1st The Red Sox acquire C Kevin Cash from the Astros for minor league IF Angel Sanchez.
The Giants send veteran backstop Bengie Molina and cash to the Rangers in exchange for P Chris Ray and minor league P Michael Main.
The Diamondbacks, last in the NL West, fire manager A.J. Hinch. Bench coach Kirk Gibson takes over the reins on an interim basis.
In a financial footnote, Bobby Bonilla begins a five-year stint on the Mets’ payroll at an annual salary of $1.19 million; the Mets signed the pick-for-life deal with Bonilla in January 2000 in order to buy out the final year of the ex-outfielder’s contract.
2ndDown 3-0 in the bottom of the 6th, the Indians load the bases with 2 outs. Catcher Mike Redmond hits an apparent RBI-single to RF but is thrown out at 1B in a 9-3 putout by RF Ryan Sweeney. The out nullifies the run from third. A’s win, 3-0. It happens again August 9th.
3rdThe Yankees score all 11 runs in the 3rdinning on their way to an 11-3 victory over the Blue Jays. Brett Gardner’s grand slam is the big blow. Andy Pettitte (10-2) is the winner.
At Chase Field, the Dodgers are the recipients of some loose play and some bizarre moves as Los Angeles clips the D’Backs, 14-1. Arizona makes 6 errors, including 3 by SS Tony Abreau. The tone is set in the 6-run 2ndwhen Xavier Paul is awarded a walk on three balls. With 2 on, Arizona CF Chris Young tries for an over-the-shoulder catch on Rafael Furcal but drops the ball, though no error is called. Running hard, Furcal passes base runner Clayton Kershaw and is called out. Matt Kemp follows with a homer.
4thRosters are announced for the July 13 All-Star Game. Minnesota C Joe Mauer is the top vote-getter among fans, with 5,372,606 votes while the Yankees land six players on the team. Evan Meek is the first Pirate reliever to make the All-Star team since Mace Brown in 1938.
At the Friendly Confines, the Reds trounce the host Cubs, 14-3, as 9 homers are hit. Cincinnati hits 7 homers in the contest, including 3 by OF Drew Stubbs, who collects 5 RBIs, while Tyler Colvin has 2 for the Cubs.
In the Giants 3-run 8thinning against the Rockies, Nate Schierholtz and Angel Torres combine for a pinch-hit homer and an inside-the-park round-tripper in successive plate appearances. It was the first time in major-league history that back-to-back homers were hit this way. It goes for naught as the Rockies load the bases in the 10th, 13thand 14thinnings, finally pushing across a run in the 15thto win, 4-3. Dexter Fowler scores his 3rdrun of the game after hitting his second triple of the contest. Colorado strands 20 runners to set a team record.
Torii Hunter has 3 hits, including a pair of homers, to drive in 7 runs as the Angels paste the visiting Royals, 11-0. Joel Pineiro (9-6) pitches 7 innings for the win.
Marcus Thames drives in the winning run in the 10thas the Yankees overcome a poor start by Phil Hughes and three runners thrown out at the plate to beat the Jays, 7-6. Halfway through the season, New York has the best record in baseball.
The Diamondbacks designate Dontrelle Willis for assignment. He was 1-1 in 6 games.
5thJonathan Sanchez (7-6) allows a run in 6 innings as the Giants whip the Brewers, 6-1. The Giants (42-40) are in 4thplace in the NL West. Corey Hart has a single for the Brewers to extend his consecutive-game hitting streak to 20 games.
In a 9-3 win over Texas, Cleveland’s Jason Donald is 4-for-4 with two steals and Austin Kearns is hit by pitches three times—by three different pitchers.
6thThe Rockies score a record (at least as far back as 1918) 9 runs in the bottom of the 9thinning to defeat the visiting Cardinals, 12-9. Chris Ianetta and Seth Smith hit 3-run homers in the frame. It is only the 3rdtime in ML history that a team scores 9 or more runs in the last inning of a walk-off win. The other two occasions were back in 1901 when Detroit and Cleveland did it. It is a far cry from their last for the Rocks, who stranded a team-record 20 on the 4th.
At Citi Field, the Mets Johan Santana is as hot as the temperature (a record 103 in New York’s Central Park), firing a 3-hitter to stop the Reds, 3-0, and also hitting his first ML homer. It comes on the 12thpitch to him from Matt Maloney. Jason Bay has the other 2 RBIs and also makes his first error since August 17, 2008 (263 games) when he loses a ball in the lights.
At Tropicana, the Rays edge the Red Sox, 3-2, pinning the loss on rookie starter Felix Doubront. Doubront has the unique occurrence of pitching in the Bigs to his former minor league manager, Gabe Kapler, Kapler was Doubront’s manager three years earlier at Greenville in the Sally League (A). Kapler has two walks and a line out against his former player.
Alex Rodriguez hits 2 homers, including a grand slam, as the Yankees beat Oakland, 6-1. C.C. Sabathia wins his seventh straight beating Trevor Cahill (8-3), the A’s lone All-star representative. It is the Yanks 9thgrand slam, one shy of the team record set in 1987.
7thThe Nationals edge the Padres, 7-6, as Adam Dunn slugs 3 homers and drives in 5 runs for Washington. Matt Stairs hits his 20th pinch homer, tying the career record set by Cliff Johnson.
In a see-saw match the Rockies defeat the Cardinals, 8-7, on Chris Iannetta’s walk-off HR off rookie P Evan Maclane, who is making his ML debut. Maclane is only the second pitcher in the last 40 years to surrender a game-ending homer to the first batter he faces in the majors. The other was JJ Trujillo of the Padres in 2002. Helped by a homer by Matt Holliday, the Birds had a 5-0 lead after 4 1/2 innings, only to lose.
Tim Lincecum (9-4) gets plenty of run support and strikes out 10 in 7 innings as the 4th-place Giants belt the Brewers, 15-2. Buster Posey is 4-for-4—all singles—as he drives in 6 runs. Chris Narveson allows 10 runs in 3+ innings.
In the Twins 6-5 loss to the Blue Jays at the Rogers Centre, Justin Morneau sustains a season-ending concussion sliding into the knee of second baseman John McDonald. It is his second concussion in 5 years. Morneau is second in the AL in hitting at .345. He will play just 69 games next season, hitting .227 with 4 homers.
8thThe Astros defeat the Pirates, 2-0, behind Roy Oswalt’s one-hitter. Neil Walker’s 1st-inning single is Pittsburgh’s only hit. Lance Berkman hits a pair of homers for the tallies, both off Ross Ohlendorf.
The Rockies beat the Cardinals, 4-2, as Ubaldo Jimenez extends his record to 15-1. His .938 winning percentage is the highest ever by a pitcher with 15 or more decisions before the All-Star break. He’s the first pitcher since David Wells in 2000 to win 15 by the All-star break.
Mat Latos throws 7 shutout innings, and has two hits, one a homer, in the Padres, 7-1, win over the host Nationals. The Pads lead the NL West by 3 games.
9thThe Phillies rally from a 7-1 deficit to defeat the Reds, 9-7, in 10 innings. The game is the third this season in which a team won after trailing by at least 6 runs going into the bottom of the 9thinning—the most ever in an ML season. Cincinnati becomes the first team in ML history to lose 2 such games in a season. Rookie P Mike Leake started both of those games, making him the first pitcher in ML history to start more than one game in his entire career in which his team lost in such a fashion. Leake has 3 hits today but on the mound he serves up a 3-run homer to Greg Dobbs in the 9th. Cody Ransom adds a 2-run pinch homer in the 9th, off Francisco Cordero, and Ryan Howard finishes the game with a 2-run homer in the 10th, off Arthur Rhodes.
The Mariners trade pitchers Cliff Lee and Mark Lowe to the Rangers for blue-chip 1B Justin Smoak and minor leaguers 2B-OF Matt Lawson and pitchers Blake Beavan and Josh Lueke. The M’s turned down the Yankees after reaching an agreement in principal in the morning. Given the starting job in Seattle, Smoak will struggle, going 2-for-36 before going to the minors on July 31.
Ian Stewart has a pair of homers, including a grand slam, and drives in 6 runs as the Rockies come from behind to defeat San Diego, 10-8. The Rockies and Dodgers trail the Pads by 2 games.
The host Rangers blow a 6-2 lead in the 9thwhen Baltimore’s Corey Patterson connects for a grand slam off Neftali Feliz. It is his 4thhit of the game. Jake Fox hits a solo homer in the 10thfor the Orioles 7-6 victory.
10thThe Phillies edge the Reds, 1-0, in 11 innings. Cincinnati rookie P Travis Wood, making just his third ML start, hurls 8 perfect innings before giving up a leadoff double to Carlos Ruiz in the 9th. It is the only hit he allows in his 9 innings. It is Philadelphia’s third straight extra-inning win over the Reds.
11thThe Orioles defeat the Rangers, 4-1, to complete a 4-game sweep. It is only the second 4-game sweep on the road in ML history in which the winning team entered the series more than 30 games below .500 and the losing team entered the series more than 15 games above .500. The other occurred in 1950 when the Browns swept the Indians at Municipal Stadium in Cleveland.
The Phillies edge the Reds, 1-0. Jimmy Rollins drives in the game’s only run, becoming the first player since 1971 to have an RBI in each of his team’s back-to-back 1-0 wins. Minnesota’s Steve Braun performed the feat in 1971.
The White Sox rout the Royals, 15-5, as Andruw Jones hits his 400thcareer HR.
For the first time since the ML adopted the 6-division in 1994, no team has a division lead of 5-or-more games at the All-Star break.
12thDavid Ortiz becomes the oldest player ever to win the All-Star Home Run Derby. Ortiz defeats Hanley Ramirez by slugging 11 homers in the final round.
Bryce Harper of the College of Southern Nevada wins the Golden Spikes Award as the country’s top amateur baseball player.
13thThe National League wins the All-Star Game with a 3-1 victory over the American League. Brian McCann’s bases-loaded double accounts for all 3 NL runs and earns him MVP honors. Matt Capps gets the win in relief while Phil Hughes takes the loss.
The Boss dies at 80. George Steinbrenner, the principal owner and managing partner of the New York Yankees suffers a heart attack and dies in Tampa. The outspoken Steinbrenner was the owner for 37 years, the longest in team history. During his ownership, the Yankees earned 7 World Series titles and 11 pennants. He retired to Tampa in 2005 and his sons Hank and Hal had taken over his responsibilities with the team.
14thThe Braves obtain SS Alex Gonzalez, minor league P Tim Collins, and minor league SS Tyler Pastornicky from the Blue Jays in exchange for SS Yunel Escobar and P Jo-Jo Reyes.
15thThe Braves edge the Brewers, 2-1. Corey Hart’s 1st-inning HR accounts for Milwaukee’s only run. Hart becomes the first MLer in 43 years to hit a walk-off HR in his team’s final game before the All-Star break, and a 1st-inning HR in his club’s first game after the break. The last player to perform the feat was Philadelphia’s Tony Gonzalez in 1967.
16thThe Rangers defeat the Red Sox, 8-4. Texas C Bengie Molina becomes only the 9thplayer in ML history to hit a grand slam as part of hitting for the cycle.
The Yankees edge the Rays, 5-4. It is the 9thconsecutive season in which the New Yorkers have won their first game after the All-Star break to tie a ML record.
In the Tigers 8-2 loss to the Indians, All-Star Miguel Cabrera collects a hit to extend his hitting streak to 20 games.
17thAt Petco, the Padres defeat the Diamondbacks, 8-5, as Tony Gwynn Jr. hits his second inside-the-park homer in 5 weeks. He matches the career mark of his father. Yorvit Torrealba has 3 hits, including a homer, and 4 RBI.
18thC.J. Wilson strikes out 10 and visiting Texas beats the Red Sox, 4-2. Julio Borbon steals home when C Dusty Brown tries to throw out Elvis Andrus on a double steal. The injury-depleted Sox lose for the 8thtime in 11 games.
The Yankees score 7 runs off David Price (12-5) in 5 innings as the pound the Rays, 9-5. Andy Pettitte serves up a 3-run homer in the 1stto Carols Pena, and then leaves in the 3rdinning after aggravating a pulled groin muscle. He’ll be on the DL for two months. The Yankees lead the Rays by 3 games and the Red Sox by 6.5 games.
Yunel Escobar clubs a grand slam in the Blue Jays 10-1 win over the Orioles at Camden Yards. The Jays sweep the series.
Jhonny Peralta’s long fly ball sends Ryan Rayburn crashing through a bullpen door and the slow-footed Peralta scores on an inside-the-park homer in Cleveland’s 7-2 win over Detroit. Jeanmar Gomez is the winner in his ML debut as the Indians sweep the 4-game series.
The Pirates top the Astros, 9-0, as Paul Maholm throws a 3-hit shutout. For the second day in a row, the Bucs tally a season high in hits.
Brian McCann hits a grand slam in the Braves 5-run 3rdas Atlanta tops the Brewers, 11-6. McCann finishes with 5 RBIs and Matt Diaz has 3 RBIs on 3 hits, including a homer. For the second time this month a Brewer chucker gives up 10 runs as Manny Parra allows that in 5+ innings.
19thTrevor Crowe has 4 hits to lead a 20-hit attack by the Indians in a 10-4 win over the Twins. Jim Thome hits his 11thhomer for Minnesota, scoring his 1500thrun. He joins Babe Ruth, Mel Ott, Ted Williams, Mickey Mantle, Mike Schmidt and Barry Bonds as the only players to have more than 500 homers, 1,500 RBIs, 1,500 runs and 1,500 walks.
20thThe Cubs rout the Astros, 14-7, as Aramis Ramirez clouts 3 HRs and drives in 7 runs for Chicago.
The Pirates defeat the Brewers, 11-9. Pittsburgh 2B Neil Walker goes 5-for-5, including a double, while rookie Pedro Alvarez hits two homers, one a grand slam, and both off David Bush. Bush allows 10 runs, 5 earned in the loss. Jim Edmunds has 4 hits, including a 3-run homer for the Brewers.
Cardinals rookie David Freese, on the DL since the end of June with a sprained right ankle, drops a weight that fractures his left big toe. He’ll be out the rest of the season.
21stDelwyn Young drives in 5 runs and, for the second day in a row, Pedro Alvarez has a pair of homers. He adds 3 runs and 3 RBIs as the Pirates swamp the host Brewers, 15-3. Randy Wolf hands out most of the damage, giving up 12 runs, a day after David Bush surrenders 10 runs. With Chris Narveson (July 7) and Manny Parra (July 18), the Brewers have four pitchers who have given up 10 runs or more in a month. This hasn’t happened since the 1936 Athletics (as noted by Jayson Stark).
22ndThe Angels acquire IF Alberto Callaspo from the Royals for pitchers Sean O’Sullivan and Will Smith.
MLB implements random blood testing for human growth hormone in the minor leagues. It is the first pro sports league to take this step.
The Phillies edge the Cardinals, 2-1, in 11 innings. Cole Hamels and 4 relief pitchers combine on the one-hitter for Philadelphia. St. Louis’ only hit is Matt Holliday’s leadoff single in the 4th. It is only the third time since 1900 that a game goes past the 10thinning with one club allowing just a single hit. In 1959, Harvey Haddix went 12 perfect innings for the Pirates before losing on Joe Adcock’s base hit. Three years later, the Yankees edged the Angels, 2-1, in the other contest.
23rdThe Giants defeat the Diamondbacks, 7-4. Arizona’s Kelly Johnson hits for the cycle and drives in 3 of the Diamondback runs.
24thThe Braves score 8 runs in the 8thinning to defeat the Marlins, 10-5. The key blow for Atlanta is a PH grand slam by Brooks Conrad. It is the rookie’s 2ndpinch slam of the season, tying an ML record held by Dave Johnson (1978), Mike Ivie (1978), Darryl Strawberry (1998) and Ben Broussard (2004). Conrad is the only rookie to accomplish the feat.
In a 10-2 win over the White Sox, Jack Cust of the A’s, has a perfect day at the plate as he has three walks and two home runs. Mark McGwire did that three times in his career. Vin Mazzaro and two relievers hold the Sox to 4 hits.
25thBeware of pies. The Marlins top the Braves, 5-4, in 11 innings as Wes Helms’ third RBI of the game drives in Ramirez with the game-winner. In the ensuing celebration, Chris Coghlan tears the mediscus in his right knee trying to hit Helms in the face with a shaving cream pie. It finishes the season for the reigning Rookie of the Year. His .268 batting average will drop to .230 and .140 in the next two seasons.
On umbrella day at Yankee Stadium, there is a rain delay of 2 hours: 32 minutes. Undeterred, the first-place Yankees finish off the Royals, 12-6, as Phil Hughes goes to 12-3. Curtis Granderson has a pair of homers for New York, while Scott Posednik matches him for the Royals.
Something’s gotta give. The Ranger play the Angels, with Trevor Bell (0-2 vs. Texas with an ERA of 9.82) against Tommy Hunter (0-2 vs. California with a 9.82 ERA). Hunter wins, 6-4.
Andre Dawson, Whitey Herzog, and umpire Doug Harvey are inducted in the Hall of Fame.
The Angels obtain ace Dan Haren from the Diamondbacks in exchange for pitchers Joe Saunders, Rafael Rodriguez, Patrick Corbin, and a player to be named (Tyler Skaggs). Haren leaves his .364 batting average in the National League, but his 20 hits will still lead ML pitchers.
26thTampa Bay pitcher Matt Garza hurls the 5thno-hitter of the season as he sets down the Tigers, 5-0. Garza allows only a walk in the 2ndinning, and faced the minimum 27 batters. It is the first no-hitter in Rays history. Garza throws 99 fastballs, 10 curves, eight sliders and three changeups to post his no-hitter.
The Twins rout the Royals, 19-1. Joe Mauer goes 5-for-5 for the second time this year, including a double and HR, and drives in 7 runs, joining Walker Cooper (1949) and Victor Martinez (2004) as the only catchers to record at least five hits and seven RBIs in a game. Delmon Young has 4 hits and Danny Valencia goes 4-for-4 with a grand slam, and scores 4 times. Jason Kendall of the Royals, who watches the scoring, joins Ivan Rodriguez, Carlton Fisk, Bob Boone and Gary Carter as the only players to catch 2,000 games in the majors.
27thFor the second day in a row, the Twin pummel KC, banging out 19 hits on their way to an 11-2 win over the Royals. It is the third consecutive game in which Minnesota gets at least 10 runs and 19 hits. They are only the third team in the last 100 years to perform the feat. The 1933 Giants and 1928 Pirates also did so. Rookie Danny Valencia gets 4 hits in the contest, giving him 4 straight games with 3 or more hits. He is 14-for-19 including a grand slam off Zack Greinke. The last rookie to do so was Jim Davenport of the Giants in 1958.
At Miller Park, the Reds unload 19 hits in downing the Brewers, 12-4. Brandon Phillips, Joe Votto and Scott Rolen lead the way with 4 hits apiece as Brewers starter Yovani Gallardo (9-5) gives up 10 hits and 5 runs in 2+ innings. Gallardo does hit his 4thhomer of the year and will finish the season with a .254 batting average and a .508 slugging average. He will win The Sporting News NL Silver Slugger for pitchers. Brewers infielder Joe Inglett throws a perfect 9thinning, the sixth position player to pitch this year.
28thThe Giants edge the Marlins, 10-9, in 10 innings as Andres Torres and Juan Uribe combine for 7 hits and 7 RBIs. Rookie Buster Posey has a single and a run scored and extends his batting streak to 21 games. He is the 21stcatcher to have a streak of 20 games or more.
Trevor Cahill (10-4) allows 2 hits and no runs in stopping first-place Texas, 3-1. A’s teammate Rajai Davis has 3 hits and steals his 30thbase. He’s also thrown out stealing by Bengie Molina, making him the only player this year to be thrown out by all three Molina brothers, Bengie, Jose and Yadier.
The Dodgers get OF Scott Podsednik from the Royals in exchange for C Lucas May and P Elisaul Pimentel.
The Indians send 3B Jhonny Peralta to the Tigers for P Giovanni Soto and cash considerations.
29thThe Astros trade veteran ace Roy Oswalt to the Phillies for pitcher J.A. Happ, OF Anthony Gose, and SS Jonathan Villar. Houston then sends Gose to Toronto for minor league INF Brett Wallace.
The Orioles name Buck Showalter as manager.
The Rangers acquire IF Jorge Cantu from Florida for minor league pitchers Evan Reed and Omar Poveda.
The Twins obtain All-Star closer Matt Capps from the Nationals for C Wilson Ramos and P Joe Testa. Capps who had 26 saves with the Nationals, will pick up another 16 in Minnesota, joining Bob Wickman (2000, 2006) and Octavio Dotel as the only closers to record at least 10 saves in each league in the same season.
The Orioles send 3B Miguel Tejada to the Padres for P Wynn Pelzer.
The Marlins shut out the Giants, 5-0, as Anibal Sanchez hurls a one-hitter. Pablo Sandoval’s 5th-inning single is SF’s only hit.
30thThe Rockies score 12 runs in the 8thinning as they bat around twice on their way to a 17-2 win over the Cubs. Colorado strokes 11 consecutive hits in the frame for a new ML record. Two walks follow the 11 hits.
At Fenway, Jhonny Peralta has a pair of homers and drives in 3 runs to help propel the Tigers to a 6-5 win over the Red Sox. David Ortiz makes it close with a 9thinning grand slam off Jose Valverde.
The Diamondbacks send All-Star P Edwin Jackson to the White Sox for pitchers Dan Hudson and David Holmberg.
The Yankees obtain OF Austin Kearns from the Indians for a player to be named (Zach McAllister).
31stThe Yankees collect 6 hits—all for extra bases—in edging the Rays, 5-4. Mark Teixeira (21), Robinson Cano (21) and Nick Swisher (20 hit homers, while Cano adds a pair of doubles. It is the fourth time in Yankee history that all their hits are for extra bases. New York is now 2 games ahead of Tampa Bay in the AL East. Boston is 7.5 games back.
Vlad the impaler. Vladimir Guerrero takes revenge on his former team, the Angels by belting a 2-run homer as Texas wins, 2-1. Vlad joins Ed Kirkpatrick (1969) and Bobby Bonds (1978) as the only major-leaguers to hit at least five homers against their former team the season after leaving.
The Mariners use a different lineup for the 26thconsecutive game and lose for a team-record 22ndtime this month. Kevin Slowey allows 4 M’s hits in 8 innings as the Twins win, 4-0.
Carlos Gonzalez hits for the cycle in the Rockies 6-5 win over the Cubs. His homer ends the contest leading off the bottom of the 9th. This is just the fourth time in history that a player has hit for the cycle and ended it with a walk off homer. Dwight Evans, in 1984, was the last.
The Diamondbacks send P Chad Qualls to the Rays for a player to be named (Matt Gorgen). Arizona then trades C Chris Snyder, SS Pedro Ciriaco and cash to the Pirates for SS Bobby Crosby, OF Ryan Church and pitcher D.J. Carrasco.
In a 3-team deal, the Cardinals obtain pitcher Jake Westbrook and cash from the Indians and send OF Ryan Ludwick to the Padres. St. Louis also gets pitcher Nick Greenwood from SD, while the Tribe gets P Corey Kluber from the Pads. A news source in San Diego calls Kluber a “fringe fifth starter” but he will develop a devastating two-seamer in May 2012 and become an all-star.
In a trade that will sputter for New York, the Yankees get 1B Lance Berkman from the Astros for two minor league blue chippers, pitcher Mark Melancon and IF Jimmy Paredes. The Bombers also get P Kerry Wood from the Indians for two players to be named or cash (after the season, New York sends Andrew Shive and Matt Cusick to Cleveland). With the acquisition of Berkman, Austin Kearns and Wood, the Yankees’ roster now includes 10 former first-round draft picks.
The Dodgers get pitcher Ted Lilly, IF Ryan Theriot and cash from the Cubs for IF Blake DeWitt and minor league pitchers Kyle Smit and Brett Wallach. LA also gets pitcher Octavio Dotel from the Pirates in exchange for P James McDonald and OF Andrew Lambo.
The Orioles send pitcher Will Ohman to the Marlins for P Rick VandenHurk.
The Royals trade pitcher Kyle Farnsworth and OF Rick Ankiel to the Braves for P Jesse Chavez, OF Gregor Blanco, and minor league P Tim Collins.
The Giants get pitcher Javier Lopez from the Pirates for P Joe Martinez and OF John Bowker. San Francisco also picks up pitcher Ramon Ramirez from the Red Sox for minor league P Daniel Turpen.
The Red Sox get C Jarrod Saltalamacchia from the Rangers for P Roman Mendez, 1B Chris McGuiness, a player to be named and cash. Saltalamacchia, a former first-round pick, played in just two games this year, and will appear in just 10 for the Sox in the next two months.
From July 1 through the non-waiver trading deadline on July 31, major-league clubs made deals that involved 48 major-leaguers, 37 minor-leaguers, four players to be named later and seven cash considerations.