1889 November

4th  After a formal meeting of reps from all NL chapters, the Brotherhood issues a “Manifesto” in which it claims that “players have been bought, sold and exchanged as though they were sheep instead of American citizens.” This bold statement constitutes a declaration of war between the Brotherhood and ML officials which will soon explode.

7th  The Brotherhood and its backers meet to begin preliminary work on the organization of a Players’ League. The players believe “that the game can be played more fairly and its business conducted more intelligently under a plan which excludes everything arbitrary and un-American.”

11th The Joint Rules Committee of the NL and AA makes only minor changes in the playing rules, the most important of which is to allow 2 substitutes per team, up from one in 1889.

14th  Disgusted by the conduct of the Association and especially the perceived dominance of St. Louis president Von der Ahe, Brooklyn president Charles Byrne and Cincinnati owner Aaron Stern withdraw from the AA and join the NL. Both teams have been out of the NL for 9 years. Indianapolis and Washington refuse to resign from the league, and that organization decides to go as a 10-club circuit.

15th  Kansas City also drops out of the AA.

21st The NL issues its reply to the PL manifesto. Claiming that the League saved baseball in 1876 and that under the reserve rules players’ salaries had “more than trebled,” the NL denounces the Brotherhood movement as “the efforts of certain overpaid players to again control [baseball] for their own aggrandizement. . . to its ultimate dishonor and disintegration.”

23rd Before what one writer claims is “the largest gathering in California history” (15,000 – 20,000), Oakland wins the California League pennant by beating San Francisco amid much confusion on the final day of the season. San Francisco tied for the pennant by winning 3 in a row, so for the final game Oakland hires ringers Willard Brown, George Van Haltran, and Cliff Carroll. San Francisco refuses to play so the ump awards the game to Oakland. To appease the crowd, the clubs play a game with their regular nines. Oakland wins, 5–4, behind 32-game winner Bill Coughlan.

25th  Jack Glasscock, claiming that his pledge to the Brotherhood does not constitute a binding contract, signs with the Indianapolis NL club, thus becoming the first “double jumper.”

28th On Thanksgiving Day, Boston (NL) opens a California tour with a 8–3 win over San Francisco before a crowd of 7,000.

30th  Baltimore drops out of the AA and joins the Atlantic Association.