago writer quoted in the New York Clipper notes that “[Bill] Dahlen is one of the few now in the League who came blood new from a punky little league and became a good thing at first jump.” Indeed, Dahlen eventually accumulates 2,460 hits and a .272 average over a 21-year career.

13th  OF Tommy McCarthy drops plans to retire and decides to report to Brooklyn. McCarthy had been traded there by Boston last October.

17th  After a two-day meeting minor league magnates agree not to challenge the modifications of the National Agreement.

1896 April

7th  Louisville’s Pete Cassidy becomes the first baseball player in history to be X-rayed, as a splinter of bone is removed from his wrist.

13th  Organized baseball celebrates Harry Wright Day in honor of the baseball pioneer who had died last October of pneumonia. Veterans of the 1860s play an exhibition game in Rockford, IL, using 1860s rules. In Cincinnati, the 1896 Reds defeat the 1892 Reds 7–3. Other games are played in New York, Philadelphia, Louisville, Washington, and Indianapolis. The money raised will go to building a monument at a cemetery in Bala Cynwyd, Pennsylvania.

16th  The 12-team NL season opens, with no franchise changes from last year. The largest Opening Day crowd in the 19th century, 24,500, sees the opener in Philadelphia.

Veteran Cincinnati Reds 2B Bid McPhee opens the season wearing a glove for the first time, and survives several weeks of good-natured ribbing by opponents. He is the last to convert.

20th  An overflow crowd of 18,033 at Boston necessitates a ground rule of one base on a hit into the standing crowd. The Beaneaters then pound out 28 singles (and a double) in an 8-inning 21–8 win over Baltimore. This outburst equals the ML record for singles in one game set by Philadelphia against Louisville on August 17, 1894.

23rd In Philadelphia’s 19-8 win over New York, Dan Brouthers scores 5 runs for Philadelphia.

28th  In a mid-afternoon game against the Columbus Senators, the Detroit Tigers (Western League) open their new Bennett Park before an overflow crowd of 8,000. Named after Charlie Bennett, a popular catcher of the ‘80’s who lost his legs in a train accident in 1894, the park is the first at Michigan and Trumbull Avenues. Wayne County treasurer Alex McCloud throws out the first pitch, caught by the wheel-chair bound Bennett, who will catch or toss the ceremonial first pitch every year until his death in 1927. The Tigers, led by player-manager George Stallings, then trounce the Senators, 17–2. Stallings hits a deep fly ball that goes for a home run when CF Dick Butler runs into a spectator crossing the field.

At Baltimore, Washington whips the Orioles, 9–5, with the help of a hidden ball trick applied by 1B Ed Cartwright on Willie Keeler.

29th  The Cleveland Spiders score 2 runs in the 2nd inning to break a 22-inning scoreless streak by Pittsburgh Pirate pitchers, but fail to score again and lose 9–2.

1896 May

2nd At the West Side Grounds, Chicago defeats St. Louis, 15–8 with Walt Thornton the winning pitcher. Ted Breitenstein takes the loss on his way to 20 losses. He’ll repeat that five years running. As Peter Morris notes, Josh Reilly makes his ML debut at 2B for Chicago, subbing for Bill Dahlen, who has a toothache. Reilly makes 3 errors, but in the 5th inning with two runners aboard and nobody out, he makes a spectacular diving catch and starts a triple play. This is Reilly’s only game at shortstop as Dahlen returns tomorrow.

Kid Gleason has 5 hits to lead New York to a 15-10 win over Philadelphia.

3rd  The Louisville Colonels lose their 11th straight game, to Cincinnati, 5–3.

With an overflow crowd of 17,231 at Chicago’s West Side Grounds, the umpire rules that any ball hit into the crowd is a ground-rule triple. The Colts take advantage and crack 9 triples, including 3 by Bill Dahlen, to crush St. Louis, 16–7.

4th  Cap Anson’s bases-loaded single with no outs in the 9th scores 2 runs and gives Chicago a 2-1 win over Brooklyn.

Louisville loses its 11th straight to take its customary spot in the cellar. The visiting Giants top the Colonels, 12-7.

5th  The Colonels snap their 11-game losing streak beating the Giants, 15-11. Rookie Herm McFarland hits his first ML homerun—and his only one this century—off Dad Clarke, and it is good for four runs, one-third of his 12 RBIs this year.

The Phillies top St. Louis, 9-5, as Lave Cross connects for a grand slam in the 9th off Bill Hart. It is his 3rd career grand slam.

7th  Boston scores in all 8 innings in a 17–1 rout of the hapless Colonels, who help to dig their own grave by committing 10 errors.

8th  The St. Louis Browns dismiss manager Harry Diddlebock for intoxication. Player Arlie Latham manages 3 games and owner Chris Von der Ahe manages 2 games before Von der Ahe settles on Roger Connor. The Browns lose all 5 under the 2 interim skippers. Connor, the 4th manager this year will be gone after an 8–37 mark.

In the top of the 9th inning, Philadelphia’s new player-manager Billy Nash starts to argue with the umpire over a called strike. Clark Griffith throws a pitch in the midst of the argument, which nicks Nash’s bat, resulting in a DP. Griffith’s quick thinking helps the Chicago Colts take a 5–3 victory.

9th  Washington defeats Pittsburgh 14–9 in a beanball battle. Nationals pitcher Win Mercer hits 3 Pittsburgh batters while Pirate “Pink” Hawley plunks 3 Washington batters in a disastrous 11-run 7th inning, tying a mark he set on July 4, 1894. Hawley retires in 1900 after only 9 seasons with a still-standing NL record of 195 hit batters. All told, 8 batters are plunked in the contest, an NL-record five by Hawley. The 5 Washington batters hit by pitches ties the NL mark and won’t be matched till July 2, 1969.

Baltimore’s Hughey Jennings knocks down Reds 3B Charlie Irwin before he can catch Bid McPhee’s throw. Jennings scores afterward to give the Orioles a controversial 6–5, 10-inning win over Cincinnati. Umpire Bob Emslie is escorted out of the ballpark by Cincinnati police.

At Louisville, Herman Long of Boston hits for the cycle to pace the visitors to a 17–5 win over host Louisville.

13th  Umpire Tim Keefe forfeits the Boston-Chicago game to Boston. The Beaneaters break a 4–4 tie with 6 runs in the top of the 11th. Flagrant stalling by Chicago in the bottom of the inning leads to the forfeit.

14th  Pittsburgh’s Jake Stenzel has 6 hits, all singles, and a stolen base in a 20–4 pounding of Boston. The Boston hurlers are Harry Dolan and Sullivan.

Despite going 5-for-5 with 2 doubles, Cincinnati’s Charles “Dusty” Miller fails to score in the 13–2 win over Brooklyn.

18th  In Chicago, the Colts use a 7-run 6th inning to win over the Giants, 15-3. The big blow is Bill Lange’s grand slam hit off Sal Campfield, making his major league debut in relief.

20th  In drizzly Pittsburgh, the Brooklyn Bridegrooms pile up a franchise record for runs in beating the Pirates 25–6, on 25 hits, a run mark they will tie on September 23, 1901. Mike Griffin scores 5 runs. Brooklyn led Pittsburgh 22–0 after 7 innings, but then P Bert Abbey takes pity and just lobs the ball over the last 2 innings. Brooklyn is scoreless in the 7th, but scores at least 2 runs in every other inning. Only 11 of the runs are earned for Brooklyn.

21st Cy Young gets Cleveland’s 8th consecutive win with a 4–1 decision over Boston. The streak has helped the Spiders to solidify their hold on first place.

Louisville gets a rare victory, riding Mike McDermott’s 2-hitter to a 1–0 win over Baltimore. This is McDermott’s only good performance of the year. In the remaining 56 innings he will pitch this year, he allows 85 hits.

26th  In the Reds 18-5 win over the Senators, Dummy Hoy scores 5 runs.

27th  Cleveland takes advantage of Jouett Meekin’s 13 walks and 3 wild pitches to beat the New York Giants 11–5. However, the Spiders fall to 2nd in the NL race behind Cincinnati, which whips Washington 10–6.

Boston scores 2 in the 9th to nip Pittsburgh, 15-14.

29th  Baltimore leaps past Cincinnati in the NL race with a 4–1 defeat of the Reds.

Washington P Charlie “Silver” King makes his first ML appearance since 1893 a success, as he wins a 6-hitter over Pittsburgh, 11–6. Bill Joyce helps by hitting for the cycle.

1896 June

3rd  Baltimore wins its 10th in a row over Pittsburgh, 5–4. The winning run scores in the bottom of the 9th when P Frank Killen hits Hugh Jennings with a pitch with the bases loaded. Jennings will set a ML record this season by getting hit by pitched balls 51 times according to STATS (Lanigan’s 1922 Cyclopedia says 49 times).

4th  The Reds’ Red Ehret wins an 11-hit shutout over Brooklyn 6–0.

5th  Cleveland defeats Baltimore 10–4 for its 2nd straight victory over the defending NL champions and replaces the Orioles in first place.

At Philadelphia, Jake Beckley hits a grand slam in the 3rd for Pittsburgh but the Phillies still win, 9-8. Con Lucid serves up the 4-run homer, but gains his only victory of the year.

11th  At New York, Jake Stenzel’s grand slam in the 7th off Cy Seymour paces the Pirates to a 12-7 victory over the Giants.

15th  Brooklyn downs Baltimore, 4-2, behind a well-pitched game by Dan Daub and a pair of triples by Candy LaChance. The loss puts Baltimore in a virtual tie for first place with Cleveland.

19th  Chicago defeats Cleveland 8–3 in a turbulent game. In the 7th, umpire Tom Lynch changes a close call at first base and enrages Cleveland manager-1B Patsy Tebeau. Lynch ejects Tebeau but Tebeau refuses to leave the field. The two square off and a near riot ensues. Lynch refuses to continue, and players Cy Young of Cleveland and backup catcher Con Daily of Chicago alternate as umpires.

Baltimore reclaims first place with a 9–4 triumph over Philadelphia plus Cleveland’s 8–3 loss to Chicago.

23rd  At Boston, Jack Stivetts stifles Brooklyn, 9-3, and collects 4 singles in the win. A 7-run 4th does in the visitors. Mike Griffin has a single, double and homer for the Brooks but the big winner for the Bridegrooms is Tommy McCarthy. The former Boston star is greeted by many of his friends who present him with a diamond ring worth $150 and floral horseshoe.

25th  Jake Stenzel’s 5 singles are not enough, as Pittsburgh falls to Chicago, 17–10.

27th  In an aftermath to the previous day’s brawl, several Cleveland players are brought before a Louisville court on a warrant sworn by Louisville owner Hunt Stuckey. Manager Tebeau is fined $100 for disturbing the peace. Ed McKean and Jimmy McAleer are fined $75 each, and Jesse Burkett, $50.

Right on the button. Pittsburgh downs Chicago, 10-4, as Patsy Donovan hits a grand slam, the third for the Bucs this month and all on the road. It comes in the 5th off Button Briggs. The Pirates will hits 27 homers this year but just five at home.

New York rallies with 5 runs in the bottom of the 9th to defeat Brooklyn 9–8. Harry Davis leads the way with a pair of 3-run doubles, one in the 5th, against Ed Stein, and the 2nd in the bottom of the 9th, off Bert Abbey. The two 3-run doubles in a game ties the mark set by Bob Gilks in 1890.

29th  The NL Board of Directors meets and fines Patsy Tebeau $200 for rowdyism. Tebeau refuses to pay and announces he will seek legal redress. In another action, the board denies the appeal of Amos Rusie against fines levied last year by New York president Andrew Freedman. Rusie is in the process of sitting out the 1896 season.

Behind Cy Young’s 11th straight victory over Chicago, the Cleveland Spiders top the Orphans, 9-6

The Reds strip the Colonels in Louisville, 20-8, as Heinie Peitz scores 5 runs.

A Texas League record is set in the 4th inning by Ft. Worth as they score 19 runs against Galveston on their way to a 31-4 win. Waco will have an 18-run inning in a game on August 6, 1930 against Beaumont.

1896 July

1st  With Cupid Childs scoring 5 runs, Cleveland wins 19–7 over Chicago to run its winning streak to 6. The Spiders are 36-18 and tied for first with Baltimore at 38-19.

2nd  Kid Nichols wins a battle of 2-hitters with Washington’s James “Doc” McJames to give Boston a 4–2 decision.

3rd  New York wastes a triple play and 2 DPs and is whitewashed by Baltimore, 6–0.

4th  Washington and Philadelphia split a wild doubleheader. Washington wins the opener 13–8, while Philadelphia overcomes a 14–5 deficit to win the nightcap 15–14. The 2 teams combine for a ML record 73 hits for the twin bill. The record will be tied on July 6, 1929.

An attempt at a night game ends in fireworks (as noted by historian Dan Levitt in his biography of Ed Barrow). Following an Atlantic League doubleheader, Wilmington (De) and Paterson (NJ), agree to a third game. The visiting Paterson club is owned and managed by Ed Barrow. To help the players see better a large ball is used, but even so the lighting is poor and the play is as well. Barrow convinces Wilmington pitcher Doc Amole to throw a “torpedo,” a baseball-sized sphere covered with tissue paper and filled with pebbles and an explosive cap that detonates on contact, to his star hitter, Honus Wagner. Barrow claims he purchased the device earlier in the day. When Amole lobs in the pitch Wagner hits the torpedo, which explodes, ending the game with a bang.

5th Led by manager Charles Comiskey, St. Paul (Western League) whips host Minneapolis, 41–9. The Apostles score in every inning and clout 8 home runs. SS Jack Glasscock bats 9 times, making 8 hits and scoring 7 runs.

6th  After the Pittsburgh-Washington contest, a 6–2 Washington win, umpire Tim Hurst hits Pirate players Jake Stenzel and Emerson “Pink” Hawley in the jaw in response to repeated verbal attacks by the players during the game. According the New YorkClipper “neither player resented the attack.”

8th  St. Louis suffers its 14th straight loss, the longest losing streak of the season. Roger Connor (8-37) is fired and replaced as player-manager by Tommy Dowd, who becomes the 5th St. Louis manager of the season. The team will actually be decent under Dowd, going 25–38, but a slow start in 1897 will doom him.

The Pirates hammer out 22 hits in a driving rain to humiliate Washington, 19–0. The Pirates’ Jim Hughey is the winner. It is the 2nd time in three years that Pittsburgh has beaten Washington 19–0.

10th  Henry Long, 26-year-old pitcher for Hagerstown (Cumberland Valley League) is accidentally run over and crushed by a Western Maryland RR train. Long dies the next day.

13th  Ed Delahanty of Philadelphia hits 4 HRs against Chicago, 3 in consecutive at bats, connecting in the 1st, 5th, 7th and 9th innings. His 5th inning HR is “over the scoreboard and out of the enclosure—the longest hit of the year on local grounds.” Chicago Tribune. The last 2 homers are inside-the-park (this is noted by historian Al Kermisch in 1978; it had been erroneously recorded earlier by Ernie Lanigan that all 4 HRs were IPHR) and both times he beats Lange’s throws from CF. He also has a single and drives in 7 runs. Despite the heroics, the Phillies lose 9–8 to P Adonis Terry. Tomorrow, Delahanty tallies 2 doubles and a triple, giving him a record 7 extra base hits in 2 games, a mark that won’t be matched for 30 years (Earl Sheely, 1926).

Cleveland falls to 3rd place (behind Cincinnati and Baltimore) after its 5–2 loss to New York. Spider manager Patsy Tebeau, after being suspended by NL president Nick Young for past transgressions, plays anyway after obtaining restraining orders on umpire Tim Hurst, New York manager Arthur Irwin, and Giant captain William “Kid” Gleason.

Deacon McGuire’s 5 hits, including 2 doubles, are enough to lead Washington to a 14–1 win over St. Louis.

15th  Bones Ely’s 5 hits fail to prevent Pittsburgh’s 2–1 loss to Boston.

16th  Cincinnati beats Baltimore 5–0 for its 11th straight win. The streak has moved the Reds into first place.

17th  Pittsburgh defeats Philadelphia 8–7 in a bizarre finish. The Phillies score 3 runs in the top of the 9th inning to take a 7–5 lead only to see Pittsburgh score 3 in the bottom of the inning for the win. Ely scores the tying run from 3B as the Phillies argue with umpire Bette following a disputed call. Philadelphia had neglected to request time out. Kid Carsey then comes in to relieve Jack Taylor and balks in the winning run.

19th  A crowd of 24,900 at Cincinnati is disappointed when the Reds lose to Baltimore 14–6. The Orioles score 9 runs in the 7th to tie Cincinnati for first place.

21st  Cleveland shuts out visiting Washington in both games of their doubleheader, 2–0 and 7–0, behind Zeke Wilson and Bobby Wallace. Five of the 7 NL games today are shutouts.

23rd  Cy Young pitches no-hit ball for 8 2⁄3 innings before surrendering a single to Ed Delahanty in a 2–0 win over Philadelphia. The win is Cleveland’s 6th straight and leaves them one game out of first place.

24th  Baltimore wins over St. Louis by forfeit. After the Orioles score the first 5 runs in the top of the 13th to break an 8–8 tie, St. Louis flagrantly delays in the bottom of the inning, prompting umpire Bob Emslie to call the forfeit.

25th  The 2nd game of the doubleheader between New York and Pittsburgh is stopped after the top of the 8th with the Pirates ahead 7–2 because the flooding Allegheny has inundated the field. New York wins the opener, 10–7.

26th  In the 8th inning of Cincinnati’s 10–1 win over Cleveland, Cincinnati’s Eddie Burke steals 2nd and collides with 2B “Cupid” Childs. The subsequent fist fight is joined by other players, and then Cincinnati fans. More than 50 police are needed to clear the field.

28th  Cincinnati’s 9–8 win over Cleveland is the Reds’ 8th straight victory. Upset by the umpiring, Cleveland player-manager Tebeau comes in to pitch in the 9th with runners on 2B and 3B, no outs, and an 8–8 tie. He promptly gives up the game-winning hit to Germany Smith. This would be Tebeau’s only ML pitching appearance.

St. Louis takes advantage of 18 hits, 13 Louisville errors, and 11 walks to stomp the Colonels 20–5.

30th The Pirates and Giants trade first basemen, the Bucs sending future Hall of Famer Jake Beckley to NY for Harry Davis. Beckley will move on to the Reds in May, 1997 and hit .300 in 7 of his next 8 seasons, while Davis will lead the AL in RBIs in 1905-06.

31st  After a disputed call, Pirates P Frank Killen hits umpire Daniel Lally in the face. When Lally responds in kind, hundreds of Pittsburgh fans charge onto the field. Eventually Killen is arrested for disorderly conduct. Pittsburgh wins 9–7 over host Cincinnati.

1896 August

2nd  Still Bill Hill’s 2-hitter helps Louisville edge Chicago 2–1. In the 6th inning Billy Clingman, in a failed attempt to score the game’s first run, spikes Chicago C Tim Donahue. Donahue attempts to retaliate by throwing the ball at Clingman but is prevented from doing so. Chicago’s George Decker fails to hit safely ending his 26-game hit streak.

6th  Cincinnati’s Frank Dwyer defeats Pittsburgh 4–2 for his 13thconsecutive win. He’ll win 24.

Philadelphia jumps to a 10–0 lead over Brooklyn, but the Bridegrooms charge back, scoring 2 runs with 2 out in the bottom of the 9th to claim a well-earned 11–10 victory.

8th  paced by Joe Kelley’s 5 runs, Baltimore defeats Washington 21–16. Each team hits exactly the same number of singles as its run total, with the 37 singles establishing a still-standing ML record for a 9-inning game. Baltimore star John McGraw makes his first appearance of the season when he pinch-hits in the 3rd. McGraw has been sidelined with typhoid fever. The New York Clipper box score for the game credits the Orioles with only 20 singles (plus 3 doubles and a HR), not 21. The record claimed for singles in this game may be suspect.

9th  New York announces that Manager Arthur Irwin is going on “vacation” for the rest of the season so that the newly acquired Bill Joyce can take over the managerial reins.

10th  The Orioles take sole possession of first place for the first time since July 4th, with their 10th straight win, an 11–4 decision over Washington.

11th  Cincinnati suffers its first shutout of the season in a 6–0 setback to Chicago.

12th  Napoleon Lajoie, who batted .429 in the New England league, makes his ML debut for the Philadelphia Phillies. He goes 1-for-5 in a 9–0 win over Washington.

13th  After losing to Brooklyn the 2 previous games, Baltimore gains revenge by scoring 10 runs in the first inning and continuing the onslaught to beat the Bridegrooms 19–3.

15th  In attempting to tag out Brooklyn’s rookie Fielder Jones at 2B, Herman Long accidentally spikes him just above the right eye. Jones is safe, but the Bridegrooms lose to Boston 8–3. Jones is not seriously hurt.

17th  Baltimore wins a pair of one-run games from Philadelphia 3–2 and 16–15. The Orioles score 8 runs in the bottom of the 9th to win the nightcap.

19th  Cincinnati retakes first place with a 9–7 triumph over Boston, while Baltimore loses by the same score to St. Louis.

Philadelphia becomes the 2nd team in 6 days to score 10 runs in the first inning. Ed Delahanty contributes a grand slam, off Chick Fraser. Not surprisingly, they defeat last place Louisville 15–0 behind the pitching of Kid Carsey. It is the Phillies third shutout in a week as they rack up three for the season.

Cleveland sweeps a pair from Washington, winning 13–6 and 7–2. Washington SS DeMontreville makes Cupid look stupid as he catches Childs with a hidden ball trick.

21st  Baltimore takes over first place for good with a 7–0 win over St. Louis, while Cincinnati loses 10–9 to Boston. For the Reds, it is the start of an 11-gamed losing streak. They’ll finish 3rd behind Cleveland, which will play Baltimore for the Temple Cup.

25th  Ted Breitenstein pitches and hits the Browns to an 8-7 win over Philadelphia, following a game 1 loss, 9-4. Breitenstein goes 5-for-5, with a run scored.

26th  The Reds drop to 2 ½ games behind first-place Baltimore when the Orioles top them, 14-3. Joe Kelley hits a grand slam for the O’s, connecting off Frank Foreman in the 8th.

29th  At New York, the Spiders take the first of two games, 3-1. New York wins the second game, 4–1 behind a grand slam by George Davis in the 1st, off Cy Young. It is the first grand slam hit off Cy.

31st  Washington’s Win Mercer shuts out Chicago 1–0 in 11 innings for the first Senators shutout since September 17, 1893.

1896 September

1st  Nap Lajoie lines a three-run inside-the-park homer in the 10thinning to give the Phillies a 9-6 victory over the Reds. For the second-place Reds, it is their 11th loss in a row. They’ll win tomorrow.

2nd Boston sweeps a pair from St. Louis, winning 18-3 and 12-8. Jack Stivetts plates 5 runs in the opener.

3rd  Boston hammers St. Louis again with 30 hits in a 28–7 win in the first game of a twin bill. Billy Hamilton, Fred Tenney, and Jimmy Collins each have 5 hits, while Hugh Duffy’s 4 hits include 2 HRs. Hamilton scores 5 runs. Boston wins game 2, 8-3.

4th   The Giants double the Reds, 10-5, as George Van Haltren hits a grand slam in the 6th inning, off Brownie Foreman (as noted by David Vincent).

7th  On Labor Day, Baltimore wins a rare tripleheader from Louisville 4–3, 9–1, and 12–1 in 8 innings. The three wins in a day tie a ML record set by Brooklyn versus Pittsburgh on September 1, 1890.

William “Brickyard” Kennedy allows only one single to lead Brooklyn to a 6–1 win over Cincinnati.

8th  Baltimore wins two more from Louisville 10–9 and 3–1. The five wins in 2 days give Baltimore a record of 82-34 and a 10-game lead over 2nd-place Cincinnati. The 5 wins in two days as well as the 5 losses in two days are ML records.

12th  The Orioles clinch their 3rd straight NL pennant with a 9–5 win over Brooklyn. Rookie Jerry Nops, up from Wilmington, debuts with the win. Brickyard Kennedy allows 8 runs in the 4th but pitches a complete game.

The Giants edge visiting Boston, 9-8, with the help of George Davis’s second grand slam in two weeks. It comes in the 1st inning off Fred Klobedanz, but the Giants win in the 10th when George Van Haltren hits a walkoff homer to the ropes at the Polo Grounds. He is carried off the field by admirers. Also hitting homers are Fred Klobedanz and Beckley. Cy Seymour gives up all the Boston runs in the first 2 innings, but reliever Dad Clarke takes over and shuts out the Bostons the rest of the way.

15th  After umpire Tim Hurst becomes ill in the 3rd inning of the Brooklyn-Washington game, “local man” John Heydler replaces him. Heydler soon joins the NL on a permanent basis and rises quickly in the hierarchy. In 1918 he is elected president of the NL.

16th  Cincinnati shuts out home team Pittsburgh in a doubleheader 11–0 and 4–0 behind the pitching of Billy Rhines and Frank Dwyer. Rhines’ job is made easier as the Reds score 10 runs in the 1stinning. Irate Pittsburgh fans throw stones, a board, and a pop bottle at umpire John Sheridan. He is rescued from a crowd of 200 angry spectators by players from both teams.

19th  Cy Young throws a 7-hitter and hits a HR, while Jesse Burkett gets 5 hits, in Cleveland’s 21–2 win over visiting Cincinnati. The game is called on account of darkness and mercy after 7 innings.

Kid Nichols wins his 30th game for the 6th straight year in Boston’s 3–1 victory over Brooklyn.

Former ML pitcher Cannonball Crane commits suicide by taking an overdose of chloral.

21st  Pittsburgh manager Connie Mack announces that he will manage the Milwaukee club of the Western League in 1897.

26th  Jesse Burkett gets 3 hits for Cleveland in the final game of the season, a 3–2 win over Louisville, to finish at .410, becoming the first major leaguer to hit .400 in consecutive seasons, a feat later duplicated by Ty Cobb and Rogers Hornsby.

1896 October

1st  Nap Lajoie lines a three-run inside-the-park homer in the 10thinning to give the Phillies a 9-6 victory over the Reds. For the second-place Reds, it is their 11th loss in a row. They’ll win tomorrow.

2nd Boston sweeps a pair from St. Louis, winning 18-3 and 12-8. Jack Stivetts plates 5 runs in the opener.

3rd  Boston hammers St. Louis again with 30 hits in a 28–7 win in the first game of a twin bill. Billy Hamilton, Fred Tenney, and Jimmy Collins each have 5 hits, while Hugh Duffy’s 4 hits include 2 HRs. Hamilton scores 5 runs. Boston wins game 2, 8-3.

4th   The Giants double the Reds, 10-5, as George Van Haltren hits a grand slam in the 6th inning, off Brownie Foreman (as noted by David Vincent).

7th  On Labor Day, Baltimore wins a rare tripleheader from Louisville 4–3, 9–1, and 12–1 in 8 innings. The three wins in a day tie a ML record set by Brooklyn versus Pittsburgh on September 1, 1890.

William “Brickyard” Kennedy allows only one single to lead Brooklyn to a 6–1 win over Cincinnati.

8th  Baltimore wins two more from Louisville 10–9 and 3–1. The five wins in 2 days give Baltimore a record of 82-34 and a 10-game lead over 2nd-place Cincinnati. The 5 wins in two days as well as the 5 losses in two days are ML records.

12th  The Orioles clinch their 3rd straight NL pennant with a 9–5 win over Brooklyn. Rookie Jerry Nops, up from Wilmington, debuts with the win. Brickyard Kennedy allows 8 runs in the 4th but pitches a complete game.

The Giants edge visiting Boston, 9-8, with the help of George Davis’s second grand slam in two weeks. It comes in the 1st inning off Fred Klobedanz, but the Giants win in the 10th when George Van Haltren hits a walkoff homer to the ropes at the Polo Grounds. He is carried off the field by admirers. Also hitting homers are Fred Klobedanz and Beckley. Cy Seymour gives up all the Boston runs in the first 2 innings, but reliever Dad Clarke takes over and shuts out the Bostons the rest of the way.

15th  After umpire Tim Hurst becomes ill in the 3rd inning of the Brooklyn-Washington game, “local man” John Heydler replaces him. Heydler soon joins the NL on a permanent basis and rises quickly in the hierarchy. In 1918 he is elected president of the NL.

16th  Cincinnati shuts out home team Pittsburgh in a doubleheader 11–0 and 4–0 behind the pitching of Billy Rhines and Frank Dwyer. Rhines’ job is made easier as the Reds score 10 runs in the 1stinning. Irate Pittsburgh fans throw stones, a board, and a pop bottle at umpire John Sheridan. He is rescued from a crowd of 200 angry spectators by players from both teams.

19th  Cy Young throws a 7-hitter and hits a HR, while Jesse Burkett gets 5 hits, in Cleveland’s 21–2 win over visiting Cincinnati. The game is called on account of darkness and mercy after 7 innings.

Kid Nichols wins his 30th game for the 6th straight year in Boston’s 3–1 victory over Brooklyn.

Former ML pitcher Cannonball Crane commits suicide by taking an overdose of chloral.

21st  Pittsburgh manager Connie Mack announces that he will manage the Milwaukee club of the Western League in 1897.

26th  Jesse Burkett gets 3 hits for Cleveland in the final game of the season, a 3–2 win over Louisville, to finish at .410, becoming the first major leaguer to hit .400 in consecutive seasons, a feat later duplicated by Ty Cobb and Rogers Hornsby.


1st  Regular-season WL champion Minneapolis defeats Indianapolis 4-games-to-2 to win the WL title and the Detroit Free Press Cup.

2nd  Following a rainout, Baltimore and Bill Hoffer defeat 2nd-place Cleveland and Cy Young 7–1 in the first game of the Temple Cup.

3rd  Baltimore takes the 2nd game 7–2. The losing pitcher is Bobby Wallace, who will be moved to 3B next season, and later to SS where he builds a Hall of Fame career.

4th  The Cuban Giants defeat the Chicago Unions 11–9 and claim the title of black champions of America. The Giants won yesterday, 16-5.

5th  Baltimore goes ahead 3–0 in the Temple Cup with a 6–2 win over the Spiders.

8th  Following another rainout, the Orioles defeat Cleveland 5–0 to win the Temple Cup in a 4-game sweep. The Cup games are poorly attended, while the rowdy behavior of both teams does nothing to enhance the stature of the troubled series.

11th  The annual NL meeting gets underway in Chicago. Brooklyn owner Ferdinand H. Abell proposes to make all players free agents between January 1st and March 1st and allow all teams to bid on them, subject to a salary limit. The plan is studiously ignored.

12th  Volatile New York Giants owner Andrew Freedman is found guilty of an April 22nd assault on baseball writer Edward Hurst. He receives a suspended sentence.

13th  The NL votes to award Henry Chadwick $50 per month for life in recognition of his past services to the game.

1896 November

11th  Popular and durable Steve Brodie is traded by Baltimore Orioles with Jim Donnelly to Pittsburgh Pirates in exchange for Jake Stenzel, Tom O’Brien, Harry Truby and Elmer Horton. Brodie will object but Stenzel will outhit him in Baltimore. McGraw will reacquire Brodie after the Pirates release him in June 1898. Brodie will set the 19th century record for consecutive games played at 727.

1896 December

1st  Amos Rusie, a season-long holdout, announces he will settle with New York and play next season.

10th  Rusie’s attorneys drop his suit in the U.S. Circuit Court. He is later reimbursed for a reported $3,000 by the NL owners for his lost season.

1897 January

5th  First baseman Jim Rogers accepts the position of manager of the Louisville Colonels for 1897. He replaces Bill McGunnigle.

7th  Harry Pulliam is elected president of the Louisville Colonels and voted $10,000 to strengthen the cellar dwellers Directors also announce incentive cash prizes for players: $1000 of they finish 7th, $2000 if they rise to 6th.

12th  John J. Pappalau, the crack pitcher of the Holy Cross nine, announces he is leaving college to join the Cleveland team.

18th  The Grand Rapids, Michigan team is dropping the nickname “Gold Bugs” and will henceforth be known as the “Bobolinks.” Headline writers will abbreviate this to the “Bobs.” Other felicitous nicknames this season are the Cairo (IL) Egyptians, Columbus (OH) Discoverers, and Wilkes-Barre (PA) Coal Barons.

21st  James J. Corbett, Heavyweight champion of the world, says that if he beats Bob Fitzsimmons in his upcoming bout that he will buy a NL franchise. Corbett gets knocked out on March 17.

30th  Manager Lamar announces the lineup of the Cuban X-Giants for 1897 as: Clarence Williams, C; William Selden, John Nelson and George Stovey, pitchers; Ray Wilson, Sol White, Grant Johnson and Andy Jackson, infield; J.W. Patterson, William Jackson, and George Taylor, outfielders. This team will finish 1897 with 117 wins, 31 losses and 4 ties, the greatest black team in the country.

1897 February

rd  John McGraw, Baltimore’s pugnacious 3B, marries Minnie R. Doyle. Hughey Jennings is best man, while Willie Keeler and Joe Kelley are groomsmen.

5th  Hoss Radbourn dies of paresis in Bloomington, IN at age 42.

11th  Lou Sockalexis leaves the Penobscot Indian reservation in Maine for South Bend, IN where he will play baseball for Notre Dame. He won’t last long.

1897 March

9th  Cleveland signs Notre Dame’s Louis Sockalexis to a contract. W.A. Phelon, Chicago sportswriter, says “Sox” was expelled from the school for drunkenness and rowdyism. Sockalexis, a full-blooded Penobscot Indian, soon earns the admiration of Spiders fans with his phenomenal all-around skills. Before long, baseball fans start referring to the Cleveland team as the “Indians.” Although Sockalexis will only play parts of three seasons due to acute alcoholism, the nickname will be revived in 1915 and become the club’s official name.

12th  Brooklyn president Charles Byrne and treasurer Abell set a ML record by offering $100,000 for the entire Cleveland franchise. The offer is rejected.

16th  Workman are repairing damage wrought by the hurricane last September to the Washington Senators ball park. President McKinley’s private box is now completed.

27th  Cleveland president Frank DeHaas Robison proposes that NL teams chip in to pay the 1896 salary of New York star Amos Rusie, who refused to play due to a contract dispute. Robison and other NL officials want to avoid Rusie’s lawsuit, in which he seeks free agency. Although New York president Andrew Freeman vehemently opposes the NL plan, the $3,000 payment is made and Rusie rejoins the Giants.

30th NL President Young rules that St. Louis has the rights to Minneapolis hurler Bill Hutchinson under the reserve clause. “Wild Bill” will perform poorly with the Browns and will return to Minneapolis.

1897 April

9th  A touring team of 13 Australian players arrives in San Francisco, and President Young encourages the 12 NL teams to arrange exhibition games with the visitors.

17th Manager Gus Schmelz and the Washington Senators visit President McKinley at the White House. Because of other pressing business, the president will be unable to attend the Senators’ opener.

19th In the season opener at Boston before 14,000, a 3-run homerun by Nap Lajoie in the top of the 9th gives the Phillies a 6-run lead that holds up despite a last-gasp, 5-run Beaneater rally.

Amos Rusie ends a year-long holdout and signs with the Giants for $3000 and drops his law suit challenging the reserve clause.

In an exhibition game in Elizabeth, NJ, the Giants wallop a local team, 40-1. George Van Haltren has 7 hits.

22nd Willie Keeler’s single and double in the Orioles’ first game, a 10-5 victory over Boston, begins a streak of safe hits in 44 consecutive games this year, plus his last game last season.

A loss to Pittsburgh, 4–1, starts Red Donahue, St. Louis Browns righthander, on the way to a league-leading 33 losses. A true workhorse, Donahue will also lead in appearances (46), starts (42), complete games (38), and hits allowed (484). He will win 11 and have an ERA of 6.13.

24th  Nap Lajoie has a big day with 5 hits—2 singles, one double, 2 triples—and 3 errors at 1B in the Phillies’ 12–4 win over New York.

Joe Corbett, younger brother of recently defeated heavyweight champ James, pitches the Orioles to its 3rd straight win over Boston, winning 7-1.

26th  At Ora, IN, Charles Haines is killed when hit by a pitch in the head thrown by Winona player Scott Guyer.

Chicago’s Cap Anson catches and bats 9th as the Colts win their first game of the season, 9-2, at St. Louis.

Connie Mack’s Milwaukee Brewers win their Western League home opener against Charley Comiskey’s St. Paul Saints, 12–5.

27th  Amos Rusie, the Giants’ “Hoosier Thunderbolt,” returns to the mound to beat Washington 8–3 before 10,000 welcoming New York fans.

28th  George Stallings, manager of the Phillies, is “bruised and shaken” when he is hit by a trolley car while bicycling to his hotel after the team’s morning workout. Fortunately, the car was slow moving. Boston then beats his Phillies, 6-5.

29th  Joe Boyle’s grand slam in the 6th, off Dan Daub, is the difference as the Phillies edge the visiting Brooklyn team, 12-11.

1897 May

1st Lou Sockalexis hits three singles, a bases-loaded triple and steals two bases to lead Cleveland to an 8-3 win at St. Louis.

3rd  With the Giants leading 7–0 after 2 innings, Washington starts delaying the game in hopes that the imminent rainstorm will wash the game out. Umpire Tom Lynch forfeits the game to New York.

4th  Cap Anson Day is celebrated in Chicago during the home opener with St. Louis. A near-capacity crowd of 14,968 is on hand, including comedian Eddie Foy, actress Maurice Barrymore, and his daughter Ethel, and Alderman John Maynard Harlan, whose son will become a Supreme Court Justice. Anson plays an errorless game behind the plate and adds a single in Chicago’s 5–2 victory.

7th  Baltimore survives Duff Cooley’s 2 doubles and 3 singles to defeat the Athletics 13–11.

For the second time in a week, Lou Sockalexis hits three singles, a triple and steals two bases to pace Cleveland to a 6-5 win over Chicago.

8th  With the help of a grand slam by Bones Ely, off Bill Dammann, the Pirates upend the Reds, 9-1, and move into second place.

Washington edges Boston 12-11 as Charles Reilly hits a four-run homer for the Senators. It comes in the 6th off Fred Klobedanz (as noted by David Vincent).

10th  Jack Doyle hits an unusual home run for Baltimore, but Washington defeats the Orioles 13–5. The HR is noteworthy in that the ball rolls to the fence where a ladder had been placed. It rolls up the ladder and disappears over the fence. The O’s execute a triple play: 1B Jack Doyle to SS Hugh Jennings to 2B Heinie Reitz.

Nap Lajoie slugs 2 HRs and a double to lead Philadelphia (NL) to a 13–1 rout of St. Louis. Lajoie continues the hit streak he started on May 8th and will not go hitless until May 31st, a string of 20 games.

11th  Duke Farrell, Washington catcher, sets a ML record by throwing out 8 Orioles trying to steal 2B, but the Senators lose anyway 6–3. Win Mercer takes the loss.

13th  Billy Nash of the Phillies comes to bat in the bottom of the 12th with the score tied and bases loaded. Louisville’s Bill Hill hits him with a pitch to bring home the winning run, 3–2.

14th  The Orioles fatten their batting averages with 22 hits against the hapless Browns and romp 20–3.

16th  Fans assemble for Cleveland’s first Sunday baseball game only to have the police arrest the players after the first inning. Players and umpire Tim Hurst are released on bail provided by Cleveland club owner Frank DeHaas Robison. A test case is made of rookie hurler John Powell. On June 10th he will be found guilty of playing ball on Sunday and fined $5.

17th  Pirates lefty Frank Killen, a 30-game winner last year, allows 2 hits to defeat Amos Rusie and the Giants, 3–2. Pittsburgh’s Denny Lyons has 2 fingers broken after being hit by a Rusie pitch.

In Washington’s 8-7 loss to Cleveland, SS Gene DeMontreville hits safely to run his consecutive game hitting streak to 36 games. The streak started in G2 of September 7 game (as noted by Trent McCotter) but it will end in tomorrow’s loss to Cleveland.

“Phillippi,” Minneapolis (Western League) rookie righthander, makes his debut in a 14-9 loss to St. Paul. This is Deacon Phillippe, still two years away from a splendid career at Louisville and Pittsburgh.

18th  Bill “Scrappy” Joyce’s four triples pace the New York Giants to an 11–5 win over the Pirates at Pittsburgh. This is the last time this feat is accomplished in ML history. Philadelphia’s (AA) George Streif hit 4 on June 25, 1885.

Two fading stars of baseball’s 1880s generation play their final ML game: Roger Connor, slugging first baseman, ends his 18-year career in a 6-3 St. Louis loss to Brooklyn; and veteran Fred Pfeffer is replaced at second base in Chicago’s 11-5 win over Boston.

20th  OF Kip Selbach steals 5 bases against the Chicago Colts to lead Washington to a 16–14 victory. Washington scores 5 runs in the 9thoff Button Briggs, who tosses a complete game. Briggs will toss another complete game against Washington on May 23, giving up another 16 runs and losing 16–12.

Fred Clarke gets 5 hits to help Louisville to a 13-inning 13–12 decision over Brooklyn.

21st  Tommy Corcoran, of Cincinnati, the last holdout of 1897, signs his contract.

22nd  Reds 3B Charlie Irwin stands at the plate for 15 minutes fouling off 15 Joe Corbett pitches—14 in a row—before earning a walk. The Reds beat the Orioles 12-10 and move a half game behind the league leaders. Their winning streak is at 10 games, but they will lose their next four.

Mrs. S. K. Miller resigns as baseball editor of the Baltimore Telegram. She has held the position for many years and, with her health restored, may again.

In the first of two games, Cleveland defeats the Giants and Amos Rusie, 4–3, when Lou Sockalexis scores Patsy Tebeau with a two-out single in the 10th. New York rebounds to take the second game, 11–2.

23rd  A “shoot the chutes” waterslide opens at Sportsman’s Park, St. Louis. With the Browns in last place at 5-20, owner Von der Ahe is trying to draw customers with a variety of amusement park attractions. It doesn’t help today as the Browns lose their 21st, 14–6, to Louisville.

25th  Cleveland rallies for 4 runs in the bottom of the 9th to topple the Athletics 10–9.

Chauncey Fisher relieves Harley Payne after the first inning and allows one hit the rest of the way as Brooklyn beats Cincinnati, 6-2.

27th Louisville whitewashes Washington, 5–0, and uses a hidden ball trick to do it. Jim Rogers to Perry Werden catches John O’Brien napping (as noted by Bill Deane).

The Reds acquire Jake Beckley from the New York Giants.

In a 16-7 loss to Boston, the Reds player-manager Buck Ewing plays the last game in his brilliant 18-season career.

31st  At Boston, the home Nationals scores 25 runs on 29 hits to wallop St. Louis 25–5. Fred Tenney has 8 plate appearances, scores 5 runs and goes 6-for-8 as the infield collects a NL record 18 hits. Chick Stahl also adds 5 runs.

Using mechanical dummies, “an electrical baseball machine” reproduces the Louisville doubleheader on stage at Philadelphia’s McCauley Theater, which has been fitted out like a ballpark. Messages transmitted from the field are translated by “skillful manipulation” of the machine’s keyboard into a reenactment. Louisville wins game 1 by a 4-2 score, then drop the second game, 14-0.

1897 June

1st  At the Polo Grounds, the Giants score 4 runs in the 6th and appear on the brink of scoring more, when the Pirates refuse to continue play because of the calls of umpire Michael McDermott. The Bucs are leading 7-4 when McDermott declares a forfeit win to the Giants, their second within a month.

The Philadelphia Phillies trade Kid Carsey and Mike Grady to the St. Louis Browns in exchange for Ed McFarland.

2nd  Boston scores 14 runs in the first two innings, helped by Zeke Wilson’s wildness in the 2nd, to coast to a 21-3 win over Cleveland. Fred Klobedanz, on his way to a 26-7 record, is the easy winner.

3rd  in New York, the Giants stop Louisville, 6-1, in the first of two games. Because this game was transferred from Louisville without league consent, no officials are present. Two players, Charles Dexter and Mike Sullivan. The game will be declared no contest. The second game will count and the Giants take that, 10-6.

4th  For the second time in four days, manager Patsy Donovan’s aggressive tactics cost the Pirates a game on forfeit. With the weather threatening in the 4th inning, the Pirates stall egregiously hoping for a rainout, until umpire Jim McDonald declares a forfeit.

Chicago’s versatile Nixey Callahan wears his pitching hat in an 8-5 victory at Washington. Nixey will be 12-9 this year as a pitcher, while hitting .292 in 94 games as an IF/OF.

5th  Losing 4-3 in the 9th inning at New York, Chicago manager Cap Anson brings in Clark Griffith and Jim Connor as pinch hitters. Three singles, a homerun by Jimmy Ryan, a steal of home by Barry McCormick, and two Giant errors give the Colts seven runs and the victory, 10-4. Batting for Tim Donahue, Connor has two singles in the 9th as a pinch hitter, a first in the majors. The Colts are in 10thplace.

6th  Gus Schmelz resigns as Washington’s manager after a disappointing 9-25 start.

7th  In the midst of the season’s longest winning streak, Boston blanks Pittsburgh 4–0 to move past Cincinnati into 2nd place.

12th Brooklyn pitcher Brickyard Kennedy belts the only homer of his career, off Chicago’s Nixey Callahan. But Nixey holds on to win, 6–5, with the loss going to Dan Daub.

Browns newcomer, Kid Carsey, wearing his old Phillies uniform, is no mystery to the Giants, especially George Van Haltren, who hits three doubles and a single in the 9-2 victory.

14th  At Eastern Park in Brooklyn, a combined team of Chicago and Brooklyn players loses a 5 inning morning contest to an Australian team, 11–8. The Colts win the regular afternoon game, 15–4.

15th  Pittsburgh loses to Washington 10–8 despite Gene DeMontreville’s 5 hits and a grand slam by Steve Brodie. Brodie’s blow comes in the 8th off Les German.

16th  Louisville president Harry Pulliam fires manager Jim Rogers and, after a vote of the players, replaces him with 24-year-old OF Fred Clarke. In addition to his $2,400 salary, Clarke gets an extra $500 for managing the team. They’ll finish 11th. Clarke will be the youngest manager until Lou Boudreau will establish the record in 1942 at age 24.

The Reds explode for 12 runs in the 3rd inning and whip Brooklyn 15–6.

17th  Jouett Meekin allows 11 hits and his teammates commit 4 errors, but New York still manages to shut out Cleveland 7–0. Tomorrow, Cleveland is held to 3 hits and loses, 5–0.

19th  Lefty Frank Killen allows 5 Baltimore hits as he pitches Pittsburgh to 7-1 victory and holds Willie Keeler hitless. Keeler fails to get a hit for the first time in 1897 after 44 straight games, a ML record that will stand until DiMaggio ties it June 29, 1941. Keeler had a hit in his last game in 1896 giving him 45 straight games. Keeler will accumulate 243 hits in 128 games this year, a NL record for 25 years until Rogers Hornsby collects 250 in 154 games in 1927. Keeler’s streak is his second of 25 games or more: in 1893-94 he hit safely in 25 straight games (as noted by Trent McCotter).

21st  Boston moves into first by posting its 17th straight victory, beating Brooklyn 11–6. Winning pitcher Fred Klobedanz has a single, 2 doubles, and a triple.

22nd  Boston’s winning streak is halted at 17 as Brooklyn pitcher Bill Kennedy defeats the Beaneaters 7–4.

Toronto (Eastern League) makes 35 hits and totals 68 bases against Dan McFarlan of Rochester, winning 29-12. There are 24 doubles in the game.

23rd  The Beaneaters maintain their half-game NL lead with a 13–2 rout of Brooklyn.

Pitcher Jack Powell of Cleveland makes his ML debut a noteworthy one as he sets Louisville down on three hits for the first of his 246 career victories. His teammates make it easy by rolling to an 18-1 win.

The Giants top the Orioles, 9-4, as outfielder George Van Haltren starts a record-tying three double plays (one completed at home in the 2nd inning; two at 1B in the 3rd and 9th innings). This 2012 discovery was made by David Vincent; previously, Van Haltren was credited with one DP. Candy Nelson (New York, AA on June 23, 1887 is the only player previously to have accomplished this feat. There will be two in the 20th Century; Jack McCarthy, 1905 and Ira Flagstead (1926).

24th  Dick Harley leads the Browns to a 12-inning 7–6 victory over Pittsburgh by going 6-for-6. Harley (not to be confused with 1905 Boston rookie Dick Harley) has 5 singles and a double, batting 8thagainst Jim Hughey and Jesse Tannehill and finishes the day with a consecutive hit streak of 9. He hit safely his last 3 at bats yesterday.

26th  Pittsburgh CF Steve Brodie’s string of consecutive games ends. His arm is so sore the Pirates go on the road without him.

Jack Stenzel hits a solo HR with 2 out in the 9th inning to give the Orioles a 1–0 victory over Boston, its first in an important 3-game series with the NL leaders.

29th  Chicago scores in every inning to demolish Louisville 36–7 to set the NL record for runs scored. The Colts pile up 32 hits for 51 bases with Barry McCormick hitting 4 singles, a triple, and a HR in an ML record-tying 8 at bats. Tying a league record set by an earlier Chicago club, 6 players score 4 runs each in the runaway, with McCormick and Jimmy Ryan scoring 5 runs. Ryan also hits a grand slam. in the 2nd off Chick Fraser. Winning pitcher Nixey Callahan is 5-for-7, the first of a record three times he’ll collect 5 hits in a game (May 18, 1902; May 8, 1903). Chick Fraser is the starter for Louisville, but is replaced in the 3rd by Jim Jones, making his ML debut, with his team down 14–0. Only 9 runs are earned as Louisville kicks in with 9 errors. Jones will make one other pitching appearance, in 1901, but will play as an outfielder that year and next.

30th  Wild southpaw Cy Seymour of the Giants allows 11 walks in an 8-3 loss to the Orioles. He will be a 20-game winner, however.

Chicago releases Fred Pfeffer, a 16-year veteran. Called the cement that held together Chicago’s “stonewall infield,” Pfeffer was a career .255 hitter.

1897 July

1st  Lou Sockalexis breaks out of a slump going 5-for-5 to lead Cleveland to a 6-2 victory over St. Louis.

3rd  Boston players present a horseshoe of roses to Giants manager Bill Joyce before the game, then defeat him and the Giants 3–2.

5th  With the bases loaded, Pittsburgh’s Jim Donnelly hits a ball that goes through Jesse Burkett’s legs in left field. Burkett refuses to field it and by the time SS Ed McKean can get to the ball, four Pirate runners score. Cleveland loses the game 6–1, after winning the opener, 4-3.

After beating the Phillies, 3-2 in the opener, the Beaneaters win game 2, 8-5, with 5 runs in the 9th. This is the 7th time in 8 games that the league leaders have won a game in their final at bat. Boston’s victory, along with its win the next day, give the Beaneaters an incredible record of 28 wins in 30 games.

The Reds defeat Baltimore 8–5 for their 10th win in 11 games and move past the Orioles into 2nd place in the NL race.

At League headquarters President Nick Young says that Giants pitcher Amos Rusie will be worth $100,000 to the various league clubs before the present season is over. “A strong New York club helps everybody,” says Young.

6th  Brooklyn tries for a “Boston 9th-inning finish,” but fails, losing to New York 7–5.

9th  The Athletics score in 8 of 9 innings and accumulate 26 hits en route to a 19–7 rout of Cincinnati.

10th  Kid Baldwin, 33, dies in a Cincinnati charity hospital. Baldwin last played in 1890 and was admitted to the hospital in early June as a “hopeless wreck from dissolution.” The New York Times added at the time, “he can’t possibly live long.”

12th Louisville’s Tom McCreery sets a ML record by lining three inside-the-park homers off John Taylor. His liners come in the 3rd, 6th, and 9th innings of a 10-7 win over Philadelphia

Lou Sockalexis’ errors in right field are responsible for six of Boston’s eight runs in Cleveland’s 8-2 loss. Later in the week, “Sox” will be suspended for indifferent playing. His poor work is said to be due to dissipation.

13th  Ed Delahanty has 9 hits in 9 at bats during the Philadelphia-Louisville doubleheader. Philadelphia wins both games 4–3 and 9–7.

14th  Delahanty continues his hard-hitting, going 4-for-5 with 2 singles, a double, and a HR in Philadelphia’s 10–5 win over Louisville. Delahanty sets a record with 10 consecutive hits. He is the 4th player to have three consecutive four-hit games.

The Spiders upend the front-running Beaneaters, beating Boston, 18-12. Bobby Wallace has a grand slam for Cleveland, connecting in the 4th off Fred Klobedanz. It is the second slam that Klobedanz has served up this year.

15th  Washington 1B Tommy Tucker hits five singles and a double in 6 at bats in the Senators’ 16–5 win over the Reds. The hits come against Red Ehret and Bill Rhines, one of the first submariners.

16th  A game is played under electric lights at the Cycle Park in San Antonio, TX. Dallas wins the exhibition 10–5.

Hughey Jennings breaks up a pitcher’s duel in the 9th inning with a homerun with Willie Keeler on base. Baltimore edges the Colts, 2-1.

Owner outrage at players ineptitude is vividly expressed by Washington’s president J. Earl Wagner. His Senators, en route to a not-so-bad 7th place, are denounced as “dunghills and quitters.”

The Louisville Colonels announce the purchase of the contract of Patterson star Honus Wagner, the Atlantic League’s star fielder and batter.

After the Louisville Colonels score 5 runs in the bottom of the 9th to gain a 7–7 tie with New York, the Giants complain that the rally was illegally aided by suspicious calls by the umpire. New York refuses to take the field in the 10th inning, and the Colonels are awarded a 9–0 forfeit victory.

17th  Baltimore’s Willie Keeler gets 4 hits and scores 5 runs in a 20–2 rout of Chicago.

18th  Cap Anson lines a 4th-inning single off George Blackburn, as Clark Griffith and the Colts defeat Baltimore 6–3. In the 8th inning, O’s John McGraw twice steps in front of pitches from Griffith, and each time umpire Jim McDonald refuses to award first base to McGraw.

19th  Honus Wagner makes his first appearance, going 1-for-2, singling and stealing second as Louisville beats Washington 6–2.

22nd After a base on balls in the Pittsburgh-Baltimore game, umpire Jack Sheridan moves to his station behind the pitcher’s box. Pirate pitcher Pink Hawley says something to Sheridan whereupon the ump strikes Hawley on the cheek. Pink responds with two blows knocking out Sheridan. After 10 minutes, Sheridan is able to continue. Pittsburgh loses 9-1 in the opener, but recovers to take game 2, 4-3, as Pink starts that game as well.

24th With Philadelphia (NL) holding a 4-3 lead over Cleveland, the game is forfeited to Cleveland. No reason is given.

25th Bill Dahlen celebrates his return to the Chicago lineup after a long injury by swiping home against Louisville in the 4th inning. In the 6th, Colonel captain Fred Clarke tries to match the steal with one of his own; after being bunted to 2B, Clarke picks up the loosened bag and runs with it to 3B, but is tagged out in the process. He protests that he couldn’t be out, since he still has 2B, but Hank O’Day doesn’t buy the argument. Bill Dahlen’s steal of home is only run of the game.

27th At West Side Grounds, Bill Everett hits a walkoff homer in the last of the 10th to give the Colts a 4-3 win over the Reds.

28th The Giants score 7 runs in the 1st inning against Cy Young, who hangs on after that and gets some help from Cupid Childs, who hits a grand slam, triple and single. Cleveland knocks Seymour out in the 2nd and Cupid’s arrow is struck in the 3rd off reliever Jouett Meekin. Cleveland outlasts New York, 14-8.

31st  At Eastern Park, 11,000 fans cheer as Brooklyn’s “Fighting Bill” Kennedy takes a 2–0 lead into the 9th inning against the Giants. Giants pitcher Jouett Meekin leads off with a single. Two more singles, a sac bunt, an error on Davis’ grounder, and a fly ball ties the game and puts Davis at second. When umpire O’Day turns his back, “Fighting Bill” fires a ball at his head. Typically, Kennedy is offline, allowing Davis to trot home with what proves to be the winning run. The Giants win, 4–3.

Louisville ties a ML record by having 6 batters reach base after being hit by pitchers Mike McDermott and John Grimes of St. Louis. Grady and Cross hit homers but Louisville wins, 11–6, then drops the nitecap, 7–5.

At Cincinnati, the Indians—with Indian Lou Sockalexis out of the lineup—top the Reds, 6–3, behind the pitching of Cy Young. 5,500 look on.

1897 August

1st  In St. Louis, the Colonels take the first of two games, 31, with Horace McFarland umpiring. McFarland, however, cannot ump game 2 because of an injury and players Red Donohue and Charlie Dexter are appointed in McFarland’s place. Louisville is winning 5–4, with St. Louis at bat in the last of the 9th. After Tuck Turner fouls a pitch out of play, substitute umpire Donahue gives a new ball to pitcher Herb Cunningham, who promptly rolls it in the dirt. Donahue objects and gives him another ball. Five fresh balls are given the same treatment. Umpire Donahue then forfeits the game to St. Louis. The NL office will reverse the forfeit in a few weeks time.

2nd  Baltimore retakes 2nd place from the Reds with their 22ndstraight win over Philadelphia, 4–2. The Athletics will gain their first win over the Orioles in nearly 2 years tomorrow.

Despite 5 runs scored by Mike Griffin, Brooklyn loses 9-8 to New York. This is the first time a player has scored 5 times in a losing cause.

3rd Boston players present a horseshoe of roses to Giants manager Bill Joyce before the game, then beat the Giants, 3-2.

4th At Cincinnati, umpire Tim Hurst makes a decision against the home team in the 2nd inning of game 2 and a fan rolls an empty beer glass onto the field Hurst promptly picks it up and hurls it back into the stands and an unfortunate fan is hit and cut seriously. A patty wagon arrives and Hurst is arrested for assault and battery and will receive a suspension for the incident. Red Bittman takes his place behind the plate and the game is called at the end of 6 with the score tied at 4 apiece. In game 1, Tommy Corcoran scores 5 runs as the Reds roll over Pittsburgh, 14-3.

In the Cleveland-Louisville doubleheader, the Colonels win the opener on a forfeit when Jesse Burkett is thumbed out of the game when he calls umpire Wolf a “vile name.” Manager Tabeau, no patsy, refuses to replace him and Wolf calls a forfeit. “The indians played as if they did not care whether school was kept or not in the second game and the colonels won easily” (Boston Globe) by a 7-4 score. In the 9th inning Burkett again call the ump a name and is thrown out for the second time today. When he refuses to leave Wolf calls two policemen and Burkett is forcibly ejected.

At Chicago, pitcher Callahan is nixed in his try for a win when he walks two in the 9th and throws a wild pitch. The Cardinals win, 13-12. Lange has 4 hits and 5 runs for Chicago, the second time a player has scored 5 times in a losing cause; Griffin did it two days ago.

5th  Duff Cooley gets half of the Philadelphia Nationals 10 hits and 3 of their 5 runs to lead them to a 5–4, 12-inning win over New York. Philadelphia infielder Lave Cross makes 15 assists in the game to set a ML record that will stand alone for 85 years. Rick Burleson will match it in 1982 in a 20-inning game.

In a frustrating loss, the Beaneaters drop an 9-4 decision to the visiting Baltimore Orioles. Boston has 18 runners left on base, setting a NL record that will be tied but not topped in the 20thcentury. The A.A. record is 18 left on base, set by Baltimore in 1891

6th  In Boston, the Beaneaters edge the Orioles 6–5. In the 8thinning, umpire Lynch loses his temper and strikes Baltimore 1B Jack Doyle on the jaw. It takes the Boston police 10 minutes to restore order. LF Hugh Duffy saves the game for the league leaders by throwing out a runner at home in the bottom of the 9th.

For the first time in minor league play, three players hit successive homers as Detroit’s Harry Steinfieldt, Davis and Macauley connect against Kansas City (Western League).

7th  The Beaneaters defeat Baltimore for the 2nd straight time, winning 4-2, and drop the Orioles back into 3rd place.

9th  Jimmy Ryan, Chicago outfielder, is forced to sit out today’s game because someone stole his shoes. With Ryan sitting, the Colts still beat Louisville, 3-2.

Pitcher Joe Corbett (Gentleman Jim’s brother) becomes so upset at his teammate Jack Doyle’s nagging during a Brooklyn rally in the 3rd inning that he loses his temper, throws away the ball and walks to the locker room. Baltimore finally loses the game, 16-9. Corbett is the leading Oriole pitcher with a record of 16-6.

12th  Baltimore regains 2nd place with an 11–7 victory over its favorite opponent, Philadelphia.

13th  Before a ladies day crowd, Chicago’s Clark Griffith posts his first career shutout, beating Cincinnati 2–0, for his 104th win of his career. He has to “forget his superstition” (Chicago Tribune) about throwing shutouts as well as overcoming the fact that it is Friday the 13th. He gets help from Bill Lange whose two “frantic dashes” produced both runs. Lange scores the first on a single, stolen base, ground out and sac fly. The final run comes when Lange, stealing second when Anson hits a line drive, scores from first base.

14th     Today is Bid McPhee Day in Cincinnati and the 16-year veteran receives a check for $1500. The Reds split a pair with the visiting Pirates, losing 7-5 before winning 8-1.

Baltimore beats Brooklyn, 12-3, as Willie Keeler has 5 hits.

18th Baltimore pastes the Brooklyns 6–2, to follow up yesterday’s 12–3 win.

19th  The Orioles lose the first of 2 consecutive shutouts to Cleveland, breaking their 9-game winning streak. Cy Young shuts them out, 3-0.

The first-place Beaneaters sink the Pirates, 16-1, as Hugh Duffy hits a grand slam in the 1st inning off Pink Hawley.

At Eastern Park, Brooklyn tops St. Louis 13–5 to move into sole possession of 10th place in the 12-team league. They had been tied with Washington for the 10th spot.

21st Losing 12-7 with two out in the last of the 9th, Boston puts together two singles, three doubles and a Pat Donovan error to score six runs and beat the Pirates, 13-12. Boston maintains a three-game lead in the flag race.

23rd After Brooklyn wins game 1, 12–6, over the Pirates, Bill Kennedy completes the sweep with a 1–0 shutout. Umpire Tim Hurst is struck on the left temple with a foul tip and knocked out in the 5th inning. After 15 minutes he recovers and finishes the game.

27th  Roger Bresnahan, an 18-year-old player who will ultimately become a Hall of Fame catcher, pitches a shutout in his ML debut for Washington, allowing St. Louis 6 hits while winning 3–0. He will win 3 more games before rejecting a contract he feels is unworthy of his talent and going home to Toledo.

Baltimore sweeps a doubleheader from the Cincinnati Reds, winning 5-0 and 5-2, and takes over first place by 4 percentage points, .683 to .679, when Boston loses to Cleveland, 10-4.

At Philadelphia, Nap Lajoie shows up intoxicated for the game with Pittsburgh and, after his error in the first inning allows 2 runs, is suspended. Pittsburgh wins, 6-5.

In a 9-4 loss, Louisville rookie Honus Wagner hits his first ML homer, driving a Jack Dunn pitch over the RF fence at Brooklyn’s Eastern Park. Dunn will later achieve fame as the owner of the Baltimore Orioles when he signs Babe Ruth to a contract.

28th At Brooklyn, the Colonels take a pair, winning 11-5 and 6-5. Pitcher Chick Fraser has a grand slam for Louisville in the opener, connecting off Brickyard Kennedy in the 6th.

29th in the Western League, St. Paul doubles up on two Grand Rapids pitchers, winning 32-16. Frank Isbell has two singles and two homeruns.

30th In New York, the Colts are leading 7–5 after 8 innings when Colts manager Cap Anson, leading off the 9th, argues that it is too dark to continue. Umpire Bob Emslie tells Anson to hit and, after a strike is called, Anson protests so loudly that he is tossed, joining the Chicago subs in the club house. He refuses to allow a pinch hitter and Emslie rules an out against Chicago. Chicago then scores 3 runs for a woolworth lead, 10-5, and in the bottom of the 9th, takes the field without a left fielder (LF George Decker moves to Anson’s spot at 1B). Finally a figure [pitcher Dan Friend], dressed in a bathrobe and cap, emerges from the club house and takes his place in left. After two outs, Giants manager Scrappy Bill Joyce protests that Friend has no uniform on under the robe. At that point, Emslie throws up his hands and calls the game on account of darkness. Chicago wins, 7–5.

1897 September

3rd   Willie Keeler, with 4 hits, and “Dirty Jack” Doyle with 6, pace Baltimore’s 22–1 win over visiting St. Louis. Joe Kelley has 5 hits and 5 runs as Keeler also scores 5. The St. Louis pitchers are Frank Donohue and Coleman. One paper gives Keeler 6 hits in this game, prompting St. Louis scribe Frank Housman (quoted by Ernie Lanigan in his Cyclopedia) to object to the scoring method used in Baltimore: “Down in Baltimore one day, Keeler sent two fly balls to Lally, who muffed both of them. Then he hit to Hartman and the latter fumbled and then threw wild. Then Keeler made a good single. The next morning four hits appeared to Keeler’s credit in the Baltimore papers. Talk about Cleveland stuffing Burkett’s average, why, they are not in it with the oyster scribes of Baltimore.”

After losing the opener, 11–1, to Ted Breitenstein and the Reds, the Giants are victorious in game 2, winning 13-3 in 7 innings. Bid McPhee’s single to left in the 7th is the only hit allowed by Amos Rusie (21-8).

4th  Baltimore beats Pittsburgh, 7-2, behind the 6-hit pitching of Jerry Nops. Willie Keeler has 3 hits and Joe Kelley has a 3-run HR over the LF stands.

6th Baltimore sweeps a pair from visiting Pittsburgh, winning 8-7 in the morning game. Batting first again in the p.m. game the Orioles win, 7-2, to stay in first place by percentage points ahead of Boston. For the second time this season, Willie Keeler has 5 hits in a game, doing so in the opener.

At Boston, the Reds and Boston split a morning-afternoon twinbill. Ted Breitenstein is too much for Boston in the a.m., winning, 5-2, before the Reds fall, 10-2.

8th  Louisville unveils a new battery in catcher Ossee Schreckengost and 20-year-old Rube Waddell. Ossee goes 0-for-3 and Waddell loses his ML debut to the first-place Orioles, 5–1. Rube allows 11 hits, walks 4, and strikes out just 2. He will eventually register 2,316 strikeouts.

Boston stays four percentage points behind the Orioles as they crush St. Louis, 17-8. Chick Stahl hits a 1st-inning grand slam for Boston, off Bill Hart.

11th  In the first of two games today at Cincinnati, the Reds build up an insurmountable lead over the Washington Nationals, and the Nats send in 16-year-old pitcher Joe Stanley to throw the 8th inning. The teen retires the side in the 8th, but the Reds hammer him for 5 runs in the 9th to win 19–10. Stanley will resurface in 1902, as an outfielder. In the 2nd game, otherwise undistinguished Washington rookie OF Jake Gettman singles in his first at bat to tie Delahanty’s record of 10 hits in 10 consecutive times at bat. Gettman was 4-for-4 in yesterday’s 9–4 win and 5-for-5, including a 9th-inning grand slam, off Red Ehret, in the first game today. Washington wins the second game, 8-4.

13th  Pittsburgh leads 2-0 going into the 8th inning when Louisville’s first batter is safe at first on a close call. After an argument, Pittsburgh’s Pink Hawley and Steve Brodie are ejected. Before the inning is over Padden is ejected and Hoffmeister is fined $25 for throwing the ball at umpire Kelly’s head. Louisville scores 7 runs in the frame to win, 7–2.

Baltimore takes a pair from Chicago, winning 4-2 and 11-4. With Boston idle, the Orioles move into first place by a half game.

15th  For the third straight game Win Mercer starts for Washington, this time losing 5-4 to Brooklyn, allowing the winning run with two outs in the 9th. Mercer pitched on September 13, but was thumbed out of the game in the 4th inning with the score 0-0. He won yesterday, 10-9, over the Reds in a game ended after 6 innings on account of darkness. Only five pitchers in the 20th Century will start three games in a row.

17th  The Boston Beaneaters help “Kid” Nichols to his 30th win of the season, an easy 17–0 victory over the Giants. Mike Sullivan is the loser.

Baltimore wins its 12th straight game (two ties), 11–6 over the Philadelphia Athletics.

18th  In the first game of a doubleheader in Cleveland, Cy Young shuts out the Reds 6–0 on a no-hitter, the only one in the NL this year and the first in 4 years. Only 4 men reach 1B, all on errors. One of the errors is a hot smash to 3B Bobby Wallace and it is initially credited as a hit. After the 8th inning, Wallace sends a note to the press box saying it should be an error, and the box score is changed. Young will later say he regards this game as a one-hitter as he thought the grounder was “too warm” for Wallace to handle.

Bill “Adonis” Kelly, 14-year NL veteran now pitching for Milwaukee (Western League) allows St. Paul only one hit, a single by Jack Glasscock, in a 5–1 win.

19th  In a 5-2 win over lowly Louisville, Cap Anson lines a second-inning single for his 3,000th hit. There is still some confusion over the actual date of his 3,000th hit, but this was derived by working backwards from his career total of 3,012 hits and today is generally conceded to be his 3,000th hit game.

20th  Former heavyweight champion James J. Corbett plays 1B for Milwaukee (WL) in a 7–6 win at Minneapolis. Batting cleanup, “Gentleman Jim” singles twice, scores once, and is middle man in a 6-3-2 double play. It is his 29th appearance in a scheduled minor league game.

At the Polo Grounds, Baltimore’s Joe Corbett, brother of James J., faces off against the Giants Amos Rusie in an important game. Neither pitcher is sharp and in the 8th when Baltimore ties it up at 9 each. With two outs, the Giants load the bases and Rusie lines his third hit of the game to drive in his 4th run. With the Giants up 10-9, the game is called on account of darkness. The Orioles are essentially tied for first place with the idle Boston Beaneaters.

21st  Second place Boston plays two against visiting Brooklyn and “the difference between the first and second was as that between hunks of Ashland coke and the diamonds on Harry Von der Horst’s shirt front” (Boston Globe). Things start poorly for Kid Nichols when batterymate Charlie Ganzel drops two foul flies hit by leadoff batter Fielder Jones. Jones walks to start a 12-run first inning against Nichols, a total for the frame that won’t be matched by any pitcher. Luke Hudson, on August 13, 2006, will give up 11 runs in first inning, getting just one out, the closest to Nichols’s total. Brooklyn racks up another 5 runs in the 4th inning to knock out the Kid as they go on to win, 22–5. Boston reverses things in game 2, winning, 9–1.

22nd  The Beaneaters defeat Brooklyn 12–0 in their last home game for a 52-13 record at South End grounds. They trail the Orioles by .001 point: .707 to .706.

24th  The biggest series of the season starts at Baltimore as 13,000 fans see Boston beat the Orioles, 6–4. Boston’s record is now 90-37 while Baltimore’s is 87-37.

25th  Baltimore strikes back by beating Boston, 6–3, and moving back into first place. Bill Hoffer outpitches Fred Klobedanz before 18,000.

In Pittsburgh, in the 7th inning with the score tied at 1-1, pitcher Jim Gardner is giving Bill Lange of Chicago an intentional base on balls when Lange steps across the plate and hits a two-run double. Chicago scores five more runs and wins, 8–1, in a game called after 8 innings because of darkness.

26th  In Chicago, 8000 fans attend Fred Pfeffer Day raising a purse of $3000 for the retired second baseman. The old-timers game sees such famous stars as “Cherokee” Fisher, Ross Barnes and Joe Quest.

At New Sportsman’s Park in St. Louis, Reds slugger Jake Beckley hits three homeruns, including a pair of splash homers, as the Reds clip the Browns, 10-4. Beckley’s three drives are all over the fence and two of them land in the pond at the end of the water chute slide. As noted by historian John Snyder, the chute, the pond and the race track installed by owner Chris Van der Ahe will all be removed in the offseason. The Browns also lose game 2 today, 8-6, their 18th loss in a row, which gives them a record of 27-100. They will win tomorrow.

27th  A crowd of 25,390 witness the final game of the series between Baltimore and Boston, as the Beaneaters overwhelm the Orioles 19–10. Grandstand overflow puts fans within 20 feet of home plate, while 15 ground-rule doubles fall among OF standees. The Beaneaters put the game away with 9 runs on 11 hits in the 7thinning. Kid Nichols goes the distance for Boston.

After 23 straight defeats by Cincinnati, dating from September 25, 1895, St. Louis wins the team’s 12th and last game of the season series, 5–4.

28th Chicago scores 11 runs in the 5th inning against Pittsburgh, and they need it as Chicago wins, 15–14 in 7 innings as darkness cuts the match short. Dale Wright allows 17 Pittsburgh hits but wins his only ML decision, finishing with a career 18.00 ERA. Jimmy Ryan and Barry McCormick each collect 4 hits.

30th  Boston clinches the 1897 NL pennant—Frank Selee’s 4th—with a 12–3 victory over Brooklyn, as Baltimore loses 9–3 to Washington. Their winning percentage of .705 is the highest in Boston history.

1897 October

1st St. Louis owner Von der Ahe, losing money as the Browns lose games, takes over as the 4th manager this season, the 12th since the team rejoined the NL in 1892. Von der Ahe, 0-2 in his last stint as manager last year, will go 2–12. This is the 3rd year in a row the Browns have had 4 managers.

The final game of the Steinert Cup, played between the top two teams in the Eastern League, is played in London, Ontario with Syracuse defeating Toronto, 12-7. Toronto leads in the series 3–2 as it ends with a disagreement between the teams on where to play the remaining game.

3rd  Chicago finishes the 1897 season by splitting a doubleheader with St. Louis, losing 10–9, after blowing an 8-0 lead, and winning the 7-inning nitecap 7–1. Cap Anson, just past his 45th birthday, hits 2 HRs in the first game, but St. Louis righty Willie Sudhoff (1–8) holds on for his first win of the year. In the 7-run 7th, Tuck Turner hits a grand slam off Chicago’s Clark Griffith, who is the loser. Anson steals a base in the nightcap, his final game in a remarkable career that spans 26 years. He ends the season with a .302 average, the oldest player to hit .300, and the oldest to hit two homers in a game. Walter Thornton is the winner for Chicago.

4th  The contest for the Temple Cup starts with a 13–12 home victory for Boston over Baltimore, before 9,600. Charley “Kid” Nichols and Ted Lewis pitch for the winners; Jerry Nops hurls for the Orioles.

5th  The 2nd game of the series sees Baltimore turn back Boston 13–11 behind Joe Corbett.

6th  In the 3rd game of the Temple Cup series, Baltimore wins, 8-3, in a rain-shortened 7 innings.

9th  Twenty-five hundred fans at Baltimore watch the Orioles win their 3rd game 12–11. The Orioles score 11 times in the first 2 innings off Jack Stivetts.

11th  Baltimore wins the Temple Cup, and $310 for each player, by defeating Boston 9–3. The crowd is so small that management refuses to give the exact number.

15th  W. C. Temple of Pittsburgh, whose trophy has been contested for the last 4 baseball seasons, is dissatisfied with this year’s contest. He will attend the league meeting and ask that the Cup be returned to him. The league will investigate the charge that the players agreed beforehand to divide the receipts equally.

17th  Louis Sockalexis visits Cleveland president Robison’s office broke and penitent. He emerges with a ticket to Old Town, Maine, a roll of bills in his pocket, and an admonition from Robison: “Leave the spirits and soubrettes alone and you will make a hit.”

19th  Oliver Perry Caylor, baseball editor of the New York Herald, dies of a “lingering illness” at age 47. O.P., as he signed his column, was among the best of his time at the evolving skill of sports writing, and while sports editor of the Cincinnati Enquirer, was influential in the formation of the American Association.

24th  The exhibition tour of the Baltimore Orioles and the “All America” team stops in Kansas City and plays an exciting game before 7,000 fans. Joe Corbett beats Kid Nichols, 6–4.

1897 November

2nd President Harry Pulliam of the Louisville club is elected Representative in the Kentucky Legislature.

7th  The Baltimore and All America teams play in San Francisco with the Orioles losing, 16-7, to Billy Rhines. A crowd of 15,000 is on hand. Each team will win 20 games on the tour, with one tie.

8th  At the NL meetings in Philadelphia, Western League president Ban Johnson proposes a revision of the draft process: 1) No draft of Class A players with less than two years experience in their league; 2) No more than two players drafted from any one club; 3) The draft price to be doubled to $1,000; 4) Relief for minor league clubs obligated to pay major league contracts of players returned to them. NL owners say no to all the proposals.

In the ensuing draft Chicago gets California catcher Frank Chance, the Reds select Harry Steinfeldt, and the Phillies nab Kid Elberfeld and Elmer Flick.

To curb rowdiness, the NL agrees to assign two umpires to every game next year.

10th  The Pirates trade Pink Hawley and Mike Smith and $1500 to the Reds for three Bills, a Jack and an ace: Billy Rhines, Bill “Pop” Schriver, Ace Stewart, Bill Gray and Jack McCarthy.

The St. Louis Browns make a blockbuster trade by sending SS Monte Cross, C Klondike Douglass and P Red Donahue to the Phillies. St. Louis receives lefty catcher Jack Clements, P Jack “Brewery Jack” Taylor, Lave Cross and outfielder Tommy Dowd. President Von der Ahe later reveals he gets $5,500 as well from the Phils.

11th  The Browns continue trading sending catcher Mike Grady and Fred Hartman to the New York Giants in exchange for the well-traveled Jim Donnelly, Ducky Holmes and $3500. Tomorrow they will swap Bill Hallman to the Brooklyn Bridegrooms for George Shoch and $1000. With all the changes on the field, the last-place Browns will still be in last place, despite an increase in winning percentage.

13th  At the NL meetings, President Young announces that the Temple Cup Series has been discontinued, and that there will be 2 umpires per game next year.

1897 December

6th  In Baltimore, groundskeeper Murphy is making extensive improvements to Union Park. The infield between first and second is being raised 1 ½ feet to make it level with third base and right field is being raised five feet to make the level nearer to that of home plate.

7th  The Pittsburgh Pirates trade Joe Sugden to the St. Louis Browns for Morgan Murphy.

10th  Washington trades Doc McJames, Gene DeMontreville and Dan McGann to the Baltimore Orioles in exchange for Jack Doyle, Heinie Reitz and Doc Amole.

21st The Pirates trade pitcher Jim Hughey to the Browns for Bill Hart and $1800. Hughey will lose 30 games next year for the Browns, the last ML pitcher to do so.

31st  Charles H. Ebbets, 38, who “has handled every dollar” (NY Times, January 2, 1898) entering the Brooklyn club’s treasury for the past 15 years, gains a controlling 80 percent interest in the team.

1898 January

1st Charles Ebbets announces to reporters that he now controls 85 percent of the stock of the Brooklyn team. He will assume the presidency after the death of Byrne, but his announced purchases will fall through when he fails to exercise his options to buy the [Ferdinand A.] Abell block of shares and does not pick up George W. Chauncey’s shares.

4th Charles Byrne, president of the Brooklyn club since 1890, and a power in the NL, dies of Bright’s disease in Brooklyn. The 55-year-old executive also had managed the Brooklyn AA team in 1885-87.

8th  NL president Nick Young says he will have the more experienced umpires such as Tom Lynch, Bob Emslie, and Hank O’Day stay behind the plate when he institutes the new 2-umpire system. Previously, the single umpire would move behind the pitcher only with men on base.

The NL reverts to a 154-game schedule after five years at 132.

31st  Cap Anson, 45, is fired after 19 years as player-manager of Chicago. Strong-minded Cap, with a record of 1,288 victories and 5 pennants, was enormously popular in Chicago, though not with club owner James Hart. Former infielder Tom Burns takes over for Chicago, who are now called the Orphans, with Anson gone.

1898 February

8th Cap Anson declines the public offering to rise a large subscription saying, “The public owes me nothing. I am not old and am no pauper. I can earn my own living. Besides that, I am by no means out of baseball.”

13th  President John T. Brush of the Cincinnati club dismisses criticism of his proposed league resolution to punish players who use vulgar and obscene language on the field, saying newspaper criticism is the result of ignorance.

16th Geraldine Farrar, 16-year-old daughter of one-time Phillies first baseman Sid, is launched on a career as an operatic soprano after an impressive audition at the Boston Theatre.

1898 March

1st At a league meeting in St. Louis, Reds president Brush pushes through his resolution to “suppress obscene, indecent, and vulgar language on the ball field by players.” There is considerable discussion, but it passes unanimously.

8th The St. Louis Globe Democrat comments that certain players will have to take precautions to avoid penalty for rowdy conduct. Names mentioned are Patsy Tebeau, Scrappy Joyce, Hugh Jennings, Joe Kelley, Jack “Dirty” Doyle, Fred Clarke, Mike Griffin, Hugh Duffy, and Mike Grady.

12th  Former umpire Tim Hurst arrives in St. Louis to take over management of the Browns. The team will have spring practice at West Baden Springs, IN.

17th Baltimore manager Ned Hanlon has a dilemma in that one-half of his players agree to go to Macon, Georgia, for spring practice, while others, including Willie Keeler and Joe Kelley, want to stay up north. Kelley also wants his salary raised from $2,700 to $2,800. Pitcher Joe Corbett threatens to hold out.

Bill Lange offers to give up his position as captain of the Chicago team so that Bill Dahlen might have the job. Tom Burns, the new manager, says no decision has been reached on the matter.

27th Scrappy Joyce, new manager of the NY Giants, says facetiously that if the U.S. Army runs out of cannons in the conflict with Spain, he will loan his hard throwing pitching staff of Amos Rusie, Cy Seymour, Jouett Meekin, and Ed Doheny.

1898 April

2nd  Famed heavyweight boxer Jim Corbett, whose brother Joe pitches for Baltimore, claims he made $17,000 last year by playing in well-advertised minor league games for a sizable cut of the gate. Sporting Life notes disparagingly that it was “a pretty fair salary for a first baseman of his class.”

6th Pitcher Amos Rusie and OF Mike Tiernan of the Giants are on the sick list. The cold and wet weather while the team has been playing at Lakewood, NY, instead of Hot Springs, Ark, is blamed.

15th At Louisville’s League Park, an estimated 10,000 fans crowd the opener to watch the home team beat Pittsburgh, 10–3. Louisville is led by Fred Clarke’s 3 singles and Honus Wagner’s two singles. Officiating on the bases as the NL introduces a two-umpire system is John Heydler.

The Chicagoes, with Clark Griffith pitching and captain Bill Dahlen hitting a 2B and 3B, spoil Tim Hurst’s managerial debut by beating St. Louis, 2–1.

16th  The league urges official scorers to award hits, rather than automatic errors, on hard-hit balls that handcuff infielders; to be scrupulous in awarding assists to all players handling balls in rundowns; and to cease awarding hits to batters on fielder’s-choice plays.

The Sportsman’s Park grandstand is destroyed by fire in the 2ndinning with the Browns at bat against Chicago. Forty persons are injured as a crowd of 6,000 stampedes to escape. The Browns new manager Tim Hurst and players help workmen remove debris so that the April 17th day game can be played.

17th Chicago lashes 4 triples in the 4th inning on their way to a 14–1 drubbing of St. Louis. Walt Thornton is the winner over Kid Carsey. The Browns will finish last gain with a 39–111 record, but do it all under one manager for a change.

Bobby Mathews, who won the historic first National Association game in 1871, dies of paresis at Baltimore. He was 47. (historian Bob Davids says he was 46).

18th Jim Hughes of Sacramento makes his ML debut with Baltimore, and pitches a 2-hit, 9–0 win over Washington.

20th  John McGraw, Baltimore’s feisty 3B, who will lead the league in runs (143) and walks (112), gets 3 of each in an 18–3 drubbing of Boston.

21st  Phillies pitcher Bill Duggleby hits a bases-full HR in his first ML at bat against Giants lefty Cy Seymour, who later will be a NL homerun leader. Duggleby’s event was the 2nd homer (Mike Griffin, April 16, 1887) hit in a first ML at-bat and his grand slam debut will not be matched until Jeremy Hermida does so in 2005. The host Phillies bat first and win, 13–4, taking advantage of a wild Seymour, who walks 7, hits 3 and balks.

Chicago’s Clark Griffith stops the heavy-hitting Louisville Colonels, 8–2, allowing just two hits—by Honus Wagner and Doc Nance. Bert Cunningham allows 9 hits in the loss, including a homer by Barry McCormick.

22nd  Two no-hitters: Baltimore’s Jim Hughes hurls an 8–0 win against Boston in his 2nd ML start; Cincinnati’s Ted Breitenstein pitches an 11-0 win against Pittsburgh, marking the first time two 9-inning no-hitters are pitched on the same day. For Hughes, it is his second straight shutout.

23rd Today’s issue of The Sporting Life reports that “The latest freak scheme of ball players is to ‘bone’ their bats. This is done by rubbing and polishing their “wagon tongues” with soup bones. There seems to be more superstition in the idea than utility.”

24th Spain declares war on the U.S. and the ensuing conflict will depress baseball attendance. In one week Admiral Dewey will destroy the Spanish fleet in Manila bay.

With Jim Hughey on the mound, the St. Louis Browns beats his old team, the Pirates, 13-1. Hughey scatters 11 hits, starts two DPs, and has a homer and triple at the plate. The Pirates will get back at Hughey on the 27th, beating him, 21-2.

27th  All New York players, including P Cy Seymour, score one or more runs in a 20–6 rout of Washington, which is called after 7 innings. Bill Donovan makes his debut, pitching 3 innings of relief, but he is wild.

28th  The game at Philadelphia is postponed on account of snow.

29th Frank Chance makes his first appearance as Chicago whips visiting Louisville 16–2, scoring 9 runs in the 7th inning. Chance comes in as catcher in the 8th inning, and is allegedly ordered by P Clark Griffith to drop a foul pop fly because the pitcher has a fear of shutouts. Chance does muff a foul popup, but not because Griff orders him to. In fact, the dropped ball is made by 1B Everitt in the 8th after Griffith yells at him to do it. The pitcher gives up 2 runs in the 8th as he lobs the ball in. Griffith got his first whitewash last August 13, and will overcome his calcimine aversion and will to lead the NL and AL in shutouts in consecutive years.

30th  Opening Day at Brooklyn’s new Washington Park attracts 15,000 fans to see a 6–4 Brooklyn loss to Philadelphia. President Charles Ebbets and his young daughter, dressed in red, white, and blue, participate in the elaborate, patriotic pageantry. Veteran Sam Thompson hits the first HR in the new park, his last homer in the ML.

1898 May

1st  The Board of Discipline of the National Baseball League adopts a set of rules to suppress rowdy ball playing. John T. Brush said the resolution, which he proposed, “has worked like a charm.”

3rd  Brooklyn’s Jimmy Sheckard hits a HR, 2 triples, and a single in a 9–6 defeat of Philadelphia. Eleven total bases will be the season’s one-game high mark.

4th  Nap Lajoie of the Phillies goes 0-for-4 after 22 hits in the first 11 games.

5th  Baltimore manager Ned Hanlon sends a nasty letter to the league president, Nick Young, for scheduling a single game in New York. The Orioles arrived for the game, but were rained out, and Hanlon paid for the futile trip “without receiving a penny.”

6th Brooklyn scores 6 runs in the 9th inning and defeats Washington, 10–9.

7th Depressed after a series of rainouts, Baltimore manager Hanlon is rejuvenated by the news of Admiral Dewey’s victory at Manila Bay. “When Dewey comes back to America, he can have anything he wants from the National League.” He proposes free annual passes to the Admiral and his men for “all baseball grounds in the country.”

8th  Rookie Harry Steinfeldt, the “wonder from Wonderville,” replaces injured Bid McPhee at 2B for the Reds, gets 3 hits against Louisville, and handles 9 chances afield. The Reds win, 7-1.

9th Boston, the 1897 champions, is playing only .500 ball. Rookie Jim Hughes shuts them out on 2 hits, while the Orioles pile up 13 runs against Kid Nichols.

10th  Amos Rusie of the Giants sets down Brooklyn on one hit and wins 5–0.

The game in Philadelphia is cancelled because of snow (SportingLife calls it “rain.”) To date, 68 NL games have been postponed because of rain or snow.

11th  With the bases full and one out, Oriole RF Tommy O’Brien muffs Bobby Lowe’s short fly, recovers the ball, runs in, tags Jimmy Collins at 2B, and steps on the bag to force Chick Stahl and complete an unassisted DP. Batting first, Boston beats the visiting Orioles, 8-4.

12th After being shut out twice by Jim Hughes of Baltimore, Boston lands on the young hurler for a 15–6 blowout. Herman Long lives up to his name with a grand slam in the 6th. As a result, Cincinnati moves past the Orioles into first place.

Cy Seymour pitches and bats the Giants to a 6–3 win over Brooklyn. He fans eight and hits a HR and a triple.

14th Manager Bill Joyce hits two home runs off Gus Weyhing and leads the Giants to a 6–2 win over Washington.

17th  Boston’s Ted Lewis, a graduate of Williams College, shuts out Brooklyn, 12–0, giving up only one hit, a 9th-inning single, to opposing hurler Joe Yeager.

18th Chicago pitcher Walter Thornton has a bad control day as hits 3 consecutive batters in the 4th in an 11–4 loss to St. Louis. Willie Sudhoff is the winner, while former Colt player George Decker has 4 hits. Thornton’s 3 HBPs in a row is a ML record.

19th  Jake Beckley, Reds 1B, hits 3 consecutive triples off Kid Nichols in a 5–4 win over Boston.

Pitcher Frank Kitson makes his debut with Baltimore and blanks Pittsburgh, 6–0, on 4 hits.

Brooklyn sells John Anderson to Washington. After the season Brooklyn will successfully argue that Anderson was just a “loan” and he will return to the Superbas.

21st Have you thought about the outfield, Cy? Before 5,000 in St. Louis, Cy Seymour walks 10 batters as St. Louis romps over the Giants, 14-5. Seymour also contributes 3 errors in the 6th inning to set a NL record. Jack Taylor is the winner. Jaimie Navarro will tie Seymour’s record in 1996.

22nd  A 9th-inning scratch single by Brooklyn batter Fielder Jones breaks up a no-hit effort by Chick Fraser of Louisville, who wins 3–0.

23rd The Eastern League, struggling to stay alive, cuts all rosters to 15 players.

24th  The highest run total of the season is scored in a 15–13 Oriole defeat of the Orphans in Chicago. The pitcher yields 36 hits, 10 walks, 2 wild pitches, and 3 hit batsmen.

Pitcher Clark Griffith of Chicago, ejected from the Baltimore game, spews obscene language at umpire Tom Lynch, who threatens him with the Board of Discipline. Sporting Life notes “the only witness appears to be catcher Bowerman of Baltimore, who is hardly likely to testify against Griffith.”

25th  Chicago scores 20 runs off rookie Frank Kitson of Baltimore, who pitched a shutout in his debut May 19th. The game is called after 7 innings with Chicago winning, 20–4.

30th  Cincinnati OF Elmer Smith, a former pitcher, is blanked after hitting in 30 consecutive games dating from Opening Day. The Reds defeat Ralph Miller of Brooklyn 7–2.

31st President Nick Young, in Cincinnati, says he is disappointed with the lower attendance at league games. He blames it on poor playing weather and the excitement over the war with Spain.

1898 June

1st Former P Charles Sweeney, recently released from San Quentin penitentiary where he served a sentence for manslaughter, officiates in the San Francisco-San Jose game as a California League umpire.

3rd  Jack Clements of St. Louis becomes the first player to catch 1,000 games. He drives in the winning run in a 5–4 victory over Baltimore. Ironically, he is a lefty thrower and his record will soon be surpassed by Wilbert Robinson and Deacon McGuire.

6th  Bill Dahlen, Chicago SS, hits 3 triples in a 15–2 triumph at Brooklyn. It’s the 2nd time he’s had 3 triples in a game, but the other time was under ground rules about balls hit into the crowd.

8th  Hugh Duffy hits a grand slam, off Pink Hawley, to lead the Beaneaters to a 10-1 win over the Reds. It is Duffy’s 4th career grand slam and he and Jimmy Ryan will share the ML record until Honus Wagner tops it in 1915.

9th  Ed Doheny of the Giants fans 12, but 7 walks, 5 wild pitches, and 6 New York errors give Chicago a 10–8 victory.

P-OF Jack Stivetts breaks a 9th-inning 5–5 tie with Cincinnati as he delivers a game-winning pinch HR, the 3rd such wallop of his career. His record will stand for 16 years.

10th  A hard week for managers: Tom Brown is replaced at Washington by “Dirty Jack” Doyle, Billy Barnie is fired by 9th-place Brooklyn. Barnie’s successor, CF Mike Griffin, resigns after 4 games; President Charlie Ebbets fills in. “Scrappy” Bill Joyce is dropped by the New York Giants in favor of Cap Anson, who takes over tomorrow.

11th Cap Anson makes his debut as Giants manager and guides New York to a 6–2 win over Brooklyn at the Polo Grounds. Anson will not be happy with owner Andrew Freedman and last just 22 games at the Giants’ helm before Joyce returns as manager,

13th  Former pitcher Charles Sweeney, recently released from San Quentin penitentiary where he served time for manslaughter, officiates in the San Francisco–San Jose game as a California League umpire.

14th John Anderson, Norway’s gift to the major leagues, leads Washington to 2 close wins over Baltimore with a timely homer in each game. The Nationals win 8–7 and 4–2.

Walt Woods, Chicago righty, loses to Cincinnati, 2–1, in 14 innings.

18th  After the players mutiny and refuse to play, Philadelphia deposes 29-year-old manager George Stallings, who was in his second year of managing the team. The abrasive Stallings will mellow and resurface as the manager of the 1914 Miracle Braves. Club secretary Bill Shettsline, a nonprofessional, will be 15 games above .500 managing for the remaining 103 games.

19th  With Cleveland batting in the bottom of the 8th inning at Euclid Beach Park, the game ends abruptly when all of the Cleveland players are arrested for violating the Sunday blue law. Not so coincidentally, the Spiders had just scored to go ahead 4–3, so the arrests assure Cleveland of a victory

20th  Elmer Flick, who swings a 54-ounce bat, hits 3 triples for the Phillies at St. Louis in a 14–2 victory.

22nd  Having lost to Cincinnati 2–1 in 14 innings on June 17th, Chicago P Walt Woods loses to Boston 6–5 in 14 innings, his 2nd loss of that lengthen a week. Boston’s Ted Lewis relieves Vic Willis with 3 runs in, 2 on, and one out in the first inning, and induces the Orphan batter to hit into a double play. Lewis, “The Pitching Professor” (he is the Harvard baseball coach) finally triumphs over Chicago in the longest and one of the best relief efforts of the 19thcentury.

25th Cap Anson is quoted as saying, “the Brush rule (against rowdyism on the field) does more harm than good.”

27th Peoria beats St. Joseph, 8–4, in a Western Association game. After giving up 3 runs in the 1st, St. Joe’s McDonald pitches 19 scoreless innings. Peoria’s Quinn, arriving in the 5th with the score 3–3, matches him for 15, and wins on a 5-run rally in the 21st.

28th. New York wins the first of two at Cleveland, 4-0, before losing the second game, 6-4. In game 2, New York manager Cap Anson, “choking with rage, purple with anger,” is banished from the field by umpire Charles Cushman for disputing a call. Several policemen are needed to escort him off. Chief Zimmer circles the bases when New York catcher Mike Grady, preoccupied with arguing the third strike call, throws the ball away in frustration. Anson will go 9-13 as manager before turning the reins back to Bill Joyce who started the season as manager.

29th  The Western Association disbands due to lack of attendance.

30th  The Phillies run up the season’s record total of 27 hits, whipping Cincinnati, 17–3. Southpaw Wee Willie Dammann goes the route for the Reds, allowing 40 total bases.

1898 July

3rd Playing manager Fred Clarke of Louisville goes 4-for-6, including 2 doubles, in a 12-inning loss at Boston. Cap will be the league leader in 4-hit games with 7.

4th  While Cleveland’s Cy Young is delivering the ball in the 8thinning, Sam Mertes of Chicago steals home to tie the score. Then he drives in the winning run in the 9th, 4–3, to pin the loss on Cy. Frank Isbell is the winner. Cleveland takes the opener, 11–2, as Zeke Wilson cuts down Chicago’s Walt Woods.

The Senators, playing without the league’s top hitter Duke Farrell (.390), manage a split with the Brooklyn Trolley Dodgers. Farrell crushed the 2nd finger on his right hand in the door of a smoker on the train, and will be out for two weeks. His place in CF is taken by Al “Butts” Wagner, Honus’s brother, who hits a 2-run HR, his only four bagger in the ML, a double and scores 3 runs in the 9-5 nightcap win. Bill Dinneen strikes out 8. The Dodgers take the a.m. game, 4-3.

John Gaffney, former “King of the Umpires”, who has signed an abstinence pledge, returns to the arbiter’s role with former player-manager Tom Brown, to handle the Baltimore-Philadelphia holiday twinbill.

5th  With the agreement of Atlantic League president Ed Barrow, Lizzie (Stroud) Arlington pitches an inning for Reading against Allentown. The lady hurler gives up two hits but no runs in the first appearance of a woman in organized baseball.

6th  Arlie Pond pitches Baltimore to a 15–0 win over Philadelphia in his last game before entering the Army Medical Corps as an assistant surgeon.

Three New England teams disband and the league collapses. This is one of several minor leagues which are closing because of the war and lack of patronage.

7th  Criticized for being unable “to handle men in the up-to-day style,” Cap Anson resigns as Giants manager with a 9-13 record. Bill Joyce is reappointed on the same day.

8th  Frank “Red” Donahue, of the Phillies, no-hits the visiting Beaneaters 5–0, allowing just 4 base runners. The only baserunner to reach second is Herman Long, who walks and swipes. It is the 2nd no-hitter pitched against the champs this season. Donahue’s no-hitter will have to sustain the hometown fans for some time: there will be no no-hitters in Philley in the 20th century.

Bill Joyce returns as Giants manager and New York celebrates with a 10–1 win over Brooklyn. Joyce replaces Cap Anson, who was 9–13 in his 22 games as manager and who failed to get the support of owner Andrew Freedman. The Giants purchase the aggressive and versatile Jack Doyle from Washington. Having recovered from a bout of malaria, he will be used in the outfield, at short, and at first base.

9th  The Phillies sell versatile veteran Jack Boyle to the Giants, the team that had traded him to Philadelphia five years earlier. New York will return the unused Boyle to the Phillies on August 15. Boyle is the first player to catch over 500 games and play at least two other seasons at first base (458 games): Joe Torre will be the next. “Honest Jack” also played all the other infield positions as well as outfield.

11th Led by Klondike Douglas, the Phillies beat Cleveland, 9-3. Klondike hits two 3-run doubles, connecting in the 2nd and 6thinnings, to tie the ML record set by Bob Gilks in 1890.

14th Nick Altrock, a young lefty who won 16 at Grand Rapids (WA), makes a modest beginning in relief for the Colonels in a 9–1 rout by Boston.

Brooklyn pitcher Bill Kennedy gives a well-rounded effort against Pittsburgh, holding them to 3 hits, getting 2 himself, and having 6 assists in a 4–1 victory.

Reds manager Buck Ewing, frustrated when the Orioles tie the game in the 9th, throws a ball over the grandstand and is expelled. The game ends in a 12-inning 5-5 tie.

15th  In Baltimore, Chicago 3B Barry McCormick accuses his team’s 1B, Bill Everett, of making a rotten throw, sparking a fist fight. A Baltimore spectator, trying to intervene, is hit. McCormick withdraws from the game, and the Orioles win, 10–9.

20th  Joe Corbett, the Baltimore hurler who has been holding out all season for a higher salary, spars with brother Jim, heavyweight champion of the world, to prepare him for his fight with Kid McCoy. Joe Corbett, who won 24 games in 1897, will not pitch in the majors again till 1904.

21st The first non-holiday scheduled doubleheaders are played in six NL cities (as noted by Charlie Bevis). The leading Cincinnati Reds split with the Nationals in Washington, while the second place Beaneaters beat St. Louis, 7-1, in a single game. The 3rd-place Spiders take a pair from the host Baltimores.

22nd  Amos Rusie edges Pittsburgh’s Frank Killen 1–0 in 13 innings at New York.

23rd   President Nick Young defends the double umpire system, saying the umpires are not protected as much as in past years, and do not have to be shifted as frequently. Travel costs are reduced. His office has received just 25 percent of the complaints of the previous year.

25th The Giants forfeit a game to Baltimore in the 4th on orders from President Freedman. He is offended by personal remarks from Orioles LF Ducky Holmes, who used to play for Freedman. Holmes will be suspended, Baltimore will demand its share of the gate receipts, and the controversy will continue for several months.

28th  Louisville star Honus Wagner leads the Colonels to their 8thstraight win by hitting his first grand slam, in the 1st, and driving in 5 runs. Louisville pins the 6–4 loss on New York ace Amos Rusie. Despite the streak, the Colonels are just 32–55.

29th  Faced with a labor boycott in Cleveland, the Spiders transfer their series against Baltimore to Philadelphia.

Baltimore appeals to the NL board of directors for its share of gate receipts for the July 25 game forfeited by New York. Baltimore feels a $1000 penalty should be instituted against New York.

Aggressive Bill Dahlen, notorious umpire baiter, is banished by freshman arbiter Tommy Connolly for “kicking.” He and hot-tempered Cleveland manager Patsy Tebeau will lead the league in this category with 6 expulsions.

31st  In the first 85 games, Cleveland has played 21 errorless games, and 21 others with only one miscue, considered a “remarkable fielding record.”

At Chicago, the Orphans beat the Senators, 7-4, to complete a three-game sweep. Washington’s Kip Selbach gets thumbed by umpire Pop Snyder and then is told to leave the bench because of “sarcastic laughter” (Chicago Tribune).

1898 August

3rd Playing manager Fred Clarke of Louisville goes 4-for-6, including 2 doubles, in a 12-inning loss at Boston. Cap will be the league leader in 4-hit games with 7.

4th  While Cleveland’s Cy Young is delivering the ball in the 8thinning, Sam Mertes of Chicago steals home to tie the score. Then he drives in the winning run in the 9th, 4–3, to pin the loss on Cy. Frank Isbell is the winner. Cleveland takes the opener, 11–2, as Zeke Wilson cuts down Chicago’s Walt Woods.

The Senators, playing without the league’s top hitter Duke Farrell (.390), manage a split with the Brooklyn Trolley Dodgers. Farrell crushed the 2nd finger on his right hand in the door of a smoker on the train, and will be out for two weeks. His place in CF is taken by Al “Butts” Wagner, Honus’s brother, who hits a 2-run HR, his only four bagger in the ML, a double and scores 3 runs in the 9-5 nightcap win. Bill Dinneen strikes out 8. The Dodgers take the a.m. game, 4-3.

John Gaffney, former “King of the Umpires”, who has signed an abstinence pledge, returns to the arbiter’s role with former player-manager Tom Brown, to handle the Baltimore-Philadelphia holiday twinbill.

5th  With the agreement of Atlantic League president Ed Barrow, Lizzie (Stroud) Arlington pitches an inning for Reading against Allentown. The lady hurler gives up two hits but no runs in the first appearance of a woman in organized baseball.

6th  Arlie Pond pitches Baltimore to a 15–0 win over Philadelphia in his last game before entering the Army Medical Corps as an assistant surgeon.

Three New England teams disband and the league collapses. This is one of several minor leagues which are closing because of the war and lack of patronage.

7th  Criticized for being unable “to handle men in the up-to-day style,” Cap Anson resigns as Giants manager with a 9-13 record. Bill Joyce is reappointed on the same day.

8th  Frank “Red” Donahue, of the Phillies, no-hits the visiting Beaneaters 5–0, allowing just 4 base runners. The only baserunner to reach second is Herman Long, who walks and swipes. It is the 2nd no-hitter pitched against the champs this season. Donahue’s no-hitter will have to sustain the hometown fans for some time: there will be no no-hitters in Philley in the 20th century.

Bill Joyce returns as Giants manager and New York celebrates with a 10–1 win over Brooklyn. Joyce replaces Cap Anson, who was 9–13 in his 22 games as manager and who failed to get the support of owner Andrew Freedman. The Giants purchase the aggressive and versatile Jack Doyle from Washington. Having recovered from a bout of malaria, he will be used in the outfield, at short, and at first base.

9th  The Phillies sell versatile veteran Jack Boyle to the Giants, the team that had traded him to Philadelphia five years earlier. New York will return the unused Boyle to the Phillies on August 15. Boyle is the first player to catch over 500 games and play at least two other seasons at first base (458 games): Joe Torre will be the next. “Honest Jack” also played all the other infield positions as well as outfield.

11th Led by Klondike Douglas, the Phillies beat Cleveland, 9-3. Klondike hits two 3-run doubles, connecting in the 2nd and 6thinnings, to tie the ML record set by Bob Gilks in 1890.

14th Nick Altrock, a young lefty who won 16 at Grand Rapids (WA), makes a modest beginning in relief for the Colonels in a 9–1 rout by Boston.

Brooklyn pitcher Bill Kennedy gives a well-rounded effort against Pittsburgh, holding them to 3 hits, getting 2 himself, and having 6 assists in a 4–1 victory.

Reds manager Buck Ewing, frustrated when the Orioles tie the game in the 9th, throws a ball over the grandstand and is expelled. The game ends in a 12-inning 5-5 tie.

15th  In Baltimore, Chicago 3B Barry McCormick accuses his team’s 1B, Bill Everett, of making a rotten throw, sparking a fist fight. A Baltimore spectator, trying to intervene, is hit. McCormick withdraws from the game, and the Orioles win, 10–9.

20th  Joe Corbett, the Baltimore hurler who has been holding out all season for a higher salary, spars with brother Jim, heavyweight champion of the world, to prepare him for his fight with Kid McCoy. Joe Corbett, who won 24 games in 1897, will not pitch in the majors again till 1904.

21st The first non-holiday scheduled doubleheaders are played in six NL cities (as noted by Charlie Bevis). The leading Cincinnati Reds split with the Nationals in Washington, while the second place Beaneaters beat St. Louis, 7-1, in a single game. The 3rd-place Spiders take a pair from the host Baltimores.

22nd  Amos Rusie edges Pittsburgh’s Frank Killen 1–0 in 13 innings at New York.

23rd   President Nick Young defends the double umpire system, saying the umpires are not protected as much as in past years, and do not have to be shifted as frequently. Travel costs are reduced. His office has received just 25 percent of the complaints of the previous year.

25th The Giants forfeit a game to Baltimore in the 4th on orders from President Freedman. He is offended by personal remarks from Orioles LF Ducky Holmes, who used to play for Freedman. Holmes will be suspended, Baltimore will demand its share of the gate receipts, and the controversy will continue for several months.

28th  Louisville star Honus Wagner leads the Colonels to their 8thstraight win by hitting his first grand slam, in the 1st, and driving in 5 runs. Louisville pins the 6–4 loss on New York ace Amos Rusie. Despite the streak, the Colonels are just 32–55.

29th  Faced with a labor boycott in Cleveland, the Spiders transfer their series against Baltimore to Philadelphia.

Baltimore appeals to the NL board of directors for its share of gate receipts for the July 25 game forfeited by New York. Baltimore feels a $1000 penalty should be instituted against New York.

Aggressive Bill Dahlen, notorious umpire baiter, is banished by freshman arbiter Tommy Connolly for “kicking.” He and hot-tempered Cleveland manager Patsy Tebeau will lead the league in this category with 6 expulsions.

31st  In the first 85 games, Cleveland has played 21 errorless games, and 21 others with only one miscue, considered a “remarkable fielding record.”

At Chicago, the Orphans beat the Senators, 7-4, to complete a three-game sweep. Washington’s Kip Selbach gets thumbed by umpire Pop Snyder and then is told to leave the bench because of “sarcastic laughter” (Chicago Tribune).


1st  Philadelphia’s sensational rookie, southpaw Wiley Piatt, blanks Cleveland, 1–0, with a 4-hitter for the 2nd time. He will tally 24 wins and a league-leading 6 shutouts.

3rd President Young releases a statement on the Freedman-Holmes matter, saying essentially that if the 2 clubs do not work out a solution on the gates receipts he will call a meeting of the board of directors and adjudicate the matter.

4th The Orphans suffer their first shutout in 90 games played, a 5–0 whitewash by Doc McJames of Baltimore. The Orioles lead the league in shutouts with 10 and have shut out the hard hitting Beaneaters 7 times.

5th In Chicago’s 5–0 whitewash of Baltimore, Bill Dahlen, 2B Jim Connor, and 1B Bill Everett execute a triple play.

6th Walter Thornton has good fielding support from his Chicago mates and beats Donahue and the Phillies, 1–0, in 11 innings.

7th Pitcher Cy Seymour collects 4 hits for New York and defeats St. Louis, 12–1.

10th  Second-place Boston wins a doubleheader 7–4 and 6–5 from the league-leading Reds.

11th Lefty Frank Killen, released by Pittsburgh, hurls Washington to a 4–1 win over New York.

12th The Treaty of Paris ends the Spanish-American War.

15th  Only 200 fans watch the 11th-place Senators defeat the 12th-place St. Louis Browns in Washington 10–2.

The NL Board of directors recommends that Holmes be suspended for the rest of the season and that New York, which has not provided gate receipts to Baltimore for the July 25 game, pay a $1000 fine to the Orioles.

16th  Boston moves into first place, as Kid Nichols downs Chicago, 5–4, and the Giants’ Amos Rusie shuts out Cincinnati, 4–0, The Reds held the lead for 98 days

21st  Walter Thornton of Chicago, a part-time OF, pitches a 2–0 no-hitter over Brooklyn and collects 2 hits.

The Sporting Life calculates that NL right-handed pitchers have won 408 games and lost 397 for a .506 percentage. Lefties are at 163-174 for a .484.

22nd The Baltimore club, based on the direction of the NL board, suspends Holmes. A number of club owners as well as newspapers feel the suspension is too harsh. Holmes’ lawyer will serve a write of injunction on the Baltimore club restraining the Orioles from suspending Holmes until he has a court hearing.

In the Phillies 18-9 victory over Louisville, Bill Douglass scores 5 times.

25th The NL Board of directors, bowing to public pressure, and the advice of a majority of owners, rescinds the suspension of Holmes. The recommendation that Freedman pay Baltimore a $1000 fine is not changed.

26th  Cleveland plays its final home game of the season and only their 4th in Cleveland since July 9th. With 83 of their final 87 games on the road, the team has earned nicknames such as the Nomads, Exiles, Misfits, and Wanderers.

27th  Hughey Jennings, the Orioles SS, has 10 assists in a 6–2 victory at St. Louis. The most for the season will be 561 by the Reds’ Tommy Corcoran.

28th  Umpire Bob Emslie is too ill to continue after the first game between Baltimore and St. Louis. Orioles Manager Ned Hanlon recommends that Browns’ manager Tim Hurst, a former NL umpire, officiate in the 2nd game. The Orioles win 6–2, but “Tiny Tim” is cheered by the crowd.

Brooklyn and Cleveland play at a neutral field in Rochester, NY. Jack Dunn defeats Jack Powell, 7-5. Fielder Jones his an inside-the-park home run, his first HR of the season.

30th  The New York Press, concerned about scuffles among players, umpires, and managers and the deterioration of baseball, calls for the return of A. G. Spalding. Before his retirement, “he worked so long and well to place it upon a high plane.”

Chicago’s Clark Griffith, who will top NL hurlers with an 1.88 ERA, throws a three-hit 1–0 shutout at the Giants.

1898 September

1st Nap Lajoie singles against the Browns to become the first hitter this year to reach 150 hits.

3rd Fielder Jones has 4 hits and 4 other Grooms have 3 each in Brooklyn’s 16–8 battering of Chicago. Walters Thornton and Woods share the ignominy. Each allows 10 hits and 8 runs.

4th Baseball pioneer William Cammeyer, founder of the Union Grounds in Brooklyn, and owner-manager of the New York (Brooklyn) Mutuals when the NL started in 1876, dies in Brooklyn. He was 77.

5th  Cleveland outlasts Cincinnati, 8–6, in a 14-inning slugfest of 38 hits, 9 of them doubles. Cy Young and “Still Bill” Hill, who allows 21 hits, go all the way.

6th  In the second game of a doubleheader, Willie Keeler for Baltimore goes 0-for-5 against Red Donahue of Philadelphia, ending his 25-game hitting streak. He had an earlier 25-game string from July 2nd to 30th. Baltimore ties, 5-5, after losing the opener, 7-1

Jud Smith hits a four-run homer for Washington in the 9th, off Fred Klobedanz, but Boston prevails, 9-5, to stay two percentage points ahead of Cincinnati for first place.

10th  In a 4–2 loss to St. Louis pitcher Jack Taylor, Chicago reels off 3 double plays en route to a team total of 149. This total will not be surpassed until 1917 when the St. Louis Cardinals do it with 153. Dahlen to Connor to Everett have far better fielding stats than their more famous successors, Tinker, Evers, and Chance. Bill Dahlen will be gone in a few months, traded from Chicago to Baltimore for Gene DeMontreville.

11th The Giants circumvent the New York area “blue laws” this Sunday by playing and winning League games with Washington across the Hudson River in Weehawken, NJ. Pitcher Seymour, batting 2nd in the lineup, strikes out 12 batters in the 8–2 victory. He has a hit and stolen base.

14th  Buck Freeman, who led all minor leagues with 23 HRs while with Toronto in the Eastern League, hits his first ML HR for Washington in an 8–5 loss to Cleveland. Washington loses both games today to Cleveland. The Nationals have their 4th manager of the year at the helm, Arthur Irwin, who has run the Nats twice before.

Seven Phillies make 2 hits each off Nixey Callahan in a 10–2 drubbing of Chicago.

16th  Chicago forfeits the opener with Philadelphia, despite leading 2–1 after 4 innings. Then Jimmy Ryan of Chicago opens the nitecap with a HR, and his club goes on to a 10–5 win. It is his 17th leadoff HR, easily the highest total in the 19th century.

17th  After losing the morning game 6–1 to Brooklyn, the Pirates manage an 8-8 tie in the afternoon game, thanks to the slugging of Willie Clark. Clark hits a pair of bases-loaded triples, one in the 1stand another in the 7th. He is the third player in the 19th Century to accomplish this feat. The two bases-loaded triples ties the NL team mark.

Baltimore gains a game on first place Boston, losers to Louisville, by beating Cleveland, 9-4. Dan McGann hits a grand slam for the Orioles, off Cy Young in the 8th, and Joe Kelley starts a consecutive hit streak of 9 straight. He’ll be stopped on the 20th.

18th Buck Freeman continues his heavy hitting, belting 2 homers and a double to lead Washington to an 8–5 victory over Chicago.

20th  Boston overwhelms Louisville 24–4, setting the season’s record for runs by one team. The Colonels make 10 errors, a high in the league this year. But the game’s only HR is by Louisville’s Dummy Hoy.

The Kansas City Cowboys win the Western League pennant on the last day of the season, beating Indianapolis 6–5.

21st In Louisville’s 18-9 win over New York, Fred Clarke scores 5 runs.

The Senators loan Al “Butts” Wagner to the Dodgers, where he will play 11 games at 3B, making 9 errors. Honus’s brother returns to the Senators after the season, but it is his last in the majors.

23rd  The NL western teams are shellacked on their final eastern trip, winning 23, losing 35. Baltimore takes 10 of 11, but gains no ground on the first-place Beaneaters, who win 9 of 10 and hold a 31⁄2 game lead.

Jim Callahan of Chicago stops Baltimore’s 12-game winning streak with a 2–0 shutout at Baltimore.

24th  In the only NL game played today, Willie Keeler, now known as “Wee Willie,” leads an Oriole attack on Washington’s Gus Weyhing with 4 hits and becomes the first player to reach 200 this season. The O’s win, 14-3.

27th  Jake Beckley accepts a record 22 chances—21 putouts, one assist, no errors—in the Reds’ 9-inning win over Cleveland. As noted by historian Frank Williams, Cleveland’s Jesse Burkett continues his hitting streak which began on September 2 and will end on October 2, a streak of 25 games.

28th  Louisville righthander Bert Cunningham wins his 11thstraight victory (Sporting Life says 10 in a row, while historian Adie Suhsdorf counts 11), a record streak for the season. Kid Nichols of Boston would have had 16 straight but for a tie game between victories 9 and 10.

29th  Jimmy Collins collects 4 hits, including 2 HRs, one a grand slam in the 9th, Al Orth, giving Boston an 11–10 win over the Phillies. His league-leading HR total is 15 for the season.

Kip Selbach’s grand slam helps power the Senators to a 12-1 win over the visiting Giants. Kip’s clip comes in the 4th, off Cy Seymour.

30th Philadelphia again loses to Boston, 7–3, and Nap Lajoie voices his dissatisfaction with Tom Brown as an umpire. Nap is sent to the bench but gets in a parting shot that Brown is crooked. For this he is suspended for 3 days.

1898 October

2nd Brooklyn and Washington play a Sunday game in Weehauken, NJ. Candy LaChance’s home run sends the Senators down to a 4–3 loss.

3rd At Philadelphia, the Giants Cy Seymour, who had been playing the outfield, shuts out the Phillies, 3–0, ending their NL record streak of 367 home games without a shutout (as noted by Jim Smith). Not included in the streak, which began after a shutout on August 16, 1893, are two protested games with the Reds in 1894. Seymour fans Lajoie twice and Delahanty and Flick once each.

6th The Orioles return to New York with Holmes in left field and beat the Giants, 6–3. There are no incidents related to the July 25 forfeit game. However, Jennings has his nose broken when hit by a pitch from Meekin in the first inning.

9th  Jack Taylor of Chicago defeats Jack Taylor of St. Louis 5–4 in 10 innings. The winner is a newcomer who won 28 games for Milwaukee in the Western League. The loser is a veteran of 8 seasons.

Reds OF Dusty Miller has 8 hits in a doubleheader against Cleveland. He dusts Cy Young in the opener, going 5-for-5 as the Reds win, 12–5. Miller has a single, double and triple in the nitecap, a 6-6 tie called after 7 innings because of darkness.

11th  Boston defeats the Senators 14–5 and clinches the league championship when Baltimore splits with the Giants.

12th  Sam Leever, Pittsburgh rookie, bests Cleveland’s great Cy Young 9–1, to score his first ML victory.

Cy Seymour loses a 2–1 duel with the Orioles. He asks to pitch the 2nd game because ump John Gaffney, who was “too severe” in game 1, will be at 2nd base and Tom Brown will ump behind the plate. Seymour wins, 6–2.

13th Phillies pitcher Al Orth pitches 2 complete game wins today, but the 2nd is an abbreviated 5-inning game. Visiting Brooklyn loses the opener to Orth, 5–1, on 4 hits, they manage 6 hits in the 9–6 game 2 loss. The game is called on account of darkness.

14th  Player-manager Fred Clarke of Louisville goes 4-for-5, including a triple, against Pittsburgh in a 4-1 win. This is his seventh 4-hit game, tops for the NL season.

15th  Boston wins its 5th pennant in the decade for Frank Selee, equaling its 102 victories of 1892, but one fewer loss increases its percentage to .685 (102-47). Only 3 of the 12 clubs make a profit, as attendance slacks off.

Brooklyn defeats the Phillies, 12-8, thanks to a grand slam in the 6thby Candy LaChance off Bill Duggleby. It is the latest grand slam ever hit in the regular season.

The Spiders end a 45-game road trip (17-24-4) by losing at Louisville, 5-4. Jesse Burkett, whose .345 is the league’s 3rd-highest mark, goes to the plate for his 624th and final at bat without a HR. The longest road trip to date is 51 days (35 games), set by Cleveland in 1884. The Spiders will play 50 on the road next year to set the mark.

Giants owner Andrew Freedman brings in a new manager. It is John Day, who has been club president from 1883 to 1892.

16th  In a throwing contest at Louisville’s League Park, Honus Wagner hurls a baseball 403 feet 8 inches to beat the official record (400’ 7 ½”) set by the Mutuals’ John Hatfield in 1872. Wagner’s distance throw will, in some histories, be topped by Larry LeJeune, who will throw for 435 feet on October 3, 1907. The 1908 Reach record book puts LeJeune’s toss at 399 feet, 10 ¼ inches, which he accomplished on September 10, 1907.

In the season just completed, Baltimore batters were hit by pitches 158 times, an all-time record, which would never be approached. Hugh Jennings led with 42, followed by Dan McGann with 38, and John McGraw with 18.

18th  NL attendance totaled 4,626,450, a drop of 1,144,815 below 1897. Chicago led with 561,00; the Reds were 2nd with 557,000. Washington did the worst overall with c. 255,000. The decline was blamed on the war and on the unwieldy 12-team league.

26th Dummy Hoy marries Anna Maria Lowery in Cincinnati. She is also deaf but has partial speech capability. She will later become a prominent teacher of the deaf in Ohio.

29th Because of league interest in curbing rowdyism on the field, information is provided indicating that there were 62 expulsions during the season. Bill Dahlen of Chicago and Patsy Tebeau of Cleveland tied for the lead with 6 thumbings each. Dahlen was also suspended for 3 days.

1898 November

15th Andrew Freedman, controversial chief executive of the Giants, is reelected president of the club at a salary of $10,000.

22nd Former umpire “Honest John” Kelly is the referee at the Jim Corbett-Tom Sharkey fight in New York. Sharkey is the winner. Many baseball people attend, including John McGraw and Tim Hurst.

1898 December

1st  Club president Andrew Freedman renews the Giants’ lease on the Polo Grounds for the next 10 years. In 2 days, Freedman, fires manager Bill Joyce.

6th Baltimore manager Hanlon, not unexpectedly, speaks out against the Brush resolution to curb rowdyism, cited by some as resulting in less interest and smaller crowds. “This past season I saw none that ought to scare anyone.”

7th  Roy Thomas, University of Pennsylvania outfielder, is signed by the Phillies for 1899. Sporting Life calls him the “greatest amateur player of this generation.”

10th Pittsburgh cons Louisville into giving up promising OF Ginger Beaumont from Connie Mack’s Milwaukee (WL) club for a worn-out pitcher and a last-legs 3B.

12th John Ward, former player, manager, and organizer, and now lawyer, says that 12 teams are too many in one league, and that two leagues would be better for baseball and provide a healthful rivalry.

17th At their week-long meeting, the NL votes to continue the 154 game schedule for 1899. There is talk of two leagues, but nothing comes of it. John Day is selected as the new Giants manager. No action is taken on the Brush resolution.

25th Merry Christmas, Ohio. Washington sells popular OF Kip Selbach, a .300+ OF for 5 years, to Cincinnati for a sum described as “exorbitant”: $5,000. Selbach is a native of Columbus, Ohio.

1899 January

6th  Ban Johnson’s Western League begins penetration of the East by formal admission of Buffalo (Eastern) for the 1899 season.

10th  Tim Hurst, former NL umpire and St. Louis manager, referees the Tom Sharkey knockout of Kid McCoy in 10 rounds at the Lenox Athletic Club in New York.

21st Dr. Arlie Pond, a former Baltimore pitcher, leaves with his Army medical unit for the Philippines. After his military service, he will go on to a long career of medical and health service in the Philippines.

25th Chicago veteran Bill Dahlen is traded to Baltimore (NL) for Gene DeMontreville. Like many Baltimore players, Dahlen will end up in Brooklyn when the season starts.

1899 February

4th  Hugh Jennings will not go south with the Brooklyn team but will get in shape as baseball coach for Cornell University.

7th  Under a joint ownership arrangement, several Baltimore players are shifted to Brooklyn, and that club transfers several to the Orioles. Manager Ned Hanlon takes Willie Keeler, Joe Kelley, Hughey Jennings, and others with him while John McGraw and Wilbert Robinson remain in Baltimore. The powerful new Brooklyn team will, by 1899, be called the Superbas (nicknamed after a vaudeville act called Hanlon’s Superbas), and in the 1913-30 era the team will be known as the Robins. Baltimore will do well with leftovers, but the Oriole dynasty ends.

17th  Barney Dreyfuss, principal Louisville stockholder, takes over as club president. Harry Pulliam is now secretary.

25th  The NL Committee on Rules recommends that umpires be given authority to fine unruly players $10 for a first offense. A repeat offense could result in removal from the grounds, but only a league president should have the power to suspend a player for three days

1899 March

2nd  At the league meeting in New York, an attempt to expel the St. Louis Browns, who had a 39-111 record in 1898, fails by a 7–4 margin. It is also decided that no club may hold more than 18 players on its reserve list.

9th  Bill McGunnigle, player and manager, who won pennants for Brooklyn in 1889-90, dies of consumption in Brockton, MA. He was 44.

13th  The debt-ridden St. Louis Browns (and Sportsman’s Park) are sold at auction by court order for $33,000. The ultimate owners are the Robison brothers, Frank and Stanley, who will continue ownership of the Cleveland franchise as well. With meager fan support, the Robisons transfer the Spiders’ best players to St. Louis, while the Browns’ worst players end up in Cleveland. Rambunctious Chris Von der Ahe, broke and fallen from favor, is out of baseball.

18th  John Healey, peripatetic righthander of the 80s and early 90s, dies of consumption at age 32. Known as “Long John” and “Egyptian” (he was 6’2” and born in Cairo, IL) he played for 8 NL and AA teams in 8 years, winning 76 and losing 136.

20th  The Chicago players arrive in Hot Springs, NM for spring training. They are met at the isolated train station by a band of scruffy outlaws who shoot off their guns and threaten the players. After a nervous interval, the desperadoes drop their disguises and reveal themselves as teammates Bill Lange, Frank Chance, Sam Mertes and Gene DeMontreville, who had come in earlier from California. Hot Springs would later be renamed, appropriately, Truth or Consequences.

29th  The Robison brothers, owners of the Cleveland franchise, gain control of the St. Louis franchise as well, and redistribute players. St. Louis, which finished 12th in 1898, is enhanced with Cy Young, Jesse Burkett, Bobby Wallace, and manager-1B Patsy Tebeau. Cleveland is greatly weakened by the transfers. The new St. Louis owners change the name of Sportsman’s Park to League Park. They also change the color of the team socks from brown to red. The team nickname becomes the Perfectos. The players going to Cleveland are Kid Carsey, Jack Clements, Lave Cross, Tommy Dowd, Dick Harley, Bill Hill, Harry Lochhead, Harry Maupin, Joe Quinn, Jack Stivetts, Willie Sudhoff, Joe Sugden, Sleeper Sullivan and Tommy Tucker.

After changing 30 dates the league officials adopt a playing schedule. Eleven Sunday games are cut out of Louisville’s schedule, assuring a financial loss for the franchise. Resentment against new owner Barney Dreyfuss is given as the reason.

30th  Amos Rusie refuses to sign a new contract with the Giants for $2,000. He made $3,000 in 1898 but hurt his arm. He will stay out of baseball for the next 2 years.

1899 April

1st Hugh Jennings, coaching baseball at Cornell, is only one of several major leaguers so occupied this spring. Ted Lewis is at Harvard; Hugh Duffy at Boston College; Fred Tenney at Dartmouth; and Charles Nichols at Amherst.

7th  John Douglas, University of Texas graduate, pitches for Austin and shuts out San Antonio, 4-0. Douglas is the first Texan college player to play professionally.

8th  Patsy Tebeau, manager of the newly reorganized St. Louis team, will not use the old nickname ‘Browns’: Perfectos is more likely. Crimson stockings will replace brown.

10th  Mike Griffin, formerly captain of the Brooklyn team, has decided to retire and manage a brewery in Utica, NY. He hit .300 in 134 games last year.

11th  Congressman James Sherman makes a quick trip from Washington to his hometown of Utica, NY to participate in the opening of the New York State League season. He returns immediately after the game. A great friend of baseball, he would, upon becoming Vice President in 1909, urge President Taft to join him at the games.

14th  On Opening Day, Chicago gives P Clark Griffith plenty of batting support and the Orphans defeat Louisville 15–1, Chicago’s biggest opening day margin ever. Griffith allows 8 hits, including four to Honus Wagner, and collects a single and a triple. Outfield star Jimmy Ryan is feted before the game, and Chicago fans present Ryan with a gold watch.

At Washington, lefthanded SS Billy Hulen plays his first game with the Senators, but he goes 0-for-5 and makes an error as they lose to his former team, the Phillies. 6-5.

15th  A crowd of 21,000 watches Kid Nichols of Boston outlast Brooklyn’s Brickyard Kennedy 1–0 in 11 innings when Fred Tenney triples in the crucial run.

John McGraw, 26, makes his managerial debut, and leads the Orioles to a 5-3 win over the Giants. Steve Brodie has 5 of the O’s 9 stolen bases. Fewer than 4,000 fans are on hand.

17th  In Cincinnati, the Reds edge the Pirates, 8–7. In 2000, historian Dixie Tourangeau, with help from several SABR members, discovers an unrecorded triple for Pirate rookie Jimmy Williams in this game, upping his ML rookie record for triples from 27 to 28. The ball goes over Smith’s head but no error is charged.

18th At Cincinnati, 19-year-old Noodles Hahn makes his ML debut and beats the Pirates, 7–5.

19th  Visiting Philadelphia buries the futile Nationals, 16-5, with a 24-hit attack. Ed Delahanty is 5-for-6 with a double and HR.

In the home opener at Boston, Kid Nichols again pitches a shutout over Bill Kennedy of Brooklyn. This score is 7-0 thanks to home runs by Hugh Duffy and Herman Long. A crowd of 13,000 spills out onto the field.

22nd Jack Taylor faces Jack Taylor in the Cincinnati-Chicago match at League Park. Chicago’s Jack wins over “Brewery Jack”, 6–4. The Reds Taylor was acquired in the off-season from St. Louis for pitcher Bill Hill and $4,000.

Trading positions as the game progresses, Giants C Mike Grady and 1B Parke Wilson account for 23 putouts in an 8-7 defeat of visiting Baltimore.

24th  Buck Freeman hits the first of his record 25 homeruns for the only Washington score in a 10-1 loss to Boston. The mark will stand until Ruth tops it with 29 in 1919.

The first triple play of the season helps Oriole rookie Joe McGinnity to a 6-0 triumph over the Giants. The 9th-inning tri-killing goes George “Topsy Maggie” Magoon to John “Chewing Gum” O’Brien to Candy LaChance. McGinnity “had the locals guessing throughout using a slow drop curve and a ‘raised ball.’” (The New York Times. In McGinnity’s next outing against Brooklyn, the paper will describe the pitch as being thrown underhand).

Washington trades veteran catcher Duke Farrell and 3B Doc Casey to Brooklyn, receiving in return Pete Cassidy, P Dan McFarlen, C Mike Heydon and $2500. Brooklyn is in need of Casey to fill in for Jennings, who has a sore arm and is not expected to return for a month. Dahlen will move to shortstop to make room for Casey. When this trade is announced Deacon McGuire is part of it, but it is Farrell who ends up in Brooklyn. However, they will acquire McGuire in July.

25th  Louisville 3B Honus Wagner has his second 4-for-4 game in 11 days, as he hits 2 HRs, the 2nd one winning the game the 9th over host Pittsburgh, 2–1. He’ll have another 4-for-4 game on May 3. The Colonels sell Nick Altrock to Grand Rapids and farm out Rube Waddell to Columbus.

27th  A Boston massacre. Fourteen walks and seven errors contribute to a horrible 20-3 loss to host Philadelphia.

Before 3,500 in Brooklyn, the Superbas win their third in a row over Baltimore, winning, 6-2, and beating Joe McGinnity. “McGinnity pitched his so-called ‘raised ball’ but after several of the Brooklyn batters had straightened out a few of these shots, delivered with an underhand motion, McGinnity resorted to slow curves that, at times, were effective.” (New York Times).

President Ebbets of the Superbas announces that he has just returned from Utica where he had convinced Mike Griffin to report to St. Louis, which had secured his contract from Cleveland. According to The New York Times, Griffin had been holding out until he received a piece of the $3,000 sale price. But the dispute will not be settled, and Griff will retire from baseball. He will sue the Brooklyn club for breach of contract and the New York Supreme Court will rule in his favor in the amount of $2266. Griffin ends his career with a .297 average for 12 years, scoring 100 runs or more in ten of those seasons.

28th  The visiting Baltimore Orioles down the Brooklyn Superbas, 12-11, in a game called after 8 innings on account of darkness. The O’s protest when umpire Gaffney starts the 9th inning, but they score 2 runs before the game reverts to the 8th–inning score. Three pitchers, Doc McJames, Jack Dunn and Welcome Gaston are unable to stop the O’s attack in a game that takes nearly three hours. Despite a 2-run double and a HBP in his two plate appearances, it is the only appearance this year for Welcome and it is his goodbye game. Brooklyn will release Gaston to the Tigers on May 17.

Washington trips the visiting Giants, 12-8, as Pete Cassidy hits his first major league home run, a grand slam off Bill Carrick in the 4thinning.

30th  A new ML attendance record is set at Chicago as 27,489 fans watch Nixey Callahan shut out St. Louis, 4–0. The crowd spills into the field causing any hit into the crowd to count for only one base. Nixey gives up 12 hits in the shutout, one short of the current record. The visiting Perfectos expect their share of the gate today will pay for team salaries for the month of May.

At Cincinnati, the visiting Spiders lose to the Reds Jack Taylor, 9-0, as Cleveland utility infielder Sport McCallister is pressed into service as umpire. The versatile Sport will play all nine positions this year, the first major leaguer to do so. And because of his business background, Cleveland will use him to collect tickets during the season, not a burdensome task considering their sparse attendance.

1899 May

st  Cleveland wins its home opener over the Louisville Colonels, 5–4, in 14 innings before only 500 fans. They lose the 2nd game of the twin bill, 2–1.

I say “Doctor”. Jim McJames, Brooklyn righthander becomes a “doctor” in fact. After years of off-season effort, he achieves his M.D. and he celebrates with a 7-6 victory over Washington.

3rd  Pittsburgh’s Jack McCarthy gets a game-winning 3-run HR in the bottom of the 9th when his drive into the corner goes through a door that someone then shuts before the fielder can reach it. The Colonels complain that “a Pittsburg employee opened the right field gate and made away with the ball.” On June 5, the league orders this game replayed.

Candy LaChance has 19 putouts at 1B for Baltimore as Boston wins, 2-1.

New York’s Tom O’Brien receives one of the earliest intentional walks in ML history. In the 8th inning, with men on 2nd and 3rdwith one out, Ed Delahanty trots to the mound to tell Phils’ P Jack Fifield to walk O’Brien, who has hit well all day. The next batter, Fred Hartman, hits into a DP. Philadelphia wins, 7–3.

4th An unusual occurrence takes place in the Texas when three teams in the four-city league play in Houston. Yesterday’s Houston-Austin game is stopped after three innings when the managers of both teams are so dissatisfied with the performance that the game is stopped and fans are refunded their money. They announce the game will be played the next day, but Austin, however, is supposed to play in San Antonio today. But the San Antonio team, coming from Galveston, stops in Houston. In the first game Austin defeats the Bronchos, 6-1 and then Houston beats Austin, 14-10. Both games go 9 innings.

6th Reds P Bill Dammann allows 11 hits but shuts out St. Louis, 11–0.

At Boston, the Beaneaters score 7 runs in the bottom of the 9th to tie Brooklyn at 10 apiece, but the visitors score 2 in the 10th to win, 12-10. A crowd of 4,000 is on hand. Brooklyn benefits from homers by Bill Dahlen, John Anderson and Duke Farrell.

8th  Harry Wolverton’s three-run HR in the bottom of the 9th gives the Chicago Orphans an 8–7 victory over Cleveland.

Chummy Gray of Buffalo (Western League) pitches the season’s first no-hitter in the Bisons’ home opener against Indianapolis.

9th  New York drubs visiting Washington, 19-1, with the help of 10 errors. Gleason leads the 20-hit attack with 4 hits. The Giants go to Philadelphia tomorrow and will not return to the Polo Grounds till May 30.

11th  At Pittsburgh, rookie Noodles Hahn hits a sac fly in the top of the 7th to give the Reds a 1–0 win over the Pirates. Heinie Peitz scores the lone run.

Despite five hits by Lou Sockalexis, the woeful Spiders lose to first-place St. Louis, 8-6. Sockalexis does not help the Cleveland cause as he drops two fly balls and is thrown out on a double steal. On the 13th, Lou will fall down twice in the outfield and be handed his release after the game.

13th  Ed Delahanty of the Phillies, who hit 4 HRs in a game in 1896, collects 4 doubles in a 9–0 victory over New York, the only player to achieve these dual records. The Phils will lead the NL in doubles with 241 with Delahanty setting the NL record for doubles with 55.

14th  The Reds set a franchise attendance record as 26,000 watch the Reds lose to St. Louis, 6-5, in 11 innings.

With his team in 10th place, Pittsburgh manager Bill Watkins resigns his $4500 position and is succeeded by Patsy Donovan.

15th  Willie Keeler, one of the smallest players and best bunters, drives the ball past startled LF Ed Delahanty of the Phillies for an inside-the-park grand slam and an 8–5 victory for Brooklyn. The hit comes off Wiley Platt in the 8th.

17th  Brooklyn takes second place in the NL with an 11-10 win over host Philadelphia. A crowd of 5,100 is on hand.

      Sporting Life indirectly criticizes joint ownership of 2 clubs with this comment: “Syndicate Baseball Results—May 17, 1898, Cleveland 16 W, 8 L; May 17, 1899, Cleveland 3 W, 20 L.”

19th  The Giants are winning handily in St. Louis when starter Jouett Meekin falls apart in the 6th inning, issuing 5 walks and allowing 3 singles. Kid Gleason starts criticizing umpire Burns’ calls at the plate and finally Burns tosses him out. Gleason refuses to go and continues arguing, and after 4 minutes, Burns awards a forfeit to St. Louis. The score is 10-9 at the time of the forfeit.

21st Honus Wagner is 3-for-5 against the Cleveland Spiders, but Louisville loses, 4-3, when Wagner is doubled off 2B to end the game. Honus forgot how many outs there and did not get back to the base in time. Cleveland OF Louis Sockalexis is fined in police court for public intoxication. The club will release him, and he will sign with Hartford of the Eastern League.

23rd In Chicago, the Phillies Elmer Flick hits a grand slam in the 5th, off Jack Taylor, to provide the margin in an 11-10 win over the Orphans.

24th In Cincinnati, Giants pitcher Cy Seymour hits two doubles and two singles, but his wildness costs him a win against the Reds. With the bases loaded in the 10th and score tied 6–6, Seymour hands out his 13th walk of the game to force in the winning run. Cy strikes out none.

25th  In just his 7th big league game, Deacon Phillippe of Louisville tosses a 7–0 no-hitter against the Giants. He walks 3 batters but will become baseball’s best control pitcher with a career average of 1.25 bases on balls per game. The Colonels collect just 4 hits off Ed Doheny in scoring their 7 runs.

26th  Jack Taylor of Chicago holds Washington to 2 hits but still loses, 2-0.

27th  Chicago’s Clark Griffith tops Washington, 5-1, for his 10thstraight victory over the Senators. The streak started in 1896.

28th  John McGraw gets only one hit but scores five runs in Baltimore’s 15-9 victory over Cincinnati.

30th  The Pirates sweep a Memorial Day doubleheader from Washington behind rookies Jimmy Williams and Sam Leever. Williams has 3 singles and a pair of doubles in the morning game as the Pirates win in 10 innings, 4–3. In the afternoon contest, the Pirates win in the 9th on pitcher Sam Leever’s triple and player-manager Patsy Donovan’s single.

Following a 14-2 loss in the morning game, the Phils Nap Lajoie has seven putouts and nine assists in the afternoon game of the holiday twinbill with Chicago. He fields brilliantly but goes hitless in five trips to the plate and the Phillies lose, 9-4.

31st  Boston leadoff hitter Chick Stahl goes 6-for-6 against 3 pitchers in a 16–10 romp over Cleveland.

The Georgetown University baseball team is greeted by a large crowd at Washington’s Baltimore and Ohio train station after winning 17 out of 19 games. University officials lead a torchlight parade on horse and carriage. The Boston Herald unofficially crowns the team intercollegiate champions.

1899 June

1st The Reds suspend pitcher Jack Taylor after he misses the last two games. “Brewery Jack” relieved against the Baltimores in Cincinnati on the 28th and gave up 6 runs in an inning, possibly due to a hangover according to one report. Taylor denied the allegations but after pitching well in a loss to the Giants on the 30th, left for his native Staten Island and didn’t return. When Taylor eventually shows up he says he was sailing and a calm came up and he couldn’t return to shore. His two sailing companions will later turn out to be Steve Brodie, a bridge jumper, and bantamweight boxer Patsy Haley. The suspension will last five weeks and he is not allowed to return west with the team.

2nd  Nap Lajoie homers in the last of the 9th, as the Phillies beat Pittsburgh, 4–3.

The hapless Cleveland Spiders blow a 10–1 lead and lose to Brooklyn, 11–10. Brooklyn scores 7 in the 8th.

The Giants make 11 errors, but collect 18 hits, coming back to beat visiting Louisville, 13-12.

6th  Lave Cross (3B) and Willie Sudhoff (P) are transferred from Cleveland, already doing poorly, to St. Louis. Joe Quinn, the new Spiders’ manager, is now an undertaker in-season as well as off.

9th  Behind Jack Dunn, Brooklyn outplays the Reds, 6-3, to win its 12th straight game. Brooklyn will lose their next game, then reel off an 8-game win streak.

10th  Pittsburgh Pirates rookie 3B Jimmy Williams’s batting streak stops at 26 games as Louisville’s Deacon Phillippe holds him in check in game 2. The Pirates win, 6–1, in the opener, and then are victorious, 5–4 in game 2. Williams will run off another hit skein of 27 straight games, a rook record until 1987. That streak will be stopped again by Phillippe.

11th  Chicago 3B Harry Wolverton is badly injured in a collision with catcher Art Nichols in the 6th inning of a 2-1 win over St. Louis. He is expected to miss several weeks of play.

16th  New York forfeits a game to the Brooklyn Superbas when umpire Tom Burns, ridden mercilessly by the Giants after questionable calls, “won’t take it any more” and declares Brooklyn a 9–0 winner.

Louisville’s Honus Wagner is 5-for-6 and in the 10th he singles, steals 2B, and scores the winner. Louisville edges St. Louis, 13–12. Wagner now has gone 11-for-16.

19th In a 7–4 loss to St. Louis, Washington outfielder Dummy Hoy throws out three runners at home to set a (since tied) record.

In a 9-0 Phillies victory over the Reds, Nap Lajoie, described as the hardest hitter in the league, hits a ball off Ted Breitenstein of Cincinnati that is so hard hit that the rubber center breaks and the ball becomes lopsided. It bounces off the CF fence and the umpire withdraws the damaged ball.

Honus Wagner again wins an extra inning game for Louisville, this time hitting the game winner in the 12th against Baltimore. Louisville wins, 3–2. Bert Cunningham allows just 4 hits and keeps John McGraw from reaching first base for the first time in 52 games.

24th  Tom O’Brien of the Giants collects one hit and 3 walks and steals 5 bases, including home, in the 7–2 win over Cleveland. The Giants total 10 stolen bases against Ossee Schreckengost.

28th  In a 9–1 win over Brooklyn, Pittsburgh’s Jack McCarthy hits his 3rd HR of the season (a 4th was wiped out in a forfeited game on May 3rd). He will have 3,021 more ML at bats through 1907 without another four bagger.

The Perfectos pull off a triple play but they fail to score in an Orioles 5-0 win.

Chick Fraser of Philadelphia defeats his former mates at Louisville, 3-1. He holds manager Fred Clarke, his brother-in-law, hitless in 4 at bats.

30th  At Louisville, the Phillies score 10 runs in the last 3 innings to beat the Colonels, 13–9. The Colonels outhit the visitors 16-13, with Honus Wagner collecting 4 hits. The Colonels also sell pitcher Bill Magee (3-7) to the Phillies for $3250. He will go 3-5 for the Quakers and they will release him August 20.

1899 July

1st  In the first of 2 with Cleveland, Boston ace Vic Willis takes a 7–0 lead into the 9th, but can’t finish off the Spiders who tie the game. Reliever Parson Lewis gives up a pair of runs in the 11th and Cleveland wins, 10–9. Cleveland rookie Frank Bates hurls the 17-hit complete game for his only victory of the year against 19 losses, allowing just one earned run. Cleveland, which has averaged under 200 fans a game at home, splits the twin bill and decides to spend the rest of the season on the road. The club’s record is 12-49. They will play just 7 more home games and finish the year with a total attendance of 6,088, the lowest in ML history. With gate receipts averaging $25 a game, other clubs are refusing money-losing trips to fulfill the normal schedule. Cleveland is 1-19 in Bates’ first 20 starts, a mark that the 2018 Reds will match in the first 20 starts of Homer Bailey.

3rd  Arlie Latham, a colorful third sacker in his playing days, makes his debut as an umpire at Pittsburgh.

4th For the first time in Chicago history, a doubleheader on the Glorious Fourth is rained out.

Two of the era’s finest hitters race to be first with 100 hits on the season. Willie Keeler gets his 98th and 99th in the first game of the Superbas holiday doubleheader with the Phillies. Nap Lajoie has hits 97th, 98th and 99th. Keeler’s 3rd-inning double in game 2 noses out Nap, whose single comes an inning later. The second place Phillies take both games from the leading Superbas, winning 10-7 and 9-1.

In the second game at Baltimore, John McGraw singles, then steals 2B, 3B and home, as the O’s down the Beaneaters twice, 2-1 and 5-4.

5th The 9th place Giants replace popular manager John Day with Fred Hoey, who will guide them to a 10th place finish. Hoey’s prominence is based mainly on his pigeon shooting competitions. He is on the bench today as the Giants lose to Washington, 6-2.

Brooklyn fights hard but loses in Philadelphia, 7-4, when the Phils score 3 in the bottom of the 8th. First-place Brooklyn has now lost 8 straight and leads the Phils by 3.5 games.

7th Fred Tenney of Boston celebrates the birth of his daughter by going 5-for-5 in an 8-3 win over New York.

Brooklyn flashes its leading form by outslugging the Phillies, 9-7. in 65 games John McGraw has reached base 155 times, 65 through walks, 6 by being hit by pitches on his way to a .547 OBA. Only on June 18th has he failed to reach base at least once. McGraw will draw an NL-high 124 walks this in 117 games, the second player in history to have more walks than hits. Joe Crooks is the other. Babe Ruth will be the next.

8th At Brooklyn, the Phillies lose, 6–2. It’s a painful win for Hugh Jennings, who gets hit by pitches three times by Chick Fraser. According to historian Al Kermisch, this is the 4th time that Jennings has been plunked 3 times in a game.

9th  St. Louis plays two teams in an unusual pairing and wins both by 11-4 scores. The Perfectos beat Louisville in the first game, despite a record-setting two unassisted double plays by Colonel 2B Claude Ritchie. The Perfectos then top Cleveland in 7 ½ innings as Lave Cross contributes a grand slam off Crazy Schmit in the 3rd. For Cross, it is his 4th career grand slam, tying the ML mark which will stand until 1915.

Judge Dunn of Chicago orders city officials to stop interfering with Andrew Brennan, who put seats on the roof of his house near the park and sells tickets to people.

10th  Nap Lajoie has his 6th four-hit game in the Phillies’ 10-0 blowout of Brooklyn, which ends the Superbas’ streak of 22 consecutive wins at home. The Phillies are the only club not shut out so far.

Boston takes a pair from New York, 3-0 and 6-5, to stay in 2nd place, 3 ½ games behind Brooklyn. Three games separate 6th place St. Louis from 2nd place.

11th Chicago’s 10-6 win at Boston is their first there since 1896. Tomorrow, visiting Louisville will beat the Orioles, 13-3, for their first win in Baltimore since 1896.

12th Jack Taylor pitches his first game for the Reds since being suspended since June 1st, and, though pitching credibly, loses 10–5 to the Washington team. “Brewery Jack” has been in training in Brooklyn since his suspension for missing games and allegedly drinking (according to historian Peter Mancuso).

13th  At Boston, Chicago’s Sam Mertes triples in the 1st inning and then steals home to lead the Orphans to a 9–4 victory. Mertes adds a single and double and makes a spectacular catch in the outfield.

14th  Kid Nichols pitches a one-hitter against Pittsburgh, winning 2–0. Opposing hurler Jack Chesbro, in his 2nd game, makes the hit, and pitches a four-hitter. It is Chesbro’s 2nd complete game in three days.

The Superbas trade Dan McGann and the versatile Aleck Smith to the Washington Nationals for 36-year-old Deacon McGuire. Smith had been acquired from Baltimore in April and the Nationals will complete the circuit by selling him to Baltimore on August 5. McGuire had been announced as part of a Brooklyn-Washington trade last April, but Duke Farrell went in his place.

15th  Boston manager Frank Selee is quoted by Sporting Life as saying: “I look upon Lajoie as a ballplaying genius with more natural talent than any ballplayer since Charley Ferguson.”

Baltimore’s Joe McGinnity and Frank Kitson both throw shutouts against Cleveland, winning 10-0 and 5-0.

Jimmy Collins of Boston, in the bottom of the 11th with Herman Long on base, hits the ball over the fence to win the game 1–0 against Jesse Tannehill of Pittsburgh. Collins gets credit for a double.

18th  Young Jack Chesbro allows 5 hits as the Pirates whip the Superbas, 8-2. With Doc McJames pitching, Brooklyn totals 25 assists, an NL record. The standing NL record of 28 assists will be set by the Giants in 1911.

A 7-5 Reds win in Baltimore is punctuated by a 9th inning on-field brawl that starts when Tommy Corcoran attacks John McGraw. The free-for-all is joined by both teams, spectators and eventually the police. McGraw and Corcoran are fined and tossed.

21st At Washington, the Cleveland Spiders take the first of 2 games, 5-3, behind rookie Harry Colliflower, who wins his first outing. However, Colliflower will get roasted in his next 11 starts to finish 1-11 in his only season. The Senators win by the same 5-3 score in game 2.

22nd  Pittsburgh’s rookie leadoff batter, Ginger Beaumont, makes 6 infield hits, off Wiley Piatt, and scores a record 6 runs in an 18–4 romp over Philadelphia. Jimmy Williams has 3 hits, including a pair of triples. Nap Lajoie is sidelined with synovitis (water on the knee) and will not return until late September.

Louisville 1B Mike Kelly and SS Billy Clngman turn the season’s third triple play in a 9-2 win over first-place Brooklyn.

24th  At Pittsburgh, the Pirates sweep a pair from Philadelphia, winning both games with homers in the 9th by rookies. After the Phils score 5 in the 9th in the opener, Jimmy Williams hits a 3-run homer with no outs in the bottom of the frame to win, 9–8. In the nitecap, Ginger Beaumont hits a triple with 3 on and a run already in to win, 5–4. Beaumont is credited with a triple since the winning run scores ahead of him, but would’ve gotten a homer otherwise.

25th  Rookie Jimmy Williams has a stellar day collecting a 2-run homer, triple, and 2 singles as the Pirates outslug the Philadelphians, 15–12, for their 5th win in a row against their cross-state rivals. In the five-game series, Williams goes 13-for-20 with 10 runs and 18 RBI. He has 5 triples and 3 homers (as noted by SABR biographer Dixie Tourangeau). Williams will end the year with a rookie-record 219 hits. Lloyd Waner will top it in 1927.

Cleveland’s Jim Hughey beats his old team the St. Louis Browns, 3–1, for one of his four wins in 34 decisions this year.

26th  Pitcher Jim Hughes of Baltimore steals home in the 5th inning against Louisville and wins the game 3–2.

30th  The Colonels’ Honus Wagner hits 2 inside-the-park home runs in the 2nd game of a twin victory over Cleveland at Louisville. The Colonels win 9–2 and 16–13 over the hapless Spiders, now 15-74.

31st Christy Mathewson makes his first pro appearance, pitching for Taunton (Mass.) against Manchester of the New England League. Christopher the Crafty loses, 6–5.

1899 August

1st  Pitcher Jack Powell’s HR in the 14th inning gives St. Louis an exciting 8–7 win over Boston. The drive off Kid Nichols goes beyond CF Billy Hamilton and Powell beats the relay. The fans carry Powell to the clubhouse. The Perfectos rally to tie in the 10thand 12th innings before winning in the 14th. Emmet Heidrick has 4 hits for St. Louis.

In a game between the Colonels and the Giants in Louisville, Honus Wagner steals 2B, 3B and home in the 4th inning. He is the first to accomplish this under the rule change of 1898 that differentiates between advanced bases and stolen bases. Louisville wins, 7-1.

2nd Pitcher Bert Cunningham hits a grand slam as Louisville edges the visiting Giants, 7-6. Bill Carrick serves up the homer in the 5th.

5th Sporting Life says “Martin Bergen, Boston’s great catcher, does not drink, chew, or smoke; yet he is the hardest man in the league to manage. He is a crank of cranks and, moreover, has the persecution mania.” Early next year, Bergen will kill his wife and three children and then take his own life.

6th  The three-year old Atlantic League disbands. President Ed Barrow will take over the Toronto club of the Eastern League.

7th  Vic Willis of Boston pitches a one-hitter, beating Washington 7–1. However, the Associated Press calls it a no-hitter. The controversial hit was by Bill Dinneen, the opposing hurler. Ultimately the record books would carry it as a no-hitter. Washington helps out as Willis retires the side on 3 pitches in the 2nd inning (as noted by Bill Deane).

The Giants release Mike Tiernan, their fading star, who has been with the team 13 years.

8th The Giants edge visiting Louisville, 5-4, in 10 innings and the Giants outfield goes into the record books by accepting no fielding chances. It will happen in the AL just once, in 1905.

9th Trailing 11–7, the Reds rally for a 14–13 win over eventual 1899 champion Brooklyn. Cincy scores 7 runs in the 8th after two are out.

Going into the 9th, the Pirates trail the Phillies, 8-6, and that’s when it gets interesting as the Phillies score 6 runs in the 9th to overcome an offensive display by the Pirates Ginger Beaumont. The Pirates score 3 times when Bill Magee throws wildly on a bases loaded bunt by Patsy Donovan and 3 runs score. Orth relieves and allows 4 runs and the Corsairs take a 14-8 lead. But Frank Bowerman has two doubles in the 9th inning as consecutive hits score 6 runs for the Phils as they win, 14-13. The 13 runs by both teams is short of the record 14 that Baltimore laid on Boston on April 24, 1894 and 3 short of the record 17 runs in the 9th inning of Boston-New York game (June 6, 1912). Five Phillie hitters collect 3 hits as the team tallies 21. For Pittsburgh, Beaumont has a single and 4 long hits, including a record-tying 3 triples. His 27 triples will lead the NL.

10th  After a wild 7-4 loss to Baltimore, St. Louis manager Patsy Tebeau swears at an abusive spectator, and the latter has him arrested and fined.

11th  Brickyard Kennedy triumphs over Bert Cunningham and Brooklyn beats Louisville 1–0 on a HBP and a steal of home by Bill Dahlen in the 2nd inning. Dahlen also stole home in 1897 for the only run of the game.

12th  The grandstand at Louisville’s Eclipse Park burns down. The Colonels will try and make do with a temporary stand.

The Giants sell pitcher Jouett Meekin to Boston for $3,500. Meekin averaged 25 wins a year from 1894-98, but had slipped to 5–11 this season.

The Reds sweep a twinbill from Boston by 7–2 scores, and set a Cincinnati club record by winning 12 in a row.

14th The season’s 4th triple play is executed by the Reds against Boston. In the first inning, with the bases full, Harry Steinfeldt spears Collins’ liner, tags 3B, and throws to McPhee at 2B, retiring Tenney. Boston still wins, 8-3, to stay 2 ½ games behind leading Brooklyn.

15th “Brewery Jack” Taylor pitches the visiting Reds to a 1–0 win over Boston.

Louisville beats New York and Ed Doheny, 9-5. Doheny is wild, walking 7 and hitting one, but he strikes out 8, including Louisville pitcher Pete Dowling, who strikes out a ML record 5 times (consecutive). Doheny also puts his name in the record books by making 5 errors, all on throws to 1B on bunts.

16th At Boston, Louisville and Boston split a doubleheader. Louisville wins game 1, 3-0, behind Deacon Phillippe’s 3-hitter. Charlie Hickman walks 13 in game 2, but wins 12-4, allowing 4 hits.

18th In a 4-2 loss at Brooklyn, Cleveland pulls off a triple play, going 4-3-6: Joe Quinn to Tommy Tucker to Harry Lochhead.

20th  Socks Seybold, powerful slugger from the Atlantic League, makes his debut with Cincinnati. He makes 3 errors in the outfield in a 10–1 loss to St. Louis.

Trailing 7-5 in the bottom of the 9th, the White Sox load the bases for Sam Mertes who delivers a walk-off triple. The Sox beat Cleveland, 8-7.

The Phillies release Bill Magee who made a crucial error in the 9thinning 10 days ago.

22nd  Washington OF Buck Freeman, the league’s leading HR hitter with 15, pitches the last 3 innings of a 15–5 loss to Baltimore.

23rd St. Louis edges Chicago, 8–7, as Mike Donlin is 4-for-6 with 2 runs and a stolen base.

Honey, I’m home. The Cleveland Spiders conclude the longest road trip in ML history—50 games in 52 days—with a 13-3 loss at Louisville (as noted by Bob Tiemann). The Spiders were 6-44 during their extended trip. Things won’t change much at home as they lose tomorrow to the visiting New York squad, 6-2. The two other road trips of 50 or more days were both by Cleveland: in 1884 and last season.

24th  Cy Young pitches his 3rd consecutive shutout, allowing the hard-hitting Phillies only 3 hits in a 5–0 win.

27th  In the first of two, St. Louis pastes the visiting Washington club, 16–2, as rookie Emmet Heidrick contributes 3 singles, a double, two steals and is hit by a pitch. Washington turns it around in the second game, winning 15-9.

28th  For the 2nd time in a month, St. Louis star Jesse Burkett belts two inside-the-park homers in a game. He did in on July 29th. He adds a triple but it is not enough as St. Louis loses to Washington, 14–12. With a doubleheader yesterday, Burkett has 10 hits in his last 15 at bats. Bobby Wallace contributes three homers in the three-game 50-hit barrage.

After the Giants take the first game, 6-4, the host Orphans are victorious in game two, 11-3. Bill Everett hits a grand slam in the 5th, off Charlie Gettig, to power Chicago.

29th The Cleveland Spiders conclude a 7-game home stand with a doubleheader loss to New York, 9-1 and 11-3. The Spiders will play the next 36 games on the road, winning one.

31st John McGraw’s 23-year-old wife dies following surgery for appendicitis. Her funeral, with Ned Hanlon, Willie Keeler, Joe Kelley, and Hughey Jennings participating as pallbearers, would be one of the largest in Baltimore history.

1899 September

2nd  Louisville defeats visiting Washington 25–4 at Eclipse Park. There are 8 HRs in the game, including 6 by Louisville. All 6 are hit by different players (Dummy Hoy, Mike Kelley, Tommy Leach, Fred Clarke, Claude Ritchey, Billy Clingman), a ML record that will not be matched until the 2000 season. Kelley and Leach’s drives are inside-the-park HRs, according to Dave Vincent. Because of the small attendance, Louisville President Barney Dreyfuss will decide to transfer the last 14 home games to the opponents’ grounds.

President Nick Young says the NL uses 6,000 balls per season. Why, in one Sunday game in Chicago they used 34!

3rd The Cincinnati Reds clobber Cleveland’s Crazy Schmit, 19–3. The Reds collect 22 hits and 8 walks.

4th  The Superbas, already famous for their late rallies, stage “Brooklyn finishes” in 2 different boroughs, winning the morning game in Brooklyn, 3-2, with 2 runs in the 9th, and then taking the afternoon game, 5-4, in Manhattan with 4 in the 8th.

Louisville and St. Louis split a pair with the Colonels winning the opener, 14-2, as pitcher Bert Cunningham hits his second homer—and second grand slam—of the year. It comes off Cy Young in the 5th. This sets a ML record for slams by a pitcher in a season and a career, a mark that will be tied by Dizzy Trout and Tony Cloninger (in one game). The Colonels drop game 2 by a 2-1 score.

After eking out a 3-2 win in the opener, Philadelphia (NL) takes an easy 17–0 win over Washington. Chick Fraser is the winner over Gus Weyhing.

In Mansfield, Massachusetts, in the New England League, the home team sweeps 6 from Portland. They play 2 games before lunch, and 4 afterwards. Portland walks off the field and forfeits after 2 innings in the 6th game to protest an ump’s decision, but the first 5 games last 9 innings each, for a total of 47 innings. According to Phil Lowry, this is the only professional sextupleheader in history.

5th  The Reds roll over Cleveland, winning 19-3 and 9-7. Kip Selbach scores 5 runs in game 1 while winning pitcher Bill Phillips has 3 hits, including a pair of triples, According to historian Tom Zocco, he is the first pitcher to have two triples in a game. Jake Beckley has 7 hits in the 2 games.

In Philadelphia’s 18-10 win over Washington, Roy Thomas scores 5 runs for the winners.

7th  Hometown Brooklyn loses to Boston 2–1 when Tom “Tido” Daly tries to score the tying run in the bottom of the 9th but is called out by umpire Bob Emslie. When the fans attack Emslie, police and players escort him off the field to the railway station.

8th  Pittsburgh’s Jimmy Williams, who earlier set a rookie record by hitting in 26 consecutive games, runs his new string to 27 games. He is stopped by Deacon Phillippe of Louisville, who also stopped his earlier streak. Louisville wins, 5-3. The 27 straight game streak is a club record, not topped by any 20th century Pittsburgh batter.

Jesse Burkett of St. Louis hits 2 homers and a single to help Cy Young defeat the Reds, 12-3.

Brooklyn’s ace Jim Hughes stops Boston, 5-0, but Fielder Jones, despite an RBI, sees his consecutive game streak of reaching base stopped, as he has no hits, walks or HBP. Jones’ streak started in game 2 of June 13th and reached 70 games yesterday, far exceeding the record of 60 set by George Van Haltren in 1893 (Jones’ record was discovered by historian Trent McCotter in the 21st century). Jones’ mark will be topped by Joe DiMaggio, in 1941, and by Ted Williams in 1949. Oddly, he finishes the season with a modest .285 batting average and a solid but unspectacular OBP of .390. His OBP ranks 6th on the team for starters.

9th  Doc McJames of Brooklyn has a no-hitter until Hugh Duffy of Boston singles with 2 out in the 9th. Nevertheless, the league leaders win, 4–0. Fred Tenney, Boston’s sterling first sacker, now horse collared for six games, is being roasted by Boston fans as a “stiff” and a “lobster.”

Jake Beckley of Cincinnati hits a grand slam inside-the-park HR in the 5th in a 12–6 loss to St. Louis. In the same game, Bill Phillips quick-pitches a perfect strike to Burkett, who had stepped out of the batter’s box. True to his nickname of “The Crab,” Jesse shows his irritation and is ejected. Emmet Heidrick has 4 singles and scores 3 times for St. Louis.

10th  In Cincinnati, OF Sam Crawford makes his ML debut for the Reds a success by helping to beat two NL rivals, Cleveland and Louisville. In a scheduling quirk, the Reds play Cleveland and whip the Spiders, 10–2. The game lasts 7 innings, not because of a mercy rule, but because the Spiders need to catch a train. Crawford collects 2 singles in that contest. Later, the Reds take on Louisville, and Crawford has 3 hits, including a triple off Bert Cunningham, in leading Cincinnati to an 8–7 win. Crawford has 5 hits, filling in for the absent Elmer Smith. A grieving Smith misses the last two months of the season after his wife dies. The 19-year-old Crawford will end the year at .307 in 31 games.

Pitcher Bill Magee is signed by Washington, his 3rd NL team this year.

Rochester wins the Eastern League pennant, 8 ½ games ahead of 1898 champion Montreal.

12th In game 1 at National Park in Washington, Reds pitcher Jack Taylor gives up 4 runs on 5 hits into the 4th inning. Suddenly he is unable to lift his right arm and the ball rolls out of his fingers. The alleged strain to his right side is probably unrelated to his death in 4 months due to Bright’s disease, but this is the last game of his career. “Brewery Jack” finishes 9-10 this season after going 15-29 last year with a league-high 397 innings pitched for the Browns (according to Peter Mancuso). Washington, in 11th place, sweeps, winning 7–3 and 5–4, to move 30 games ahead of 12th place Cleveland.

13th  A lotta Malarkey. John Malarkey makes his first start for Chicago—and his first ML appearance in three years—a memorable one as he gives up 12 runs in the 6th inning to the host Giants. The Orphans lose, 13-2.

14th  The first-place Superbas take pair from the Pirates, winning 7–5 and 7–1. Doc McJames hangs the golden sombrero on rookie Jimmy Williams in game 1, striking him four times. No other player strikes out four times this season.

15th  Vic Willis’s drop ball is working effectively, as no Boston outfielder records a putout in a 9–4 victory over Pittsburgh. Beaneater Chick Stahl chips in one of the longest HRs ever hit at Boston.

Washington pastes a 15–3 loss on Cleveland’s Crazy Schmit, on his way to a 2–17 record. Schmit was playing with the baseball comedians, the Pittsburg Wanderers, when he was signed in June. His only pitch is a slow curve, described by the Washington Post as, “. . . a roundhouse scroll that wafts to the plate with the nonchalance of a dapper youth flaunting through Burlington Arcade. . . an inviting, appetizing toss.” Schmit kept a carefully detailed diary of the weaknesses of all opposing batsmen. According to the August 18, 1899, Brooklyn Eagle, he could bolt from the mound mid-inning to fetch it for reference. His entry for Cap Anson’s weakness read “base on balls”, and Schmidt reportedly followed that strategy.

17th  A preliminary organization meeting is held in Chicago regarding a proposed new American Association. Among the delegates are Adrian Anson of Chicago, Chris Von der Ahe and Al Spink of St. Louis, and representatives from Milwaukee, New York, Philadelphia, and Washington.

18th After losing 24 games in a row, Cleveland defeats Washington, 5–4, in 10 innings. The Senators are the 3rd team of the season for losing pitcher Billy Magee, previously with Louisville and Philadelphia. The Spiders will go on to lose their next 16 games.

In Brooklyn, the Cubs and Superbas play to a 10-10 tie, called after 8 innings because of darkness. Bill Lange has 5 hits to complete a hitting streak of 9 straight that he began on September 15.

20th  In Brooklyn’s 5-3 home loss to St. Louis, they use two pinch runners in the 8th inning, the first verified use of pinchrunners being used except as substitutes for injured players. According to Clifford Blau, Jack Dunn was the first pinch runner and (Chick) Cargo the second. Cargo is not in the record books as a major leaguer since the NL will not credit pinch runners with a game played for at least another decade.

But I’ll miss the team picture! Following a 6-2 loss to Baltimore, Crazy Schmit (2-17) is handed his release by the lowly Cleveland Spiders. Crazy will end his NL career at 7-34, then tack on two more losses next year in the AL with Baltimore. According to the Brooklyn Eagle of August 18th, Crazy kept a detailed diary on all opposing batsmen and was known to bolt from the mound in mid-inning to fetch it for reference. His entry for Cap Anson was “base on balls” [which might have been his entry for a number of hitters: he walked 169 in 338 IP).

Brooklyn buys 3B Zeke Wrigley’s contract from Syracuse, although Wrigley has been playing for New York for the past 5 days. He will play 15 games with 1st-place Brooklyn. The NL fines Brooklyn $500 and threatens to disallow the games that Wrigley plays, but nothing comes of it. This is Wrigley’s last season and the brouhaha will come to nothing.

22nd Chicago’s Ned Garvin ties a ML mark by giving up 13 hits in a shutout as he beats Boston, 3–0. He walks two. Boston takes the second game, 8-7, in 8 innings as darkness ends it.

23rd Buck Freeman hits his 3rd homer in 4 games and this one is the longest on record at the Brooklyn Park. But his Washington team goes down to defeat, 7-5.

24th Save some runs, boys. The visiting Orphans pound the Reds, 21-4, in the opener and then the Reds return the favor with a 11-1 victory in the nitecap, called in the 5th on account of darkness. In the first game, Sam Mertes leads the way with two home runs over the center-field fence in Cincinnati, one of them finishing in a spectacular way, as noted by Steven V. Rice: “Just back of the [Cincinnati] park is a saloon, the occupants of which always thought themselves protected, but the awakening was dear. . . .[Mertes’ home run] tore up a mechanical advertising apparatus costing over $50, and still unimpeded, smashed through a plate-glass window, struck the center of a table, breaking up a pinochle game, and then bounded over the bar into the cut-glass ware on the shelves. When the wreckage had been cleared up, a bill was presented to the baseball management for $64 [in] damages. The ball now hangs in that saloon as a trophy.” (Washington Post, October 21, 1906).

Louisville wins an unusual doubleheader in St. Louis, as the Colonels trip the home Perfectos, 7-6, in the opener, then beat the Cleveland Spiders, 7-1, in a second game. Cleveland is the nominal home team in the game, called at the end of 7 innings. Louisville (as noted by David Vincent) had been scheduled in Cleveland on August 21 and in St. Louis on September 6.

26th  St. Louis scores in all 8 of its innings in a 15–3 home win over Cleveland. Winning hurler Cy Young becomes the second pitcher this month to collect a pair of triples in a game as he goes 3-for-4 (as noted by Tom Zocco).

At Chicago, the Pirates apply two coatings of calcimine, winning 5-0 behind Sam Leever and 12-0 behind Bill Hoffer. Hoffer is helped by a grand slam from Jimmy Williams in the 4th, against Jack Taylor.

27th  Sun glasses? Brooklyn beat the Giants, 7-5, in 8 innings when ump Manassau calls the game at 5:05 on account of darkness. With the sun shining brightly, fans and Giants players grouse about it.

28th  Giants P Cy Seymour loses to the Phillies, 6-3, but in 8 innings pitched walks 11 and strikes out 10. The Giants’ outfield makes one putout and no assists in the game. After a long absence, Nap Lajoie appears as a pinch hitter for the Phils and collects a hit.

30th  Fifteen bases are stolen in the Orioles’ 6-4 win over Brooklyn, nine off of the O’s Duke Farrell, six off Brooklyn’s Aleck Smith.

1899 October

2nd  Rube Waddell, of Louisville, fans 13 in a 3-hit, 6–1 victory at Chicago, besting Clark Griffith. Waddell sets a season’s mark for strikeouts. The game is called after 8 innings because of darkness.

5th Rube Waddell and Louisville shut out the Reds, 4–0. Emil Fraik is the loser.

6th  Frank “Noodles” Hahn, 20-year-old lefty of Cincinnati, faces only 28 Louisville batters in a one-hit 8–1 victory. Tommy Leach’s single drives in manager Fred Clarke, who had reached base on an error. Hahn strikes out 9 towards his league-leading total of 147.

7th  The Brooklyn Superbas clinch the NL pennant with a 13–2 win in 5 ½ innings over the Giants. Jim Hughes is the winning pitcher.

8th  The Chicago Orphans win an unusual doubleheader at West Side Grounds. In a morning game, behind Jack Taylor’s first season shutout, they beat Cleveland 13–0. Jim Hughey is the loser. Hughey will finish the year at 4-30, the last ML pitcher to lose 30 games. Then in an afternoon game called after 6 innings because of darkness, Chicago beats Louisville and Rube Waddell, 7–3. Sam Mertes has an inside-the-park homer and Bill Lange has a double, then steals 3B and home. He scores twice, as do Chance and Griffith. Lange, 28, will quit the majors after this season and return to California.

9th  Washington and Baltimore split a doubleheader, with Washington taking the opener, 2-0 and then losing, 9-2. Game 2 is enlivened by a row between Washington’s Win Mercer and umpire Manassau after a call at 2B. Mercer beefs so much that the ump fines him and tosses him out of the game. Mercer then resumes his position at 3B until the ump orders him to leave. With that, Mercer charges the ump, grabbing his shirt and tearing it in two. A crowd charges the field and the police intervene to restore order.

10th  Ted Lewis shuts out the host Phillies, 6-0, to move Boston into second place.

The Giants beat the first place Brooks, 5-2, in 7 innings. New York pulls off a triple play in the 3rd (Davis-Gleason-Doyle).

11th  The Western League holds its annual meeting in Chicago and changes its name to the American Baseball League. The AL considers putting clubs in Cleveland and Chicago. President Ban Johnson and St. Paul owner-manager Charles Comiskey give little credibility to the proposed “on paper only” American Association.

12th  Buck Freeman hits his 25th HR, a 9th-inning grand slam, off Charlie Gettig, but Washington still loses to New York, 9–7.

Jim Hughes of Brooklyn wins his 28th, topping Baltimore’s Joe McGinnity, 5–1. Hughes will get married over the winter and, after his bride refuses to return East, he will spend the 1900 season pitching in an outlaw league on the West Coast. He’ll return to Brooklyn in 1901 for two more winning seasons before defecting again.

13th  The Senators use 11 walks from Cy Seymour to beat the Giants in 7 innings, 6–4. Darkness prevents Cy from handing out any more free passes.

In Pittsburgh, the Louisville Colonels score 4 runs in the 9th to take a 6–5 lead over the Pirates, but heavy, black smoke from the steel mills spills over the field and the game is called because of poor visibility. The score reverts to 5–2, with Pittsburgh on top at the end of 8. The Colonels will win their last two games but end the season in 9th place at 75-77.

At Brooklyn, the Orioles ride a Bill Keister grand slam in the 1st to an 8-2 victory over the Superbas. Jack Dunn serves up the homer.

Kid Nichols shuts out the Phillies on three hits to win a tense 1–0 game that clinches second place for the Beaneaters. His 21 victories are his fewest in a season since joining Boston in 1890 (his 10-year total is 297).

14th  Coldwater Jim Hughey of the desolate Cleveland Exiles takes a 12-4 whipping by the Reds and suffers his 30th defeat (against 4 wins). No major leaguer will ever again lose so many.

15th  Cincinnati closes out the season with 16–1 and 19–3 home victories over the hapless Cleveland Spiders. Sam Crawford has 5 hits for the day for the Reds. The Spider starter for game 2, Jack Harper, is understandably ill and Cleveland starts 19-year-old Eddie Kolb in his place. He gives up all the runs. Kolb runs the cigar stand at the Gibson House, and he became acquainted with manager Quinn during the team’s visits to the hotel. When he heard last night of Harper’s illness he volunteered. This will be his only appearance in the majors, but he will play and manage in the minors after this. Bid McPhee, considered the best 2B of the 19thcentury, plays in both games, which ends his long career. Cleveland finishes deep in the cellar with 20 wins and 134 losses, 84 games out. They also conclude a 36-game road trip (1-35) after setting a mark earlier this year with a 50-game road trip.

In a Sunday twinbill in Chicago, the Orphans close out the season with a win and a loss. Ned Garvin (9-13) tosses his team-high fourth shutout, beating St. Louis, 7-0, on a 4-hitter. Chicago makes three double plays behind him. In game 2 of the split double header, Chicago falls to Louisville, 9-5, in a game called after 8 innings because of darkness. The decision to move the second game and finish the season on Sunday is borne out with an attendance on the day of 6200. This is the tenth split doubleheader this season, and there will not be another until September 13, 1951.

17th  Brooklyn begins a post-season series with Philadelphia for “gate money and satisfaction.” The Phillies get most of the satisfaction, batting the Superbas’ Jim Hughes for a 7–4 victory. Lajoie collects 4 hits in 4 trips.

21st  A reception for the league champions is held at the Brooklyn Academy of Music. Participants include boxing greats John L. Sullivan and Jim Corbett. The team receives $2500 and the champion pennant.

22nd  The sixth and last game of the post-season series is played at Hoboken, before 700 shivering spectators. The Phillies win, 6–4, to even the series at 3 apiece.

1899 November

2nd  Henry Chadwick, called the “Father of Baseball,” visits President McKinley in Washington to propose that Army regiments be provided with baseball equipment. This is Chadwick‘s first presidential interview since his visit with President Lincoln in 1861.

4th  Representatives of 7 cities meet in New York regarding the proposed new American Association. Attention focuses on what other city might become the 8th franchise.

11th  What I did for love. Chicago Orphans star Bill Lange returns to San Francisco and vows he will never appear on the diamond again. He is only 28 and hit .325 this year. He will marry the daughter of a San Francisco real-estate magnate who had forbidden his daughter from marrying a ballplayer.

18th  Ban Johnson, president of the new AL, contemplates exchanging players of equal ability with the NL and EL with a view to giving the public new attractions.

25th  Sporting Life reports that President Freedman of the Giants wants to reduce the NL to 8 clubs and purify the game by eliminating “certain parties who have been unduly prominent in the sport for cheap notoriety and the money there is in it.”

1899 December

4th  Buck Ewing, Cincinnati manager for 5 years, is released.

8th  Louisville president Barney Dreyfuss is transferring to the Pittsburgh club (of which he is part owner) most of his top stars, including player-manager Fred Clarke, Hans Wagner, Claude Ritchey, Tommy Leach, Rube Waddell, and Deacon Phillippe. Louisville is a likely candidate in the reduction of NL franchises from 12 to 8. According to the December 16th Sporting Life, Dreyfuss acquired Pittsburgh stock as part of the deal; he did not own the club before the deal. Louisville owner Harry Pulliam receives $25,000 as compensation.

12th The Pirates sell Jack McCarthy to the Chicago Orphans for $2000. McCarthy will have a solid year for Chicago before jumping to the AL and Cleveland.

15th  The NL rules Brooklyn’s purchase of Zeke Wrigley in September is illegal and nullifies the 16 games he played for Brooklyn. But Brooklyn still wins the pennant since those games did not alter the league standings.

22nd  AL magnates meet to map out a line of action based on results of the NL meeting. They plan to place a team in Chicago with Charles Comiskey the owner-manager.